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Thomas Aquinas, and that Milton, speaking | their lordships would decree in his favour by of our first parents, says :

reversing the judgment of the Court below." « Prevenient grace descending had removed

The sort of cross-examination to which the The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh, learned advocates were subjected, strikes us Regenerate grow instead.”

as rather a novel feature of such proceedings, Mr. Badeley, after proceeding for some way although it was certainly not uncalled for; with his citation of patristic authorities in and, from the tenor of some of these interfavour of the dogma of baptismal regenera rogatories, we might infer a considerable diftion, was questioned by Dr. Lushington, the fererce of opinion, or of leaning, among the bishop of London, Lord Campbell, and Mr. noble and learned personages constituting Pemberton Leigh, as to the precise doctrine the Court, which renders their ultimate dehe was aiming to establish ; which drew from cision the more doubtful. Our contemhim the explanation, that “he contended porary, the British Banner, says : “ There that the grace and the regeneration were tied seems some reason to suppose that it will to the sacrament.” He was then allowed to take a very unexpected turn. From gentlego on without further interruption for an men who are attending professionally, and hour or more, when the bishop of London carefully watching the arguments, noting, at interposed with, “Do you deny that the the same time, those significant hints dropped stipulation of sponsors is necessary ?" An by their lordships, which are as notes sounding swer: "I do." A series of questionings fol- | afar, and giving sign of something to come Jowed on the part of Dr. Lushington and we have learned, that it is not improbable, Lords Campbell and Langdale. The most that the judgment of Sir Herbert Jenner important interlocution, however, was occa Fust will be reversed. It is rumoured that sioned by Mr. Badeler's “indecorous" re- | Henry of Exeter is willing to have it so, it mark, that he laboured under some disadvan- having been distinctly understood that, in tage, inasmuch as he saw before him two the event of a confirmation of the judgment most reverend prelates, who had committed of the Court below, the government will themselves more or less, on the opposite side interfere and deal somewhat liberally with the of the question. On being called upon by rubrics and the articles, which would have the the archbishop of Canterbury to explain effect of tying up the hands of Henry and all himself, the learned advocate referred to his bis successors; and it seems that the right Grace's having preferred a gentleman in the reverend father in God prefers to be the subchurch, (the Rev. Mr. Goode,) who had taken ject of a little temporary humiliation to a very violent part in this matter. The arch-| having the fabric of his hot idolatry mutibishop explained, that he gave the preferment | lated. Such is the rumour—we can say no to that gentleman, in consequence of his more.”The Patriot, Dec. 20. valuable work, entitled, “ The Rule of Faith and Practice," published five or six years ago, and that his book on " Infant Baptism" “ Like begets like " is a truism ; but it is had not been published at that time. Mr. no less undeniable that every abuse begets its Badeley expressed his thankfulness for his opposite, and gives birth to an antagonism Grace's explanation, and apologized for his that, like the monster of Frankenstein, will improper observation. Shortly afterwards, not rest till its creator is destroyed. Excess he concluded his argument; and the Court of luxury begets extremity of wretchedness; adjourned for an hour. On resuming, Mr. and the loud revels of the palace are ever Turner commenced his reply, in the course of answered by deep curses from the hovel, which he said, he had heard nothing to dis- which grow louder and louder in their dreadplace the argument he had urged, that the ful earnestness till their sound is like the Prayer Book is the book of devotion, while thunder of heaven above the puny voices of the articles are the code of doctrine. Lord men. The licentious parent finds his children Campbell : “ They may be pari materid, but growing up around him only to blast his sight passed alio intuitu.Mr. Turner : “ Exactly and wither his heart with that most sad and 60.” And all doubt, he contended, was de- mysterious of all spectacles, the innocent termined by the fact, that the prayer-book suffering for the guilty. Every vicious system was in the articles of 1552 ; but was struck warms into life and fosters in its own bosom out of the articles of 1562. Another long the snake that will sting it to the death. series of questions, on the part of the Court, Few instances of this, whether historical or ensued. Lord Langdale said, it must be con contemporary, could be adduced more satissidered, as Dr. Addams and Mr. Badeley factory than the trial now pending before the both admitted, that, as to infants, the opus Privy Council of “ Gorham versus the Bishop operatum applied ; but not so as to adults. of Exeter.” We have there two zealous Mr. Turner concluded with saying, that “the adherents of the same church pursuing each doctrines of Mr. Gorham were within the other to the utmost extremity, because of a limits which were to be allowed in construing difference of opinion in the construction of the doctrines of the church; and that, if the same words and the performance of the they were not contrary to those doctrines, same ceremony. Two Christian brothers differ in judgment, and the more powerful | Exeter and all honest men “ of this gentledoes his best utterly to ruin the weaker, who, man's way of thinking” evacuate? Will they in his turn, seeks protection from the bighest stick to their principles? A question to be Court of Appeal in the kingdom. What | asked. Will they give up their livings? A state of things must exist to give rise to such question not to be asked. But, seriously, a disgraceful proceeding as this ! and what will the matter be so decided that all those must be the condition of that church which, who have been solemnly initiated into the taking for its text-book the gospel of peace, Christian church, and made heirs of eternal thus breaks out into fierce contention at the life, will be, as it were, excommunicated by slightest diversity of sentiment! All that we that decision ? Must they indeed doff the can say of it is this, that it is a monstrous lion's hide of the bishop, and put on the calfcontradiction, a consecrated inconsistency, a skin of the vicar? If so, we shall tremble ruinous device of the father of lies. In it, as for the consequences; and shall begin to cry a great man once said, are to be found "a out with the loudest, “ The church is in Calvinistic creed, an Arminian clergy, and a danger!”—The Nonconformist, Dec. 19th. popish prayer-book "- elements so utterly bostile, that nothing but a cement of gold could have held them together for a single Leaving, therefore, entirely the question year. The wonder is not, then, that disagree- of fact, and looking merely at the circumment should arise, but that any agreement stance that such things are spoken, let us see should exist for a day. We can only compare how matters would stand in respect to all the it to a noisy and discordant crowd, kept in courses which the judicial committee of the humour by the liberal distribution of good privy council might, by possibility, adopt. cheer. The cause of quarrel will be forgotten, Supposing, in the first place, that the and politics sunk during the absorbing process I judgment should be in favour of the bishop of mastication ; but, alas ! the appetites and of Exeter, by the confirmation of that of the passions of men are unstable, and the peace Court of Arches; in this case, it would be felt of undeserved plenty is ephemeral. The to be secure and absolute, as being in opposistrong man seizes on the portion of the weak; tion to the supposed bias and wishes of the the weak cries out against the strong, and the government. Nothing but the most obvious very cause of contentment becomes the fruit and unavoidable reasons for the decision, ful source of discord. And so it will ever be, would be possible to account for it. The as long as property is unjustly distributed, issue would be felt to be unalterable, and the whether it be to an indigent and idle crowd, | Anglican party would achieve a triumph. a to a rapacious and incapable clergy. Let' But, in the second place, supposing the men erork for their bread, and their work will judgment to be in favour of Mr. Gorham, it prevent their strife; but once make their title could have no real weight with thinking men. to public money accidental, without reference | It would save, indeed, the status of the to qualification or desert, and you lay a evangelical clergy, and confirm them, legally, foundation on which a building shall be in their position ; but doubts and suspicions erected, splendid it may be, but rotten as the would rest upon it; while the men who grave and unsubstantial as a dream.

exulted in the advantage it might confer, The decision in the case of “Gorham versus would be thought of as shielded and saved by Phillpotts," whatever it may be, will be one a manæuvre. which, but for the "patent cement” we have Again, taking the third course, and supalluded to, would rend the church of England posing the sentence to heal the breach by from end to end. The question of baptismal some tranquillising and liberal interpretation, regeneration has given rise to more bitterness | by which neither party should be pronounced and caused the perpetration of more horrors wrong, or both parties be authenticated and than almost any other. The thumb-screw, endorsed; this, surely, instead of a triumph the iron boot, the rack, and the gibbet, have to our evangelical friends, would be “a heavy been enlisted on its side. Men have been blow and great discouragement.” It would skinned and salted alive, burnt, sawn asunder, deprive them for ever of their exclusive prebung, drawn, and quartered, for denying it. tensions as the only legitimate sons of the With the exception, perhaps, of the conse church, and would rob the church of the crated wafer, we know of no more prolific character they attribute to it, of being the source of dissension than the question, “Does “great witness for, and the great defender of or does not the child become regenerate in the evangelical faith." After all their asserbaptism?” “ Yes !” says the papist, bishoptions, and all their boasting of the purity of Philpotts, and the rubric. “No!" say com- the articles and formularies of the churchmon sense, Mr. Gorbam, and the articles. / after all their denunciations of the “poisonWho shall decide? Shall the court of arches? ous,” and “ destructive,” and “soul-destroyThe court of arcbes has already decided, and ing errors" of the Anglican party--they Mr. Gorham is non-suited. But there is yet would be obliged to confess, in the language a higher court, and if it should say “No," of the Record, in April last, that the church bo shall then decide? Will the bishop of had always" tolerated, embraced, and availed

herself of the services of both classes;" those, / by secession from the church ; in what way that is to say, who “raised their hearers to will Mr. Bickersteth “ testify?" By conthe gates of heaven," and those “that led tinuing, he says, even on the worst supposithem down to the chambers of death." | tion-the confirmation of the judgment of Evangelicism, in the Church of England, the Court of Arches-in the church, and would sink down into one of the forms of seeking redress, a reversal of the sentence, by opinion which it permitted to be professed ; applying to the “highest ecclesiastical and it would cease to be the profession of the in- CIVIL authorities of the country !” Asking, stitution itself. “Another gospel ” would be we suppose, such an assembly as parliament legalised along with it, and the one or the to decide and pronounce on the scriptural other would equally and authoritatively be doctrine of regeneration!!- Christian Times, ruled as acceptable and approved in her sons! | Dec, 21. Mr. Bickersteth says, that, by the confirma. tion of Sir Herbert Jenner Fust's judgment, s our beloved church would be placed in a

THE LATE REV. JAMES HARRINGTON EVANS. false position;" but we ask, and we ask with confidence, on the issuing of a decision which "The Rev. J.H. Evans, M.A., pastor of the should legally authenticate evangelical and baptist church in John-street, Doughty-street, anti-evangelical alike, would not the former for nearly thirty years, died on Saturday, party be then placed in a false position too? Dec. 1, 1849, at Stonehaven, in Scotland, in And if, as he says, that the doctrine of the his 65th year, after a lingering and painful latter « flatters the sinner, deadens the con- illness, occasioned by being thrown from a science, and deludes the soul ;” and “is the | carriage. The deceased gentlemen had not grand error of the perilous times of the last preached since August, 1848. It is pretty days;" and that from such as hold it“ we are generally known that most of his relatives to turn away;" and, if he means what he were connected with the establishment. His says, when he feelingly asks, “ What faithful father, the Rev. Dr. Evans, was prebend of minister but will testify against such a false Salisbury Cathedral ; and Mr. Evans, at a position ?"--we ask, Will he carry this out very early age, became the minister at Mil. in the circumstances we have supposed ? will ford, in Hampshire, a small village about he either “ testify" against his own “false five miles from Lymington. Here he conposition," or "turn away" from the erring tinued for a time; but his opinions upon brethren with whom he would be identified ? several doctrines having altered, he felt he

In all these reasonings, and those of our could no longer conform. Mr. Evans conlast and previous papers, we proceed on the tinued in the village of Milford, where a principles and protestations of our evangelical small chapel was built, which still remains, friends themselves. We take them according and, by the assistance of the present church to their own showing, and appeal to them in John-street, has been continued, it being a out of their own mouth. For ourselves, we cause always near his heart. On one of his like and admire latitude of opinion. We visits to Taunton, where he occasionally rejoice in the liberty which is practically en- | preached, Mr. Drummond, who was in that joyed in the English church. We can see locality, was induced to go and hear Mr. everywhere, and on all sides, how the sects Evans. From this circumstance a friendship are enslaved, and men are made “offenders sprung up between them, which ultimately for a word." There is no tyranny like the led Mr. Drummond to build the chapel in tyranny of the people-generally the igno- John-street, and present it entirely free to rant, the forward, and the prejudiced,-who, Mr. Evans for life. He has left behind a in political and religious republics alike, widow, two sons, and one daughter (by his crush and restrain the free utterance of the first wife). Mr. Evans's remains were brought oracles they should reverence. But liberty to London. The funeral took place on in the church is purchased too dear; it has to Thursday, Dec. 6, at Highgate Cemetery, be bought at the expense of promising at the and was attended by about four hundred threshold to repudiate it for ever; and it members of his church and congregation." can only be exercised by the violation of vows ; while, on the evangelical hypothesis, The preceding paragraph is appended to an to enjoy liberty on a principle which awards address delivered in the chapel of the Highgate it, at the same time, and in the same church, cemetery by the Rev. C. A. M. Shepherd, on to those teachers who "flatter the sinner, Thursday, December 6, 1849, at the interdeaden the conscience, and delude the soul," ment of the late Rev. J. H. Evans, as it

- this, surely, is something which the con- appears in The Pulpit of December 15th. scientious and “ faithful minister" ought to In that address Mr. Shepherd referred to find it somewhat difficult to accept ! “ Who," Mr. Evans's last illness in the following

in the language of Mr. Bickersteth-"who terms. would not testify against so false a position ?" "As he glorified God in his life, so he was But how? Quakers give their "testimony" permitted to glorify him by his death. Alby suffering wrong; nonconformists gave theirs though a great sufferer for three months, both

bodily and mentally his sun did at last go on the occasion in John Street Chapel, from down without a cloud, and he passed out of the words, “ Be ye followers of me, even as time into eternity without a struggle. Jesus I also am of Christ.” “ Mr. Evans," said was to his soul as a morning without clouds, the preacher, “ entered upon the office of the and gave him a peaceful end. "Mark the Christian ministry, as alas! many have done perfect man, and behold the upright, for the while yet a stranger to the converting end of that man is peace,' Being asked on grace of God. For some years he preached, one occasion how he felt, he said, 'At peace but preached as a man upon whose spiritual with God.' But subsequently to this, and on eyes the seal of darkness was impressed. It the Sunday (November 25) previously to his pleased God, however, to remove this seal, death, he was enabled to speak sweetly of and to open his blind eyes to see the truth, Jesus, whom he had so much honoured in and him who is the substance, the glory, and his life and in his ministry; and the expres- the sweetness of the truth. And from the sions he used show the deep views he had of moment that it pleased God who had called the pollution of his nature, and the clear him by his grace to reveal his Son in him,' perception the Holy Spirit vouchsafed to to the day of his death, his one and earnest him of his acceptance in the person of the aim was to follow Christ, as the light of Lord Jesus. The following extract from a Christ shone upon his way. There are two letter written by his beloved wife to one of periods or points in his history which justice the deacons of John-street church, November to his memory, a regard for the honour of 26, will show that the glorious truths he truth, and the glory of our Lord, demand preached so powerfully to others were the should not be passed over in perfect silence, food of his own soul in a dying hour. and to which with all tenderness and humility

“Yesterday morning I said to him, that I would I allude. felt sure much prayer was made for him that “ There was a period in the early part of day; that I had written to you to tell you he his ministry in this place—why should I Fas Forse, as I felt the church ought to conceal it?—when his views on two essential know it. You should tell them the state of doctrines of the gospel underwent a mournful my mind,' was his reply. I then asked him change. Losing sight, for a moment, of his if he had any message; and he answered, Model, guided and ensnared by the teaching *Tell them I stand accepted in the beloved, of man-for this, my brethren, was the secret notwithstanding all my sin, and infirmity, of his error,--he ceased for a moment to and hellishness.' In a minute he proceeded, hold fast the profession of his faith without

I never felt more than I do now my sin and wavering. Need I say that it was a mental hellishness; but in Jesus I stand-Jesus is a and not a moral defection from the truth? panacea."" (In the light of God's holiness For during the whole of the period that he Te see the exceeding sinfulness of sin, and walked beneath this cloud, his single and feel ourselves worthy of death; but by faith honest aim was to know and to do the will of in Christ we see ourselves worthy of heaven.) God. But what, my brethren, were the "I had previously remarked how soon he effects upon himself of the views which he would be with Jesus, and bad spoken a little adopted, preached, and published a drying on that subject; and as his mind began to | up of all unction, a withering of all power, Fander, I left the bedside, and sat down by a thinning of his congregation, and an end of the fire; when, in a few minutes, he said, all success-indeed, an entire paralysis of his *And am I so near eternal glory, and not re- ministry and usefulness. Beware how you joicing in it?' I replied, But I think you tamper with the Godhead of the Saviour, and do,' To which he answered, 'In a measure.' with the divine personality of the Holy He Fas, however, then exhausted, and could Spirit! But it pleased God to recover his not speak more. This morning I read to | servant from these views; and from the mobir parts two and three of the three hundred ment that he emerged from this temporary and sixty-third hymn in our selection, which, cloud, the Sun of Righteousness shone forth from his manner, he much enjoyed, though | in him, and through him, with greater efful. be did not speak; nor did he when I read gence than ever, nor ceased to shine, but some passages of Scripture; but, some time increased in its lustre until he arrived at the after, when I expressed some sympathy and perfect day. Oh! what true contrition of tenderness, he said, But soon to be with heart, what sincere repentance, what deep Jesus, whom I love; who loved me before I self-abasement marked his return to the lored Him. After this, (Nov. 26,) it may truth! With what touching, heart-melting te said, he scarcely spoke at all; but, when | language-his eyes often suffused with tears released from a body of sin and death, (Dec. —was he wont to advert to the period of his 1,) his voice was heard in heaven singing, error. You are witness how earnestly ever "Salvation unto our God, who sitteth upon after was he both by his pen and his pulpit the throne, and to the Lamb.'”

to repair the injury he had done, and to

establish the doctrines he had impugned. On the following Lord's day morning, the He entirely bought up and destroyed every Rev. Octavius Winslow delivered a sermon copy of his work ; and on every occasion exalted the Lamb of God in the essential earnest, God be merciful to me a sinner!'" deity of his nature, and in the atoning cha- Go, brethren, and do the same. Again the racter of his work; claiming at the same time tares and the wheat are gathered--they are on behalf of the Holy Spirit an equality with not severed yet—they are not gathered in the Father and the Son. Never did he bundles yet to be burned; there is time yet, appear greater, never did his whole soul hope yet. Oh! if you did not listen to many kindle with truer eloquence than when his awful appeals, to many solemn warnings, to subject led him to touch upon the essential many affectionate entreaties, while he lived, and absolute deity of the Son of God, and think of a voice that is now dead, and that tie consequent atoning character of his work. you shall hear no more, and go to the God

“I am aware that the idea was at one that lives, that like this reclaimed blasphemer, time prevalent in some quarters, and even this converted infidel, you too may be the found its way into the public prints, that he trophies of redeeming love, added to the regretted his secession from the establishment, church of Christ on earth, and meet triumphand would gladly, could he have evaded a ant with your departed friend, in the kingdom three years' silence, have retraced his steps, of God's glory! and returned to the bosom of the English church. I stand here to vindicate the honour of my friend and brother for sincerity and consistency of principle, and do most 80

THE PAST AND THE FUTURE. lemnly affirm, upon the strongest evidence, that he never for one moment faltered in his The year that is just closing upon us bas course, or regretted the step he had tiken. | been less prolific in startling events than that That he still loved and associated with many which preceded it. But, if we judge aright, of his ministerial brethren who yet minis- the lull which has come over the nations is tered within the pale of the church which rather the precursor of a still fiercer storm, from the most conscientious conviction he than the incipient quietness of a permanent had left, was natural, lovely, and proper: but peace. It is impossible that the elements he declared to me most solemnly on one which are fermenting in the bosom of occasion, that if the alternative were offered | European society should not work disturbto him of the largest church in London, or a ance. Nothing will neutralise them but that couch of sickness, and suffering, and silence, antagonistic and divine element which is the he would choose the latter rather than yield salt of the earth. Civilisation and the arts the principles which he had avowed. I speak of social life, commerce and the intercourse not this to wound the feelings of any dear of nations, science with her almost miraculous brother who differs from me-and many control of the elements, and the marvellous such there are whom I yet tenderly love, and facility with which she seizes the vapour and with whom I cordially labour,,but to vin- the lightning and bids them obey the will of dicate my friend's character as a holy, con man, political revolutions, the achievement sistent man of God, who, in the spirit of by long-oppressed nationalities of civil and Caleb, desired, be the opinions of others and religious freedom, the multiplication of books, the consequences what they might, to follow the circulation of knowledge, the spirit of the Lord fully."

inquiry,—these and similar means may con

tribute to ameliorate the temporal condition, In the evening, Mr. Noel addressed the and supply the physical and even the intelcongregation from the words, “ That ye be lectual wants of man; and no lover of his not slothful, but followers of them who through species but will rejoice in the pre-eminence futh and patience inherit the promises.” At of the present times, in all these respects, the conclusion of the discourse, the preacher over every preceding period of history. But introduced the following anecdote :-“ It is the malady of human nature lies deeper than just now twenty-three years ago," writes an to be touched by any of these. Give him estimable minister of Christ, the pastor of a knowledge -- give him science - give him church in the country, "since I first entered civilisation - give him freedom - give him John-street, an avowed infidel and a bold commerce-and man will be an unhappy and blasphemer. Our late dear pastor was in the a hopeless creature still, without an object, or pulpit. His text was, 'Let both grow toge an end suited to his nature, or worthy of it. ther until the harvest, and in the time of He may yet live to be miserable, and die to harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye be lost. But give him the gospel, make him together first the tares, and bind them in acquainted with the cross of Christ, and in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat that he will find the cure of the most ininto my barn. I can see his countenance veterate evils, and the spring of whose healing now, beaming with a peculiar expression of waters if he drinks he shall live for ever. holy feeling that rivetted my attention, while the dignified and the lovely, the just and the great Spirit of God so took possession of the benevolent of human character are the every faculty of my soul, that before I reached fruit, not of philosophy, but of the gospel home I for the first time prayed in real -not of reason, but of faith. Nor until

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