8 That is, They which are the children of the Alesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.

9 For this is the word of promise, u At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.

10 And not only this ; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;

11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth ;)

12 It was said unto her, The elder' shall serve the younger.10

13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.


o the greater. A. V. 10 the lesser. A. V. GAL. iv. 28: Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.

u Gen. xviii. 10, 14: And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. Is any thing too hard for the LORD ? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

Gen. xxv. 21 : And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren : and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.

Rom. iv. 17: God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. do. viii. 28.

* Gen. xxv. 23: The LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger. 2 Sam. viii. 14: And he put garrisons in Edom ; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants.

y Deut. xxi. 15: If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated ; and if the firstborn son be her’s that was hated. Pro. xiii. 24 : He that spareth his rod hateth his son : but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes. Mal. i. 2,3 :

14 What shall we say then ? Is there "unrighteousness with God? God forbid.

15 For he saith to Moses, I will have a mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth



17 For the Scripture saith unto Pharaoh, • Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might show my power in thee, and

11 God having mercy. Wi. I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. Mat. x. 37 : He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. LUKE, xiv. 26 : If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. John, xii. 25 : He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

2 Deut. xxxii. 4: All his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he. 2 Chr. xix. 7 : There is no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts. Job, viii. 3: Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice ? do. xxxiv. 10 : Far be it from God that he should do wickedness, and from the Almighty that he should commit iniquity. Ps. xcii. 15: There is no unrighteousness in him.

a Exod. xxxiii. 19: I will make all my goodness to pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee ; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy.

Gal. iii. 8, 22 : The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. The Scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

• Exod. ix. 16 : In very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to show in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.


that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.

18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For d who hath resisted his will ?12

20 Nay but, О man, who art thou that repliest against God ?13 e Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus ?

21 'Hath not the potter power over the clay,

counsel, or decree. Br. 18 answerest again, or disputest with God. JOB, xxxii. 13. A. V.

a 2 Chr. xx. 6: And said, O LORD God of our fathers, art not thou God in heaven? and rulest thou not over all the kingdoms of the heathen ? and in thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? Job, ix. 12: Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him ? who will say unto him, What doest thou ? do. xxiii. 13 : But he is in one mind, and who can turn him ? and what his soul desireth, even that he doeth. do. xxxiii. 13: Why dost thou strive against him ? for he giveth not account of any of his matters. Dan. iv. 35: And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth : and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou ?

e Isa. xxix. 16: Shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding ? do. xlv. 9 : Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker ! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands? do. lxiv. 8: But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

fPro. xvi. 4: The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil. Jer, xviii. 6 : 0 house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in my hand, 0 house of Israel. Wisd. xv. 7: The potter, tempering soft earth, fashioneth every vessel with much labour for our service : yea, of the same clay he maketh both the

of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ?

22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath i fitted 14 to destruction :

23 And that he might make known the "riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had 'afore prepared unto glory,

24 Even us, whom he hath called, "not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles ?

25 As he saith also in "Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people ; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

26 And it shall come to pass, that in the • place where it was said unto them, Ye are not

14 made


A. V. vessels that serve for clean uses, and likewise also all such as serve to the contrary : but what is the use of either sort, the potter himself is the judge.

82 Tim. ii. 20 : But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.

h 1 Thes. i. 10: Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come. do. v. 9: God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ.

1 Pet. ii. 8: Å stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. JUDE, 4: There are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men.

k See on Rom. ii. 4. 'Rom. viii. 28-30.

m Rom. iii. 29 : Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also.

n Hos. ii. 23: I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art art my people ; and they shall say, Thou art my God. 1 Pet. ii. 10 : Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained

mercy. Hos. i. 9, 10 : Ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the

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my people ; there shall they be called the children 15 of the living God. 27 Esaias also crieth also crieth concerning

concerning Israel, P Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a 9 remnant 16 shall be saved :17

28 For he will finish the work,18 and cut it short in righteousness : "because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.

29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.


sons. Rh. Pu. 16 but a reinnant. Co. Ma. account. A. V.

17 escape. Ham.

18 the

sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered ; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

PISA. X. 22, 23 : Though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return : the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.

4 Rom. xi. 5 : Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.

r Isa. xxviii. 22: Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong : for I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

IsA. i. 9: Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah. Lam. iii. 22 : It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

Gen. xix. 24, 25: Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. Isa. xiii. 19: Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. Jer. 1. 40: As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.

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