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MELROSE ABBEY AS IT IS. glim-mers, shines glimmen. squadl-ron, a body drawn cen'tral, middle
centrum, up in a square al-ter-nate-ly, in suc
chan-cel, the eastern part cession
of a church, where the glis/-tened, shone faintly glisian. altar is a-posl-tate, traitor apo, stasis. cap'-i-tal, the upper part urn, a vessel in which the
of a pillar ashes of the dead were
fo-li-aged, with leaves cut formerly kept
out on it post-ern, a back door or
tra'-cer-y, ornamental gate; any small door
stone-work or gate
Melrose Abbey lies a little to the north-east of the town of Melrose, in Roxburghshire. It was founded in 1136 by David I., king of Scotland, as an establishment for some monks who were denominated Cistertians. “These monks were noted for their industrious habits, and their patronage and practice of such departments of the fine arts and practical science as were known in the Middle Ages; and, in common with all the monastic tribes, they regarded the embellishing of ecclesiastical edifices up to a degree as high as their scientific and financial resources could produce, as pre-eminently and even
meritoriously a work of piety.” “ The architecture is the richest Gothic, combining the best features of its gracefulness and elaboration, and everywhere showing a delicacy of touch, and a boldness of execution, which evince the perfection of the style. The material, while soft enough to admit great nicety of chiselling, possesses such power of resistance to the weather, that even the most minute ornaments retain nearly as much sharpness of edge or integrity of feature as when they were fresh from the chisel. The abbey, though inferior in proportions to many works of its class, and only about half the dimensions of Yorkminster, is the most beautiful of all the ecclesiastical structures which seem ever to have been reared in Scotland; and has seldom, in aggregate architectural excellence, been surpassed, or even equalled, by the edifices of any land.”Gazetteer of Scotland.
If thou would'st view fair Melrose aright,
Seem framed of ebon and ivory ; | Flout, to mock.
s Buttress, a mass of brickwork or · Oriel, in Gothic architecture, a masonry to support the side of a wall bay window.
of great height. “ The buttresses
When silver edges the imagery,
Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel (Canto II.).
MELROSE ABBEY AS IT WAS.
Again on the Knight looked the Churchman old,
And again he sighed heavily ;
And fought in Spain and Italy.
The pillared arches were over their head,
Spreading herbs, and flowerets bright,
Then into the night he looked forth ;
Were dancing in the glowing north. So had he seen, in fair Castile,
The youth in glittering squadrons start; Sudden the flying jennet wheel,
And hurl the unexpected dart.
ranged along the sides of the ruins of i St. David s pile, so called because Melrose Abbey are, according to the it was founded and endowed by David Gothic style, richly carved and I., king of Scotland. fretted, containing niches for the sta- * The cloisters were frequently used tues of saints, and labelled with as places of sepulture. scrolls, bearing appropriate texts of Scripture."-Scott.
He knew, by the streamers that shot so bright,
They entered now the chancel tall ;
On pillars, lofty, and light, and small ;
Around the screened altar's pale ;
lonely urn, O gallant chief of Otterburne 3
And thine, dark knight of Liddesdale.4
By foliaged tracery combined;
In many a freakish knot, had twined ;
Whose image on the glass was dyed ;
1 Fleur-de-lys, the common Iris. however, of their gallant leader. He
Corbels, the projections from was buried at Melrose beneath the which the arches spring, usually in a fantastic face, or mask.
4 William Donglas, called the 3. The battle of Otterbourne was knight of Liddesdale, was so distinfought on the 15th August, 1388, guished by his valour that he was between Henry Percy, called Hot- called the flower of chivalry. He was spur, and James Earl of Douglas. slain while hunting in Ettrick Forest, The Scots won the day, with the loss, and was interred in Melrose.
Triumphant Michael brandished,
And trampled the Apostate's pride.
Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel (Canto II.).
THE HYMN OF THE SEASONS.
sub-lime', graced sublimis. tor-rents, rapid streams torreo.
scio. spheres, worlds
sphaira. con-stel-lal-tions, cluspro-ful-sion, abundance fundo. ters of fixed stars stella. re-volves), moves round volvo. pros-trate, lying down - prostratum. ad-o-ra'-tion, divine wor
gale. rus'-sets, makes brown
sus-tain -ing, upholding teneo. at-tune, sing
THESE, as they change, Almighty Father, these
i Sir Michael Scott was a person of among his contemporaries as a skilful much learning. He was addicted to magician. He is sometimes styled astrology, alchymy, and other ab- the renowned wizard. struse studies.
He therefore passed
Majestic darkness ! on the whirlwind's wing!
Nature, attend ! join every living soul,
| “And he rode on a cherub, and did fly; yea, he did fly on the wings of the wind.”—Ps. xviii. 10.