ment of foot guards, which was given, in 1688, to the Earl of Litchfield, but restored that year to his Grace by the Prince of Orange. On December 2d, 1682, he was appointed vice admiral of England; on October 20th, 1684, was sworn recorder of St. Edmunsbury in Suffolk; and on May 6th, 1685, appointed Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of that county. He was also, by patent, remembrancer in the first fruits office; ranger of Whittlebury forest in Northamptonshire; and gamekeeper at Newmarket.

At the coronation of James II. he performed the d office of lord high constable of England. And on the landing of the Duke of Monmouth in the West, 1685, he commanded a part of King James's forces, and behaved with great gallantry in the action of Philips Norton Lane, in com. Somerset, e narrowly escaping with his life.

In 1687, the Duke of Somerset having declined conducting Ferdinand Dadda, Archbishop of Amasia, Pope Innocent XI's Nuncio, to bis public audience, he was prevailed on by the King to perform it; f and accordingly, on the 3d of July that year, he solemnly conducted him to Windsor, attended by Sir Charles Cotterel, master of the ceremonies, in one of his Majesty's coaches. The same year (being then vice admiral of England) he had the command of a squadron of his Majesty's ships of war, to receive Mary Sophia, Queen of Pedro II. King of Portugal, in Holland, and conduct her to Lisbon. His Grace afterwards sailed for Tunis, where he arrived on October 16th, 1687, and having brought the Corşairs of that place to amity, he returned to England in March 1688, and waiting on the King, was very graciously received.

On the landing of the Prince of Orange, his Grace & was one of the Protestant peers then in London, who, with the Arch, bishops of Canterbury and York, &c. signed a petition to King James, “ That in the deep sense of the miseries of a war, &c. they did think themselves bound in conscience, and out of the duty they owe to God, their holy religion, &c, most humbly to offer to his Majesty, that in their opinions, the only visible way to preserve his Majesty and his kingdom, would be the calling of a parliament, regular and free in all respects, &c.” The Jesuits were so enraged at this petition, that they published a paper with

• Hist. of Eng. vol. iii. p. 397. • Hist. of Eng. vol. iii. p.43 1.

d Hist. of King James's Coronation.

f Ibid. p. 494:

8 Ibid. p. 529.

this title, Some Reflections upon the humble Petition to the King, of the Lords, who subscribed the same; presented November 17th, 1688.

On King James's arrival with his army at Salisbury, November 19th, his Grace," with the Lord Churchill (afterwards Duke of Marlborough) were the first that went over to the Prince of Orange. And such confidence had his Highness in his Grace's good disposition to him, i that when King James had the first time withdrawn himself from Whitehall, he dispatched the Duke of Grafton from his camp at Henley, to go and take possession of Tilbury Fort, with his regiment of foot guards. But after the meeting of the convention, when it came to be debated in the house of peers, whether the throne being vacant, it ought to be filled up by a Regent, or a King, the Dukek was one of the forty. nine, that voted for a Regent. However, his Grace, with the Duke of Qrmond, the Dukes of Southampton and Northumberland, soon after acknowledged the Prince and Princess of Orange for King and Queen.

At their coronation, his? Grace attended, and bore the King's Orb. In 1690, he embarked with the Earl of Marlborough for Ireland, who arrived before the harbour of Cork on September 21st; m and two days after, the greatest part of the land forces went on shore, headed by the Duke of Grafton, who, coming the next day within a mile of the town of Cork, began a formal siege. And a considerable breach being made, the grenadiers were ordered to storm the town, headed by his Grace, and some resolute volunteers, But as he was leading them on to the assault, on September 28th, he received a wound with a shot, which broke two of his ribs, whereof he died, at Cork, on October 9th following; and his corpse was brought to England, and buried at Euston in Suffolk.

His Grace married, on August 1st, 1672, the Lady Isabella, only daughter, and at length heir, to Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington, Viscount Thetford, &c. Secretary of State, and of the privy-council, Knight of the most noble order of the Garter, and Lord Chamberlain of the houshold to Charles II. by the Lady Isabella of Nassau, his wife, one of the daughters of Lewis of Nassau, Lord of Beaverwaert, and Count of Nassau, and sister to Henry of Nassau, Seignior de Auverquerque, master of the horse


i lbid. p. 535.

h Hist of Eng. p. 529. k Ibid. p. 544.

| Ibid. p. 560.

m Ibid. p. 610, 611.


to William III. and father of Henry, late Earl of Grantham : and by her had Charles, his only child, second Duke of Grafton, born at Arlington House, on October 25th, 1683; and in the right of his mother (who was secondly married to Sir Thomas Hanmer of Mildenhall in Suffolk, Bart, and died on February 7th, 1722-3, in the fifty-sixth of her age) was Earl of Arlington, Viscount Thetford, and Baron Arlington; her father being created Baron Arlington, of Arlington, in the county of Middlesex, March 14th, 1663, 16 Car. II. and Viscount Thetford, in the county of Norfolk, and Earl of Arlington, on April 22d, 1672, with limitation to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten.

“ The Duke of Grafton,” says Burnet, “ was one of King Charles's sons by the Duchess of Cleveland. He had been some time at sea, and was a gallant but rough man. He had more spirit than any one of the King's sons. He made an answer to the King about this time, that was much talked of. The King took notice of somewhat in his behaviour that looked factious : and he said, he was sure he could not pretend to act upon principles of conscience; for he had been so ill bred, that as he knew little of religion, so he regarded it less. But he answered the King, that, though he had little conscience, yet he was of a party that had conscience.” In another place Burnet says, “ he was brave, and probably would have become a great man at sea.”

CHARLES, Second Duke OFGRAFTON, after finishing his travels abroad, took o his seat in the house of peers on October 25th, 1704; and on April 4th, 1705, was constituted Lord Lieutenant of the county of Suffolk. On September 25th, 1708, he was sent to Portsmouth, to compliment Mary Anne of Austria, Queen of Portugal, in her Majesty's name, upon her arrival in Great Britain. On October 9th, 1714, he was again, on the accession of George I. (at whose coronation, on the 20th of the same month, he acted as high steward, &c. carried St. Edmond's crown) constituted Lord Lieutenant of the county of Suffolk, and Custos Rotulorum of the same. On October 18th, he was appointed one of the gentlemen of his Majesty's bedchamber. On August 27th, 1715, his Grace, and Henry Earl of Galway, were appointed lords justices of Ireland; and on the 31st of the same month, he was sworn one of his Majesty's privy-council. On June 17th, 1720, his Majesty, in council, declared him Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

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* Burnet's Hist. vol. i p 791. vol. ii. p. 60.

Journal Dom. Procer.

His Grace embarked at Holyhead, on August 27th, 1721, and landing at Dublin the next day about noon, received the compliments as usual, and proceeding to the castle, took the oaths in council, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.' On September 13th, he went in the usual state to the house of peers, and opened the session of parliament with a speech to them from the throne.

On June 11th, 1720, he was also nominated one of the lords justices of Great Britain, whilst his Majesty went to Hanover.

On March 27th, 1721, he was elected a Knight of the most noble order of the Garter, and was installed on April 25th fol. lowing

On June 30, 1723, he was, a second time, made one of the lords justices of Great Britain, and, on April 3d, 1724, appointed lord chamberlain of his Majesty's household.

On May 12th, 1724, (on his return from Ireland, from whence he arrived at Parkgate, on the gth of that month) he was sworn recorder of the city of Coventry, and presented with the freedom thereof.

Also, on June 1st, 1725, he was, a third time, one of the lords justices : and, on May 31st, 1727, a fourth time, when his Majesty died on his journey. On his late Majesty's ascending the throne, he was again appointed, on December 14th, 1727, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the county of Suffolk, and vice admiral of the same. He was also appointed lord chamberlain of his household, and sworn of his privy-council; and in August, 1734, was elected one of the governors of the Charterhouse.

He was, on May 12th, 1740, again nominated one of the lords justices; as he was on every future occasion, when his Ma. jesty's pleasure and affairs called him abroad, until his Grace's death, which happened on May 6th, 1757.

His Grace in 1713, married the Lady Henrietta, daughter to Charles Somerset, Marquis of Worcester (eldest son of Henry Duke of Beaufort) and by her (who died on August 9th, 1726) had issue five sons and four daughters.

First, Charles Henry, born April 13th, 1714, and died December, 1715.

Second, George Earl of Euston, born on August 24th, 1715, who was one of the four young noblemen, who, at the coronation of his late Majesty, supported his train, and was member of parliament for the city of Coventry. He married, in 1741, Lady Dorothy, daughter of Richard Earl of Burlington, who died in

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April, 1742. His Lordship died at Bath July 7th, 1747, leaving no issue.

Third, Lord Augustus, born on October 16th, 1716, of whom hereafter.

Fourth, Lord Charles, born on April 28th, 1718, who died at Milan, in his travels, July 29th, 1739, unmarried.

Fifth, Henry, born March 26th, 1725, who died November 20th following. The daughters were,

First, Harriot, born January 17th, 1720-1, who died an infant.

Second, Lady Carolina, born on April 8th, 1722, and married the 11th of August, 1746, to William late Earl of Harrington ; and was mother of the present Earl.

Third, Lady Harriot, born on June 9th, 1723, and died, in August, 1735. · Fourth, Lady Arabella, born on July 19th, 1729, and married in May, 1741, to Francis Seymour Conway, Lord Conway, afterwards Earl and Marquis of Hertford. She died November 10th, 1782, leaving the present Marquis, &c.

Lord Augustus Fitzroy, third son of Charles second Duke of Grafton, being brought up in the sea-service, was, in September, 1736, captain of the Kennington, and afterwards of several other of his Majesty's ships of war. He commanded the Orford man of war at the attack of Carthagena, in February, 1740-1, but died at Jamaica, on May 28th following, much regretted for his bravery and diligence in the service, being then also member in parliament for Thetford, into which he had been elected in February, 1738-9, upon a vacancy. His Lordship, in March, 1733-4, wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel William Cosby, some time governor of New York, a younger son of Alexander Cosby, of Strodbell in Ireland, Esq. and by her (who after his decease re-married James Jeffreys, Esq. and died December 21st, 1788), had three sons, Charles, who was born at New York in 1734, and died there, aged fourteen months ; Augustus Henry, now Duke of Grafton; and the Honourable Charles Fitzroy, created 29th, September 1781, Lord Southampton, of Southampton in -Hants.

Augustus Henry, the present and third DUKE OF GRAFTON, was born in October, 1735, and succeeded his uncle, the Earl of Euston, as heir apparent to his grandfather, was, in November, -1750, appointed a lord of the bedchamber to the present King, then Prince of Wales. On the death of the late Earl of Harrington, in 1756, and the promotion of the present Earl of Mansfield, that

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