The Faroe Islands: Interpretations of History
University Press of Kentucky, 1987 - 257 oldal
Stranded in a stormy corner of the North Atlantic midway between Norway and Iceland, the Faroe Islands are part of "the unknown Western Europe"— a region of recent economic development and subnational peoples facing uncertain futures. This book tells the remarkable story of the Faroes' cultural survival since their Viking settlement in the early ninth century. At first an unruly little republic, the islands soon became tributary to Norway, dwindled into a Danish-Norwegian mercantilist fiefdom, and in 1816 were made a Danish province. Today, however, they are an internally self-governing Danish dependency, with a prosperous export fishery and a rich intellectual life carried out in the local language, Faroese. Jonathan Wylie, an anthropologist who has done extensive field work in the Faroes, creates here a vivid picture of everyday life and affairs of state over the centuries, using sources ranging from folkloric texts to parliamentary minutes and from census data to travelers' tales. He argues that the Faroes' long economic stagnation preserved an archaic way of life that was seriously threatened by their economic renaissance in the nineteenth century, especially as this was accompanied by a closer political incorporation into Denmark. The Faroese accommodated increasingly profound social change by selectively restating their literary and historical heritage. Their success depended on domesticating a Danish ideology glorifying "folkish" ways and so claiming a nationality separate from Denmark's. The book concludes by comparing the Faroes' nationality-without-nationhood to the contrasting situations of their closest neighbors, Iceland and Shetland. The Faroe Islands is an important contribution to Scandinavian as well as regional and ethnic studies and to the growing literature combining the insights and techniques of anthropology and history. Engagingly written and richly illustrated, it will also appeal to scholars in other fields and to anyone intrigued by the lands and peoples of the North.
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Figures and Tables Figures
Norse Settlement to Danish Monopoly
Institutions and officials of the Faroes
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agricultural amtmand Baerentsen bailiff ballads became Bergen boats called Christian Christian III Church cliffs Copenhagen Danes Danish Debes Degn Denmark early economic eighteenth century elected example Eysturoy Faroe trade Faroese culture Faroese language Faroese population Faroese society Feringatidindi fishery fishing Folketing folkishness Frederik freeholders Fugloy Gabel governor Grundtvig Hammershaimb hired hands huldufolk huldumadur Hvalba Iceland important islands Jakobsen Jakup Joensen king king's farmers Kirkjubour land late legends legmadur linguistic literary literature lived Logting Lucas Debes married Matras merchants merkur Mikkjal MiSvagur modern Monopoly Mortensen Mykines nineteenth century NorSoyar Norway Norwegian official Olavur outfield Patursson percent Petersen pilot whales political priest Reformation Rigsdag Roskilde Sandoy Self-Rule party servants sheep sheriff Shetland ship Skopun Slesvig Snaebjorn social sorinskrivari Statistiske story Streymoy suggests SuSuroy Svabo Svend Grundtvig tenancies Tillceg tion Torshavn traditional Tvoroyri Union party Vagar Vagur Vestmanna village whales Winther written language Zachariasen
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