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Noggins, 82.

Parsnips, 145.
Noil, 196.

Pastorius, Father, his choice for seal,
Nokick. See Nocake.

181; his encouragement of garden.
Noon-houses, 374-375.

ing, 436.
Noon-marks, 299.

Patchwork. See Quilt-piecing.
Norridgewock, life-work of a citizen of, Patent, first to Americans, 138-139.
407-408.

260.
Northampton, sumptuary laws in, 283- Pattens, 295.
284.

Paupers, in Narragansett, 313; treat-
Northboro, spinning match at, 184. ment of, in New England, 324.
North Saugus, house in, 21.

Pawn, 55.
Norwich, naughty girl in, 373.

Pawtucket, cotton thread in, 207.
Notices, nailed on church doors, 367. Pay, for spinning, 185; for weaving,
Nott, President, story of boyhood, 202- 230, 250; for cow-herding, 399; of
203.

swineherds, 403.

Peabody, Francis, house of, 31.
Occ 88.

Peachy, 163.
Occupations, of children, 179, 180, 182, Peas, 145.
186, 437; of women, 187.

Peel, 67.
Oiled paper for windows, 23, 366. Pegging, 262.
Old South Church, on sampler, 268. Pelisses, 295.
Old Ship, 365.

Penn, William, fairs instituted by, 190.
Old South, 366.

Pennsylvania, cave-dwellers in, 2;
Opening in land, clearing, 406.

stoves in, 69; squirrels in, 110;
Ordinary, name for tavern, 356.

wool manufacture in, 190; dress in,
Osenbrigs, 288.

292-293; mail in, 333; post-rider,
Otis, Hannah, sampler of, 268.

335; transportation in, 335-344;
Overhang, in walls, 19-20.

roads in, 339; turnpikes in, 349;
Ovens, 67.

coaching in, 350-351; metzel-soup
Ox-bows, 311.

in, 419; gardens in, 436-437.
Oxen, sign of distress in, 413.

Peonies, 421.
Oysters, in Brooklyn, 118–119; in Perfumes, in cooking, 152; of old
Virginia, 119; vast size of, 119. garden flowers, 424; of sweet-scented

leaves, 449 et seq.
Pace-weight, of loom, 224.

Periagua, 329.
Pack-horses, use of, 336–339; pay for, Perry, 163.
337; load of, 337-338.

Peter, Hugh, encourages fisheries, 121.
Pails, early, 58.

Petticoat rebellion, 128.
Paint, not used, 23.

Petunias, 428.
Pales. See Fences.

Pews, described, 368 et seq.
Palfrey, quoted, 122,

Pewter, for lamps, 44-45; for utensils,
Palisado, description of, 24.

84-85; on dresser, 68; lids of, 100.
Pansy, folk-names of, 425-426.

Phæbe-lamps, 44.
Paper-cutting. See Papyrotamia, Philadelphia, early houses in, 15; luxu-
Papyrotamia, 277-278.

rious dinners in, 160; straw manu-
Parley, Peter, reminiscence of, 140. facture in, 260; travel from, 347-350;
taverns in, 359; cow-herding in, 400 | Pot-hangers, 53.
401.

Pothooks, 53.
Pickling, old-time, 152.

Pots, cost of, 56; size of, 56.
Pierce Garrison House, 26.

Pound-keepers, 400.
Pierpont, Rev. John, verses of, 306-307. Powder-horns, 320-321.
Pies, 146.

Powdering of hair, 297.
Pigeons, plenty of, 110; price of, 110. Powdering tub, 153.
Pilgrims, starvation of, 129.

Power-loom, 230.
Piling-bee, 406.

Powhatan, teaches corn-planting, 127.
Pillions, 331-332.

Prairie-schooner. See Conestoga
Pillory, location of, 367.

wagon.
Pinckney, Mrs., exchange of flowers of, Prayers, length of, 376; with the sick,
439.

419.
Pinehurst, hand-weaving in, 250-251. Preserving, old-time, 152.
Pine-knots, use of, 32-33.

Printer, dress of, 293.
Pink, name of vessel, 328.

Providence, straw manufacture in, 260;
Pinks, varieties of, 427.

restrictions in, 392.
Pipe shelves, 68.

Psalm-singing, 376 et seq.
Pipe-tongs, 68-69.

Puddings, of corn, 135.
Pitch-pipes, in meeting, 378.

Pudding-time, 104, 160.
Plantain, romance of, 435-436.

Pue, See Pews.
Plate-racks, 68.

Pulling of flax, 168.
Plate-warmer, 61.

Pulpits, 368, 385.
Plymouth, vacant fields at, 130; sam- Pumpkin, tributes to, 143; modes of
pler at, 266.

cooking, 143; their plenty, 143; shells
Pokeberry, as dye, 193.
Pompion. See Pumpkin.

Puncheon floor, 6.
Pones, 134.
Pop-corn, 135.

Quakers, dress of, 258, 292.
Poplar wood, use of, 81-82.

Quarels, of glass, 9.
Porcelain. See China.

Quarnes, 133.
Porringers, 85-86.

Quiddonies, 152.
Porter's fluid, 45.

Quills, for weaving, 216; from geese,
Portsmouth, old house at, 21.

259.
Portulaca, 429.

Quilling-wheel, 216, 229.
Posnet, 87.

Quilts, piecing of, 270-275; materials
Possing, of linen, 234.

for, 272-274; patterns for, 272-275:
Post, first, 332; duties of, 332-333; in quilting of, 273-274.

Virginia, 333; report about, 333-335. Quince drink, 96.
Potatoes, in New England, 144; queer Quincy family, fire-buckets of, 18;
modes of cooking, 144-145.

See samplers of, 266–267.
Sweet potatoes.

Quincy, Josiah, quoted, 341-342, 346.
Potato-boiler, 57.
Poi-brakes, 53.

Raddle, of loom, 219.
Pot-clips, 53.

Rag carpet, 239-240.
Pot-crooks, 53.

Rail-fence, 25.

of, 309.

Raising, of a house, 408 et seq.

Rush, for scouring, 85.
Rake. See Raddle.

Rushlight, 38.
Ramsay, quoted, 395-396.

Rutland, cave-dwellers in, 3.
Randolph, John, quoted, 205.
Raspberry leaves for tea, 158, 165. Sabba-day house. See Noon-house.
Rattle-watch, 362.

Sabin Hall, 14.
Ravel. See Raddle.

Sack, law of sale, 357.
Reading, communal privileges in, 391. Sacjes, 386-387.
Recons, 53.

Saco, communal privileges in, 390.
Reed. See Sley.

Safeguards, 295.
Reed-hook. See Sley-hook.

Salem, coloring houses at, 23; lob-
Reel, triple, 200. See Clock-reel and sters at, 117; fisheries at, 121; milk
Niddy-noddy.

in, 148; sumptuary laws in, 283;
Revolution, influences towards success, taverns at, 356-357 ; night-watch in,
166-167, 189.

363; meeting-house in, 364; seats
Rhode Island, stage-coach in, 346. for boys at meeting in, 372; swine-
Rhode Island College. See Brown herds in, 403.
University.

Saler, 78.
Ribbon-beds, 445.

Salisbury, meeting-house at, 369.
Ribbon-grass, 430.

Salmon, price in Boston, 123; low re-
Ride-and-tie system, 332.

gard of, 123; fishing for, 124.
Rings, wearing of, 297; at funerals, i Salt-cellar, 78–79.
298.

Salting of fish, 124; of meat, 153.
Rippling of flax, 168–169; of hemp. Samp, mode of preparing, 131-132,
169.

134; porridge of, 134.
Rippling-comb, 168 ; of Egyptians, 178. Samplers, 265–268.
Roasting ears, 134.

Samp-mills, 133.
Roasting-kitchens, 65.

Samp-mortars, 133.
Rock for spinning, in Egypt, 178; in Sap-buckets, 112.

India, 178; in New England, 179. Sap-yoke, 113
Rock-candy, 157.

Sassafras, as dye, 194; for soap, 255.
Rocking-tree, of loom, 220.

Sausages, making of, 154-155.
Rochester, house-raising at, 410. Sausage-gun, 154.
Rolliches, 154.

Save-alls, 42.
Rolling-roads, 330.

Scaffold, name for pulpit, 368.
Rolling-up a house, 6.

Scarne. See Skarne.
Roof, of Dutch houses, 10; gambrel, Sconces, 42.

Scouring-rush, 85.
Roquelaure, 295.

Scutching. See Swingling.
Rosselini, quoted, 178.

Scythe snathe, 309-312.
Roving, of yarn, 201.

Seal of Germantown, 181.
Rowley, spinning match at, 184. Seating the meeting, 370-371.
Ruffler for flax, 172.

Seats, at table, 101; in New England
Rum, manufacture of, 163; in New meetings, 369; in Virginia churches,

England, 163; in slave-trade, 163- 383-384; in Dutch churches, 386
164; at house-raisings, 410.

387.

22.

Section. See Bout,

Smoke-jack, 65.
Sedan-chairs, 356.

Smoking tongs, 68-69.
Sermons, length of, 376.

Snake-fence, 25.
Sewall, Samuel, quoted, 354 – 356; Sneak-cups, 106.
character of, 418.

Snow, name of vessel, 328.
Shad, low regard of, 123-124; price Snowstorm, in New England, 410 et seq.

of, 124; fishing for, 124; salting of, Snuffers, 42.
124.

Snuffers tray, 42.
Shallop, 328,

Soap, making of, 253-255.
Shed, in weaving, 221.

Society house, 396.
Sheep, in Massachusetts, 188; laws Sorrel, as dye, 194.

about, 188, 189; herding of, 409. South Carolina. See Carolinas.
Sheep-folds, 401.

Southernwood, 428.
Sheep-herds, 401.

Spatter-dashes, 296.
Sheep-ranges, 401.

Spelling, varied, of squashes, 144.
Shelburne, girls work in, 262.

Spenser, quoted, 319.
Shepster, 187.

Spermaceti, 42.
Sherry-vallies, 296.

Spices, in cooking, 153; ground at
Shingles, making of, 316-317.

home, 158.
Shingle-bolts, 318.

Spice-mills, 158.
Shingle-mould, 317.

Spice-mortars, 158.
Shoe-pegs, 315-316.

Spinning, of flax, 174, 230; pay for,
Shuttles, for loom, 224-225.

175; in Egypt, 178; in India, 178;
Sign-boards, name on, 358,359; his- in New England, 179-180; in Penn-

torical value of, 359; of Philadel- sylvania, 181; in France, 230-231;
phia, 359; of Baltimore, 359.

day's work in, 185; in modern times,
Sigourney, Mrs., quoted, 277-278. 186; of wool, 196-198, 229-230; new
Silk-grass, 211.

materials for, 211; race between
Silver, use of, 89-92.

weaving and, 228–229; a by-indus-
Skarne, 216–217.

try, 228.
Skeins, of flax thread, 175.

Spinning classes, 180.
Skillet, 50.

Spinning-cup, 174.
Skilts, 236.

Spinning-jenny, 229.
Slave-kitchen, 54.

Spinning-matches, 184-185.
Slave quarters, 14.

Spinning-school, 180, 182.
Slavery, in New England, 163; in Vir- Spinning-wheel. See Flax-wheel and
ginia, 164.

Wool-wheel.
Sleds, 343.

Spinster, legal title of women, 187.
Sleighs, in New York, 355.

Splint brooms. See Birch brooms.
Sley, of loom, 219-220; price of, 224. Spool-holder. See Skarne.
Slice, 67.

Spoons, use of, 87; material of, 87-88;
Slippings, of flax thread, 175.

types of, 89-90.
Smith, John, quoted, 115-116; plants Spoon-moulds, 87-88.

corn, 127; description of first Vir- Spoon-racks, 68.
ginia church, 381-382.

Spreading of flax, 168.
Smoke-house, 153.

Spunks, 50.

Squadrons, of spinners, 189.

Sugar-bowls, names for, 106.
Squanto, teaches fishing, 117; teaches Sugar-cones, 155.
corn-planting, 130.

Sugar-cutters, 155-156.
Squashes, varied names of, 144. Summer-piece, 8.
Squirrels, abundance of, 110; premium Sunday, observance of, by Puritans,
on, IIO.

378 et seq.; by Rev. John Cotton,
Stage-coaches, in Great Britain, 331, 379; by Virginians, 380; by the

345-346; in America, 345–346. Dutch, 384; duration of, 379.
Stage-wagon, 345.

Sun-dials, 299. 442-443; inscriptions
Staircases, 27.

on, 443; materials of, 443.
Standing salt, 78-79.

Suppawn, use of, 133.
Standish, Lorea, sampler of, 266. Sweep and mortar mill, 132.
Starting a fire, 48-50.

Sweet potatoes, modes of cooking, 145.
Starving times, in Virginia, 127 ; in Swifts, 215-216.
New England, 129.

Swineherds. See Hog-reeves.
Staves, 316.

Swingling of flax, 171-172.
Stays, 291.

Swingling block, 171.
Steeples, 366.

Swingling knives, 171, 312.
Steep-pool, for flax, 169.

Swingle-tree hurds, 172.
Stepping-stones. See Horse-blocks. Swingling tow, bonfires of, 177.
Stitches, names of, 264–265.

Swing-sign. See Sign-board.
St.-John's Wort, as dye, 194.
Stockings, knitting of, 190, 262–263; Table, description of, 76. .
weaving of, 190.

Table-board, 76, 81.
Stocks, location of, 367.

Table-cloths, 77.
Stone-bee, 407.

Tallow, lack of, 34.
Stone-hauling, 407.

Tambour work, 269.
Stone walls, 407.

Tankards, original meaning, 83; of
Stoves, first, 69; in Dutch churches, 385. wood, 83-84; of silver, 99.
Strachey, quoted, 119.

Tapping-gauge, 112.
Strangers, harboring of, forbidden in Tape-loom, various names of, 225; de-
New England, 393-394.

scribed, 225-227.
Stratford, tithing-man in, 372.

Tap-room, of Wayside Inn, 357-358.
Straw manufacture, 259–261.

Tarboggin. See Chebobbin.
Streets, condition of, 362; lighting of, | Tar-making, 33.
362; washing of, 363.

Taste of a dinner, 418.
Strikes, of flax, 172.

Tasters, 86–87.
Striking a light, 47.

Taverns, establishment of, 356; titles
Stump-pulling, 407.

for, 356; prices at, 357; values about,
Sturgeon, great catch of, 120; in New 357; names of rooms at, 357 ; in
York, 120.

southern colonies, 360; in New
Substitutes for imported foods, 158-159. Netherland, 361.
Succotash, 134.

Tea, substitutes for, 158-159; first sales
Sudbury, tavern at, 357-358.

of, 164; queer mode of cooking, 165.
Sugar, substitutes for, 110, III, 147, Teazels, 232.

157, 158; cutting of, 155-156. Teazeling, of cloth, 232.

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