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to "a desert place" to worship God. Secret “ The Master” has said, “do this in rememprayer is admirably adapted to your present | brance of me.” It is the language of affection state of existence : for you are in a world of mingled with grief; it is the language of active duties, and painful trials. Silence and authority tempered with friendship. It is the retirement sooth the passions, and promote farewell voice of your chief shepherd,” and meditation. The daily use of secret prayer, it becomes you to hearken with obedient awe. forms also, a tolerable evidence of your sin- VI. LOVE AND SUPPORT YOUR OWN PLACE cerity in religion. You do it, not to be seen OF WORSHIP.-I will not insist upon the oblinor heard of men—not to flatter yourself | gation in general, but briefly point our your into a notion of superior sanctity, but from a duty in particular. You are a single member lively sense of your spiritual wants; as an of the Saviour's mystical body; and, strictly act of obedience to your divine Lord, and that speaking, you belong to a single church. you may, in a more collected manner ac- Your own place of worship, and every thing knowledge past mercies, and implore a present relating thereto, have the first and strongest blessing. Beloved, I may, of course, con claim upon your love, your attendance, and clude that you pray much in secret. God your contributions. If the stones of a building and your own heart are privy to this matter. become loose, or fall out, that house will soon How spiritually cold is that man, and how “ be brought to desolation.” If a farmer go feeble and fickle are his efforts in the work of and cultivate his neighbour's field, it is foolish salvation, who holds no secret fellowship with misapplication of time and strength. The the Almighty. You may take it for a general broken fences and rude briers on his own rule, that if you loathe, and lay aside com- estate prove him to be a slothful man. So munion with God, you are in an unrenewed or the weak-minded professor, who is attracted backslidden state ; but if you attend to private from his own people and his own pew by devotion with fervour and frequency, you are every religious novelty, cannot call himself a (other things being equal) in spiritual health. member of any church. He does nothing to

IV. TRAIN YOUR PAMILY RELIGIOUSLY,- purpose in the vineyard of Christ ; he is a There are but few children who see even the stumbling-block to others. form of religion in their father's house. They VII. LOVE NOT THE WORLD-Worldliness are not taught to ask for spiritual comforts, and true religion cannot dwell in the same nor to acknowledge temporal ones. On the individual, for they are destructive of each contrary ; selfishness, falsehood, anger, and other. As a pilgrim on the earth, your profaneness go round the family circle, from treasure, heart, and home are supposed to be the parent to the infant. Millions, after in the regions of immortality. How unseemly having thus passed the first fourteen years of it is then for you to love this world. The life, leave their home, form a part of the grace of God is designed to correct such a public, go from one stage of vice to another, propensity, and to raise your soul to nobler and never come to repentance. Is it at all objects. It is granted that lawful industry is surprising that the world is full of wickedness binding upon every one; but even lawful and woe? Beloved, are you an unmarried things may be abused. They are good only person? On entering wedlock, observe the in their due weight and measure. . A postolic injunction : “ be not unequally yoked with an unbeliever," "marry only in the Lord." This duty is as binding upon

The missionary at Dunchurch, Mr. christians as any other gospel precept. Should

WEBB, writes : you be blessed with children, make your abode Our attendance continues pleasing. Many a nursery for heaven, and not a breeding appear to feel. I have added seven by place for hell. What peace, order, and joy, baptism; and three have been restored since are in the habitation of the righteous. | January last. Our members appear united

V, BE REGULAR IN ATTENDANCE AT THE and prayerful : anxiety is exhibited for the LORD'S TABLE.-This ordinance has special re- conversion of sinners; and I hope their activity gard to the atonement of Christ : to “his in this direction will abundantly increase. I agony, and bloody sweat ; his cross, and pas have been able to establish a day school; nearly son ; his precious death, and burial." It is forty children attend ; the governess is dedesigned to bring his great love to your re- pendant on the weekly pence, and I encourage membrance by visible tokens, to draw out her occasionlly by presenting a few booksand by your best sympathies toward him, and to a little personal attendance to teach arithmetic confirm your attachment to your fellow &c. The Sabbath school is three times larger christians. When you sit at this table, ponder than what I found it ; sixty is about the the evangelic story of Christ's sufferings ; average attendance. Several young people bring before you the sad doings of Calvary, have recently voluntered as teachers. On and pray the Holy Ghost to soften and sub- the whole I have reason to believe my labours due your heart. A vivid idea of infinite are not unblest. Indeed the present state of justice-a horror of sin-a prostration of soul Dunchurch evidences that the kind aid of the as in the dust-and a blissful sense of redeem- Society has not been ill bestowed. The loss ing love, are proper on such an occasion. of Mrs. W., which took place in May last,

and other trials, somewhat interrupted my | a collection. I intend to press it upon our labours, and have hindered me from writing friends. This is a peculiarly trying time for you before this ; but I was divinely sup- the agricultural labourer : the wages are ported, and enabled to say, “ It is the Lord,” reduced, and many are destitute of labour &c. Í do sincerely hope our poor friends which affects our pecuniary concerns. May will be enabled to raise niore before long. I every trying circumstance be overruled for regret no opportunity has been found to give good.

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MONIES RECEIVED SINCE LAST REGISTER.

£ s. d. LONDON.

NORFOLK.

Blake, Mr. Rice ...... 0 10 6 Dividends by S. Gale,

Aylsham..

1 12 01

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ceston ....

0 10 6 Dereham

2 13 9 Camberwell .. . 21 4 5

Horsey, Mr. Thomas.. 1 1 0 Ellingham..

2 12 0 New Park Street ......... 10 7 9

Newberry, Mr. ...... 0 10 6 Fakenham ...

11 1 Rev. S. Green, from a

Stevenson, Mr. ......... 1 1 0 Foulsham..

4 12 3 fund at the disposal of

Walter, Mr., Oldbury
Ingham .....
Mr. B. Baker, himself,

Lodge.........
Necton .....

2 2 0 and Mr. R. Saunders. 10

Wells-
Norwich.

31 14 8 Received by the Secretaries

Contributions .......... 3 0 0 Tittleshall

1 17 3 of the Bap. Mission,

Donations ................

1 13 0 Worstead

5 00 Barnes, Mr. R. Y...... 100

YeovilCrowe, Rey. W., Wor

Collection ............... 2 16 0

RUTLANDSHIRE.
cester................... 0 100
Edmonston, Geo., Esq.,
Belton.......................... 3 0 0

WARWICKSHIRE.
Kilsyth ....

5 0 0 Lugsden, Mrs............

Coventry2 0

SHROPSHIRE

0 Sunderland...............

Collections..............

8 13 5 4 0 0 Bridgnorth

Do., at Wyken Colliery i
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE.

Sing, Mr.....

100

Barber, Mr....... Cuddington

Sing, Mr. W.... 1 0 0

Barfoot, Mr. Contributions ........... 0 100 Sing, Mr. J.

0 10 0

Bill, Mr.......... Haddenham

Allender, Mr. W... 1 0 0

Booth, Mr.
Contributions
2 0 3 Crowther, Mr. J.... 00

Booth, Mr. R.....
Subscriptions
Tilly, Mr. A..........

Butterworth, Mr..
Tring-

M Michael, Mrs. W...

Cash, Mr. ........... Butcher, Mr. J., Sen... 0 100 Grierson, Mrs......... 0 0 0

Cash, Miss..........
Butcher, Mr. J....
10 0 M Michael, Mr. C. 0 5 0

Franklin, Rev. F.
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Allender, Mr. Samuel 0 5 0

Franklin, Misses
Olney, Miss

0 10 0
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096

Franklin, Mr. W...... Olney, D. S. Mrs.... 0 5 0 Oswestry ..

2 0 0

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Shiffnal..

4 1 0

Friend... Shenstone, Mrs..... 0 2 6 Shrewsbury

0 12 6

Hill, Mr. N..... Harris, Mr....

Wellington.

1 8 6

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SOMERSETSHIRE.

Lomax, Mrs....... Contributions ........... 1 90 Borobridge.

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Osborne, Mr.... Dorchester. ............ 6 5 0 Bridgewater...

Ransford, Mr. .... Lyme

Burnham...

2 3

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4 0

Scatton, Mrs.......... 0 100
Essex.
Cheddar

Smith, Mr. John .... 0 5 0
Crewkerne...

06 Per Rev. A. Anderson .. 17 00

Townsend, Mr.......... 0 5 0
Hatch.

090
Walker, Mr. ........

0 7 GLOUCESTERSHIRE.

..........

6 Highbridge

0 19 8

Watts, Rev. J...... Trustees of Mr. G. Trotter 5 0 0 Montacute

Sunday School Girls. 0 4 3
HERTS.

Contributions ..
1 14 0

Boys... 0 3 11 50 Chipperfield ................ 150

Geard, Mrs....

0 10 0
Stogomber-

SCOTLAND.
KENT.

1.Contributions ........ 1 8 10
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Aberdeen-
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| Cupar— Husband Bosworth

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1 10 5 Contributions .......... 2 15 0 Coll. by Mrs. Barfoot.. 100 Collection .... 2 6 7 Dunfermline .............. 8 2 3

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Donations and Subscriptions will be gratefully received on behalf of the Society, by the

Treasurer, J. R. BOUSFIELD, Esq. 126, Houndsdilch ; or by the Secretary, THE REV. STEPHEN J. DAVIS, 33, MOORGATE STREET, LONDON. Much trouble will be saved, loth to the Secretary and his correspondents, if in making payments by Post Office orders, they will give his name as above ; or, al any rate, advise

him of the name they have communicated to the Post office authorities.

J. RADDON, PRINTER, CASTLE STREET, FINSBURY.

THE

BAPTIST MAGAZINE.

FEBRUARY, 1850.

MEMOIR OF JOHN CANNE,

PASTOR OF AN ENGLISH CHURCH AT AMSTERDAM FROM 1622 to 1667.

Tus ancient baptist's work on the , which he has endeavoured to search out " Necessity of Separation from the the particulars of this good man's hisChurch of England ” has recently been tory. The information contained in reprinted under the auspices of the the following paragraphs is derived Hanserd Knollys Society. The publi- principally from the Introductory Nocation has been superintended by the tice which he has prefixed to Canne's Rev. Charles Stovel, who speaks of the performance; whatever there may be author and his treatise in the following in it that is new to the reader should terms :—“ His character through a long in justice be ascribed to Mr. Stovel's hife, as far as it can now be ascertained, research; but he must not be held recommanded respect even from his ad-sponsible for the arrangement of the versaries ; and his work, reprinted in | materials, or for the abbreviated form this volume, deserves a most careful in which they are presented, apart from study on two accounts—first, because those discussions which he has interthe separation it urges is as needful and mingled with the facts. obligatory now as it was at any former The year 1622 is the earliest in which period; and, secondly, because the the fragments of biography at present arguments by which that separation is | accessible bring Canne distinctly before here enforced disclose the nature of us. He was then an exile, about those exertions, pleadings, and suffer | thirty-two years of age, the newly ings, to which the reader is indebted chosen pastor of an English church at for the privileges he enjoys.”

Amsterdam. The High Commission Mr. Stovel deserves the thanks of the Court established by Queen Elizabeth subscribers to the Hanserd Knollys So- for the repression of religious liberty, ciety for the zeal and diligence with and rendered yet more formidable by VOL. XIII.-FOURTH SERIES.

the professor of “king-craft” who suc- that if the reasonings of these nonconceeded her on the throne, had induced formists were tenable, their adherence to many of the best men of this country the establishment was inconsistent, and to seek refuge in the Netherlands. In in 1634 he demonstrated this in his the capital there was more than one “Necessity of Separation from the body of emigrants who united for wor- Church of England, proved by the Nonship, but that with which Canne was conformists' Principles.” The work was connected was distinguished as “The read, and produced powerful effects. Ancient English Church in Amsterdam.” Many were convinced, but others were Francis Johnson had been chosen their irritated. His arguments drawn from pastor twenty years before, and Henry their own writings the nonconformists Ainsworth, an eminent Hebrew scholar, were unable to refute. The only way their doctor or teacher; but a disagree- for escape open to those who were unment having caused them to separate, willing to yield to his appeal was to and led Johnson eventually to leave the abuse the author and misrepresent his city, Ainsworth became pastor, and con- writings. To chastise with severity one tinued to sustain that office till about of their own number who wished to the year 1622, when his death took urge them on to absolute separation place, the effect, it is believed, of poison had, as they thought, an air of candour administered to him by a Jew. The in it; it gave them still the character of year before this there is some reason to friends and defenders of that hierarchy believe that Canne had acted as pastor to whose obnoxious decrees they refused of a small number of persecuted breth- subjection. By this they hoped to conren in London. It is said that he had ciliate their high church opponents, and previously been a minister of the esta-warlike operations between the two blished church; but this is not certain. great parties were partially suspended Stevens, however, the historian of the that they might crush the more effecScottish church at Rotterdam, speaking tually this unwelcome intruder into the of the death of Ainsworth says expli- field of battle. citly, “He was succeeded by John " Another cause which operated in Canne, the well known author of the producing the unjust severities which marginal references to the bible. I Canne endured,” says Mr. Stovel, “aphave been unable to discover who were pears in the main truth to which all his the pastors subsequent to the death of investigations led; the inviolable sacredJohn Canne in 1667."

ness and sufficiency of holy scripture. The puritans generally in those days This rule he applied by making scripdid not desire to withdraw from the ture its own interpreter, through & church but pleaded for its reformation. careful comparison of its several parts. Without separating from the establish- His address to the readers of his bible ment, many conscientious persons met contains the following words :— It is for worship in churches or in private not the scripture that leadeth men into houses as they were able. They were errors and byeways, but the misinterpractical nonconformists, and in de- pretations and false glosses imposed upon fending their nonconformity and urging it; as when men by perverting the their objections to the system of the scriptures to their own principles and prelates, they often asserted principles purposes will make them speak their which they did not follow out to their sense and private interpretation. Laylegitimate results. 97 Canne and some ing, therefore, aside men's interpretaothers were led, however, to perceive tions, and only following the scripture

interpreting itself, it must needs be the being a man skilful in gospel order. best way and the freest from errors.' | Like unto Aquila, he taught them the To this rule he conformed with scrupu- way of the Lord more perfectly, and lous exactness in all his investigations settled them in church order, and showand teaching, and hence the growth of ed them the difference betwixt the his own mind is clear from his various church of Christ and antichrist, and productions.... A practical and left with them a printed book treating energizing spirit breathes through them of the same, and divers printed papers all; and his Reference Bible, the best to that purpose. So that by this instruthat had then ever been prepared for ment, Mr. Canne, the Lord did confirm English readers, afforded its impulse and and settle them, showing them how guidance in every good word and work. they should join together, and take in It has not yet been ascertained when members. And he exhorted them to this last-named production of Canne's wait upon God together, and to expect was first issued. A copy is found print- the presence of God with those gifts ed in 1647, and another edition was they had, and to depart from those sent forth in 1664, but evidence is want- ministers that did not come out of antiing to prove when the first edition christian worship. And when he had appeared.” It has been thought pro- stayed some time in the city he debable that it was printed at Amsterdam parted. in 1637.

"On a Lord's day following he preachSeventeen years, according to his own ed at a place called Westerleigh, about statement, Canne remained in banish- seven miles from this city; and many ment, carrying on, it is believed, in of the professors from hence went conjunction with his ministry, the busi- thither to hear him, with Mrs. Hazard, ness of bookseller and printer. In 1640, willing to enjoy such a light as long as we find him again in England. “At they could ; where he had liberty to that juncture of time," say the Broad- preach in the public place, called a mead Records, "the providence of God church, in the morning, but in the brought to this city one Mr. Canne, a afternoon could not have entrance. The baptized man; it was that Mr. Canne obstruction was by a very godly great that made notes and references upon woman, that dwelt in that place, who the bible. He was a man very eminent was somewhat severe in the profession in his day for godliness, and for reform- of what she knew, hearing that he was ation in religion, having great under- a baptized man, by them called an anastanding in the way of the Lord." baptist, which was to some sufficient

A few persons in Bristol, of whom cause of prejudice; because the truth Mr. and Mrs. Hazard were the principal, of believers' baptism had been for a long having just at that time engaged them- time buried, yea, for a long time by selves to the Lord, and one to the other, popish inventions, and their sprinkling to walk before him according to his brought in the room thereof. And this word, to go to common prayer no more, prejudice existed by reason that persons but to meet together for worship in in the practice of that truth of baptism private houses. “When Mrs. Hazard were by some rendered very obnoxious; heard that he was come to town she because about one hundred years before, went to the Dolphin Inn, and fetched some beyond the sea, in Germany, that him to her house, and entertained him held that truth of believers' baptism, all the time he staid in the city, who did, as some say, do some very irregular helped them very much in the Lord, he l actions; of whom we can have no true

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