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ship married, secondly, Mary, daughter of .... Pearte, by whom he had a daughter, born August 4th, 1771. His Lordship died January 7, 1783.
His Grace was succeeded, 1779, as FOURTH DƯKE OF Rut, LAND, by his grandson Charles Marquis of Granby, born March 15th, 1754, member of parliament for the University of Cambridge 1774, elected K. G. 1782, appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland February 24th, 1784, in which office he died October 24th, 1787, æt. thirty-four, having married, December 26th, 1775, Lady Mary Isabella, only surviving daughter of Charles Noel Somerset, fourth Duke of Beaufort, by whom, now living, he had, first, John Henry, present Duke ; second, Lord Charles Somerset Manners, born October 24th, 1780, member of parliament for Cambridgeshire, and captain in the tenth dragoons ; third, Lord Robert Manners, born December 21st, 1781, member of parliament for Leicestershire, and captain in the tenth dragoons; fourth, Isabella, born September 28th, 1776, married Richard Norman, Esq; fifth, Catharine Mary, born June 17th, 1800, married Cecil Forester, of Ross Hall, Shropshire, Esq. member of parliament for Wenlock, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1807 ; sixth, William, born Mary 1st, 1783, died April 22d, 1793.
His Grace was succeeded by his eldest son John Henry, FIFTH AND PRESENT Duke of Rutland, born January 4th, 1778, married April 22d, 1799, Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Frederic, Earl of Carlisle, K. G. and has had issue Lady Caroline, born May 25th, 1800, died December 1804; Lady Elizabeth, born January 1802 ; and a son, Marquis of Granby, who died at a few days old, 1807. He was elected K. G. 1803.
Titles. John Manners, Duke of Rutland, Marquis of Granby, Earl of Rutland, and Baron Manners of Haddon.
Creations. Earl of Rutland, June 18th, 1525, 17 Henry VIII. Baron Manners, of Haddon, in coin. Derby, by writ of summons to parliament, April 29th, 1679, 31 Car. II. Marquis of Granby, in com. Nottingham, and Duke of Rutland, March 29th, 1703, 2 Queen Anne.
Arms. Or, two bars, Azure, a chief, quarterly, of the second and gules, the first and fourth charged with two Fleurs de Lis, of the first, and the second and third with a lion passant guardant of the same; which chief was antiently gules, and the charge thereon is an honorary augmentation, shewing his descent from the blood royal of Edward IV.
Crest. On a chapeau, Gules, turned up ermine, a peacock in pride, proper.
Supporters. Two unicorns, argent, their horns, manes, tufts, and hoofs, Or.
Motto. Pour y parvenir.
Chief Seats. At Belvoir Castle, in the county of Lincoln, of which see a particular account in Nichols's Leicestershire, vol. i. p. 69; and Haddon Hall, Derbyshire, a curious old mansion, described minutely by King, in his Dissertation on Antient Castles.
The Hamiltons are by the male line descended from the great House of Douglas. I shall therefore first give an account of that illustrious family from Crawfurd's Peerage of Scotland.
Douglas FAMILY. “ This family is a very great and ancient one in Lanarkshire, of wbich there is a particular history wrote by a very learned pen, who equalizes them to any of the ancient Roman families, and gives them the preference to all other in Europe, those of crowned heads excepted. They have been particularly famous for great generals, there having been more of this name, than any other that is to be met with in history; neither was it their native country alone that was indebted to their valour, but they signalized themselves in most places of Europe, and particularly in France, where they have had great commands and titles, as Duke of Turrin, Count de Longoville, &c. h short, this family exceeded all the rest in the kingdom, for the number of nobility and gentry of their own name, according to those old lines,
So many so good as of the Douglasses have been,
The origin of this illustrious house is derived from one Sholto, who in the reign of Solvathius King of Scotland, anno Christi 770, having been the principal man that routed Donald Bane and his forces, who invaded the country, and being a Dou-glass, or a black pale man, as these words signify (says my author) both in old British and Irish, the King royally rewarded his services, and made him a grant of large possessions in the county of Lanerk,
which either he or his successors called Douglass, and from thence took the sirname of the family. This Sbolto was the father of Hugh, of whom there is nothing memorable. He was succeeded in his inheritance by 'his eldest son Hugh II. whose younger brother William, being sent by Achaius King of Scotland, pursuant to his league with Charlemaign, with 4000 choice men into Italy against the Lombards, he performed many glorious actions, and became the root of the family of Scoti at Placentia.
But to leave the family of the Scoti in Italy, William is supposed to be the son of Hugh Lord of Douglass, and the father of John, who was the father of William, the next lord of the family, who is witness among others to the charter of King William, whereby he confirmed the lands of Dalgarnac given by Adger the son of Dovenald, to the church of the holy cross at Edinburgh, in the former part of that reign : he left issue two sons, Archibald, who succeeded in the lordship, and Bricius, first prior of Lismahagoe, afterwards bishop of Murray. a
Archibald, first of the name, married one of the coheirs of the Barony of Crawfurd of the same sirname, and was succeeded by William III, the father of Sir Hugh de Douglass, who lived in the time of Alexander III. and did signalize himself at the battle of the Largs, where the Scots obtained a glorious victory over the Norwegians, anno 1263. He married Marjory, daughter of Alexander, and sister to Hugh Lord of Abernethy ;' but having no children by her, at least that survived him, his brother William, for distinction called the Hardy, succeeded him. In the time of the war with England, upon all occasions he distinguished himself in the service of his country. In 1295, he was chosen governor of Berwick, then in the hands of the Scots, which he defended with great resolution and courage ; but afterwards falling into the enemies hand, he died there prisoner, anno 1303, leaving issue by .... his wife, daughter of Keith of that Ilk, James Lord of Douglass, and Hugh: also by Margaret, daughter to Ferrars Earl of Derby, of the kingdom of England, e Archibald, Lord of Galloway, of whom the family descended, and John, progenitor to the Earl of Morton.
a Chartulary of the Episcopal See of Murray, and the Chronicle of Melross.
6 Simson's Essay on the Family of Douglass. Charta penes Ducem de Douglass.
« Mr Hume. e Mr. Simson.
Which James Lord Douglass, commonly called the Good Sir James, laid the foundation of the grandeur of the house of Douglass : he was fanious all the world over for his valour and glorious actions in the service of his country, for which his memory will still be honoured: he entered early into the service of King Robert Bruce, and in 1313 f he assaulted and took the castle of Roxburgh from the English, and the next year he commanded the left wing of the Scots army, at the famous battle of Bannockburn, where he behaved so well, as to merit the honour of knighthood in the field, s after which, he was constituted warden of the Marches towards England,h and entering Cumberland, wasted that county. In consideration of his good services before that time performed, he had a grant of the castle, village, and forest of Jedworth, i then erected into a free forestry, “ Cum indictamentis latrociniorum et ministrationem earundem in omnibus, terris suis infra regnum nostrum ; et si aliquis de hominibus suis per justitiarios nostros fuerint judicati, volumus quod dictus Jacobus, hæredes sui, et eorum ministri habeant liberam earundem ministrationem cum omnibus libertatibus, commoditatibus ad predicta indictamenta pertinen. in feudo et hæreditate perpetuo, salvo tantum communi auxilio pro defensione regni nostri contingenti :" and the seisin is declared to be the giving him the King's ring with the emerald stone.
An author reckons this illustrious person to have been in fiftyseven battles and rencounters against the English, thirteen times victorious against the Saracens, and other infidels, thrice as often as he had been years in action, which were about twenty-four, from King Robert Bruce's coronation, 1306, to the time of his death, in 1330, which happened fighting against the Saracens, the enemies of our faith. Now though what is above recorded of this noble Lord were alone sufficient to
memory, yet cannot I omit adding this epitaph which Mr. Hume gives him.
Quicquid sors potuit mortali in pectore ferre,
Vel facere, hoc didici perficere, atque pati.
Omnibus : et quid non pro patria ausus eram?
f Abercrombie's Martial Achievements. & Barber's Life of King Robert I. Abercromby. · Charta penes ducem de Douglass, data 6 May 1319, alia data apud Berwick 8 Nov. 1329.