island (to their honour be it known) had it put in a thorough state of repair at their own expense.

It will never be forgotten by the British nation. that Marshal Soult, with the chivalrous feeling of a true soldier, erected a monument over the grave of Sir John Moore, at Corunna.

When the Ninety-second Highlanders arrived at Fuentes d'Onor, in May, 1811, they were greatly distressed from want of provisions, and on this circumstance being made known to the Brigade of Foot Guards, they volunteered giving up a ration of biscuit, then in their haversacks, which was received with three hearty cheers by the Gordon Highlanders.

Whilst the British were in position on the banks of the Nive, in November, 1813, the French used to meet the English officers at a narrow part of the river, and chat over the campaign. One of the latter, in order to convince them of the reverses of Napoleon in Germany, rolled a stone up in the Star newspaper, and endeavoured to throw it across the stream. stone, unfortunately, went through it, which made it fall into the water. The French officer thereupon remarked, in pretty fair English, "Your good news is very soon damped."


In the private journal of F. S. Larpent, Esq., Judge Advocate-General of the British forces in the Peninsula, is the following entry bearing on this subject:" August 14th, 1814.-Lezaca.-Our sentries and the French are within one hundred yards of each other, and are relieved regularly without the least molestation on either side. This is the true thing. Unless an attack is to be made, what is gained by killing a poor sentry ?"


The following incident is recorded in the "Narratives of the Campaigns of the Twenty-eighth Regiment, since their return from Egypt, in 1802," by Lieut.-Colonel Charles Cadell, unattached, late Major of that corps :—

"On the morning of the 5th (January, 1809), the reserve left Nogales. We were detained at a bridge a little way on the road, covering the engineers, who were endeavouring to destroy it, but they did not succeed. The Twenty-eighth Regiment was now the rear-guard of the reserve, and the flank companies, with a company of the Ninety-fifth, formed the rear-guard of the regiment. The whole distance was a continued skirmish. About noon we came up with two cars laden with dollars; but the bullocks that drew them being completely exhausted, it was impossible to save the treasure. Under these circumstances, Sir John Moore decided that the whole should be thrown down the mountain, most judiciously considering, that if the casks were broken, the men would make a rush for the money, which would have caused great confusion, and might have cost the lives of many. The rear-guard, therefore, was halted; Lieutenant Bennet, of the light company, Twenty-eighth Regiment, was placed over the money, with strict orders from Sir John Moore to shoot the first person who attempted to touch it. It was then rolled over the precipice; the casks were soon broken by the rugged rocks, and the dollars falling out, rolled over the height-a sparkling cascade of silver. The French advanced guard coming up shortly after to the spot, were detained for a time picking

up the few dollars that had been scattered on the road."


The following General Order was issued by His Royal Highness the Duke of York, on the National Convention sending instructions to their troops in Flanders that no quarter should be given to the English or Hanoverians. The sentiments did equal honour to himself and to his country; it must, at the same time, be added, that the brave men who composed the French army received the order from their government with the contempt it deserved :-

"G. O., JUNE 7TH, 1794.-His Royal Highness the Duke of York thinks it incumbent on him to announce to the British and Hanoverian troops under his command, that the National Convention of France, pursuing that gradation of crimes and horrors, which has distinguished the periods of its government as the most calamitous of any that has yet occurred in the history of the world, has just passed a decree that soldiers shall give no quarter to the 'British or Hanoverian troops.' His Royal Highness anticipates the indignation and horror which has naturally arisen in the minds of the brave troops whom he addresses, upon receiving this information. His Royal Highness desires, however, to remind them, that mercy to the vanquished is the brightest gem in a soldier's character; and exhorts them not to suffer their resentment to lead them to any precipitate act of cruelty on their part, which may sully the reputation they have acquired in the world. His Royal Highness believes that it would be difficult for brave men to conceive

that any set of men, who are themselves exempt from sharing in the dangers of war, should be so base and cowardly as to seek to aggravate the calamities of it upon the unfortunate people who are subject to their orders.

"It was indeed reserved for the present times to produce to the world the proof of the possibility of the existence of such atrocity and infamy. The pretence for issuing this decree, even if founded in truth, would justify it only to minds similar to those of the members of the National Convention. It is, in fact, too absurd to be noticed, and still less to be refuted. The French must themselves see through the flimsy artifice of an intended assassination, by which Robespierre has succeeded in procuring that military guard, which has at once established him the successor of the unfortunate Louis, by whatever name he may choose to dignify his future reign. In all the wars which, from the earliest times, have existed between the English and the French nations, they have been accustomed to consider each other in the light of generous as well as brave enemies, while the Hanoverians, for a century the allies of the former, have shared in this reciprocal esteem. Humanity and kindness have at all times taken place the instant that opposition ceased; and the same cloak has been frequently seen covering those who were wounded, and enemies, whilst indiscriminately conveying them to the hospitals of the conquerors.

"The British and Hanoverian armies will not believe that the French nation, even under their present infatuation, can so far forget their characters as soldiers, as to pay any attention to a decree, as inju

rious to themselves as it is disgraceful to the persons who passed it. On this confidence His Royal Highness trusts that the soldiers of both nations will confine their sentiments of resentment and abhorrence to the National Convention alone; persuaded that they will be joined in them by every Frenchman who possesses one spark of honour, or one principle of a soldier: and His Royal Highness is confident that it will only be on finding, contrary to every expectation, that the French army has relinquished every title to the fair character of soldiers and of men, by submitting to, and obeying so atrocious an order, that the brave troops under his command will think themselves justified, and indeed under the necessity of adopting a species of warfare, for which they will stand acquitted to their own conscience, to their country, and the world in such an event the French army alone will be answerable for the tenfold vengeance which will fall upon themselves, their wives, and their children, and their unfortunate country, already groaning under every calamity which the accumulated crimes of unprincipled ambition and avarice can heap upon their devoted victims."



F. S. Larpent, Esq., the Judge Advocate-General of the British forces in the Peninsula, records this characteristic anecdote; the incident occurred in January, 1814: "Lord Wellington at dinner, on Sunday, directed some jokes at Major D, who makes out the returns, because he wanted to make a grand total of wounded, etc., after the late five days' fighting. He laughed and said, all might go wrong from this

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