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of Warwick, and by her, who died March 12th, 1467, had four sons and five daughters, viz. first, Eleanor, first married to James Butler, Earl of Ormond and Wiltshire, e secondly, to Sir Robert Spencer of Spencercombe com. Devon, Knight; second, Joan, first married to Sir Robert St. Lawrence, Baron of Howth in Ireland, and secondly, to Sir Richard Fry, Knight; tbird, Apne, married to Sir William Paston, of Paston in Norfolk, Knight; fourth, Margaret, first married to Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford, and secondly, to Sir Richard Darrel, Knight; and fifth, Elizabeth, married to Sir Henry Lewis, Knight.

The sons of Edmund, the second Duke of Somerset, were Henry, Edmund, John, and Thomas. Henry, the eldest son, Knight of the Garter, succeeded his father as third Duke of Somerset; but he having no lawful issue, the honour devolved upon Edmund, his next brother, who was beheaded May 7th, 1471, without issue; and John and Thomas, his next brothers, also dying issueless (the first of them being killed at the battle of Tewksbury, in May, 1471) in them terminated the male issue of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, not only by Catherine Swinford, but also by his wife, Blanch (mother of King Henry IV.) who was his only other wife that bore him any male issue.

However, we return to Henry, third Duke of Somerset, Knight of the Garter, as ancestor to his Grace, the present Duke of Beaufort. The said Henry Duke of Somerset had the title of Earl of Moreton in his father's life-time, and gained great bonour in the French wars. Among other services, he is remembered for his desperate assault of the castle of St. Anjou in Mayenne, in 27 Henry VI. in which he put to the sword three hundred Scots, and hanged all the French found therein. In 36 Henry VI. he was constituted lieutenant and governor of the Isle of Wight, and castle of Carisbroke, and the year after made governor of Calais ; but being by King Henry VI. recalled into England, to supply the command of Duke Edmund his father (who was slain in behalf of that King in the battle of St. Alban's, against Richard Duke of York) was taken prisoner at the battle of Hexham, in the, county of Northumberland, and there (on April 3d, 1463) beheaded for his adherence to the house of Lancaster, leaving issue by Joan Hill, or, de la Montaign, an only natural son,

CHARLES, who assumed the surname of SOMERSET ; he being a person of great abilities, arrived to very high advancements, as

• Edmondson's Baron. Geneal.

e Vincent, p. 595:

k

well in honour as estates. In 1485, he was constituted one of the privy-council; and in 2 Henry VII. being then a Knight, 8 was made constable of Helmsley.castle in Yorkshire, and the year after," admiral of his fleet at sea ; in which post he i continued in 4 Henry VII. In 6 Henry VII. he was sent ambassador with the Order of the Garter to the Emperor Maximilian I. He was also, by the same King, his near kinsman (for the King's mother and Henry Duke of Somerset his father were brothers. children) created a Banneret, elected Knight of the Garter, and made captain of the guards, on July 17th, 1496. In 17 Henry VII. he' was sent ambassador to the said Maximilian, and concluded two treaties, one dated at Antwerp, on June 19th, 1502, and the other the day after ; at which time he gave bond for the payment of 10,000l. to the deputies of the said Maximilian, in aid against the Turks, in defence of the Christian religion : and therein is stiled Sir Charles Somerset, Knight of the Garter, chamberlain and captain of the guard to the King of England. At a m Chapter of the Garter held on May 7th, 18 Henry VII. at Windsor, by Thomas Earl of Derby, appointed thereto by the King's commission, the Sovereign, by letter to that Earl, excused Sir Charles Somerset's attendance there, being employed by him on arduous affairs. Those eminent favours were, doubtless, a great furtherance of his marriage with Elizabeth, the sole daughter and heir to William Herbert, Earl of Huntingdon, Lord Herbert of Ragland, Chepstow and Gower: and in her right he bore the title of LORD HERBERT; by which appellation he was * made governor of Payne castle, and Montgomery castle in Wales, and had o summons to parliament in the first and third of Henry VIII. among the Barons, by the name of Charles Somerset de Herbert, Chevalier. Having been Lord Chamberlain to Henry VII. he was also in P the same office to Henry VIII. at his first coming to the crown, likewise one of his privy-council, and continued in his other employments. In 1513, in the expedition into France, he followed the King thither with 6,000 foot, and was present at the taking of Therrouenne and Tournay; where meriting

a

1

Polyd. Virg. p. 567. & Pat 2 Henry VII. P 2. m. 5. Pat. 3 Henry VII. p. 1. in dors. i Pat. 4 Henry VII. m. 8.

k Ashmole's Order of the Garter, p. 391.

Rymer's Foed. tom. xiii. p. 8 and 9.

m Anstis's Reg. of the Garter, vol. i. p. 242. . Pat. 19 Henry VII, p. 1. m. 16. o Claus. de iisd. ann. in dors.

- Herbert's History of Henry VIII. p. 3. 4 Stow's Annals VOL. I.

highly for his heroic actions, and exemplary valour, he had the office of Lord Chamberlain bestowed upon him for life; and likewise, by reason of his noble descent, and near alliance to the King in blood s (as the patent itself did then import) was on the festival of the Virgin Mary, in 1514, advanced to the dignity of EARL OF WORCESTER. And on October 9th that year, he t attended Lady Mary, the King's sister, at her coronation at St. Dennis in France. He was afterwards employed by the King, for u confirming articles of peace between England and France; and in 1521, to me. diate peace between the Emperor Charles V. and Francis I. King of France; having before, on May 13th that year, been one of the peers who sat on the trial of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham; and continued in great favour with King Henry VIII. till his Lordship's death, on April 15th, 1526, and was buried at Windsor, with his two first wives.

By* his testament, dated 21st Martii, anno 1524, bearing then the title of Earl of Worcester, Lord Herbert of Gower and Chepstow, Lord Chamberlain to the King, and Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, he ordered his body to be buried in the church of our Lady and St. George, within the castle of Windsor, by his first wife, in his chapel of our Lady, now called Beaufort chapel, where her tomb was then made, by the consent and agreement of the dean and canons of the same place, at such a time as he endowed a priest to say mass, daily and perpetually there, to pray to God for his soul, and for the soul of Elizabeth his first wife, his own, her friends, and mother's soul, and all other : appointing, that in case he should depart this life in London, Kaiho, or near the river of Thames, that his body should be brought by water to the said church of Windsor, as privately as might be, without pomp, or great charge of torches, or cloathing, hearse, wax, or great dinner, but only for them that must needs be had; that is to say, twenty men of his own servants, to bear every man a torch, and to have cloathing; and the bier, or hearse, to be covered with black cloth, and his body under the same, with a white cross upon it. He likewise bequeathed to Eleanor, his wife, six hundred marks in plate; to his son Henry all his harness, artillery, and habiliments of war, except the harness for his own body, which he gave to his son George : and to his son Henry all his robes of estate, and robes of parliament, with his

r

Pat. 5 Henry VIII. p. 2. m. 30.
Pat. 5 Henry VIII. p. 2 m. 13.

Herb. ut supr. p. 52. * Ibid. p. 116.

* Ex Regist. Porrh. qu. 22.

t

mantle, gown, and hood of the Order of the Garter. For his first wife he had y Elizabeth, daughter and heir (as has been said before) to William Earl of Huntingdon, and by her had issue Henry, his son and successor ; and a daughter Elizabeth, married to Sir John Savage, of Clifton in com. Cestr. Knight, progenitor of the late Earls Rivers. For his second wife he espoused Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas West, Lord de la War, by whom he had issue Sir Charles Somerset, Knight, captain of the Tower of Rysebank in the haven of Calais; Sir George Somerset, of Badmundesfield in com. Suff. Knight, who wedded Mary, sole daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Bowlays, of Penhow in the county of Monmouth, Knight, who bore the arms of Seymour, being descended from the daughter and sole heir of Roger Seymour, elder son of John Seymour, elder brother of Roger, ancestor to the Duke of Somerset. Sir George Somerset, by the said Mary Bowlays, was father of two sons, Charles, who married 2 Elizabeth, daughter of Sir George Gresely of Colton com. Staff. Knight, and had issue two sons, George and Charles, and a daughter Mary. And William, and a daughter Anne, who wedded Edward Barret, of Belhouse in Essex, Esq. This Earl Charles had also, by his second wife, a daughter Mary, married to William Lord Grey of Wilton. By his third wife, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Edward Sutton, Lord Dudley, he had no issue.

Henry, his son and heir, the second EARL OF WORCESTER, for his signal exploits performed in the wars of France, during his father's lifetime, a had been knighted by Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk; and shortly after his father's death, was appointed one of the commissioners for concluding a peace with the French; and departing this life on November 26th, 1549, was buried at Ragland. The inquisition taken after his decease, at Wottonunder-Edge in Gloucestershire, on February 21st, 4 Edward VI. shews, that he died seized of the manors of Wolveston, alias Wollaston, and Grange of Wollaston, Modesgate, alias Maiott, Brockwere, Alverston, Halleshall, and Hewelfield, and eightytwo messuages, three mills, one thousand acres of ploughed land, seventy of meadows, one thousand of pasture, six hundred of wood, five hundred of heath and turf, and 201. 8s. rent in Brockwere, Wolveston, Almington, Alverston, Hewelsfield, and Mo.

Cat. of Nob. by R Brook. z Sandford's Geneal. Hist. * Hollinsh. p. 880. b Herb. ut supra, p. 18o.

c Esch. 4. Edward VI. Cole's Esch. lib. 5. n. 61. A. 16. P. 372 in Bibl Harley.

desgate, with the fisheries in the Wye, called Plomwere, Ashwere, Ithelswere, and Walwere, and rectory of Walwere, and advowsons and vicarage of the same; the manor of Tiddenham, and divers messuages, lands and tenements in Strote, Widden, Bisten, Bottesley, and Sudbury, all in the county of Gloucester: and that William Lord Herbert, Earl of Worcester, was his son and heir, and of the age of twenty-two years. This Earl Henry married Elizabeth, daughter to Sir Anthony Browne, Knight, standard bearer to Henry VII. and ancestor to the Lords Viscounts Montacute, and by her, who died 1565, and is buried at Chepstow, bad issue four sons ; first, William ; second, Thomas, who died on May 27th, 1587, in the Tower of London ; third, Sir Charles, who was standard bearer to the band of pensioners in the time of Queen Elizabeth, and died on March 2d, 1598, leaving issue by Emme, daughter and coheir of Henry Braine, Esq. widow of Giles Morgan of Newport, Esq. an only daughter and heir Elizabeth, married first to Ratcliffe Gerrard, Esq. ; and secondly, to Sir Edward Fox, Knight ; and fourth, Francis, slain at Musselborough-field, on September 10th, 1547. Also four daughters ; first, Eleanor, married to Sir Edward Vaughan, of Tretour in com. Brecon, Knight; second, Lucy, to John Nevil, Lord Latimer, who died 1577 ; she died 8 1582, and is buried at Hackney in Middlesex ; third, Anne, to Thomas Percy, Earl of Northumberland; and fourth, Jane, to Sir Edward Mansel, Knight, ancestor to the late Lord Mansel, and h died October 10th, 1591.

Which WILLIAM, THIRD EARL, his eldest son and heir, was Knight of the Garter. In 1573, he was i sent into France with a fount of pure gold, for the christening of a daughter to Charles IX. King of that realm, and to stand in the Queen's stead, as one of the sureties. He married Christian, daughter to Edward North, Lord North of Cathladge, by whom he had Edward, his only son and heir ; and two daughters, Elizabeth, married to William Windsor, Esq. youngest son of William Lord Windsor; and Lucy, to Henry Herbert, Esq. son and heir of Sir Thomas Herbert, of Wynestow in com. Monmouth, Knight.“ By the inquisition, taken September 20th, 1589, at Cardiffe, in the county of

• Cat. of Nob by R. Brook.

Sandford proed. • Stow's Survey of London, Edit. 1633, fol. 797.

n Inscrip. apud Margam com. Glamorg.

i Camden's Annals of Queen Elizabeth. Cole's Esch. lib. 3, note 61 A. 14 in Bibl. Harley, p 204

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