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country, the Province of Canara, the districts 9s Coimoatoor and Daraooram, the forts forming tne heads of all the passes above the Ghauts on thQ Table land, and Seringapatam, with the neighbouring territory.
• The country of India in general is rich in mines, which produce gold, diamonds, rubies, topazes, amethysts, Sec. The foil is fruitful in wheat, rice, and pepper. Tae principal fruit trees are the cocoa, palm, tamarind, guava, mango, plantain, oranue, lemon, pomegranate, and the most der licious pine-apples, and melons. The woods abound in lions, tigers, and bulFaloes, and all places are greatly infested with serpents, scorpions, muiketoes, and locusts. The chief articles of commerce exported by the company from their settlements, and from China, are porcelain, Bengal and China silk, tea, quicksilver, canes, pepper, calicoes, mutlins, nankeens, chintzes, rhubarb, and various other drugs, and silligree work in gold, silver, and ivory.
The territories which belong to the English East Jndia Company, piefent the singular political phenomenon of a rich, fertile, and populous tract of country, larger than the United Kjngdom of England and Jreland; situated at a distance of half the circumference of the globe from England, and governed by a chartered company pf merchants in London, under the direction of the Board of Controul. These merchants, although the feat of government ment is so remote, and they are frequently at war with the native Princes of India, continue, under the auspices of their parent state, to extend their dominions and increase the various branches of their commerce,
Africa is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean sea, and is united to Asia by the Isthmus of Suez. It is much larger than Europe, but less than either Asia or America. It is not broken, like Europe and the south of Asia, into several irregular tracts of land by the interposition of the sea, but has the appearance of a uniform and vast peninsula. The once populous and commercial coast of the Mediterranean, formerly the feat of the powerful empire of Carthage, now coatajns only the small piratical states of Barbary. A very large portion of Africa lies between the Tropics, and is exposed to excessive heat. This is the part which produces most gold and aromatic drugs, and where Lions, Tigers, and Elephants abound. The inhabitants are either tawny Moors, or Negroes of different shades and features. The interior of Africa is no otherwise known, than from the accounts of a few travellers, or the vague reports of the tribes that live near the coasts. On surveying these sultry and inhospitable regions, the mind 'feels repose and satisfaction to remark the British fettlements of Sierra Leone, and Bulama, established for the purpose of raising the productions of the West Indies, without the aid of Slaves.
Egypt, lately recalled to our notice as the scene of British naval and military glory, was the sirst civilized country in the world. Hence of old beamed the light of science and arts; and there still remain, in desiance of the ravages of time, the stupendous pyramids, the most antient monuments of human labour and magnisicence extant. Mummies, preserved from remote times, hieroglyphics engraved upon pillars and sarcophagi, and curious obelisks still exist as memorials of the skill and ingenuity of the antient Egyptians. The present inhabitants, slothful, ignorant, and unwarlike, the complete reverse of their remote ancestors, remain jn that degraded and enslaved slate predicted by the Jewish Prophets, Egypt is about 600 miles in length, and 250 in breadth; bounded on the north by the Mediterranean sea, on the south by Abyssinia, on the east by the Red Sea, and on the west by the deserts of Lybia. The principal towns of lower Egypt are Grand Cairo, Alexandria, Jlosetia, and Damietta; and of upper Egypt, Sayd or Thebes, and C'offier. The Nile has its source jn the mountains of Abyssinia; pursues its progress through Nubia into Egypt, which it divides into two parts, and empties itself by seven mouths into the Mediterranean, after a progress of 1500 miles. Increased by the torrepts of rain which fall in Abyssinia, it overflows its banks every year, and gradually rises from May to September. When the river subsides, the mud left behind is so rich, that the husbandmen are frequently obliged to temper it with sand, lest the corn should grow too rank. Of the pro4u.ctio.ns suitable to the climate, they have three
erops in a year; the sirst of lettuces and cucumbers, the second of corn, and the third of melons. Here the plague rages once in six or seven years; but it abates when the Nile rises. Almost every species of noxious animal is to be found in Egypt, particularly the Tiger, the Hyena, and the Crocodile. The sultry wind conveys from the parched deserts those clouds of sand which cause the Opthalmia, a disorder found highly injurious to our army, in. their late glorious campaign,
America, or theNew World, is between eight and nine thousand miles in length, and, in some parts, nearly 3690 miles in breadth; it enjoys all the variety of climates, and occupies a considerable part of both hemispheres, and is not much inferior in dimensions to a third part of the habitable globe. The eastern mores are warned by the Alt lantic and Southern Oceans, and the western by the Pacisic Ocean. It consists of two great continents, distinguished by the names of North and South America. These are connected by the isthmus of Darien, nearly 360 miles in length, but not more than 16 miles broad in the narrowest part.. In the gulph bounded by the northern and southern continents, lie numerous islands, which are called the West Indies, to distinguish them from the countries on the eastern coasts of Asia, which are called the East Indies.
.' In America, the works of creation are formed upon a scale of magnisicence unknown to us in the eastern eastern hemisphere. The river St. Laurence to the north, which receives the Missouri, the Illinois, and the Ohio in its course; and the Miffiffipi to the south, in North America;—the Maragnon, the Oronoco, the Plata, and Amazon, in South America, roll their waters in such spacious channels as to resemble arms of the sea. The kkes, Ontario, Erie, Huron, Michegan, and Superior, the boundaries of the United States in North America, form inland seas of fresh and transparent water, and are navigable for ships of any burthen. The mountains from which these rivers rife, are far superior in height to those in the other divisions of the globe. The Andes, forming a stupendous ridge, extend 5000 miles, and rife in different places more than one third above the Pike of Teneriffe, which is three miles above the level of the sea, and is the highest land in the anticnt hemisphere. Their heads are concealed in the clouds, the storms roll, and the thunders burst, far below their summits, which, although exposed to the rays of the fun in the midst of the torrid zone, are covered with perpetual snows". In this superiority in the appearances of najure, neither man nor the inferior animals partake. The American natives were found to.be savage, indolent, cruel, and remarkably desicient in the powers of the mind. America, both North
t Robertson's History of America. Comparative heights of mountains according to different authors. Skiddaw, 3000 feet above the level of the sea; Snowden, in North Wales, 3,56"8 feet; Ben Nevis, in Scotland, 4,3S7 feet; Mount Gemmi, in the Canton of Berne, 10,110 feet; Pike of Teneriffe", 13,178 feet; Chiinborazo, the highest of the Andes, £0,280 feet.