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2. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.3
3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power ? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same :
4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth not the sword in vain : for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
5 Wherefore bye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also : for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.
7 * Render therefore to all their dues : tribute to whom tribute is due ; custom to whom
3 condemnation. To. We.
cTit. iii. 1: The words under ver. 1.
d 2 SAM. xxiii. 3: The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. PRO. xiv. 35: The king's favour is toward a wise servant : but his wrath is against him that causeth shame. do. xvi. 13 : Righteous lips are the delight of kings; and they love him that speaketh right.
€ 1 Pet. ii. 14: For the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. do. iji. 13: And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good ?
*1 KINGs, x. 9: Because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice.
& Eccles. viii. 2: I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.
b 1 SAM. xxiv. 5: David's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt. I Per.ii. 19: This is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.
Mat. xxii. 21 : Render unto Cæsar the things which are Cæsar's.
MARK, xii. 17. LUKE, XX. 25. See on MAT. xxii. 21.
custom ; fear4 to whom fear ;5 honour to whom honour.
8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another : for he that 'loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
9 For this, m Thou shalt not commit adultery, n Thou shalt not kill, o Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt Plove thy neighbour as thyself.
10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore I love is the fulfilling of the law.
11 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to "awake out of sleep : for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.
Ver. 10. See on John, xiii. 34. m See on Mat. v. 27.
" Gen. iv. 10: The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. do.ix. 6: Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed : for in the image of God made he man. Exod. xx. 13 : Thou shalt not kill, repeated. Deut. v. 17. NUMB. xxxv. 31, 33 : Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death : but he shall be surely put to death. For blood it defileth the land : and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it. 2 Kings, xxiv. 4: Also for the innocent blood that he [Manasseh] shed : for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the Lord would not pardon.
• See on MARK, X. 19.
9 Ver. 8. Mat. xxii. 40: On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.
Isa. lx. 1 : Arise, shine ; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. I Cor. xv. 34 : Awake to righteousness, and sin not.
14: Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light. 1 Thes. v. 5, 6: Ye are all the children of the light, and the children of the day : we are not of the night, nor of darkness. Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.
12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand : let us therefore & cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the tarmour of light.
13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and w drunkenness,
not in 6 honourably. Dod. decently. A. V. * Eph. v. 11: Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. Col. iii. 8: But now ye also put off all these ; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth,
Isa. lix. 17: He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head. 2 Cor. vi. 7: By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness. do. x. 4: The weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds. Eph. vi. 11, 13, 14, 16, 17: Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness. Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 1 Thes. v. 8: Let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love ; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation. 2 Tim. iv. 7: I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith. u See on Rom. xii. 17.
1 Pet. iv. 3. See on Luke, xxi. 34. w Deut. xxi. 20, 21 : This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard. And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die. 1 SAM. xxv. 36: Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken. 1 Kings, xvi. 9: [Elah's] servant Zimri-conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk. Est. i. 8: The drinking was according to the law; none did compel. Ps. cvii. 27 : They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man. PRO. xx. 1: Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging : and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. do. xxiii. 21, 29, 30, &c: The drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty. Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions ? who hath babbling ? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.
* chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying
14 But " put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and * make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
? uncleanness. We,
ISA. v. 11, 22: Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink! do. xxviii. 1,7: Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim. They also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way. Hos. iv. 11 : Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart. Luke, xxi. 34 : Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares.
1 Cor. vi. 10: Nor drunkards--shall inherit the kingdom of God. Eph. v, 18: Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit.
* 1 Cor. vi. 9: Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind. Eph. v. 5 : For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
y Job, v. 2: Wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
PRO. xiv. 30 : A sound heart is the life of the flesh; but envy the rottenness of the bones. 1 Cor. iii. 3: Whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? Gal. v. 19–21: The works of the flesh are-hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings. James, iii. 14, 16: If ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.
2 Gal. iii. 27 : As many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Eph. iy. 24: Put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Col. iii. 10: And have put on the new.man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.
a Pro. xxiii. 20 : Be not among winebibbers; among riotaus eaters of flesh. Rom. vi. 12; Let not sin therefore reign in
CHAP. XIV. 3 Men may not contemn nor condemn one the other for things indif
ferent : 13 but take heed that they give no offence in them : 15 for that the apostle proveth unlawful by many reasons.
HIM that is a weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations."
2 For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs. 3 Let not him that eateth despise him that
I not to judge his doubtful thoughts. A. V. your mortal
body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. do. viii. 1 : There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. Gal. v. 16: Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. 1 Pet. ii. 11 : Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. 1 John, ii. 16: All that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
CHAP. XIV. a Mat. xii. 20: A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench. Rom. xv. 1, 2, 7: Wę then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Let every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification. Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us to the glory of God. 1 Cor. viii. 9, 11: Take heed lest by any means this liberty of your's become a stumblingblock to them that are weak, And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died ? do. ix. 19, 22 : Though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak. do. x. 24, 33 : Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth. Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved. do. xiii. 5: [Charity] doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own. 2 Cor. xi. 29: Who is weak, and I am not weak? Gal, vi. 1, 2: Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness. Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. Phi. ii. 4, 5: Look not
every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others. Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus. 1 Thes. v. 14: Support the weak.
b. See on ver. 14.