20 Therefore "by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight : for "by the law is the knowledge of sin.

21 But now the Wrighteousness of God without the law is manifested, * being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets ;

22 Even the righteousness of God which is * by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is a no difference:

23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

24 Being justified freely by his grace u Tit. iii. 5: Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. See on Acts, xiii. 39.

Rom. vii. 7: I had not known sin, but by the law : for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

w See on Rom. i. 17.

* John, v. 46 : For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me : for he wrote of me. Acts, xxvi. 22: Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come.

y See on Rom. i. 2.
z See Rom. iv. throughout.
a See on Acts, x. 35.

• Ver. 9, 19. Eccles. vii. 20 : For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. Rom. xi. 32: God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

GAL. iii. 22: The Scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

e Isa. lv. 1 : Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money ; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. John, iii. 16: God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son. 1 Tim. ii. 6: Who gave himself a ransom for all.

d Rom. iv. 16: Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace. Eph. ii. 8: By grace are ye saved through faith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God. Tit. ii. 11 : The

o through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus :

25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith 5 in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the bremission of i sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;

8 before ordained. A. V. passing over. A. V. grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men. do. iii. 5, 7: Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

e MAT. XX. 28: Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Eph. i. 7: In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins. Col. i. 14: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. 1 Tim. ii. 6: Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. HEB. ix. 12: Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. 1 Pet. i. 18, 19: Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.

'Lev. xvi, 15 : Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat. 2 Cor. v. 18: AÎl things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ. 1John, ii. 2: He is the propitiation for our sins : and not for our's only, but also for the sins of the whole world. do. iv. 10 : [God] sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

& Col. i. 20 : Having made peace through the blood of his

+ 1 Tim. i. 15: This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. See on Acts, xiii. 38, 39.

Acts, xvii. 30: The times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent. Heb. ix. 15: And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which



26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness : k that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

27 Where is 'boasting then? It is excluded. By what law ? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.

28 Therefore we conclude that a man is mjustified by faith without the deeds of the law.

29 "Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also :

30 ° Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

31 P Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law.

CHAP. IV. 1 Abraham's faith was imputed to him for righteousness, 10 before he

was circumcised : 13 by faith only he and his seed received the promise: 16 Abraham is the father of all that believe : 24 our faith also shall be imputed to us for righteousness.

WHAT shall we then say that * Abraham, our father as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. k See Acts, xiii. 28, 39.

Rom. ii. 17, 23. do. iv. 2. 1 Cor. i. 29, 31 : That no flesh should glory in his presence. He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. Eph. ii. 9: Not of works, lest any man should boast.

m Ver. 20-22. See on Acts, xiii. 38, 39. * See on Acts, x. 35.

•GAL. iii. 8, 20: And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is

See on Acts, x. 35. P HEB. X. 16: This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.

CHAP. IV. a Isa. li. 2: Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you. Mat. iii. 9: And think not to say within your



2 For if Abraham were "justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

3 For what saith the Scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

4 Now to him that I worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth e the ungodly, his 'faith is counted for righteousness.

6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,

7 Saying, 6 Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

1 favour. Co. Ma. Cr. Gen. 2 without works of the law. Wi. selves, We have Abraham to our father : for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. John, viii. 33, 39 : They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. 2 Cor. xi. 22: Are they Hebrews ? so am I. Are they Israelites ? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham ? so am I.

Rom. iii. 20, 27, 28. c Gen. xv. 6: He believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. Gal. iii. 6 : Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. JAMES, ii. 23 : The Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness.

Rom. xi. 6: If by grace, then is it no more of works : otherwise grace is no more grace.

But if it be of works, then is it no more grace : otherwise work is no more work.

e Jos. xxiv. 2 : And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods.

* Hab. ii. 4: Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him : but the just shall live by his faith.

& Ps. xxxii. 1, 2: Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity.

8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision alse? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.

10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision ? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised : that he might be the 'father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised ; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also :

12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

13 For the promise, that he should be the "heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.

14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect :

would be in vain. Pu.

"Gen. xvii. 10, 11 : This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin ; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

Ver. 12, 16. Gal. iii. 7. "See on LUKE, xix. 9. *Gen. xvii. 4, &c: As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. GAL. iii. 29: And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs recording to the promise. See on Acts, iii. 25.

Gal. ii. 21 : I do not frustrate the grace of God : for if eousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

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