vember 29th, 1737, who, on February 15th, 1754, had an ensign’s commission conferred on him in the second regiment of foot guards; and on May 8th, 1758, was, on his brother's promotion, appointed lieutenant colonel of the thirty-third regiment of foot. At the general election in 1761, he was returned for Chichester; and at the general elections in 1768 and 1775, chosen one of the knights of the shire for Sussex, which county he continued to represent till his death. On February 20th, 1762, he was nominated one of his Majesty's aid-de-camps, with the rank of colonel of foot; and December 22d, 1762, got the command of the twenty-fifth regiment of infantry. He made the campaign in Germany in 1757, being aid-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland; was in the expedition against the coast of France in 1758; in 1760 and 1761 served in Germany; and in 1763 as brigadiergeneral of the forces in Portugal. In 1765 he attended his brother, as secretary, on his embassy to the court of France, and on his Grace's leave of absence, was left chargé des affaires. On May 25th, 1772, was promoted to the rank of major general; on August 27th, 1777, lieutenant general; and on October 12th, 1793, of general. His Lordship, in 1759, wedded Lady Louisa, daughter of William Ker, Earl of Ancram, son and heir apparent to William Marquis of Lothian in Scotland; and by her had three daughters. Louisa, born in Privy Gardens, Whitehall, on November 2d, 1760; Emilia, born in Portugal, in December 1763, 'married August 28th, 1784, the Hon. George Cranfield Berkeley, vice admiral of the white; Georgina, born at Goodwood in Sussex 1765, married April 1st, 1789, Henry, now Earl Bathurst; and a son, Charles, born in Scotland 1764, now Duke of Richmond. Lord George died March 220, 1805.

Ninth, Lady Margaret Lenox, who was born in London on November 16th, 1739, and died of the small-pox at Goodwood, on January 10th, 1740-41.

Tenth, Lady Louisa Augusta Lenox, who was born in London on November 24th, 1743, and married on December 30th, 1758, to Thomas Conolly, of Castletown, Esq. in the county of Kildare, in Ireland.

Eleventh, Lady Sarah Lenox, born in London on February 14th, 1744-5, was the first of the ten unmarried daughters of Dukes and Earls who supported the train of Queen Charlotte, at her nuptials on September 8th, 1761 ; and on June 2d, 1762, wedded Sir Thomas Charles Bunbury, Bart. knight of the shire



for Suffolk, from whom she was divorced by act of parliament, which received the royal assent, May 14th, 1776. She re-married August 27th, at Bengrove in Sussex, the Hon. George Napier, son of the fifth Lord Napier.

Twelfth, Lady Cecilia Margaret Lenox, born February 28th, 1749-50, and died at Paris November 21st, 1769, unmarried.

CHARLES Lenox, the THIRD DUKE OF RICHMOND of this family, was born in London, on February 22d, 1734-5, and in September 1750, set out on his travels for further accomplishment in foreign countries. Choosing a military life, he was, in June 1756, appointed lieutenant colonel of the third-third regiment of foot, having before served in the inferior commissions of an officer; and being constituted colonel of the seventy-second regiment of foot, on May 9th, 1758, was promoted to the rank of major general on March gth, 1761, and to that of lieutenant general on March 30th, 1770; to that of general February 19th, 1783 ; and of field marshal, July 30th, 1796. His Grace, having likewise an elegant taste for the polite arts, ordered, in March 1758, a room to be opened at his house at Whitehall, containing a large collection of original plaister casts, from the best antique busts and statues at Rome and Florence, to which any painter, sculptor, carver, or other artist, and youths above twelve years of age, to whom the study of those gesses might be useful, were allowed access without any expence: and for the encouragement of geojus, he moreover bestowed annually, two medals on those who made the two best models. His Grace was also colonel of the royal regiment of horse guards ; and of the militia for the county of Sussex ; F. R. S. high steward of the city of Chichester; one of the vice presidents of the society for encouraging arts, manufactures and commerce, and of the lying-in-hospital for married and unmarried women, in Duke street, near Grosvenor square, London. At the coronation of his Majesty, on September 22d, 1761, his Grace carried the scepter with the dove; and on October 18th, 1763, was declared Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulcrum of the county of Sussex. At the accession of the present King, his Grace was nominated one of the lords of the bed. chamber, but soon after resigned. In 1765, his Grace was appointed ambassador extraordinary to the court of France, and on October 23d same year, sworn one of his Majesty's most honourable privy-council. On May 23d, 1766, he was appointed principal secretary of state for the southern department, which high post he resigned on August 2d following. In March 1782, he was appointed master general of the ordnance; from which he was removed in April 1783, and again appointed December following, whence he held it till November 1795. In 1782, he was elected Knight of the Garter He wedded, on April 1st, 1757, Mary, eldest daughter and coheiress of Charles Bruce, late Earl of Ailes-* bury, by his Lady, Caroline, daughter of general John Campbell, afterwards Duke of Argyll, but had no issue by her, who died 1796. He died December 29th, 1806, leaving a character of persevering talents, and an assiduous love of business. He was succeeded by his nephew,

Charles, fourth and present DUKE OF RICHMOND, born 1764, who is a lieutenant general in the army, and colonel of the thirtyfifth regiment of foot; and in April 1807, was appointed' Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in the room of the Duke of Bedford. He married September 9th, 1789, Charlotte, daughter of Alexander, Duke of Gordon, by whom he has, first, Mary, born August 15th, 1790; second, Charles, Earl of March, born August 3d, 1791; third, Sarah, born August 22d, 1792; fourth, John George, born October 3d, 1793; fifth, Georgina, born September 27th, 1795; sixth, Henry Adam, born September 6th, 1797 ; seventh, a son, born 1802; eighth, a daughter, born 1803 ; ninth, a daughter, born 1804.

Titles. Charles Lenox, Duke of Richmond, Earl of March, and Baron Settrington, in England; Duke of Lenox, Earl of Darnley, and Baron Methuen of Torbolton, in Scotland; and Duke of Aubigny in France; which last title was confirmed by patent, and properly registered by the parliament of Paris in 1777.

Creations. Duke of Richmond in Yorkshire, Earl of March (a title derived from the Marches in South Wales) and Baron of Settrington, in the county of York, on August 9th, 1675, 27 Car. II. Duke of Lenox, Earl of Darnley, and Baron Methuen of Torbolton, in Scotland, on September 9th, 1675; and Duke of Aubigny in France, in January, 1683-4, 41 Louis XIV.

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth, the arms of France and England, quarterly; the second, Scotland; and the third, Ireland (being the arms of Charles II.) the whole within a border compone, Argent and gules, the first charged with verdoy of roses of the second, and seeded proper : over all, in an escutcheon, the arms of Aubigny, viz. gules, three oval buckles, Or.

Crest. On a chapeau, gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant, guardant, Or, crowned with a ducal coronet, gules, and gorged with a collar gobone, charged as the border in the coat.

Supporters. On the dexter side, an unicorn, Argent, armed, crested, and hoofed, Or. On the sinister, an antelope, argent, armed, maned, and hoofed, as the dexter. Each supporter gorged, as the crest.

Motto. En la rose je fleurie.
Chief Seat. At Goodwood, in the county of Sussex.

[graphic][subsumed][merged small]

Henry FITZROY, second natural son of Charles II. a by Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland, was born on September 20th, 1663; and being of a brave and martial spirit, addicted himself, first, to the experience of maritime affairs, having been in several naval expeditions with Sir Jobn Bury, Knight, vice admiral of England: he was, by letters patent, bearing date August 16th, 1672, created Baron of Sudbury, Viscount Ipswich, and Earl of Euston, all in the county of Suffolk; also on September 11th, 1675, created DUKE OF GRAPTON, in the county of Northampton.

On August 31st, 1680, he was elected a Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter ; but being then at sea with the afore. said Sir John Bury, he was installed at Windsor by his proxy,

Sir Edward Villiers, Knight, afterwards Earl of Jersey, on September 30th following

On December 15th, 1681, he was chosen by the corporation of the Trinity House, to be one of their elder brothers; b and on the 30th of the same month, constituted colonel of the first regi

a Burnet says, “ One of the race of Villiers, then married to Palmer, a Papist, soon after made Earl of Castemain, who afterwards being separated from him was advanced to be Duchess of Cleveland, was his first and longest mistress, by whom he had five children. She was a woman of great beautys but most enormously vitious and ravenous; foolish, but imperious, very uneasy to the King, and always carrying on intrigues with other men, while yet she pretended she was jealous of him. His passion for her and her strange behaviour towards him, did so disorder him, that often he was not master of himself, nor eapable of minding business, which in so critical a time required great application." Burnet's Hist. O.T. vol. i. p. 94.

| Hist. of Eng. vol. iii. p 391•

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