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Temperature, of houses, 70-71; of | Turnips, 145.
churches, 374.

Turnpikes, 349-350.
Temple, of loom, 223.

Turnspit dog, 65.
Tennessee, hand-weaving in, 249. Tusser, Thomas, quoted, 35, 168, 255,
Tenting, of cloth, 232.

321-322.
Terbobbin. See Chebobbin.

Twiffiers, 106.
Terrapin, 120.
Thatch, for roofs, 15.

Van der Donck, quoted, 118, 119, 120.
Threshing, 313-314.

Van Tienhoven, quoted, 2.
Thumbing, in weaving, 218.

Veils, interference about, 285.
Thumb-rings, 298.

Venison. See Deer.
Tin, slight use of, 58.

Vermont, candle-wood in, 32; broom-
Tinder, 48.

making in, 303.
Tinder-box, 48.

Victualling, name for tavern, 356.
Tinder-mill, 50.

Violins, in meeting, 378.
Tinder-wheel. 49.

Virginia, early houses in, 11; palisados
Tithing-men, 372, 373.

in, 24; candle-wood in, 32; first fork
Titles, old-time, for women, 187.

in, 78; silver in, 91; table furnish-
Toasting-forks, 60.

ings in, 104; deer in, 108-109; birds
Tobacco, as currency, 189; use forbid- and fowl in, Ilo; lobsters in, 118;
den near meeting-house, 379.

crabs in, 118; oysters in, 119: plenty
Tomble. See Temple.

of fish in, 118-119; corn in, 127;
Tongs, 236.

massacre in, 127; windmills in, 133;
Tow, garments of, 235-236.

toll in, 133; starvation in, 127, 144 ;
Town, unit in New England, 390; nar- pumpkins in, 143; locust groves in,
row feeling of, 391.

163; flax culture in, 181-182; wool
Townsend, revolutionary story of, 203. culture in, 189–190; cloths in, 237 ;
Toys, of wood, 306.

broom-corn in, 256; sumptuary laws
Trammels, 53.

in, 285; outfit of settlers, 289; roads
Transportation, on horseback, 176, 336 in, 331 ; taverns in, 361; Sunday ob-
et seq.; by wagons, 339 et seq.

servance in, 380; churches in, 381–
Trees, girdling of, 403; drive of, 404; 382; cows in, 400; fences in, 402.
under-cutting of, 404.

Virginia fence, 25.
Trenchers, description, 80; material, | Voiders, 106-107.
82.

Voorleezer, duties of, 386.
Trivets, 60.
Troughs, making of, 311.

Waffle-irons, 61.
Trumbull, Jonathan, chaise of, 353. Wagon. See Conestoga wagon.
Trunks, 348.

Warming-pans, 72.
Trunk pedler, 300.

Warning out, 392; a mystery in, 393.
Tumble. See Temple.

Warp, 218.
Tummings, 195.

Warp-beam, 214.
Turkeys, wild, 109; size of, 109-110; Warping, 217–218.
price of, 110.

Warping-bars, 217–218.
Turkey wheat, 129. See Corn. Warping-needle, 219.
Turkey-wings, 309.

Warp-threads. See Warp.

Washing, domestic, 255.

Whitney, Eli, invention of, 208.
Washington, George, home of, 13; out- Whittemore, Amos, invention of, 205.

fit of his stepdaughter, 291; dress of, Whittier, quoted, 73–74, 181, 370, 413,
293; as canal promoter, 353.

436; homespun attire of, 248.
Washington, Martha, thrift of, 237-238; Whittling, 321-323.
netting of, 265.

Wicks for candles, 34, 45.
Watches, 299.

Wigs, wearing of, 296-297 ; denounced,
Watch-chains, 263.

296; names of, 296–299; cost of,
Water, as beverage, 147.

297
Watering of flax, 169.

Wigwams, 3.
Water-fowl, plenty of, 125; enumerated, William and Mary College, tax for,
125

109.
Watertown, windmill at, 133; restric- Williams, Roger, quoted, 134, 137, 285.
tions of settlement in, 393.

Windmills, Indian fear of, 130; first
Wax, candles of, 37; bayberry, 39-40. erected, 133; of John Winthrop,
Waynesville, hand-weaving in, 250. 133; in Virginia, 133.
Wayside Inn, 357-358.

Windows, of glass, 23; of oiled paper,
Weather-skirt, 295.

23.
Weavers, status of, 212-213; seat of, Windsor, boys' pews in, 372.

221; working-hours of, 228; in Nar- Wine-taster, 87.
ragansett, 241-244.

Winslow house, knocker of, 29.
Weaving, noise of, 212, 220; three Winthrop, John, fork of, 77; jug of,

motions in, 221-222; disappearance 98; his use of water as beverage,
of, 227; on tape-looms, 225-227; 148; pick-a-back, 329; sedan-chair
race between spinning and, 228-230; of, 356.
of linens, 230-231; of rag-carpet, Winthrop, John, Jr., quoted, 32; mill
239-240; of coverlets, 242-246; dur-

ing Civil War, 249. See Loom. Woad-wax, in Massachusetts, 448.
Weaving-room. See Loom-room. Woburn, long services at, 376.
Webster, 187.

Wolfskin bags in meeting, 374.
Weeds, once garden flowers, 435-436, Wolves' heads, nailed on meeting-
447-449.

houses, 364-365.
Weight-timbers, 11.

Wood, trenchers of, 80–81; utensils of,
Weld, quoted, 348–349.

82; spoons of, 88; for shuttles, 225;
Well-sweep, 443-444.

unusual uses of, 305; toys of, 306;
Westmoreland Revival, 227.

natural shapes in, 308-311.
Whale-fishing, 41.

Wood, quoted, 32-33, 137.
“Whang," 417.

Wool, an ancient industry, 187; early
Wheat, planting of, 147.

culture of, 187–193; manufacture of,
Wheel, See Flax-wheel and Wool- 187–193; restraints on manufacture,
wheel.

191-192; in England, 192; prepara-
Wheel-peg, 198.

tion of, 193; dyeing of, 193-194;
Wheelwrights, early use of wood, 176. carding of, 194-195; combing of,
Whipping-post, location of, 367.

196; spinning of, 196–198. See Yarn.
White-Ellery House, 19.

Wool-cards, described, 194-195; his-
White-weed, in America, 449.

tory of, 204-206.

of, 133

Wool-combs, 196.
Wool-wheel, price of, 177.
Wordsworth, quoted, on spinning, 179.
Worsted stuffs, 233.
Wrathe. See Raddle.

Yarn, spinning of, 197-198, 201, 229;

winding of, 198; skeining of, 199;

cleansing of, 202; water-twist, 229.
Yarn beam. See Warp-beam.
Yarn roll. See Warp-beam.

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