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faith, giving glory to God,” looking for com- with her two little ones, in the “ Garland plete redemption as the result of his free Grove,” which will sail for England in a few grace through Christ Jesus. His sufferings, days. Her failing health has long made it under the disease of which he died, though necessary, in the opinion of medical men, for short, were more than ordinarily severe; yet her to leave the island. he manifested great patience, and perfect You will hear from other sources of the resignation to the will of God. On the 2nd high estimation in which our deceased brother of November, about two o'clock, P.m., his was held by a very large portion of the comsufferings terminated, and his spirit joined munity, who are now anxious to testify their “the spirits of the just made perfect." regard by making some provision for his
Mrs. Davies has keenly felt the trying surviving family. Need I say, that we all dispensation, but is, I am happy to say, feel the deepest interest in their welfare, and enabled to bear her heavy loss with much that the case of Mrs. Davies especially calls Christian fortitude. At her desire, I write to for our keenest sympathy: you. Mrs. Davies is thinking of leaving,
Our laborious missionary, Mr. LITTLEWOOD, gives the following interesting general view of the extent of his labours, and the difficulties and discouragements of the work, especially with regard to schools, in a letter dated Sept. 22, 1849.
Connected with the Rum Cay station occasional visit from the clergy, who are exunder my supervision, are more than twelve erting their every power to establish themislands, and a great number of sub-stations. selves. These islands are far removed from each
San Salvador. other, the means of reaching them irregular and expensive. In the absence of the mis- San Salvador, above eighty miles sionary the public services are conducted by long, has several large settlements, and is the deacons, men of good character, but entirely under Baptist control, with the extotally destitute of any advantages except ception of the late interference of the estapiety, and the ability to read very imperfectly. blishment. We had four day schools there; Sabbath schools are established wherever we they have been closed, and the teacher can obtain the services of a few able to teach; thrown upon his own resources. This is a but in some places little more than the very important station, comprising eight alphabet is known by the instructors. Hun- churches. A man of active habits might be dreds of children on these sea-girt islands are kept itinerating here with very great advangrowing up without the means of education. tage. We had connected with this station till lately
Other islands. six native agents supported by the Missionary Society; those funds failing, they were thrown Crooked Island has several good settleupon the people with whom they were located, ments and three churches, but is without a who from their poverty and a want of a school. Could we establish a good native proper appreciation of mental and spiritual preacher at Long Cay, twenty miles distant, advantages, took but little interest in them he could supply the church there, and comafter the first few months. At Rum Cay, my mand an influence over Crooked and Acklin's principal station, we have one day school; Islands. Grand Bahama is an extensive we had two, both well attended for a time. island, surrounded by others, where we have One failed a year ago, the other is fast de- several stations. Our schools have been clining, and the teacher fears he will be closed, and the teacher recalled. At Andros obliged to close in a few weeks this, the Island we have been uninterrupted in our only school on the island. The public ser- engagements till the rage of proselytism. vices here are better supplied than at any Here we have several stations under the of the other islands, the missionary making charge of an African youth trained by Mr. this his head quarters for three or four Capern; he is, however, badly provided for. months of the year. The island is left to Eleuthera is committed to the charge of a Baptist influence, with the exception of an worthy native preacher, who is labouring amidst great discouragements temporarily upon the willows; coming generations would Long Island has the advantage of the services rise up to call their benefactors blessed, and of a zealous native preacher, who has been the unconverted would present themselves at the means of doing much good, but is in- the Saviour's feet as trophies of mercy, adequately supplied with the common Thirty or forty pounds annually would supnecessaries of life. Exuma, celebrated for port a schoolmaster or a native preacher, clerical persecution and intolerance, is under whose time might be divided between the the care of a worthy brother, but, like the schools and the public services. If a few rest, ill rewarded. Ragged Island, a poor friends, a school, or a church, would support place, and very difficult of access, has a large one or more of the above stations, they settlement and a public school. Our two would do an incalculable amount of good. churches are superintended by the deacons, Unless something be speedily done to regain men unadorned with the wisdom of this our lost ground, we shall be driven from this world
interesting field, and the labour of years be Their necessities.
rendered ineffectual. Our prayer is, “ Return,
we beseech thee, O God of hosts; look down Here is a field of labour of the most in- | from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine, viting nature to the truly benevolent, and and the vineyard which thy right hand hath any philanthropic effort would meet with planted; then shall not our teachers be reample encouragement. The hearts of many moved into a corner any more, but our eyes would be made glad, whose harps are now hung shall see our teachers."
Our brother desires that we should " urge the claims of his station;" the above account given by himself will speak far more effectually than any words of ours.
The following interesting passages relative to schools, are from a letter from Mr. Cowen, under date of October 17, 1849.
In Trinidad our schools have not a very that you see it is absolutely necessary, if large attendance, especially in this part of these people are to be instructed at all as the island, where the population is scattered, they should be, that something more be done and during the rainy season the roads im for them. A teacher, such as would answer passable for children.
our present purpose, might be sustained for You can have no idea of the deplorable about £30 per annum. state of ignorance that prevails in these parts;
Sherring Ville. among the adult population scarcely one in a hundred can read at all, and not one in five Our little school at Sherring Ville is hundred so as fully to understand and be still in operation, and though the attendimproved by it. We, as a body, ought to be ance is but small-from twenty to thirty, doing more in the way of education than we yet it is an interesting little group, not have hitherto attempted. Our strength in one of whose parents, I believe, know a the future mainly depends upon our efforts letter in a book. If we be instrumental in to render the rising mind scripturally intelli- dragging from the depths of their hereditary gent. At this moment I have a small ignorance and darkness a few of these dear chapel, in which there might and should be a children, and convert them into agents of school through the week, closed, and nothing usefulness in their day and generation, will it doing where so much is needed, all for want not be a great work? Last sabbath I visited of a little means. On visiting this place a this place, met twenty of them at the sabfew sabbaths back, I was greatly pleased to bath school, some of them, eight or ten, meet before worship a class of scripture read- reading the scriptures, and all reading someers, young persons who voluntarily meet on thing; while the old people, who hitherto sabbath mornings, first to read among them thought education of little use, sat listening selves, and then to teach any younger child and passing their remarks as the children ren that may be found. Had we a regular read, sang, recited their hymns, and answered Christian teacher located here to aid and questions. Several adults have also profited direct the efforts of these young people, the by this school, by receiving occasional inmost beneficial results might follow. At struction, and in very many families have the best I can visit them but one Lord's day in scriptures and other good books been from three, and very often not so frequently; so time to time read by the teacher, of which the people themselves have made mention to months' instruction, commencing with her me with delight.
letters. I told her to read it at home to her Little Victoria.
parents, and last sabbath her father attended
our worship, paying the greatest attention, Our little school at my own house is not destitute of some interest. When
The Abbè, the boy and his Bible. first it was commenced the children had to learn their letters, among whom was A few weeks back a lad about fourteen years little Victoria, whose parents live not far of age presented himself to the teacher for from our house. They are nominal Roman admittance to the school, with his slate, Catholics, and on that ground the priest paper, and bible under his arm. The teacher claimed the little girl as the property of his told me afterwards he came from the Abbè's church, and did his utmost to prevent her school. I took occasion in a few days to attendance at our school, by designating it as speak to the lad on the subject, when he said the" devil's school,” and that if she attended "he left the priest's school because the Abbè it she would become “ crazy," &c. But her told him one day he must not bring his bible parents, though ignorant people, were not so there any more, or if he did he (the Abbe) soft or timid as the priest supposed, and would take it from him.” The lad, though without giving him any satisfaction one way a catholic, did not like either to leave behind or the other, continued to send the child, hím or to lose his bible, so he took himself with two or three others, regularly to school. off, and has been with us ever since, daily They now see the advantage of it in the rapid reading the lessons of divine truth. Since he improvement she has made in a very short came he has also induced three or four other time. I had the great pleasure a day or two lads to attend with him. Now, had we no since to present her with a Testament, which school in operation, they would not have had she can read tolerably well after about three this refuge.
Under this head we give a few additional extracts from the letters of our toil-worn brethren. They need no comment. They appeal to every Christian's attachment to his Lord. Must the lack of means compel the Committee, in face of these urgent and affecting necessities, to persist in their contemplated reductions ?
Mr. WILLIAMSON of Sewry, under date of October 3, 1849, thus writes to Mr. Angus :
Your letter, under date of the 27th June | supported by funds collected on the spot. last, inclosing the resolutions of the Com- Both myself and my wife (who is a very mittee respecting a very considerable reduc- good economist) have all along adopted the tion of expenditure in our Indian mission, most economical plans we could think of; has elicited many anxious thoughts. I am and have hitherto, I believe, been enabled, sorry you are about to resign the secretary- by the help of God, to expend as little of ship. It is grievous, too, to think of con- the Society's precious funds as any European, tracting, instead of enlarging our operations. with so large a family, could probably do. Nor is it less so, to hear of the necessity You are, doubtless, well aware what an exwhich has compelled the Committee, how-pensive country this is for a European to live ever unwillingly, to resolve on so painful a in. The subject has often been a very painmeasure. And most of all it grieves me to ful one for me to contemplate; but I trust I say, that in my case it will be impossible to have done my best to save the Society all comply with the resolution of the Committee unnecessary expenditure at this station, and to the extent required. I believe you are therefore fear I cannot go much further in already aware that there are no iterns of the work of reduction, unless I were to adopt expenditure at this station, on account of the native mode of living, which seems out of which I draw from the Society's funds, the question, especially at my time of besides that of my salary, which, about four lifo.“ years ago, I was enabled, by the aid of our We mean, however, to try to do something, auxiliary society, then formed, to reduce and are already at work reviewing every item from 200 to 175 rupees per mensem. Our of expenditure, and applying the scissors native preachers, orphan children, and infirm wherever necessity does not forbid their use. widows, together with our schools, being all I cannot as yet say, however, the exact amount of reduction we may be able to effect, the commencement of the year, however, but I much fear it cannot be done to the full until June, there were not less than seventy, extent required by the Committee; who, the school having suffered a considerable however, may rely on our putting forth every reduction in consequence of an unusually effort in order to comply with their necessary severe visitation of cholera (in which the requirements.
Lord mercifully preserved us) in the months Present condition of mission.
of June and July, during which period it
was almost entirely deserted. Our Bengalee I have the pleasure to say, that our little school contains about fifty, having also sufchurch has received some considerable addi- fered, though proportionably less, from the tions this year. It contained thirty-two same cause. Both heathens and Mohammemembers last year. We now number thirty- dans, and Christians, have been addressed six. Indeed, five persons have been received, once, and often twice a day, and we trust not but one has been dismissed to another church. without effect, though, as usual, no decisive Of those admitted, one was by dismission, results have followed, yet we doubt not that (To by baptism, and three by restoration. the work of God is progressing, and will be There are, at present, in our English school crowned with ultimate success. May the forty-five boys in regular attendance. From Lord hasten it in his time.
Our missionary at Howrah, Mr. MORGAN, under date of October 5th, writes as follows :
During a period of ten years' service in the such offer. I have not accepted one invitamission no communication has produced so tion to dinner since I have been in Howrah, much perplexity, anxiety, and pain, as your thus much valuable time has been spared. last. With me the mission is the centre of Now for money. I have never received all my ideas, therefore any diminution of one penny from the Society except my strength, whether of men or of money, is a regular salary. No children, no extra excause of deep sorrow.
pences whatever. It cost me £10 to go on It has been my maxim from my arrival the river last year, but I did not send in a here to be always at my post, able to work. bill. This cannot be done without the cultivation My first convert was a Brahmin. I supand the preservation of health. To preserve ported him for one year at my own expense. health artificial means are necessary, such as I have had Bengalee schools, native preachpunkahs in the hot weather. The govern- ers, and an English school for little Christian ment have ordered punkahs for the common vagabonds, who, according to their own acEuropean soldiers. This means has kept my count, never had a father, only a mother. wife in India, and myself in working order. The money I had here, from the English conIn ten years I was absent but one month, on gregation, sometimes more at other times less. account of fever. For the last two years I There is none of the Society's money hare gone through four services every Sun- under my control except my own salary. day, in two languages. Who beside me has You will ask, can you reduce that? No: done that? Without the punkahs I could without endangering my health, and lessening not do it. However, they cost money. my usefulness. There are two things that I From January till now, I have not failed one fear, the undermining of my constitution, and Sunday. There are but few, if any, that can any temptation to engage in any secular say that. Some think punkahs not necessary; affairs. The latter will destroy the fine yet, according to their own account, they moral tone which a missionary ought to poscannot sleep at night, therefore they cannot sess and to cultivate, and it will also injure work by day.
his character. What would be gained in I have always considered that my time is money would be lost in character. the property of the mission, therefore, though In this letter I have written much about I have had many offers from respectable par- myself, and am almost ashamed, but what ties to teach an hour in the day, and good can be done? pay, I have always indignantly refused every!
At Dinagepore our brother, Mr. SMYLIE, labours. Under date of September 11th, he says :
Your letter, bearing date 27th June, 1849, all that is expended on this station, and this was received on the 6th September. It con- is all that has been allowed for years past, taitis heavy tidings; but we bow to the will of and it is known that his salary allows of an all-trise, just, and merciful God, trusting nothing more than the common necessaries of he may yet hear our prayers, and send us life. It admits of no company or invitations better days.
whatever. The salary of the European missionary is My dear brother, the reductions which have long been made at this station are as me almost entirely within doors. Again, if I follows:
were to leave the house I now have, and live No travelling expenses.
in a little hut or bungalow, this would enable No native missionaries.
me to reduce my salary, but then rent would No native schoolmaster,
be required, and we would be in continual No catechists.
danger of having our house burned, as fires No schools.
are common here, and take -place two or No house repairs.
three times every year. Few stations are All is fixed, whether in sickness or in without one or more native preachers, here health, whether things be dear or cheap, we have none. whether we have one child's tuition, board, The calamity which now hangs over us is and clothing to pay for, or two, or more indeed great and distressing. The spirit of
God alone knows what reductions can be the natives would lead us to say, missions made. I do not pay in full for my son's should be followed up, increased, and strengthtuition, only for board and washing; when ened, and not weakened. If the means are the second child goes to school, which I trust wanting, what can be done? It is distressing, she will shortly do, we shall be much more as it comes at a time when many have grown straitened, though I shall not be able to pay grey in the service, and no hope of others much more than half the sum necessary. following. I myself am now thirty-two years This is a subject I never intended to mention in India, and I have entered my thirty-third again, and it is done simply because you year. Twenty years of this time have been wish to know all that is in my heart. Per- spent in the mission, and a little more than haps the salary I receive could be reduced six years were spent in the service of Christ six or seven rupees monthly; but this would without money and without price. Oh, that be no profit to the cause, because it will shut | all my years had been so spent!
Let these painful details be borne in mind, and carried to the footstool of Divine mercy by the disciples of the Redeemer. Let the condition of our African mission be remembered. Haiti and Madras also; each requires immediate assistance and another missionary. Both the East and West Indies are crying aloud for help. May the churches of Christ arise, and say with ancient Israel, in reply to the summons of the Captain of their salvation, “Whatsoever thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou sendest us we will go."
We have been favoured with the following letter from a missionary brother labouring in India. The subject of it has often been referred to in this country as a means of quickening and deepening a missionary spirit, and by some pastors of churches has been carried into effect. We most cordially commend the suggestions and remarks of this letter to general consideration.
To the Editor of the Missionary Herald. extent to furnish the pecuniary means re
quisite for the support of schools, or native DEAR SIR,
assistants, &c., connected with them. Of I think it is some months since I noticed whatever church a missionary or his in the Herald or the Baptist Magazine, a partner may have been (previously to their suggestion which, though not new, but on going forth) a member, or if either of them the contrary often put forth by missionaries had been an office-bearer or active supporter and those who take an interest at home in of an auxiliary society, this circumstance of the cause of missions to the heathen, is yet itself ought to give them both a special claim far too seldom acted upon, and needs there on the sympathies and zealous co-operation fore to be again reiterated. I mean, that of such church or auxiliary. And in the different churches and auxiliary societies case of both a missionary and his wife being should single out particular labourers or personally and favourably known to the memlocalities in the mission field, with whom or bers of the same particular church or branch which they will feel themselves in a manner society, or if even merely to the pastor or identified, taking a peculiar interest in them, office-bearers of such, there must surely be keeping up a regular correspondence with something very defective in the feelings of them, and binding themselves to a certain the parties at home, or in the conduct and