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might have been foretold with certainty of the poor.” This proposition is supthat the bible would be a book for the ported by two arguments, namely, the people. That such is the fact cannot humanity of the Law, and the benevolence admit of two opinions among those who of the Gospel. “know the holy scriptures," and who Illustrations of these two arguments are competent to give an opinion upon will be laid before the reader in the this interesting question. For, above numbers of the Baptist Magazine for all other books, " the bible is the friend | March and April.

TRANSFERRED WORDS IN THE COMMON ENGLISH TESTAMENT.

NO. II.-PRESBYTERY.

The word PRESBUTERION occurs in " the word presbytery denotes the elders the Greek Testament three times, and of neighbouring churches or congregathree different courses have been fol- tions joined together. Others suppose lowed in respect to it by the revisers, or, that it denotes the presbyters, i. e., the as they are usually called, the translators, bishops and deacons. But if elder, Tpeoof our common version. In the first Búrepos (PRESBUTEROS], be not approinstance, Luke xxü. 66, it is rendered priated to bishop and deacon conjointly, elders :-“ And as soon as it was day, as has been already shown, eldership, the elders of the people, and the chief ApeoBUTéplov [PRESBUTERION] cannot priests, and the scribes, came together, mean associated elders and deacons. The and led him into their council.” In the word denotes the body or college of second, Acts xxii. 5, it is rendered elders belonging to one congregational estate of the elders :-“As also the high church.” . It is however from his priest doth bear me witness, and all the general views of the constitution of a estate of the elders, from whom also I church derived from other scriptures received letters unto the brethren." In that Dr. Davidson deduces the concludthe third, 1 Tim. iv. 14, it is only angli- ing member of this last sentence, as he cised :-"Neglect not the gift that is in himself admits; all that the word thee, which was given thee by prophecy, PRESBYTERION signifies being, the elders with the laying on of the hands of the collectively, or, the body of elders. “ It presbytery." The precise idea which the is true,” he adds," that in the passage original word was intended to convey we have quoted, the presbytery is not appears to be, the elders collectively, said to belong to any particular church. PRESBUTEROI being elders, PRESBUTE- But other plain examples prove that BION, a body composed of elders. In there was a plurality of elders in the this view of the meaning of the word, primitive churches. The expression which is all we have to do with at pre- presbytery or eldership is founded on the sent, there would be, we apprehend, a general organization of the worshipping general concurrence, even among those societies, and confirmatory of it. It who differ most widely from each other occurs but once in the New Testament as to the station or office of the persons in reference to a Christian church." constituting the PRESBUTERION whose hands were laid on Timothy. "Accordingl * Ecclesiastical Polity of the New Testament, to presbyterians,” says Dr. Davidson, pp. 352, 353.

EXTRACTS FROM A DEACON'S SCRAP BOOK. Experience is the knowledge of God's earnestness than ever, “ God be merciword turned into fact.—Kingsbury. ful to me a sinner.”—Josiah Pratt.

He that loves a holy law cannot but The Holy Spirit gives efficacy to those hate a vain thought.-Steele.

discoveries which he makes of the Sa

viour. Where they are genuine they AFFLICTION is the only blessing that are always practical.— 16. the Lord gives without requiring us to ask for it, and he gives it as a special

The comforts of God never come to token of love.-C. Bridges.

an unrenewed heart.-16. "

Look for grace to keep the heart The great object of prayer is the en

open, for though opened once by the joyment of God.-Augustine.

power of divine grace its natural ten

dency is to close.-16. Growth in grace does not lead to the laying aside the prayer of the Publican, Nor a step backwards.--The Pope but to the crying with tenfold more | (over the door of the Vatican).

HOPE.

BY THE REV. T. SWAN. Hope smiling stood, second attendant,

Not so the Christian hope ; its ray Sister of FAITH, attired resplendent

Outshines the brightest summer's day, In Heaven's own workmanship. Her robe

The nearer seen; and even Death's gloom, Was brighter than the shining globe

And fearful terrors of the tomb, Which hangs upon the evening sky

It pierces through. Oh Hope's blest child ! So beautiful, and lifts on high

Of countenance so sweet and mild, The pensive wanderer's thoughts. Her eye

Let thy fond heart exult! Ere long Beamed splendour and benignity,

Thy earthly for a heavenly song It opened heaven. Upon her brow

Shall be exchanged-ere long thy sin, Majestic, as the lofty prow

That darkest enemy within, Of gallant vessel, firmly placed,

Shall be destroyed-ere long the car A holmet shone, whose lustre graced

of Hope, above the highest star Her aspect. At her beauteous feet

Which mortals see, shall waft thee far; An anchor rested-emblem meet

Enriched with this “good hope through grace," of safety and security

Thy home shall be the happiest place, To such as her blest children be.

The wondrous building reared by God, Unto an Eminence she led them;

The purchase of the SAVIOUR's blood; And with transporting visions fed them,

There expectation in fruition of glories yet to come; not glories

Shall be absorbed. Glorious transition ! Existing underneath the stories

Then will intensest rapture fill of our great firmament, whose stars,

Thy happy soul, devoid of ill ; Though high, prove ineffectual bars

And that shall thee assimilate To those whose hopes dart swift and free

To those who through the heavenly gato To mansions of eternity.

Before thee passed, and are conformed The fondest, best imaginings

To Him who, while on earth, was scornod, Of earthly hope on earthly things

But now, illustriously adorned, Must terminate; and bright they seem

Sits on the Throne, and with his eye In distance, as a lucid stream

Augments the raptures of the sky! On landscape fair, in sunny gleam;

HOPE shall thee raise to worlds above,
But drawing nearer on the view,

And fit thee for the REIGN OF LOVE.
Their aspect is of dismal hue.
Even brave hearts tremblo when they see

Birmingham, Dec. 6, 1849.
Their hopes turned into misery.

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1 7 39 | Psalms,

Sunday School Union Lessons, 4 49 Psalms.

2 Kings xxiii, 1–28, Luke xiii. 18–35. | 7 37 Job xxxvi. 22–33, xxxvii. Moon's last quarter, 18 min. past 1, morn. 4 51 | Luke xiv. 1-24.

Jupiter south-east, about 10 every evening. 7 36 | Job xxxviii.

Moon rises, at 2, morning.
| Luke xiv, 25—35, xv. 1-10. | Baptist Irish Committee, half-past 5.
34 Job xxxix., xl. 1-5.

Anti-State Church Council meets.
Lake xv. 11-32.

Mars every evening, high in south.
Job xl. 6—24, xli.

Moon rises, 6 min. past 4, morning.
4 57 Luke xvi.

1832, Falmouth Chapel, Jamaica, destroyed. Job xlii.

Moon rises, 59 min. past 4, morning. 4 59 Luke xvii. 1-19.

1834, J. Ivimey (Eagle St.) died, set. 61. Genesis xi. 27-32, xii. Moon rises, 44 min. past 5, morning. Luke xvii. 20—37, xviii, 1–14. 1555, Hooper burnt.

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Psalms.

Sunday School Union Lessons,
Psalms.

Isaiah xxv., Luke xiv. 1—24.
Genesis xxix, 1-30.

Moon rises, 1 min. past 7, morning.
Luke xvii, 15–34.

1839, James Smith (Shoreditch) died.
Genesis xv., xxi.

New Moon, 29 min. past 6, morning.
Luke xviii, 35–43, xix. 1--27. Fraternal meeting of Ministers, at 4.
Genesis xxi. 1-19, xxi. Baptist Mission Com. Quarterly Meeting.
Luke xix. 28-48.

1689, William and Mary acceded to throne. Genesis xxiv.

Moon rises, 20 min. past 8, morning.
Luke xx. 1-26.

Moon sets, 41 min. past 7, evening.
Genesis xxvii, 1–40.

Moon rises, 44 min. past 8, morning.
Luke xx. 27-47, xxi, 1-4. Moon sets, 49 min. past 8, evening.
Gen, xxvii, 41-46, xxviii. 1835, Jobn Broadley Wilson died, aged 70.
Luke xxi. 5–38.

Moon sets, 57 min. past 9, evening.'

19

10

5 12 17 15

5 13

7 14 Psalms.

Sunday School Union Lessons, 5 15 Psalms.

2 Sam. xiv. 1-24, Luke xv. 11-32. 7 12 | Gen, xxix, 1-30.

1546, Martin Luther died, æt. 64. 17 Luke xxii. 1-38.

Moon sets at midnight.
10 Gen. xxxi, 1-29, 43—55. Moon's first quarter, 12 min. past 8, night,
5 19 |
Luke xxii. 39—65.

Baptist Home Mission Committee at 6.
Gen, xxxii., xxxii. 1-17. Moon sets, 37 min. past 1, morning.
21 Luke xxii,66–71, xxiii. 1-25. Rev. D. J. East's Lecture on Mythology,
Genesis xxxv,

Moon sets, 46 min. past 2, morning.
Luke xxii. 26–49.

1831, Robert Hall died, æt. 67.
Genesis xxxvii.

Moon rises at noon.
Luke xxiii.50—56, xxiv. 1-13. Moon sets, 53 min. past 3, morning.
Genesis xxxix., xl.

1814, Rowe landed in Jamaica.
Luke xxiv, 13—53.

Moon sets, 52 min. past 4, morning.

Psalms.

Sunday School Union Lessons,
Psalms.

2 Sam, ix., Luke xvi, 19–31.
Genesis xli. 1-52.

Moon rises, 24 min. past 4, afternoon.
Acts i.

Moon sets, 23 min. past 6, morning,
Gen. xli. 53–57, xlii, 1–28. | Full Moon, I min. past 12, noon,
Acts ü. 1-36.

Stepney Committee at 6.
Gen. xlii. 29–38, xliii, 1–14. Moon sets, 24 min. past 7, morning.
Acts ii. 37–47, iii.

Young Men's Missionary Prayer Meeting.
Gen. xliii. 15—34, xliv. 1–13. Moon sets, 52 min. past 7, morning.
Acts iv. 1-31.

Moon rises, 17 min. past 6, evening.

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REVIEWS

The Great Redemption. An Essay on the word to, and dealings with him, must

Mediatorial System. By WILLIAM LEASK, indeed at all times and under all cirAuthor of the Footsteps of Messiah," cumstances be invested with importance; “ Views from Calvary,&c., 8c. London: but how much more so when having B. L. Green. Post 8vo., cloth.

forfeited all claim to the divine regard,

and having wilfully incurred the divine When the Psalmist contemplated the displeasure, having exposed himself to extent and magnificence of the works of the divine wrath, the voice of God is God in creation; the heavens the work heard in mercy proclaiming “the seed of his fingers, the sun, moon, and stars, of the woman shall bruize the serpent's which he had created, with the arrange- head.” Herein was embodied a promise ments of his providence towards man, that “in the process of time” a Dehe seemed lost in wonder and amaze-liverer should come to rescue man from ment at his condescension and kindness the ruin of the fall. But that Deliverer towards him. “Lord, what is man that in the might of his power, in the true thou art mindful of him, or the son of greatness of his nature, was of no man that thou visitest him ?" Man is earthly origin, but was the Lord from a being altogether fearfully and wonder-heaven. He brought no acquired or fully made, in his physical, mental, derived strength to the accomplishment moral, and spiritual structure. His of his task, but travelling in the greatachievements in various spheres of ness of his own strength, speaking in effort challenge not only attention, but perfect righteousness, his own arm admiration and respect; proclaiming brought salvation; and the greatness of him as they do to be the offspring of his work, with the full and complete God, that “he hath made us and not we satisfaction rendered to God therein, ourselves,” that we are the partakers of proclaim him “ mighty to save,” “able a nature far superior to that which is to save to the uttermost all that come earthly and perishable. The true unto God by him.” “For God so loved greatness of man, however, appears to the world that he gave his only begotten us to be proclaimed not so much by Son, that whosoever believeth in him 'anything we can see in him in his low should not perish but have everlasting and fallen condition; not so much life.” Nothing, therefore, so proclaims by any of his characteristics, attain the greatness of man, in the unspeakments, or doings, as by his relation- able value of his soul, as “ THE GREAT ship to God and eternity; seen and REDEMPTION" by Christ Jesus. Nor enforced as that relationship is by does anything so claim and merit man's God's word, and by God's dealings attentive regard; for it teaches that with him. That word regards him as whatever else a man may gain, even to a rebel against his Maker, as a wanderer the extent of "the whole world,” yet if from the fold, as a contemner of divine he“ lose his own soul" he has reaped no authority, as a breaker of the divine profit or advantage, but, on the contrary, law; yet what wonderful importance suffered a loss that is irreparable. Few does that word attach to man. God's considerations, therefore, can be of

greater importance to man than those im- described than in the author's own plied in the questions,—How can a man words :be just with God? Whether there be any way in which a sinner can return to God! “It is to present a systematic view of the and be accepted? Whether there be system of redemption in a popular form. Be

ginning with the idea of revelation and passing any way of God's own appointment ?

under review, first, a general summary of this What that way is ? and how the path

great and gracious plan, and then successively may be successfully trodden ?

its antiquity, sovereignty, completeness, adapReasoning a priori from the character tation, freeness, efficacy, and design, it has been of God and the nature of man, it is

brought to a point by a brief view of what may

be supposed to be the thoughts of the redeemed reasonable to expect that there will be respecting it, as they look back upon its origin not many, but one way of return to God; and progress from the eternal state.” not many but one foundation on which to rest our hopes. With this accord! These topics are all handled in a the statements of the word of God. masterly style, the course of thought is Christ is the way, the truth, and the clear and progressive, the ideas are well life, no man cometh unto the Father put, and the words well chosen. There but by him.” “Other foundation can is much sound, fresh, and vigorous no man lay than that is laid, teaching; and with much strength and which is Christ Jesus." Taking now beauty of language, and many passages for granted the inspiration and truth of great power, there appears to us an of the scriptures, it follows that Christi- entire absence of mere professional anity is the only true religion; that it fine writing. is the only healer of the breach between Greatly important is it both for the God and man; the only remedy for the sake of the church and the world at cure of the world-wide spread disease large, that scriptural views on this subof man—the leprosy of sin; the only ject should prevail among the followers great storehouse and treasury of mercy, of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that as grace, wisdom, peace, and holiness, for far as possible, oneness of mind and the supply of all man's wants, for the sentiment should exist with regard to his restoration of the image of God to his great sacrifice. It is lamentatbly true, soul. This is the ground taken by the that in the multiplication of theories the author: “Christianity, or the religion of practical effect has been to multiplysects, the Messiah, is therefore not one of without diminishing the difficulties several religions promulgated from which gave rise to them.” Freedom of heaven, but the one and only religion thvught may exist without division, and that ever came from God. Its claims, union does not necessarily suppose the therefore, are paramount, universal, and subjection of independent opinion; permanent.” Hence among the most while enlarged and comprehensive prominent propositions to be established views of truth are undoubtedly favourin this volume are the following : able to external, as well as spiritual, “That the religion of the Son of God is oneness amongst the disciples of Christ. the only religion that ever came from heaven; that the Messiah, Christ, is “There are, however, not a few who, whilst

Greatly in

the world widy remedy for the

that the mode of its administration correct views of Christianity, rest satisfied with does not affect its essential character.”

limited conceptions of its character. From the

contracted to the partial is but a step. Hence The object of the book and mode of one of the causes of division in the Christian treating the subject, cannot be better church. Christian men sometimes separate

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