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hibits him in the truthfulness of history, and leaves the reader to contemplate his character in the unprineipledness of early life, the depravity of manhood, and the drunkenness and debauchery of old age. 'The interest of the article is enhanced by sketches of the leading men who figured in the American Revolutions, with whom Paine as- } sociated.
His Father was a Quaker, and his mother an Episcopalian. Even in childhood he was a skeptic, and early doubt ripened into scorn and unbelief. He was not without talent; he was the advocate of liberty, but he was unprincipled. He exulted like some of moderns date, in the prospect of overturning Christian institutions; even in the coarseness of style they have only copied their master. At a date period of life, when he was residing at New Rochelle, N. Y., in" ai letter written to a friend, he says, "Remember me to my much rest spected friend Carner, and tell him I am sure we shall succeed, if we hold on. We have already silenced the clamor of priests. They act more as if they would say, "let us alone, and we will let you alone.”. Come ride up and see me; I am master of an empty house, or nearly so; I have six chairs and a table, a straw bed, a feather bed, and à bag of straw, a tea kettle, an iron pot, an iron frying pan, a gridi. ron, cups, saucers, plates and dishes, knives and forks, two candle.. sticks, and a pair of snuffers. I have nothing else; but in this you i and Carner, if he will come, are welcome.”
The death-bed scene of this infidel and profligate was pecaliarly cheerless. He did not abandon, his unbelief, for his last words in reply to the question, "Do you believe in the Christian religion,” were,
I have no desire to believe on the subject." So timid was he, that he dreaded being left alone. Even the darkness frightened him, and like a terrified child he would scream for his nurse to come to his aid, He required her to read aloud, not that he might listen io the senti. ments of the book, but be assured she was present. Some years since the grave was opened, to which his haggard and loathsome body had been consigned, and his bones carried to England for interment. It was designed by his disciples as a sort of triumph, but the spectacle awakened no interest---it excited no sympainy. There was a resurrection of his bones, but not of his principles; it was found that they were buried forever. Similar was the reception of the ex. humed body in England; it was hurried away out of sight, and not a stone tells where it now rests.---Cong. Journal..
THE JEWS IN HOLLAND." !
To the Editor of the Christian Intelligencer. DEAR ŞIR,---I place at your disposal an article which I think would interest your readers. It purports to be a “Sketch of the principal subjects, ireated of in the History of the Jews in the Low Countries, by M. H. J. Koenen;---a work which received a prize in 1841, from the Provincial Society of Arts and Sciences at Utrecht,” and was prepared for “The Voice of Israel," a monthly journal conducted by the Rev. Ridley H. Herschell, of London. Yours, &c. L.
The author of this work has, in treating of Israelites, (established for many ages in the Low Countries,) kept in view their distinctive character as a nation,---as that ancient people of God, who, in their long and painful exile, and the cruel sufferings they have endured, are but accomplishing that holy and sublime word of God, whose highest manifestation they denied, when they refused to acknowledge his personal advent.
He has aimed at making known in detail the mutual influence of the Israelit es on the Batavians, and of ihe Batavians on the Israel. ites, who have found an asylum in their hospitable land. He has viewed these points as a Christian Netherlander, who, whilst study. ing the records of his ancesters, collects and brings forward whatever from those sources is calculated to cast a light on the dealings of God with his chosen people---a people reserved for a future destiny, little thought of by the world, bui to whose final development it will be found at last that all the events of past ages bave successfully contributed.
It was long imagined, that the history of the Hebrews in the Lower Countries could be traced only as far back as the emancipation of the United Provinces from the Spanish yoke. But the author of this history has proved this opinion to be erroneous, and that, from the most remote times, there have existed Jews in these countries. In the country of Liege they were accused of favoring the invasion of the Normans in the tenth century.
At Amsterdam, which was the resort of strangers from all parts, for the purpose of coinmerce, they founded a private synagogue in 1598, and soon formed a regular community. The powerful city of Amsterdam soon gathered the fruits of is hospitality in the lucrative commerce with the Levant, which these exiles brought with onem from the Spanish peninsula; and which increased so rapidly that the regency allowed them, shortly after, twelve brokers of their own nation to facilitate the operations of their trade.
The Jews gave this city the name of “Jerusalem of the West:'' and not satisfied with enjoying those privileges themselves, they laid plans for sending out from thence colonies of their brethren into all the countries that should not offer an invincible opposition. Their first effort proved a successful one; and a party of their brethren sailing from Holland, established themselves in Denmark in 1604. The Jews even assert, that the King, Christian IV., invited the Jews of Amsterdam in 1622, by a letter-patent, under the royal seal. to make a fuller settlement in his states. At the same period, many Israelites from Italy and the south of France, where they had dwelt in secret for many years, especially in Bordeaux and Bayonne, joined their brethren in Holļand. The religious liberty which these had enjoyed had been in some degree invaded during the differences between the Remonstrants and the Counter-Remonstrants; but they had, in 1619, obtained a full recognition of their freedom, in respect both of their religious observances and their conimerce.
Louis XIV, not only gave much disturbance to the Jews who still dwelt in concealment in various parts of his kingdom, but he expressed to the Dutch Ambassador, Van Benningen, his indignation that the States General should have given shelter to the bitter enemies of the Christian religion. The Ambassador. replied with dignity, that Goil, hy his preservation of the Jewish people, notwithstanding the efforts of their powerful enemies, showed it to be his will that Christians should afford them toleration; and that there could be nothing rep ehensible in granting them a refuge in a land where so many other unfortunate persons had found a home.
An effort was made by the Jews of Holland in respect to England. At the end of the first war with Holland, when the English Embasgadors came over, the rich Jews received them with every mark of attention and respect. Soon after, the famous learned Jew, Rabbi Manasse Ben Israel, passed over into England with his son and some other persons, under the sanction, it appears, of the Pensionary De Witt, to conclude a treaty of cornmerce and industry with the Proiector. He received them kindly, and appointed a commission to examine into the question, whether the Jews could be allowed to form a suillement in England, consistently with the constitutional laws of the kingdom. The commission hesitaied to decide in favor of the Jews, and the Protector dissolved it, and declined for that time to accele to the wishes of the Rabbi of Amsterdam. But Bishop urmet records, that shorily after, he did coverily allow the Jews to establish themselves in England, wishing to avail nimselt of their services to procure prompt intelligence of political movements, and like wise with a view to the relief of his financial difficulties. The historian of the Jews in England, Blossus Toury, says that in the re.gn of Charles II. there were but twelve Jews in England; some years after, their numbers were so considerable, as, to allow of their forming a syna. gogue in London, which has much prospered. "The Dutch Jews founded likewise a colony of their nation in the Dutcli settlements in America. In Surinam they have much accelerated the developnient of the resources of the colony, and have assist. ed in its defence against the natives. They there enjoyed Dearly the same privileges as other Europeans do, and they have amassed mmense riches. Having thus, in some cases, opened a way for their brethren, and in others accoinplished their establishment in almost all the countries of the West, the Jews of Amsterdam crowned their va. rious undertakings by the erection of a 'te ple, the most magnificent then existing in Europe. This grand edifice was begun in 1870, and
completed in five years, notwithstanding the disturbances caused by the French invasion in 1672. It was opened for worship, with the most solemn rites, and most impressive discourses, in 1675, a ceremony which was, by some, compared to the dedication of the temple in Solomon's days. Another Rabbi, more modest in his parallels, compared the five Princes of the house of Orange Nassau, who had successively governed the state, to the Maccabees; and he praised the mercy of God, who, in the isles of the Gentiles, had raised up protectors so powerful for his people. We may here add, that the Jews in Holland have ever been sincerely attached to the cause of Stadtholders, whose authority has always been favorable to their interests, We find in their writings frequent comparisons drawn out, of the government of these Princes with the most glorious periods of Jewish history. The republican government has been noticed as resembling the state of the Hebrews under their judges: and a similitude has been observed likewise between the colors of the national flag, originally those of the house of Orange, and the colors of the tabernaclé curtains. All these details trifling in themselves, afford more evidence of the spirit of the Jewish people, and of their own view of their settlement in Holland, than the most learned disquisition could do.'
The opening of the temple, or great synagogue, at Amsterdam, was contemporary with the establishment of a community of Israelites at the Hague. This was, indeed, a substantial proof of the weight which they had acquired in the political and diplomatic world in the time of William III., and with this event terminates the first period of their prosperity in the repablic of the United Provinces. The motives which called forth the hospitality displayed to the Wandering and unfortunate people of the most Holy Jehovali, may best be ex. pressed in the words of the celebrated Grotius, in one of his Dutch poems. “God knows how ardently I desire to see the dawn of that blessed day, when the veil will be taken from your eyes, and when you will freely behold with us the fulfilment of your law; when every one of us will lay hold of a man that is a Jew, and cry;--- let us go and worship and serve together, according to the everlasting promi.
ses of his word, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”.NY.Ch. Ink
The deceased was the eldest of eleven children, nine of whom are yet living and have their home in their father's house." Few families, if any, in the writer's acquaintance afford a more interesting example of dutiful children, and kind and affectionate brothers and sisters. Had death selected for his victim the most helpless and dependent of ahese, even then the stroke would have been severe. But as it is, a deeper wound is inflicted, and an apparently greater loss is sustained. No small part of the househould cares devolved upon Jane, who faithfully and cheerfully performed the duties of her place. Her society, example, and useful labors will no more be enjoyed upon earth as formerly. And however much pleasure the bereaved friends may have in the recollection of her virtues, every circumstance by which she was endeared to them will serve to deepen the impression of their loss. But while this dispensation is a sore trial to the bereaved family, they are not called to sorrow as those who have no hope. Jane had been brought up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. From childhood she was piously inclined, and at an early age made a public profession of religion, in connection with the Mt. Pleasant congregation of the A. R. Church, of which Rev. S. P. Magaw was then Pastor, and of which her parents were members. For six years immediately preceeding her death, she maintained a consistent profession in connection with the A. R. Church of Piqua, Miami County, Ohio. And that religion which she had so early embraced, and adorned in her lite, was her comfort and support in death. During her sickness while no'apprehensions of danger ere entertained in her case, she expressed a willingness to die if it should be the will of her heavenly father. And when within the last twenty-four hours a sudden change in the character of the disease gāve premonition of her approaching dissolution, she was not alarmed. She had not then to begin her preparation for the eternal world, The darkvalley of the shadow of death lay before her, and had to be passed; but she feared no evil, for the good shepherd was present with his rod and staff to comfort her. She expressed a desire to have an interview with her pastor who was at the time attending a meeting of Synod. In this respect she considered her situation similar to that of Mrs. Foster whose obituary was published in the September No, of the Evangelical Guardian, which she requested read to her, . She also asked them to read the eighty-fourth and other psalms, and herself "repeated the twelfth chapter of Romans, which she had committed to 'memory. Having conclued a long and appropriate prayer with much ferveney and considerable strength oft: voice, she called upon her father and eldest brother, who each addressed the throne of grace in