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When the queen frown'd or smil'd, and he knows what So nothing in his maw? yet seemeth by his belt, A subtle statesman may gather from that.
That his gaunt gut no too much stuffing felt. He knows who loves whom ; and who by poison Secst thou how sidel it hangs beneath his hip? Hastes to an office's reversion.
Hunger and heavy iron makes girdles slip.
All trapped in the new-found bravery.
In lieu of their so kind a conquerment.
His grandame could have lent with lesser pain!
His hair, French-like, stares on his frighted head, JOSEPH Hall, born at Bristow Park, in Leicester- One lock amazon-liké dishevelled, shire, in 1574, and who rose through various church As if he meant to wear a native cord, preferments to be bishop of Norwich, is more dis- If chance his fates should him that bane afford. tinguished as a prose writer than as a poet: he is, All British bare upon the bristled skin, however, allowed to have been the first to write Close notched is his beard, both lip and chin; satirical verse with any degree of elegance. His His linen collar labyrinthian set, satires, which were published under the title of Whose thousand double turnings nerer met: Virgidemiarum, in 1597-9, refer to general objects, His sleeves half hid with elbow pinionings, and present some just pictures of the more remark. As if he meant to fly with linen wings. able anomalies in human character: they are also But when I look, and cast mine eyes below, written in a style of greater polish and volubility What monster meets mine eyes in human show! than most of the compositions of this age. Bishop So slender waist with such an abbot's loin, Hall, of whom a more particular notice is given Did never sober nature sure conjoin. elsewhere, died in 1656, at the age of eighty-two. Lik'st a strawn scarecrow in the new-sown field,
Reard on some stick, the tender corn to shield, [Selections from Hall's Satires.]
Or, if that semblance suit not every deal,
Like a broad shake-fork with a slender steel.
In 1616, Ben Jonson collected the plays he had Second, that he do, on no default,
then written, and published them in one volume, Ever presume to sit above the salt.
folio, adding, at the same time, a book of epi. Third, that he never change his trencher twice. grams, and a number of poems, which he entitled Fourth, that he use all common courtesies;
The Forest, and The Underwood. The whole were Sit bare at meals, and one half rise and wait.
comprised in one folio volume, which Jonson digni. Last, that he never his young master beat,
fied with the title of his Works, a circumstance But he must ask his mother to define,
which exposed him to the ridicule of some of his How many jerks he would his breech should line. contemporaries.* It is only with the minor poetry All these observed, he could contented be,
of Jonson that we have to deal at present, as the To give five niarks and winter livery.
dramatic pruductions of this stern old master of the
manly school of English comedy will be afterwards Seest thou how gaily my young master goes, * described. There is much delicacy of fancy, fine Vaunting himself upon his rising toes ;
feeling, and sentiment, in some of Jonson's lyrical And pranks his hand upon his dagger's side;
and descriptive effusions. He grafted a classic grace And picks his glutted teeth since late noon-tide ?
and musical expression on parts of his masques and "Tis Ruffio: Trow'st thou where he dined to-day?
interludes, which could hardly have been expected In sooth I saw him sit with Duke Humphrey.
from his massive and ponderous hand. In some of Many good welcomes, and much gratis cheer,
his songs he equals Carew and Herrick in pictuKeeps he for every straggling cavalier; An open house, haunted with great resort ;
resque images, and in portraying the fascinations of Long service mixt with musical disport.t
love. A taste for nature is strongly displayed in his Many fair younker with a feather'd crest,
fine lines on Penshurst, that ancient seat of the Chooses much rather be his shot-free guest,
Sidneys. It has been justly remarked by one of
his critics, that Jonson's dramas do not lead us to To fare so freely with so little cost, Than stake twelvepence to a meaner host.
value highly enough his admirable taste and feeling Hadst thou not told me, I should surely say
in poetry; and when we consider how many other He touch'd no meat of all this live-long day.
intellectual excellences distinguished him-wit, obFor sure methought, yet that was but a guess,
servation, judgment, memory, learning—we must His eyes seem'd sunk for very hollowness,
acknowledge that the inscription on his tomb,“ ! But could he have (as I did it mistake)
rare Ben Jonson !" is not more pithy than it is
true.' So little in his purse, so much upon his back!
* This is the portrait of a poor gallant of the days of Elizabeth.
1 Long, or low. In St Paul's Cathedral, then an open public place, there was a
* An epigram addressed to him on the subject is as follows : tomb erroneously supposed to be that of Humphrey, Duke of
Pray tell us, Ben, where does the mystery lurk, Gloucester, which was the resort of gentlemen upon town in
What others call a play you call a work! that day, who had occasion to look out for a dinner. When
On behalf of Jonson an answer was returned, which seems to unsuccessful in getting an invitation, they were said to dine glance at the labour which Jonson bestowed on all his producwith Duke Humphrey.
tionsAn allusion to the church service to be heard near Duke The author's friend thus for the author maye Humphrey's tomb.
Ben's plays are works, while others' works are plays
[From "The Forest.) Drink to me only with thine eyes,
And I will pledge with mine ; Or leave a kiss but in the cup,
And I'll not look for wine.
Doth ask a drink dirine ;
I would not change for thine.
Not so much honouring thee,
It could not wither'd be.
And sent'st it back to me;
Not of itself, but thee.
[From The Forest.']
Lest I be sick with seeing;
Lest shame destroy their being.
For then their threats will kill me; Nor look too kind on my desires,
For then my hopes will spill me. Ob do not steep them in thy tears,
For so will sorrow slay me; Nor spread them as distraught with fears ;
Mine own enough betray me.
The Sweet Neglect.
(From The Silent Woman.) Still to be neat, still to be drest, As you were going to a feast; Still to be powder'd, still perfum'd : Lady, it is to be presum'd, Though art's hid causes are not found, All is not sweet, all is not sound. Give me a look, give me a face, That makes simplicity a grace; Robes loosely flowing, hair as free ; Such sweet neglect more taketh me Than all th' adulteries of art : They strike mine eyes, but not my heart.
[From the same.) Kiss me, sweet! the wary lover Can your favours keep and cover, When the common courting jay All your bounties will betray. Kiss again; no creature comes ; Kiss, and score up wealthy sums On my lips, thus hardly sunder'd While you breathe. First give a hundred, Then a thousand, then another Hundred, then unto the other Add a thousand, and so more, Till you equal with the store, All the grass that Romney yields, Or the sands in Chelsea fields, Or the drops in silver Thames, Or the stars that gild his streams In the silent summer nights, When youths ply their stol’n delights ; That the curious may not know How to tell them as they flow, And the envious when they find What their number is, be pined.
Hymn to Diana.
(From Cynthia's Revels. ] Queen and huntress, chaste and fair,
Now the sun is laid to sleep ; Sented in thy silver chair,
State in wonted manner keep. Hesperus intreats thy light, Goddess excellently bright! Earth, let not thy envious shade
Dare itself to interpose ; Cynthia's shining orb was made
Heaven to clear when day did close ; Bless us then with wished sight, Goddess excellently bright ! Lay thy bow of pearl apart,
And thy crystal shining quiver : Gire unto the flying hart,
Space to breathe, how short soever ; Thou that mak'st a day of night, Goddess excellently bright !
Wherein my lady rideth !
And well the car love guideth.
Unto her beauty;
But enjoy such a sight,
All that love's world compriseth!
As love's star when it riseth !
Than words that soothe her!
Sheds itself through the face,
Before rude hands have touch'd it? Have you mark'd but the fall of the snow,
Before the soil hath smutch'd it ?
Or swan's down ever ?
Or the 'nard in the fire ?
Thou hast thy walks for health as well as sport;
Good Life, Long Life.
Epitaph on the Countess of Pembroke.
Epitaph on Elizabeth, L. H.
There, in the writhed bark, are cut the names
Of many a Sylvan token with his flames. Mary, the daughter of their youth:
And thence the ruddy Satyrs oft provoke Yet all heaven's gifts being heaven's due,
The lighter Fauns to reach thy Ladies' Oak. It makes the father less to rue.
Thy copse, too, named of Gamage, thou hast here At six months' end she parted hence
That never fails, to serve thee, season'd deer, With safety of her innocence ;
When thou would'st feast or exercise thy friends. Whose soul heaven's queen (whose name shc bcars) The lower land that to the river bends, In comfort of her mother's tears,
Thy sheep, thy bullocks, kine, and calves do feed : Hath placed among her virgin train :
The middle ground thy mares and horses breed. Where, while that sever'd doth remain,
Each bank doth yield thee conies, and the tops This grave partakes the fleshly birth,
Fertile of wood. Ashore, and Sidney's copse, Which cover lightly, gentle earth.
To crown thy open table doth provide
The purpled pheasant, with the speckled side:
The painted partridge lies in every field,
And, for thy mess, is willing to be kill'd.
And if the high-swollen Medway fail thy dish, Thou art not, Penshurst, built to envious show Thou hast thy ponds that pay thee tribute fish, Of touch or marble; nor canst boast a row
Fat, aged carps that run into thy net, Of polish'd pillars, or a roof of gold :
And pikes, now weary their own kind to eat, Thou hast no lantern, whereof tales are told ; As loath the second draught or cast to stay, Or stair, or courts ; but stand’st an ancient pile, Officiously, at first, themselves betray. And these grudg'd at, are reverenced the while. Bright eels that emulate them, and leap on land, Thou joy'st in better marks of soil and air,
Before the fisher, or into his hand. Uf wood, of water; therein thou art fair.
Thou hast thy orchard fruit, thy garden flowers, * Penshurst is situated in Kent, near Tunbridge, in a wide and the early cherry with
the later plum,
Fresh as the air, and new as are the hours. rich valley. The grey walls and turrets of the old mansion; its Fig, grape, and quince, each in his time doch come: high-peaked and red roofs, and the new buildings of fresh stone, The blushing apricot and woolly peach venerable aspect. It is a fitting abode for the noble Sidneys. Hang on thy walls that every child may reach. The park contains-trees of enormous growth, and others to And though thy walls be of the country stone, which past events and characters have given an everlasting They’re rear'd with no man's ruin, no man's groan; interest ; as Sir Philip Sidney's Oak, Saccharissa's Walk. Ga. There's none that dwell
about them wish
them down ; mage's Bower, &c. The ancient massy oak tables remain ; and But all come in, the farmer and the clown, from Jonson's description of the hospitality of the family, they | And no one empty handed, to salute must often have groaned with the weight of the feast. Mr Thy lord and lady, though they have no suit. WMiam Howite has given an interesting account of Penshurst Some bring a capon, some a rural cake, in his Visits to Remarkable Places, 1840.
Some nuts, some apples ; some that think they make
The better cheeses, bring them, or else send
That I not mix thee so, my brain excuses,
I should commit thee surely with thy peers, But what can this (more than express their love) And tell how far thou didst our Lyly outshine, Add to thy free provisions, far above
Or sporting Kyd or Marlowe's mighty line. The need of such! whose liberal board doth flow And though thou had small Latin and less Greek, With all that hospitality doth know !
From thence to honour thee I will not seek Where comes no guest but is allow'd to eat
For names ; but call forth thund'ring Eschylus, Without his fear, and of thy lord's own meat: Euripides, and Sophocles to us, Where the same beer, and bread, and self-same wine Pacuvius, Accius, him of Cordova dead, That is his lordship's shall be also mine.
To live again, to hear thy buskin tread, And I not fain to sit (as some this day
And shake a stage : or when thy socks were on, At great men's tables) and yet dine away.
Leave thee alone for the comparison
Sent forth, or since did from their ashes come.
Triumph, my Britain, thou hast one to show, He knows below he shall find plenty of meat; To whom all scenes of Europe homage owe. Thy tables hoard not up for the next day,
He was not of an age, but for all time! Nor, when I take my lodging, need I pray
And all the Muses still were in their prime,
When, like Apollo, he came forth to warm
As, since, she will vouchsafe no other wit.
The merry Greek, tart Aristophanes,
Neat Terence, witty Plautus, now not please ;
My gentle Shakspeare, must enjoy a part.
For though the poet's matter nature be, The just reward of her high housewifery ;
His art doth give the fashion ; and, that he
Upon the Muses' anvil ; turn the same,
Or for the laurel, he may gain a scorn ;
For a good poet's made as well as born. have been taught religion ; thence And such wert thou ! Look how the father's face Their gentler spirits have suck'd innocence.
Lives in his issue, even so the race Each inorn and even they are taught to pray, Of Shakspeare's mind and manners brightly shines With the whole household, and may, every day, In his well turned and true filed lines : Read, in their virtuous parenis' noble parts,
In each of which he seems to shake a lance, The mysteries of manners, arms, and arts.
As brandish'd at the eyes of ignorance. Now, Penshurst, they that will proportion thee Sweet Swan of Avon ! what a sight it were With other edifices, when they see
To see thee in our water yet appear,
But stay, I see thee in the hemisphere
Shine forth, thou Star of Poets, and with rage,
Or influence, chide, or cheer the drooping stage, To draw no envy, Shakspeare, on thy name,
Which since thy flight from hence hath mourned like Am I thus ample to thy book and fame;
night, While I confess thy writings to be such
And despairs day, but for thy volume’s light!
On the Portrait of Shakspeare.
(Under the frontispiece to the first edition of his works : 1623] Which, when it sounds at best, but echoes right;
This figure that thou here seest put, Or blind affection, which doth ne'er advance
It was for gentle Shakspeare cut, The truth, but gropes, and urges all by chance ;
Wherein the graver had a strifo Or crafty malice might pretend this praise,
With nature, to outdo the life : And think to ruin, where it seem'd to raise.
O could he but have drawn his wit, But thou art proof against them, and, indeed,
As well in brass, as he hath hit Above the ill fortune of them, or the need.
His face; the print would then surpass I therefore will begin : Soul of the age !
All that was ever writ in brass :
But since he cannot, reader, look
Not on his picture but his book.*
*This attestation of Ben Jonson to the first engraved porThou art a monument without a tomb,
trait of Shakspeare, seems to prove its fidelity as a likenen. And art alive still, while thy book doth live,
The portrait corresponds with the monumental effigy at StratAnd we have wits to read, and praise to give
ford, but both represent a heavy and somewhat inelegant
the jolly Friar of Copmanhurst than the acts of a
Protestant bishop, but Corbet had higher qualities; RICHARD CORBET.
his toleration, solid sense, and lively talents, proRICHARD CORBET (1582--1635) was the son of a cured him deserved esteem and respect. His poems man who, though only a gardener
, must have pos- were first collected and published in 1647. They sessed superior qualities, as he obtained the hearty are of a miscellaneous character, the best known commendations, in verse, of Ben Jonson. The son being a Journey into France, written in a light easy was educated at Westminster and Oxford, and hav- strain of descriptive humour. The Farewell to the ing taken orders, he became successively bishop of Fairies is equally lively, and more poetical. Oxford and bishop of Norwich. The social quali
[To Vincent Corbet, his Son.]
[Journey to France.]
Nor yet to ride nor fence :
But I to Paris rode along,
Upon a holy tide.
I on an ambling nag did get,
(I trust he is not paid for yet),
And spurr'd him on each side. ties of witty Bishop Corbet, and his never-failing vivacity, joined to a moderate share of dislike to
And to Saint Dennis fast we came, the Puritans, recommended him to the patronage of To see the sights of Notre Dame, King James, by whom he was raised to the mitre.
(The man that shows them suffles), His habits were rather too convivial for the dignity
Where who is apt for to believe, of his office, if we may credit some of the anecdotes May see our Lady's right-arm sleeve, which have been related of him. Meeting a ballad
And eke her old pantofles ; singer one market-day at Abingdon, and the man Her breast, her milk, her very gown complaining that he could get no custom, the jolly That she did wear in Bethlehem town, doctor put off his gown, and arrayed himself in the
When in the inn she lay. leathern jacket of the itinerant vocalist, and being Yet all the world knows that's a fable, a handsome man, with a clear full voice, he presently For so good clothes ne'er lay in stable, vended the stock of ballads. One time, as he was
Upon a lock of hay. confirming, the country people pressing in to see the ceremony, Corbet exclaimed— Bear off there, There is one of the cross's nails, or I'll confirm ye with my staff.' The bishop and Which, whoso sees, his bonnet rails, his chaplain, Dr Lushington, it is said, would some
And, if he will, may kneel. times repair to the wine-cellar together, and Corbet
Some say 'twas false, 'twas never so, used to put off his episcopal hood, saying, “There Yet, fecling it, thus much I know, lies the doctor;' then he put off his gown, saying,
It is as true as steel. * There lies the bishop;' then the toast went round, • Here's to thee, Corbet ;' Here's to thee, Lushing
* This alludes to one of the most celebrated of the old English ton.' Jovialities like these seem more like those of ballads. It was the favourite performance of the English min
strels, as lately as the reign of Charles II., and Dryden alludes figure. There is, however, a placid good humour in the ex. to it as to the most hacknied thing of the time pression of the features, and much sweetness in the mouth and
But Sunderland, Godolphin, Lory, lips. The upper part of the head is bald, and the lofty fore
These will appear such chits in story, head is conspicuous in both, as in the Chandos and other pic
"Twill turn all politics to jests, tures. The general resemblance we have no doubt is correct,
To be repeated like John Dory, but considerable allowance must be made for the defective state
When fiddlers sing at feasts. of English art at this period.
Rilson's Ancient Songs, p. 16