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And the king answers, I am willing. . . .,
Then the archbishop ministers, these questions; to which the king (having a book in his hand) answers as followeth.
i ne, Archb. Sir, Will you grant and keep, and by your Oath confirm to the People of England, the Laws and Customs to them granted by, the Kings of England, your lawful and religious Predecessors; and namely, the Laws, Customs, and Franchises granted to the Clergy by the glorious King St. Edward, your Predecessor, according to the Laws of God, the true Profession of the Gospel established in this King, dom, and agreeing to the Prerogative of the Kings thereof, and to the antient Customs of this Realm?
King. I grant and promise to keep them. · Archb. Sir, Will you keep Peace and Godly Agreement entirely, according to your Power, to the holy Church, the Clergy, and the People ? King. I will keep it
in Archb. Sir, Will you, to your Power, cause Law, Justice, and Discretion, in Mercy and Truth, to be executed in all your Judgments ?
King. I will..:
Archb. Sir, Will you grant to hold and keep the rightful Customs which the Commonalty of this your Kingdom have? and will you defend and uphold them to the Honour of God, so much as in you lieth ? , · King. I grant and promise so to do.. " Then the Petition or request of the Bishops to the King is read by one of the sacred Order with a clear voice, in the name of the rest standing by ; Our Lord and King, We beseech you to pardon us, and to grant and preserve unto us, and the Churches committed to our Charge, all Canonical Privileges, and due Law and Justice; and that you will protect and defend us, as every good King in his Kingdom ought "to be Protector and Defender of the Bishops and Churches under their Government. 'The King answers, With a willing and devout
Heart, I promise and grant you my Pardon; and that I will preserve and maintain to you, and the Churches committed to your Charge, all Canonical Privileges, and due Law and Justice: And that I will be your Protector and Defender to my Power, by the assistance of God, as every good King in his Kingdom ought in Right to protect and defend the Bishops and Churches under their Government.
Then the king rises from his chair, and being attended by the Lord Great Chamberlain, and supported by the two Bishops, and the Sword of State carried before him, he goes to the Altar, and, laying his hand upon the Evangelists, takes the Oath following; The Things which I have here before promised I will perform and keep: So help me God, and the Contents of this Book. He then kisses the Book. 26.--OLD HOLY ROOD. See HOLY CROSS, p. 227.
26.—SAINT CYPRIAN. 1.; He was an African by birth, of a good family and well educated. Before his conversion he taught rhetoric; but by the persuasion of Cæcilius, a priest, he became a Christian. He gave all his property to the poor ; and was elected bishop of Carthage, A.D. 248. He behaved with great courage and resolution in the Decian persecution, and openly invited the people to constancy and perseverance : this conduct so enraged the Pagans, that he soon fell a victim to their fury, and suffered martyrdom under Valerianus and Gallienus, in 258.
This Cyprian, however, is not the same saint now commemorated on this day in the Romish calendar, but another Cyprian of Antioch, who from being a necromancer became a Christian, and afterwards a deacon and martyr. Being smitten with a beautiful young Christian, he applied to Satanic influence, to enable him to accomplish bis desires ;-but this power having ingenuously confessed that he had no control over a Christian, Cyprian embraced the
same faith. As soon, however, as this tale was known, both he and Justina were accused before the Heathen governor, who, to make them renounce Christianity, condemned them to be fried together in a large pan, with pitch and fat. After their tortures, they were beheaded, and their bodies thrown away unburied, until a kind .mariner took them up and conveyed them to Rome, where their remains were deposited in the church of Constantine. They suffered in the year 272.
29.-SAINT MICHAEL, Saint Michael was an archangel who presided over the Jewish nation, and had an army of angels under his command and conduct; he fought also with the Dragon or Satan, and his angels; and, contending with the Devil, he disputed about the body of Moses. See Rev. xii, 7; Jude 9. This festival has been kept with great : solemnity ever since the sixth century. It was enacted in the ecclesiastical laws of King Ethelred in England, in the year 1014, • That every Christian who is of age fast three days on bread and water, and raw herbs, before the feast of St. Michael, and let every man go to confession and to church barefoot-let every priest with his people go in procession three days barefoot, and let every one's commons for three days be prepared with out any thing of flesh, as if they themselves were to eat it, both in meat and drink, and let all this be distributed to the poor. Let every servant be excused from labour these three days, that he may the better perform his fast, or let him work what he will for himself. These are the three days, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, next before the feast of St. Michael. If any servant break his fast, let him make satisfaction with his hide. (bodily stripes); let the poor freeman pay thirty pence, the king's thane a hundred and thirty shillings; and let the. money be divided to the poor.'
There is an old custom, still in use, of having a
roast goose for dinner on Michaelmas day; and it is a popular saying, that, if you eat goose on Michaelmas day, you will never want money all the year round. In the British Apollo' the proverb is thus discussed :
Q. Supposing now Apollo's sons
Just rose from picking of goose bones,
Shan't money lack his debts to pay.
Is grounded on a prudent score;
Know when and how t' improve their land. About this time of the year, it has been, and still continues, the custom to elect the governors of towns and cities. The following ceremonies are observed by the SHERIFFS OF LONDON, when they take their oaths at Westminster. On the day after Michaelmas. day, or, if that day fall on Sunday, on the Monday, following, the Lord Mayor and Aldermen: proceed. from Guildhall, and the two Sheriffs, with their respective companies, from their particular hall; and, having embarked on the Thames, his lordship in the city barge, and the sheriffs in the company's barge, they go, in aquatic state, to Palace Yard. They then proceed to the Court of Exchequer; where, after the usual salutations to the bench (the cursitor baron presiding), the recorder presents the two sheriffs ; the several writs are then read, and the sheriffs and the senior under-sheriff take the usual oaths. The ceremony on this occasion, in the Court of Exchequer, which vulgar error supposes to be an unmeaning farce, is soiemn and impressive ; nor have the new sheriff's the least connexion either with chopping of sticks, or counting of hobnails. The tenants of a manor in Shropshire are directed to come forth to do their suit
and service : on which the senior alderman below the chair steps forward, and chops a single stick, in token of its having been customary for the tenants of that manor to supply their lord with fuel. The owners of a forge in the parish of St. Clement (which formerly belonged to the city, and stood in the high road from the Temple to Westminster, but now no longer exists) are then called forth to do their suit and service; when an officer of the court, in the presence of the senior aldera man, produces 6 horse shoes and 61 hobnails, which he counts over in form before the cursitor baron, who, on this particular occasion, is the immediate representatve of the sovereign. The whole of the numerous company then embark in their barges, and return to Blackfriars' Bridge, where the state carriages are in waiting. Hence they proceed to the company's hall, and partake of an elegant dinner.-(See Gent. Mag., vol. lxxiv, p. 965.)
On the election of a bailiff at Kidderminster, the inhabitants assemble in the principal streets to throw cabbage stalks at each other. The town-house bell gives signal for the affray. This is called lawless hour. This done (for it lasts an hour), the bailiff elect and corporation in their robes, preceded by drums and fifes (for they have no waits), visit the old and new bailiff, constables, &c. &c. attended by the mob. In the mean time, the most respectable families in the neighbourhood are invited to meet and fling apples at them on their entrance. More than forty pots of apples have been expended at one house. (Gent. Mag. for 1790, vol. 1x, part 2, p.
waiting iake of ander miliff at Kiddereets to the moment
30.--SAINT JEROME. Jerome was born in a town called Stridon, on the confines of Pannonia and Dalmatia. His father's name was Eusebius. Being a youth of good abilities, he was sent to Rome, where he studied rhetoric, &c. under Donatus and Victorinus, two celebrated Latin critics; and was employed as secretary to Pope Camasus, and afterwards' baptized. He now de