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The form of recantation may be episcopal prison, for which reason it seen in Crosby and Ivimey.* Both say was supposed that the women would be it took place in the Dutch church, executed first, even as persons came Austin Friars. But the account of daily to threaten them, and to present Somers is the more probable, and is, death to them unless they would aposmoreover, confirmed by Fuller.f This tatize. Hence they suffered great anpartial success inspired the bishop and guish and temptation for five or six his Dutch colleagues with hope, and days, supposing every day that they they renewed their efforts to win the would be burnt; nay, on the very day remainder to their faith. For the that sentence of their banishment came fourth time they were called before the from the court—for the bailiff came priestly tribunal. It was, says Von with his servant at ten o'clock in the Byler, “On Whitsuntide morning we evening, unto the prison, to take an inwere chained two and two, and led be- ventory of all their property, informing fore the lords. When we were brought them, in addition, that they should prebefore them, they presented the same pare for death the next day. This he four questions, urging us to subscribe to did, in order to see whether any of them; but we told them that we would them would apostatize through fear; abide by the word of the Lord. We but perceiving that they all remained were then remanded to prison, and stedfast, he informed them that it was fettered as before; the women were con- the queen's pleasure to be gracious to fined at Newgate, together with a young them, and merely banish them from the brother; but they were all released, country, and have the young men whipand transported. The young man, ped behind a cart. Accordingly, in the however, was tied to a cart and scourged, course of five or six days, about fourteen and afterwards whipped out of town.” women were conveyed from the prison, The statement of Mr. Somers is rather which is situated in the space between fuller, and gives us an occasional glimpse St. Martin's church and St. Catherine's, of the tenderness with which episcopal to the ship by the apparitors : but the hands dealt with their erring brethren. young man was whipped behind a cart, “In the course of a few days, the bishop which moved on before him. Thus perceiving that the rest would not they were all banished from the country, apostatize from their faith, sentenced on pain of imprisonment, and reside for them all to death in the ecclesiastical the present in Holland and Zealand. court-room, St. Paul's church (as was "A few days after, the five men that customary with the papistic bishops remained in the bishop's prison were during queen Mary's reign, who were likewise sentenced to death by the wont to condemn the Christians to bishop, and conveyed to Newgate, where death), and deliver them into the hands one of them died of wretchedness and a of the civil judge; then they bound the load of chains; and the rest were women hand to hand, and conducted apprehensive that they would inflict exthem to Newgate--the prison for capital treme punishment upon them, because convicts-together with one of the men they had exercised so much severity which was considered the youngest and upon the women. They were also inmost innocent among them; but the rest formed that the queen and her whole of the men were conducted to their old council were so highly offended at them
that no person would venture to present * Crosby, i., 69. Ivimey, i., 103, 104.
a petition for them, since an evil report Church Hist., Cent. xvi., 164. arose, that they denied God and Christ,
and rejected all government and all re-1 “We seek no salvation in our works, spect for the magistrate and civil power, as it is reported we do, but we hope to as ungodly and unchristian.”
be saved alone through the merits of Efforts, nevertheless, were made to our Lord Christ. Nor do we boast that obtain their freedom. A petition and we are without sin, but we always conconfession of their faith were presented fess ourselves sinners before God. But to her majesty ; but that cruel and we have to refrain from voluntary sins haughty sovereign refused to listen to if we would be saved; such as adultery, it, and indignantly reprimanded those fornication, sorcery, sedition, bloodshed, through whose influence it had been cursing and swearing, lying and cheatlaid before her. Failing in this, they ing, pride, drunkenness, hatred, envy; laid them before the bishop, through a these are the sins that the scriptures noble lord, he graciously conde- declare, who do them shall not inherit scended to tell them how distressed he the kingdom of God. was on their account; but there was no “They also say, we refuse to hear hope of favour unless they would sign the word of God because we do not go the four articles, and abjure their here to hear the preachers of the church. To sy. Hypocrisy is hateful in any form, this charge we would say, that we do not but it is most hideous when associated hear the preachers is, because the word with the cant of religion as seen in this of God constrains to do so; because pretended successor of the apostles. The they are people not fit to attend to the substance of this confession we have, sacred callings of a gospel preacher, for doubtless, in a document prepared by Paul teaches Timothy and says, “The the two martyrs, as a vindication of things thou hast heard of me, among themselves. We select a few sentences many witnesses, the same commit thou from it, and our readers will see what to faithful men,' &c. Now if the it was his lordship of London condemn- preachers were such as the apostle reed as heresy, and for the defence of quired, we would cheerfully hear them which the writers were burnt at the -we would be the first and last in stake.
church." . . . “We poor and despised strangers “We are also accused of not being who are persecuted for the testimony of subject to the magistracy, because we Jesus, desire that God may grant all do not baptize infants. To this we reply, mankind peace, so that they may live we desire to submit to the magistracy together in all godliness to the praise in all things not contrary to the word of of the Lord, and to the advancement of God. That we do not suffer our chiltheir soul's salvation. Since so many, dren to be baptized by the priests, is not both by writing and verbal statement, done out of temerity, but we do it out do us great injustice, accusing and of fear to God, because Christ commands charging lies upon us, I am constrained believers to be baptized; for Christ's to present our belief very summarily. apostles did not baptize infants but They do not speak to us, and do not, in adults only, and those on their faith and a mild manner, inquire of us what our confessions of their sins. ... If it religious views are, as the scriptures had been the will of God that infants teach ; but they speak all manner of should be baptized, he would have comevil of us, so that they increase our manded it to be done. Christ would miseries and sufferings; and, besides, have been baptized in his infancy, as they have no compassion either on our well as circumcised; but as it is not the distressed wives or helpless children." | will of God, therefore did he teach them
differently, and received baptism differ- death was at hand. Early in the mornently himself." ...
ing of Friday, the prisoners were visited The German and French ministers by the officers of blood. The morning having failed in their disputations to light had scarcely scattered the last reconvince them of their errors,* and the mains of darkness, as they left their efforts of many, both German and gloomy cell for ever. Pieters, as he English, amongst whom was the cele- was led in his manacles, said to those brated John Fox,t who addressed a around him, " This is the way the proletter to the queen on their behalf, phets went, and Christ our Saviour, proving abortive, preparation was made which was the case ever since the days for executing the diabolical sentence. of Abel."* It was scarcely six o'clock, “ Orders were issued,” says Somers, when these noble confessors, being “from the court to the sheriff or bailiff fastened to the stake, “were miserably of London, to execute the two oldest, burnt to ashes, without having been according to their sentence. One of strangled, and without powder, accordwhom, Jan Pieters, was a poor man, ing to the custom at Smithfield, where upwards of fifty years old, and had nine they used to burn the people who prochildren. His first wife was previously fessed our religion.”+ The unhappy burnt at Ghent in Flanders, on account fate of these good men had no unfavourof her religion, and he had married a able influence upon their companions second wife, whose first husband had still in prison. They continued firm likewise been burnt at Ghent for his re- and stedfast, with the daily expectation ligious principles. But these two had of submitting to the same punishment. filed into England on account of perse- "Luke and I endeavoured, if possible, cution, on supposition that they could to get them out of prison four days live there and enjoy liberty of conscience after the execution of the others; we without being exposed to any danger ; even prevailed upon them, through which circumstance he represented to much conversation, to sign the confesthe bishop, and desired the favour of sion, in the hope that the bishop would removing from the country with his be satisfied with it. Having read it he wife and children, but he could not ob- found it good throughout; but he will tain it. The other, called Henry Ter- not receive them into favour unless woort, was a handsome and respectable they sign the first four articles without man, twenty-five or twenty-six years' contradiction, and join the Dutch old; a goldsmith by trade, and had been church; which they are determined not married eight or ten weeks before he to do, even if they perfectly agree with was apprehended.”
us in doctrine; since thereby they would On Tuesday, the 19th of July, the condemn those that had been executed, work of preparation for this auto-da-fé and all the rest of their comrades who was commenced in Smithfield. The died or still live in the same faith, and scenes which had been so familiar in the would confess that they had been seduclast reign, were about to be reacted. ed by the devil, the spirit of lies and The massy stake soon rose in the midst, error, to this damnable heresy, of which whilst the chain, heaps of faggots, and they declare that they are by no means other materials, proclaimed to the convinced in their own consciences, but passers-by that the horrid work of that they are much more assured of their salvation in Christ, the very God the pain of immediate imprisonment."* and very Man; they would, therefore, I will only add to this somewhat as they say, provoke God in the highest, | lengthy detail, that one of the prisoners, if they should speak contrary to the Kemels, met his fate during his contestimony of their own consciences. finement in his damp and gloomy cell;
* Somers. + Vide Ivimey, vol. i.
"Hence we know of nothing else than but that happily the others, after a that they will have to suffer the same somewhat lengthy confinement, were punishment that was endured by their permitted to breathe the air of liberty. partners, the more especially as they An ample detail of these proceedings attempted to break out of prison, hav- will be found in the Dutch Martyrology, ing filed off an iron bar of the window, a copy of which, we hope, will speedily for which cause they are kept more be in the hands of most of our readers. closely in bonds than at any former time, It will be found to throw much light on and may consider themselves fortunate many points of our early history, and if an early and preferable death should should be read by all anxious to form a release them from the great distress and correct estimate of men, who have misery of the prison--for they lie sepa- nobly prepared the way for us. Excuse rate from each other, so that they can- this closing allusion. not afford each other any consolation, and no one dare converse with them, on! Scarborough, Nov.6.
THE WANTS OF THE CHURCH FOR THE NEW YEAR.
BY THE REV. CORNELIUS ELVEN.
At the commencement of the new | We need not be apprehensive that the year it may not be unwise for the church ever-widening sphere of human literato take an inventory of its wants. ture will intrench on the hallowed
The old divines were wont to deal in ground of divine revelation. We have negatives and positives, and without now no misgivings lest light from that imitating all their quaint formalities, region of nebulæ - the milky wayalbeit there were giants in those days, should extinguish the beams of the we may be permitted for once to follow Sun of Righteousness; or lest "the in the well-beaten track, by attempting chemistry of the stars” should disto show that there are three things turb the harmonious elements of inspiwhich we do not want, and three which ration. Standing on the Rock of Ages, we do want. Not that these are all we are conscious of no tremor from the that might be adduced, but they are hammer of the geologist; nor do we submitted as suggestive, leaving it to fear that the hieroglyphics of the archæthoughtful readers to amplify for their ologist may invalidate the chronology own edification, and the advancement of Moseg. of the cause of Christ.
Exempt from the mutations which I. We do not want a new bible. pertain to mere human philosophy, the Many an old volume of human lore bible, stereotyped from heaven, remains has been rendered obsolete by the dis-alike the glory of all lands and of all coveries of a succeeding age. But all) true science does homage to the bible.
times. Christians, be intreated, with quired touching all the boasted advanthe new year, to address yourselves tages of their new organization, and with new and prayerful affection to the result is, that of their most vaunted that sacred volume which alone can excellencies, there is not one, if really make you wise unto salvation.
good, but may be enjoyed by congrega
tionalists. The sincere piety of many “Most wondrous book ! bright candle of the Lord !
who have been seduced from our comStar of eternity! the only star
munion, we do not question; but it is By which the bark of man could navigate
for a lamentation, that under pretence The sea of life, and gain the coast of bliss."
of exalted spirituality and pre-eminent Neither do we want a new ministry. charity, Christians of this new way This, indeed, may be numbered among have become the most sectarian and our perils. We deprecate the attempt exclusive of all denominations. We, to transform the pulpit into a chair therefore, humbly submit that we “hold of philosophy and to substitute the essay fast that we have received,” after the for the sermon. It is quite true that manner of “the saints which were at the Christian ministry should seek to Philippi, with the bishops and deacons." keep abreast with the age, and that And that not merely on account of the the preacher should set as high an scripturalness of our order, but because estimate on knowledge as the lecturer. the spirituality we need is so apart But we must not extol reason at the from all externalism, as to be no more expence of revelation, nor amuse our essentially dependent on our church hearers with the theories of science to polity than on our church architecture. the neglect of the truths of salvation ; Both alike being considerations imnor are we to be denounced as behind measurably beneath the higher matter our age, if we sound an alarm against of the life and power of godliness in the the would-be philosophical transcen- heart. dentalism which is threatening by its Yet though we want neither a new mysticisms to envelop and obscure the | bible, a new ministry, nor a new organ“ truth as it is in Jesus." May the ization, there are wants of which it Spirit of God preserve us from a may be well for us to be reminded at ministerial apostacy which without this season. avowedly abandoning the “common I. We want more of the unction of the salvation ” would veil it in the drapery Holy Spirit. of human eloquence, or overlay its We have evidence enough of the saving doctrines with the superincum- truth of revelation; for, as Pascal says, bency of “science falsely so called.” “There is light enough for those who
Nor, as congregationalists, do we need sincerely wish to see, though there is a new organization.
obscurity enough to confound those Many of our churches within the who wish to oppose.” We, therefore, last few years have been more or less have light enough ; but we need more assailed by “brethren,” who have warmth. That is, as individual Chrisdenounced what they designate our tians we want, with the new year, such “one man system,” as opposed to the a new and large vouchsafement of unity of the church. They grievously divine influence as shall infuse new life lament that there are so many sections into our private and public devotions. in the Christian church, and modestly For what is prayer without unction ? propose to remedy the evil by adding a solemn mockery. Continuing another ! Now we have diligently in through the year this round of formal