19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, "according to the working 6 of his mighty power,

20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he W raised him from the dead, and set him at his own * right hand in the heavenly places,

21 y Far above all ? principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come :

22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the Church,

6 operation. Rh. Gr. of the might of his power. A. V. Sage. Wh.

riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man.

t Ver. 11.

u Ps. cx. 3: Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power,

in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.

Gal. ii. 8: He that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles. Eph. iii. 7: Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power. Col. i. 29 : Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily. do. ii. 12: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.

w See on Acts, ii. 24.
* See on Mat. xxii. 44.

y Phi. ii. 9, 10 : God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth. Col. ii. 10: Ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power. Heb. i. 4: Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

2 See on Rom. viii. 38. See on MAT. xi. 27, and do. xxviii. 18. • Heb.ii.7: Thou madest him a little lower than the angels;


23 Which is his body, the “fulness of him that filleth all in all.

CHAP. II. 1 By comparing what we were by 3 nature, with what we are 5 by grace, 10 he declareth that we are made for good works, and 13 being brought near by Christ, should not live as 11 Gentiles und 12 foreigners in time past, but as 19 citizens with the saints, and the family of God.

AND you hath he quickened, bwho were dead in trespasses and sins;

2 · Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the

prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh 2 in the children of disobedience : 3 Among whom also we all had our conver

i offences. Rh. Pu. 2 operates powerfully. Dod. thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands. See on Rom. xii. 5.

• See on Rom. xii. 4, 5.

d John, i. 16: Of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. 1 Cor. xii. 6 : It is the same God which worketh all in all. Eph. iii. 19 : That ye might be filled with all the fulness of God. do. iv. 10: He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things. Col. ii. 9, 10 : For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power. do. iii, 11 : Christ is all, and in all.

CHAP. II. a See on John, v. 25.

• Ver. 5. Eph. iv. 18: Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

c Acts, xix. 35: And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?. 1 John, v. 19: And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness, I Cor. vi. ll.

d See on John, xii. 31. e See on Rom. i. 18. See on 1 Cor. vi. 11.

See on

sation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires 3 of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

4 But God, who is ' rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,

5 * Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by " grace ye are saved ;)

6 And hath "raised us up together, and made 3 Gr. The wills. A. V. * by whose grace. See Acts, xv. 11. ver. 8. Tit. iii. 5. A. V.



8 GAL. v. 16: This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lusts of the flesh.

b Job, xiv. 4: Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean ? not one. Ps. li. 5 : Behold, I was shapen in iniquity ; and in sin did my mother conceive me. do. lviii. 3: The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. W1s. xiü. 1: Surely vain are all men by nature, who are ignorant of God. John, iii. 6 : That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Rom. v. 12, 14 : As by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression. Gal.li. 15: We who are Jews by nature.

i Ver. 7. See on Rom. ii. 4.

* Ver. 1. Rom. v. 6, 8, 10: When we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. If, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.

Col. ii. 12: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. See on John, v. 25.

m Ver. 8. See on Acts, xv. 11.

in Rom. vi. 5: If we have been planted together in the like. ness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection. 1 Cor. xv. 20: Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. Col. i. 18: Who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead.


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us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus :

7 That in the ages to come he P might show the ' exceeding riches of his grace in his ' kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.

8 For by 'grace are ye saved through faith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the "gift of God:

9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

Eph. i. 20.

p 1 Tim. i. 16: For this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting:

. See on Rom, ü. 4.

*Tit. ii. 4: But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared.

* See on Acts, xv. 11.

* Rom. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace.

u Mat. xvi. 17: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jona : for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. John, vi. 44, 65 : No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. Rom. x. 14, 15, 17: How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed ? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard ? and how shall they hear without a preacher ? and how shall they preach, except they be sent? So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Eph. i. 19.

Rom. iii. 20, 26-28: By the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight. That he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law ? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. do. iv. 2: If Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. do. ix. 11, 12 : For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth; it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. do. xi. 6: If by grace, then is it no more of works. 1 Cor. i. 29–31 : That no flesh should glory

10 For we are w his workmanship, * created in Christ Jesus Yunto good works, which God

in his presence. Of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption : that, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. 2 Tim. i.9: Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace. Tit, iii.5: Not by the works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us.

w Deut. xxxii. 6: Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise ? is not he thy father that hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee? 3: Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. Isa. xix. 25 : Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel

inheritance. do. xxix. 23: When he seeth his children, the work of mine hands. do. xliv. 21 : Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou art my servant : I have formed thee; thou art my servant: 0 Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten


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of me.

* John, iii. 3,5: Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 1 Cor. iii. 9: For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building. 2 Cor. v. 5, 17: He that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God. If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature,

Eph. iv. 24 : That ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Col. iii. 10: Have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him,

Eph. i. 4: According as he hath chosen us in him--that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. 2 Tim. ii. 21: He shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work. do. iii. 17: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. Tit. ii. 14: Who gave

himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. do. iii. 1, 8: Put them in mind--to be ready to every good work. These things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. HEB. X. 24: Let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.

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