Nil debet.

He owes nothing. Nolle prosequi.

To be unwilling to proceed.
Non assumpsit.

He has not promised.
Non decipitur qui scit se decipi.

He is not deceived who knows himself to be deceived. Non effecit affectus nisi sequatur effectus.

The intention amounts to nothing unless some effect follows.

Non est arctius vinculum inter homines quam jusjurandum.

There is no stronger link among men than an oath.

Non est regula quin fallat.

There is no rule but what may fail.

Nemo præsumitur malus.

No one is presumed to be bad.

Nemo prohibetur plures negotiationes sive artes exercere.

No one is restrained from exercising several kinds of business or arts. Semo punitur pro alieno delicto.

No one is to be punished for the crime or wrong of another.

Nemo, qui condemnare potest, absolvere non potest.

Ho who may condemn may acquit. Nemo tenetur armare adversarum contra se.

No one is bound to arm his adversary. Nemo tenetur divinare.

No one is bound to foretell. Nemo tenetur informare qui nescit, sed quisquis scire quod informat.

No one is bound to inform about a thing he knows not, but he who gives information is bound to know what he says.

Nemo tenetur seipsum infortunis et periculis exponere.

No one is bound to expose himself to misfortunes and dangers.

Nihil facit error nominis cum de corpore constat.

An error in the name is nothing when there is certainty as to the person, Nihil habet forum ex scena.

The court has nothing to do with what is not before it.

Nihil in lege intolerabilius est, eandem rem diverso jure censeri.

Nothing in law is more intolerable than to apply the law differently to the same cases.

Nihil perfectum est dum aliquid restat Agendum.

Nothing is perfect while something remains to be done. Nihil possumus contra veritatem.

We can do nothing against truth.
Nihil potest rex quam quod de jure potest.

The king can do nothing but what he can do by law. Nihil simul inventum est et perfectum.

Nothing is invented and perfected at the same moment.

Nihil tam naturale est, quàm eo genere quidque dissolvere, quo colligatum est.

It is very natural that an obligation should not be dissolved but by the same principles which were observed in contracting it.

Non faciat malum, ut inde veniat bonum.

You are not to do evil that good may come of it.

Non in legendo sed in intelligendo leges consistunt.

The laws consist not in being read, but in being understood. Non liquet.

It is not clear,

Non quod dictum est, sed quod factum est, inspicitur.

Not what is said, but what is done, is to be regarded.

Nón refert an quis assensum suum præfert verbis, an rebus ipsis et factis.

It is immaterial whether a man gives his assent by words or by acts and deeds.

Non videntur qui errant consentire.

He who errs is not considered as consenting.

Novum judicium non dat novum jus, sed declarat antiquum.

A new judgment does not make a new law, but declares the old.

Nulla impossibilia aut inhonesta sunt presumenda.

Impossibilities and dishonesty are not to be presumed. Nullum iniquum præsumendum in jure..

Nothing unjust is presumed in law. Nullum tempus occurrit regi.

Time matters not to the king.



Patria potestas in pietate debet, non in atrocitato consistere.

Paternal power should consist in affection, not atrocity. Peccata contra naturam sunt gravissima.

Offences against nature are the heaviest.

Per rerum naturam factum negantis nu.ia probatio est.

It is in the nature of things that he who denies a fact is not bound to prove it.

Plures cohæredes sunt quasi unum corpus, propter unitatem juris quod habent.

Several co-heirs are as one body, by reason of the unity of right which they possess.

Plures participes sunt quasi unum corpas, in co quod unum jus habent.

Several partners are as one body, by resson of the unity of their rights.

Nullus commodum capere potest de injuriâ snâ propriâ.

No man can take advantage of his own wrong

0. Obiter dictum.

Said by the way (or in passing). Obitus jurium.

Loss of claim by litigation.

Omne actum ab intentione agentis est judicandum.

Evcry act is to be estimated by the intention of the doer.

Omne crimen ebrietas et incendit et detegit.

Drunkenness inflames and produces every crime.

Omne sacramentum debet esse de certa scientiâ

Every oath ought to be founded on certain knowledge. Omnia delicta in aperto leviora sunt.

All crimes committed openly aro consid. ered lighter.

Omnia pena corporalis, quamvis minima, major est omni pæna pecunariû quamvis maximâ

The smallest corporal punishment falls with more weight than the largest pecuniary punishment. Omnia præsumuntur contra spoliatorem.

All things are presumed against a wrong doer.

Omnia præsumuntur legitime facta donec probetur in contrarium.

All things are presumed to be done legitimately, until the coutrary is proved.

Optimam esse legem, quæ minimum relinquit arbitrio judicis; id quod certitudo ejus præstat.

That law is the best which leaves the least discretion to the judge; and this is an advantage which results from certainty. Optimus judex, qui minimum sibi.

He is the best judge who relies as littly as possible on his own discretion. Optimus iegum interpres consuetudo.

Custom is the best interpreter of laws.

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Privatum coinmodum publico cedit.

Private yields to public good.

Privatum incommodum publica bono pen. satur.

Private inconvenience is made up for by public benefit.

Prohibetur ne quis faciat in suo quod nocere possit in alieno.

It is forbidden a man to do in his own (property) that which may injure another's.

Protectio trahit suljectionem, et subjectiu protectionem,

Protection implies allegiance, and alle gincu protection.

Par in parem imperium non habet.

An equal has no power over an equal.

Porum proficit scire quid fieri debet si non cognoscas quomodo sit facturum.

It avails little to know what onght to be done, ii you do not know how it is to be done.



Proximus sum egomet mihi.

I am always nearest to myself.

Qui non propulsat injuriam quando potest, infert.

He who does not repel a wrong when he can, induces it. Qui parcit nocentibus, innocentibus punit.

He who spares the guilty, punishes the innocent.

Qui per alium facit per seipsum facere videtur.

He who does anything through another, is considered as doing it himself. Qui prior est tempore, potior est jure.

Who is first in time is strongest in law.
Qui primum peccat ille facit ríxam.
He who first offends causes the strife.

Qui rationem in omnibus quærunt, rationem subvertunt.

He who seeks a reason for everything, sub

verts reason.

Quæ ad unum finem loquuta sunt; non debent ad alium detorqueri.

Words spoken to one end, ought not to be perverted to another.

Quæ mala sunt inchoata in principio vix bono peragrentur exitu.

Things bad in the commencement seldom end well. Quæ non valeant singula, juncta juvant.

Things which do not avail single, when united have an effect. Quærere dat sapere quæ sunt legitima'vere.

* To inquire into them, is the way to know what things are really true. Quæstio fit de legibus non de personis.

The question refers to the laws, and not to persons.

Quando aliquid prohibetur, prohibetur et one per quod devenitur ad illud.

When anything is forbidden, whatever tends to it is also forbidden.

Quando lex aliquid alicui concedit, concedere videtur id sine quo res ipsa esse non potest.

When the law concedes anything, it concedes that without which the thing itself could not exist. Qui bene distinguit, bene docet.

He who distinguishes, well, learns well.. Qui facit per alium, facit per se.

What a man does by another, he does as of himself.

1 Qui mélins probat, melius habet. He who proves most, recovers most. Qui molitur insidias ini patriam, id facit quod insanus nauta perforans navem in quâ vehitur.

He who betrays his country, is like the insane sailor who bores a hole in the ship which carries him.

Qui non libere veritatem pronuöciat, pror ditor est veritatis.- ,"

He who does not willingly speak the truth, is a betrayer of the truth.

Qni non obstat quod obstare potest, facere videtur.

He who does not prevent what he can, seems to commit the act.

Qui non prohibet quod prohibere potest, ašsentire videtur,

He who does not forbid what he can forbid, seems to assent.

Qui semel actionem renunciaverit, amplius repetere non potest.

He who renounces his action once, cannot any more repeat it. Qui tam.

An action in the nature of an information on a penál statute. Qui tardius solvit, minus solvit. 5

He who pays tardily, pays less than he ought.

Quod ab initio' non valet, tractu temporis convalescere non potest.

What has no force in the beginning, can gain no strength from the lapse of time.

Quod ad jus naturale attinet, omnes homines æquales sunt.

All men are equal before the natural law.

Quod alias bonum et justum est, si per vim aut fraudem petatur, malum et injustum est.

What otherwise is good and just, if it be sought by fraud or violence, becomes evil and unjust. Quod dubitas, ne feceris.

When you doubt, do not act.

Quod est inconveniens et contra rationem non est permissum in lege.

Whatever is improper and contrary to reason is not permitted in the law. Quod' meum est sine me anferri non potest.

What is mine, canpot be taken without my consent.

Quod pro minore licitum est, et pro majora licitum est.

What is lawful in the less, is lawful in the greater.



Quo warranto ?

Sijudicas, cognosce.
By what warrant?

If you judge, understand.

Si meliores sunt quos ducit amor, plures Ratio est radius divini luminis.

sunt quos corrigit timor. Reason is a ray of divine light.

If many are better led by love, more are

corrected by fear, Ratio et auctoritas duo clarissima mundi lumina.

Solo cedit quod solo implantatur. Reason and authority are the two brightest

What is planted in the soil belongs to the lights in the world.

soil. Retraxit.

Solvit ad diem. He has recalled or revoked.

He paid it to the day. Reus læsæ majestatis punitur, ut pereat

Solvuntur tabulæ. unus ne pereant omnes.

The bills are discharged. A traitor is punished, th one may perish Spoliatus debet ante omnia restitui. rather than all.

Spoil ought to be restored betore anything Rex datur propter regnum, non regnum else. propter regem.

Stare decisis et non quieta movere. The king is given for the kingdom, not the kingdom for the king.

To stand by things decided, and not to

disturb those which are tranquil. 8.

Substantia prior et dignior est accidente. Sæpe viatorem nova non vetus orbita fallit.

The substance should be considered as Often it is the new road, not the old one,

prior to the accidental, and of more weight. which deceives the traveller.

Salus ubi multi consiliarii.
In many counsellors there is safety.

Tacita quædam habentur pro expressis.

Things silent are sometimes considered as Scandalum magnatum.

expressed, Tho name given to a statute of Richard II, by which punishment is to be inflicted for

Tantum bona valent, quantum vendi posany scandal or wrong offered to, or uttered

sunt. against a noble personage.

Things are worth what they will sell for. Scientia sciolorum est mixta ignorantia.

Terminus annorum certus debet esse et The knowledge of smatterers is mixed ig- determinatus.

A term of years ought to be certain and Scribere est agere.

determinate. To write is to act.

Testibus deponentibus in pari numero

dignioribus est credendum. Secundum formam statuti.

When the number of witnesses is equal on According to the form of the statute. both sides, the more worthy they are to be

Semel malus semper præsumitur esse

Testis de visu præponderat aliis.
He who is once bad is presumed always to An eye witness outweighs others.
be so.
Separatio quoad vinculum.

Ubi jus, ibi remedium.
A total separation or divorce.

Where there is a right, there is a remedy. Sermo index animi.

Ubi jus incertum, ibi jus nullum. Speech is an index of the mind.

Where the law is uncertain, there is no

law. Si a jure discedas vagus eris, et erunt omnia omnibus incerta.

Ubi major pars est, ibi est totum. If you depart from the law, you will

Where the greater part is, there by law is wander without a guide, and everything will the whole. be in a state of uncertainty to everyone.

Ubi non est condendi auctoritas, ibi non est Sic utere tuo ut alienum non lædas.

parendi necessitas. Use your property so as not to injure Where thero is no authority to enforce, another's.

there is no authority to obey.





his power.

Ultra posse nemo obligatur.

Vetustas pro lege semper

habetur. No one is obliged (to do anything) beyond Ancient custom is always held as a law.

Vigilantibus non dormientibus æquitas v.

subvenit. Venire facias.

Equity aids the vigilant, not the slothful. You shall cause to come. Verba dicta de personâ, intelligi debent de

Volenti non fit injuria. conditione personæ.

An injury cannot be done to a willing Words spoken of the person are to be un- person. derstood of the condition of the person.

Voluntas reputabatur, pro facto. Verba ita sunt intelligenda. ut res magis

The will is to be taken for the deed. valeat quam pereat. Words are to be so understood

Voluntas testatoris ambulatoria est usque subject matter may be preserved rather than |

ad mortem. destroyed

The will of a testator is ambulatory until Veritas nihil veretur nisi abscondi.

his death, (that is, he may change it at any Truth is afraid of nothing but concealment. time).

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