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Water! At that moment, some half-dozen straggling soldiers of the Twenty-second came up, apparently exhausted, and asked for some. At once the generous Indians withheld their hands from the skins, forgot their own sufferings, and gave the fainting Europeans to drink; then they all moved on, the Sepoys carrying the Twenty-second men's muskets for them, patting them on the shoulders, and encouraging them to hold out. It was in vain; they did so for a short time, but soon fell. It was then discovered that these noble fellows were all wounded, some deeply, but thinking there was to be another fight, they had concealed their hurts, and forced nature to sustain the loss of blood, the pain of wounds, the burning sun, the long marches, and the sandy desert, that their last moments might be given to their country on another field of battle!" Names of men of the Twenty-second regiment who
concealed their wounds, received in the Battle of Hyderabad, and marched with their regiment the next day, thinking another battle was at hand :—
Sergeant Haney, John Durr, John Muldowney, Robert Young, Henry Lines, Patrick Gill, James Andrews, Thomas Middleton, James Mulvey, and Silvester Day.
When James II. commanded that his proclamation of toleration should be read from the pulpit, only two hundred clergymen obeyed. Seven bishops joined in a respectful petition against the order of the Sovereign, who declared them guilty of a seditious libel, and sent the petitioners to the Tower. They were tried in Westminster Hall, in June, 1688, and acquitted, to the great joy of the country.
A similar instance to this is found in the six
Portsmouth captains. They belonged to the Eighth Foot, and sent a memorial to the Duke of Berwick against receiving Roman Catholic recruits into the regiment. Their names were-Lieutenant-Colonel the Honble. John Beaumont, Captains Simon Packe, Thomas Orme, John Port, William Cook, and the Honble. Thomas Paston, and on the 10th of September, 1688, they were tried by a general courtmartial at Windsor. On being found guilty of violating the fifteenth article of the King's Regulations, they were sentenced to be dismissed the service. The public looked upon them as champions of their civil and religious rights, and their portraits were engraved and circulated. Ballads were likewise composed in their honour. An engraving was made in 1688, which was headed "The Portsmouth Captains," and to which was appended the motto, Pro Latria, Patria, Atria. The Revolution shortly afterwards occurred, and Lieutenant-Colonel Beaumont received from the new Sovereign the colonelcy of the regiment. Fortunately, now more tolerant times have arrived, and soldiers, whatever their religious persuasion, vie with each other in their attempts to excel in gallantry.
At the battle of Malplaquet, on the 11th of September, 1709, the Royal Regiment of Ireland in the British service (the present Eighteenth Royal Irish) encountered the Royal Regiment of Ireland in the pay of the King of France. A parallel case occurred during the Peninsular War. At the dashing affair of Arroyo dos Molinos, on the 28th of October, 1811, the brass drums and the drum-major's staff of a battalion of the French Thirty-fourth were captured by
the second battalion of the British Thirty-fourth Regiment, and are still used by the latter corps. The whole of the men of the French Thirty-fourth were also taken prisoners by the brigade of which the British Thirty-fourth formed part. In the "Recollections in the Peninsula " it is recorded that "several of the French officers, as they tendered their swords, embraced the officers of the English Thirty-fourth, saying, 'Ah, Messieurs, nous sommes des frères, nous sommes du trente-quatrième régiment tous deux. Vous êtes des braves. Les Anglois se battent toujours avec loyauté, et traitent bien leurs prisonniers.' 'Ah, Messieurs, la fortune de la guerre est bien capricieuse."" The Thirty-fourth received the Royal authority to bear the words "Arroyo dos Molinos " on the regimental colour, for their behaviour on this occasion. Sergeant Moses Simpson, the individual who actually took the staff from the drummajor of the French Thirty-fourth Regiment, afterwards filled the situation of barrack-sergeant at Northampton, and has been presented by the officers of the Thirty-fourth with a handsome medal, in commemoration of his gallant conduct.
It is a singular circumstance that the Twelfth Foot and the Hanoverian Regiment of Hardenberg fought side by side at the battle of Minden, on the 1st of August, 1759, and they were the only two entire regiments employed in the memorable sortie from Gibraltar, as will be perceived by the subjoined Evening Garrison Order, dated] 26th November, 1781:
"COUNTERSIGN, STEADY.-All the grenadiers and light infantry in the garrison, and all the men of the
Twelfth and Hardenberg's Regiments, with the officers and non-commissioned officers on duty, to be immediately relieved and join their regiments, to form a detachment, consisting of the Twelfth and Hardenberg's regiments complete; the grenadiers and light infantry of all the other regiments; one captain, three lieutenants, ten non-commissioned officers, and a hundred artillery; three engineers, seven officers, ten non-commissioned officers, overseers, with a hundred and sixty workmen from the line, and forty workmen from the artificer corps; each man to have thirty-six rounds of ammunition, with a good flint in his piece, and another in his pocket; the whole to be commanded by Brigadier-General Ross, and to assemble on the red sands, at twelve o'clock this night, to make a sortie upon the enemy's batteries. The Thirty-ninth and Fifty-eighth Regiments to parade at the same hour, on the grand parade, under the command of Brigadier-General Picton, to sustain the sortie if necessary."
Another singular coincidence has been recorded as having occurred at the battle of Vittoria, in 1813, which is stated to have been fought nearly on the same spot with one in which a victory was obtained by the English, that restored a legitimate sovereign to the throne of Spain. Within sight of the enemy's position on the 21st of June, and only a few miles higher up the same stream (the Zadora), stands the village of Navarrette, where, on the 3rd day of April, 1367, Edward the Black Prince totally defeated Henry the Bastard, and, in consequence, seated Don Pedro on the throne of Castile. Joseph Bonaparte's escape on horseback is also strikingly illustrated by a similar act, related in Froissart's account of the above; for
n it we are told that Henry, perceiving his army defeated, without hopes of recovery, called for his horse, mounted it, and galloped off among the crowd of fugitives. This misstatement has been ofttimes rerepeated, but Lieutenant-General Sir William Napier has set the matter at rest in the following extract from the "History of the Peninsular War :"-The bill thus carried was called the Englishmen's Hill, not, as some recent writers have supposed, in commemoration of a victory gained by the Black Prince, but because of a disaster which there befell a part of his army. His battle was fought between Navarrette and Najera, many leagues from Vittoria, and beyond the Ebro; but on this hill the two gallant knights, Sir Thomas and Sir William Felton, took post with two hundred companions, and being surrounded by Don Tello with six thousand, all died or were taken after a long, desperate, and heroic resistance."
A skirmish happened near Penalva, on the 15th August, 1708, in which both parties claimed the victory, but King Philip retired, and King Charles partook of the dinner prepared for his competitor. A like incident occurred during the French operations in Italy, when the Emperor Napoleon III. partook of the repast which had been prepared at Solferino for Francis Joseph of Austria, realizing the truth of Madame de Sevigné's remark, that "it is not always the same man who warms the oven and who bakes the bread."
EXAMPLES OF LOYALTY.
During the civil wars, General Ireton proposed to the Earl of Derby the repossession of his estates in Eng