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proved to be this insect, and the identical sportive insects; each suspects the insect specimen shown to him.”

to be some particular kind, and then enIn a communication read in 1830, deavours to obtain something like a conbefore the Linnean Society, by R. Cham- firmation of his views; which, however bers, esq., the hypothesis of the insect vague the fact, may be as willingly acnature of the ignis fatuus appears to be cepted as substantial proof. M. advocated, and the opinion of T. Stothard, esq., R.A., celebrated as an artist, and also a good practical entomologist, is ad

THE DOMESTIC ALTAR. duced, as favouring the theory of the mole-cricket being the source of these It is pleasing to find in private houses Jights. The same opinion has been en an altar raised to God. Nothing rivets tertained by others. Now, unfortunately family attachments wholly so securely as for this theory, though the mole-cricket meeting every morning to pray for each may exert its powers in short leaps, other, when every petty difference must when removed from its burrow, it is not at once be laid aside, and every misunwell adapted for an easy and long-con- derstanding forgotten before the sun goes tinued flight, and much less of dancing down. What can be more pleasing also up and down, and backwards and for- than for the absent to know precisely at wards in the air, with the playful light- what hour they are remembered, with the ness of a gnat or butterfly. * ' Besides, supplications and blessings of an affecthe mole-cricket is not a luminous insect; tionate circle? While those who remain if it were, the spots colonized by them together can enjoy no greater solace than would abound with ignes fatui. But such in following them with prayers, and is not the case.

As for the narrative of uniting, on their own account, in the Dr. Sutton, of Norwich, recorded by expression of every anxiety, or pleasure, Kirby, we find the proof of the theory of or sorrow, which each shares in common the mole-cricket being the source of this with all the others. There is, indeed, no light resting not on the rev. Doctor's pleasure more to be prized than that of own observation, nor yet on that of the raising a family altar, where those shall farmep, but upon that of one of the far- daily assemble on earth, who hope heremer's people!

after to re-assemble in heaven, and not a Thus, then, while some contend for the wanderer lost ! glowworm, others for a species of tipula, and others for the mole-cricket being the ignis fatuus, (and in so far differ from each other,) these theorists on the insect side of the question, adduce no bonâ fide “Give me," says Stebbins, "the money facts to demonstrate the correctness of that has been spent in war, and I will purtheir opinions-opinions based upon the chase every foot of land on the globe. I flitting, hovering, vacillating movements will clothe every man, woman, and child, of those lights, which sometimes appear in an attire that kings and queens might as if gambolling with each other, avoiding be proud of. I will build a school-house gates, and palings, and occasionally seem upon every hill-side, and in every valley ing to settle and rise again. + Such ap- over the habitable earth. I will supply pearances, they say, must result from that school-house with a competent

teacher; I will build an academy in * White says, in his “Nat. Hist. of Selborne:"

every town, and endow it; a college in "When dug out [of their burrows] they seem very every state, and fill it with able professlow and helpless, and make no use of their wings sors; I will crown

every hill with a excursions, as I have been convinced by finding church consecrated to the promulgation stragglers, in a morning, in improbable places." He afterwards adds : They fly Tising and falling in its pulpit an able teacher of righteous

of the gospel of peace; I will support in curves," the proof of a laborious flight.

The merry eccentric movements of the ignis ness, so that on every sabbath morning fatuus, as far as our limited experience goes, are

the chime on one hill shall answer to the very much exaggerated. By giving licence to ima- chime on another around the earth's gination, something of this

kind might be described, broad circumference; and the voice of sudden extinguishing of one flame, and the rapid prayer, and the song of praise, shall succession of others, in different but not very dis- ascend like the smoke of a universal tant spots. Such at least was our impression some years since on seeing the phenomenon.

holocaust to heaven."

THE MONEY WASTED IN WAR.

[graphic][subsumed][merged small]

THE LION.

ference to the old lion, it is said, “Who The lion has been well denominated shall rouse him up?" “the king of beasts." His noble ap

“ Behold the people shall rise up as a great lion, pearance, his courage, his prodigious And lift up himself as a young lion : strength, his determined spirit, and his He shall not lie down until he eat of his prey,

And drink the blood of the slain." generous disposition, entitle him to be thus described. His agile, yet muscular It is also said, “The king's wrath is frame, together with the impetuous re as the roaring of a lion;" and in refersistlessness of his attacks, enable him to ence to David and Jonathan," they overcome even the massive strength of were swifter than eagles, they were the elephant, and the formidable armour stronger than lions." of the rhinoceros. He roves in the The lion was at one time far more comboundless desert, in the dense jungle, mon than it is now, from the inroads of and in the luxuriant plain, alike master civilisation. The monarch of the animal of all the animal tribes. The Scriptures creation finds his superior in man; and intimate the opinion entertained of him the words of God have been plainly veriin ancient times. What,” it is asked, fied in a thousand instances : “The fear “ is stronger than a lion?” And in re of you and the dread of you shall be

NOVEMBER, 1846.

21

for he says,

disius says,

upon every beast of the earth, and upon | twenty to thirty feet, and the roar, come every fowl of the air, upon all that mov together; the body of the victim is forced eth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes to the ground by the weight of its deof the sea," Gen. ix. 2. The plough has, stroyer; his formidable fangs are applied in many cases, passed over his late do- to the throat, and there is no chance of mains, and the cottage has been erected escape. where the lion used to drink.

The poet Young has said, The ordinary length of the lion, from the muzzle to the tail, is about six feet;

" fierce c'er the sands the lordly lion stalks,

Orimly majestic in his lonely walks: and his height, at the shoulders, more When round he glares, all living creatures fly, than three feet; so that he stands rather

He clears the desert with his tolling eye; low in proportion to his length. The tail

By the pale moon he takes his destined round,

Lashes his sides, and furious tears the ground. is more than three feet long, terminating Now slirieks and dying groans the forest fill, in a thick tuft of blaekish hair. Homer,

He rages, rends, his ravenous jaws distil

With crimson foam, and when the banquet's o'er, and other Greek and Latin writers, allude He strides away and paints his steps with gore. to his movements, as indicative of the In flighit alone the shepherd puts his trust,

And shudders at the talon in the dust." feelings of the lion at the time. Pliny denominates it the index of his mind; The black lion of Africa is the most

" When the tail is at fest, the formidable of the species, sometimes animal is quiet, gentle, and seems pleased, measuring eight feet in length, besides which is seldom, however, the ease, and the tail; this one, however, is much anger is much more frequent with him, scarcer than the paler variety. The in the commencement of which he lashes dread entertained by the animals which the ground, but, as it increaseg, liig sides, live near the haunts of the lion is better as if with the view of rousing it to a conceived than described. At his sight, higher pitch.” Again, Alexander Aphro- or even his smell, the greatest alarm is

" Since the moving of the displayed on the part of the cattle. tail is, in most animals, a sign of their Though they may be in the worst posrecognition of friends, does the lion lash sible condition, worn out with fatigue his sides when enraged.” A peculiar and hunger, the moment the shaggy characteristie possessed by the lion, dis- monster is perceived, they start like tinguishing him from all other animals, race-horses, with their tails erect; and is his mane, which is long and flowing, sometimes days will elapse before they and extending backwards over his shoul- are found. One night,” says Mr. ders and face.

Moffat, " we were quietly bivouacked at The roar of this animal is sufficient to a small pool on the Oup river, where we strike terror into the stoutest heart, when never anticipated a visit from his majesty. travelling alone on the plains of Africa, We had just closed our united evening or when entangled in an Indian jungle. service, the book was still in my hands, As he rests his head on his paws, or and the closing notes of the song

of on the ground, and gives a hálf-stifled praise had scarcely fallen from our lips, growl, the vibration is conveyed to a when the terrific roar of the lion was great distance. When persons think they heard. Our oxen, which before were have heard the roar of a lion, from his quietly chewing the cud, rushed upon growl at the Zoological gardens, a mis us, and over our fires, leaving us protake is made, for that is but a whisper strated in a cloud of dust and sand. Hats to the terrible sound he utters, as and hymn-books, our Bibles and our he roams in majesty in his native guns, were all scattered in wild confuwilds. It was observed that the lions in sion. Providentially, no serious injury the royal menagerie in the Tower of was sustained. The oxen were pursued, London, during temperate weather, brought back, and secured to the wagon commenced roaring about dawn, one of —for we could ill afford to lose any; them beginning and the others following The tiger and the wolf generally rein succession ; and if any failed in doing treat to the mountain caverns and raso, it was a sure sign of approaching vines, but the lion is found in the open illness.

plain, near the herds of antelopes which The lion is nocturnal in his habits. there feed, and prefer the open country Sleeping during the day, but generally to places where the lion can conceal concealed in his lair at night, he tracks himself. The Bushmen have noticed

, the passage of some prey. Then the that he generally kills and devours his crouch is made; the spring, which is from prey in the morning at sunrise,

or at

Is muster'd in this hour of need;

sunset; and on this account, when they danger. This was considered by our wish to destroy him, they notice where party to be a lion of the largest size, the springbocks are grazing at the rising and seemed, as I measured him in comof the sun, and observe if they appear parison with the dogs, to be, though frightened and run off; for if so, they less bulky, as large as an ox: he was have lately been attacked. Marking ac- certainly as long in the body, though curately the spot where the alarm took lower in stature; and his copious mane place, about eleven o'clock, when the gave him a truly formidable

appearsun is powerful, and the enemy they ance.” seek is supposed to be fast asleep, they Of the attack and destruction of his carefully examine the ground, and find- prey by the lion, Mr. Pringle has given ing him in a state of unguarded security, a vivid description.

The evening apa poisoned arrow is lodged in his breast. proaches, and the different animals of He bounds from his lair, but the work the plain approach the water to drink, is done; and before many hours have in the neighbourhood of which the “

“king passed, his dead body will be in the of beasts” is concealed. hands of his destroyers. Mr. Burchell, the well-known South

“ The tall giraffe stoops down to drink;

Upon him straight the savage springs African traveller, gives an interesting ac With cruel joy.” count of an adventure he and his party had with a lion. The dogs had been The affrighted and wounded animal prowling about, and examining the then endeavours to escape by swiftness bushes with the usual avidity they dis- of foot. play in search of game, when at length

“ For life-the victim's utmost speed they set up a loud and determined barking at some object among the rushes. For life-for life-his giant might The encouragement the dogs received He strains, and pours his soul in flight; induced them to drive out an enormous

And mad with terror, thirst, and pain,

Spurns with wild hoof the thundering plain. lion and lioness, and the latter escaped 'Tis vain; the thirsty sands are drinking under cover of the tall rushes; while

His streaming blood-his strength is sinking;

The victor's fangs are in his veinsthe lion, with all the majesty of the na His flanks are streak'd with sanguin'd strainstive animal, advanced steadily to exa His panting breast in foam and gore mine the intruders on his domains. The

Is bathed-he reels-his race is o'er;

He falls-and with convulsing throe, dogs bravely approached him, so as to Resigns his throat to th'ravening foe! hold him at bay, but conscious of his

-And lo! ere quivering life has fled,

The vultures, wheeling overhead, strength, he deigned not to notice them, Swoop down, to watch, in gaunt array, and kept his eyes

fixed on the men. At Till the gorged tyrant quits his prey.' one moment the dogs, perceiving his eye

F. engaged, approached nearer to him, as though they would seize him; but with

MENTAL PRECOCITY UNDESIRABLE. out discomposing the majestic attitude in which he stood fixed, he merely moved Many of the brightest geniuses, and his paw, and laid two of them dead; those whose names are associated with yet there was so little exertion that it the mightiest intellectual achievements, seemed wonderful by what means this exhibited in their earlier years few indihad been accomplished. Mr. Burchell cations of future greatness. Dr. Barrow's says, “I stood well upon my guard, father is alleged to have said, that “if holding my pistols in my hand, with my it pleased God to take from him

any

of finger upon the trigger; and those who his children, he hoped it might be Isaac, had muskets kept them similarly pre as he looked upon him as the most unpared. Of the time we had gained by promising.” Such was the character of the interference of the dogs not a mo Sheridan in his earliest years, that his ment was lost; we fired upon him: one mother regarded him “as the dullest of the balls went through his side just and most hopeless of her sons. Adam below the short ribs, and the blood im- Clark was considered by his father “a mediately began to flow. We had no grievous dunce, as he learned little bedoubt that he would spring upon us : fore he was eight or ten years old.” every gun was instantly reloaded; but Gibbon, we are informed, when he sat he moved quietly away-although I had down to write his own memoirs, found hoped in a few minutes to have been that he had nothing to record concerning able to take hold of his paw without the period he spent at Oxford, of " early

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displays of genius, laudable emulation, not used to denote veracity as opposed to and well-earned honours." It is said of falsehood, but the doctrines of the word Napoleon, by one who had the best op- of God as opposed to all the speculations portunity of knowing him, that, “in his and inventions of men. Such was its boyhood, he was like other boys,” and meaning in a memorable petition of our had none of that singularity of character Lord: "Sanctify them through thy truth: attributed to him. And sir Isaac New- thy word is truth.” One of the apostle ton, according to his own statement, was Paul's charges to Timothy runs, “to hold “ inattentive to study, and ranked very fast the form of sound words, and to low in the school, until the age of give himself to doctrine. And most twelve.” These facts seem to favour emphatic is the declaration of John : the supposition, that the gigantic powers “ Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth which raise the possessors of them so far not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not above the level of ordinary men, are re

God. He that abideth in the doctrine of tarded in their development; that the Christ, he hath both the Father and the material organs, by which they are after- Son." Truth and error are equally opwards to carry on their operations, may posed in all cases, but all error is not be consolidated, and fully prepared for opposed to the same truths, and hence performing the work to which they are arises a distinction between those errors destined. The very early development, which directly oppose fundamental truths, therefore, of extraordinary capabilities, and others, which do not contradict the may not, in every instance, afford the gospel testimony, though it may be immeans of forming an accurate estimate of paired in their remoter consequences. what the intellectual character might Against the one we must decidedly probecome, were the individual permitted test, towards the others it becomes us to to reach maturity. Those who display manifest the forbearance that is incumgreat mental precocity, are most likely bent. to be first taken away. They are gene

An illustration of actual agreement rally marked out as victims of the de- attended by some points of difference, stroyer. And the very exercises which may be gathered from one of the concall forth the admiration of those who versations of our Lord; John said unto are most deeply interested in their wel- him, “Master, we saw one casting out fare, in too many instances, but foster the devils in thy name, and we forbad him, fatal tendencies which lurk in the frame, because he followeth not us.” Thus and induce the incurable maladies which it appeared that though some individual, prostrate them in the dust. Parents may addressing a demoniac in the name of behold the results of that precocity with Christ, ejected an evil spirit, giving peace satisfaction and unmingled delight, and to a human soul, and restoring to society fondly delineate in imagination the course one who must otherwise have remained of honour and usefulness which the gifted an outcast, and probably dwelt among subjects of it may run, when their ex the tombs, yet the disciples of Jesus panding powers are fully unfolded; but charged him to desist, and no more to how often, alas! are these prospects achieve such a prodigy of benevolence

, clouded by the shadow of death, and their because he was not, in all respects, just hopes, in as far as this world is con- like themselves. So far, however, from cerned, sunk in corruption and the grave! their conduct being approved by the How loudly does this call upon them not Redeemer, it was explicitly censured; to set their hearts too much upon such Jesus said, Forbid him not: for there children! Their one great concern re

is no man that shall do a miracle in my garding them should be, to have them pre-name, that can lightly speak evil of pared for heaven.Rev. A. Cuthbert. For he that is not against us is

on our part,” Mark ix. 38—41. And thus he intimates that whoever is engaged in the promotion of his cause should be hailed by all besides as a fellow-worker. Any points of difference existing between

him and them should be lost in the one“Charity rejoiceth in the truth.” ness of the object pursued, and the adThere must be, therefore, wherever it is vantage accruing from success, whatever exercised, a right apprehension of truth. is the manner in which it arises, and whoIn the sense of the apostle, the term is

soever is the instrument by whom it is

me.

THE SPIRIT OF CHARITY.

No. VI.

CHARITY REJOICETH IN THE TRUTH.

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