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less adapted to the use of young persons belong- | The Tabernacle of Israel: its Holy Furniture ing to our congregations than that which we and Vessels. Drawn on a Uniform Scale ; have just noticed, the poetic supplement con with Coloured Metallic Illuminations of Gold, sisting of the Psalms and Paraphrases according Silver, Brass, &c. To represent as nearly to the version approved by the Church of Scot as possible the costly materials of the original. land and used in its worship. The editor has, London : Bagster and Sons. folio. Part I. however, brought into a small compass a great deal of information which a large portion of the

The thought of such ornaments for a drawingpublic will value. There are several prelimi- room table as are here furnished, calls to renary dissertations, which though brief, will be

membrance the prediction, “In that day shall found instructive; and foot-notes are appended there be upon the bells of the horses 'Holiness throughout, intended to remove the principal unto the Lord.'” Ability to pourtray beautidifficulties of the text-to clear up those obscu. | fully magnificent utensils is consecrated in this rities which occur to minds not familiar with case to the holiest uses. Representations first biblical criticism and theology-to reconcile of the ark with its coverings, and secondly of apparent contradictions-to ascertain the signi- the brazen altar with its accompaniments, fication of parables, figures, and symbols and executed in the first style of art upon the finest to point out the aptitude of the allusions to the drawing paper, are accompanied by letter-press customs, manners, costume, and general pur- |

observations which evince a conviction of the suits of those to whom the scriptures were first

immeasurable superiority of new covenant blesaddressed, also to the history, productions,

sings and the ministration of the Spirit. climates, and natural features of the countries which they inhabited."

The Faithful Servant Rewarded. A Sermon

preached in St. Andrew's Chapel, Cambridge, 3899 The Book of the Prophet Joel. London:

August 19, 1849. By Rorert Roff. Occa

sioned by the Death of the late Mr. William Samuel Bagster and Sons. 8vo., pp. 20.

Adams. Published by request. Cambridge : The prophecy of Joel being throughout

Johnson. 8vo. p. 30. poetical and well adapted to show the advan A serious, devout, and evangelical discourse, tages of a poetical arrangement of the propbets, on the Character and the Reward of a Servant has been selected for this purpose, and printed of Christ. Having shown that true Christians in parallelisms. It is justly observed, that it is are servants of Christ, that the ground of the only custom which hinders us from seeing how Redeemer's right to the service of bis followers much we lose in not having the Hebrew pro is laid, first in their redemption and regeneraphets poetically arranged." The printing is tion, and then in their own voluntary choice, beautifully executed, presenting the points and and illustrated

yg in which fi accents to the eye quite legibly; the text is display itself, Mr. Roff observes that three that of Van der Hooght, with a few of the more things are included in the faithful servant's important readings from Kennicott and De reward as described in the text. 1. ApprobaRossi at the foot of each page. This small |tion of past devotedness. 2. Elevation to higher publication cannot fail to be acceptable to services. 3. Introduction to present blessed. Hebrew students ; may we hope that it will be ness. These prospects are made the basis of followed by the other prophetical books in suitable counsels and consolations. similar style ?

The Eclectic Review. December, 1849. LonThe Bible of Every Land; or a History Criti don : Ward and Co. cal and Philological, of all the Versions of the Sacred Scriptures, in every Language and

With sorrow we contemplate these sheets as Dialect into which Translations have been

the last of the series to which they belong. It made: with Specimen Portions in their own

seems but a little while since we were eager to characters, and Ethnographical Maps. Parts

receive the first number that was to appear V'I and VII. London: Bagster and Sons.

under the superintendence of the beloved friend 4to.

who had undertaken the editorship; thirteen

years have elapsed, it appears, and now the As this work proceeds, the extent of the state of his constitution requires that he should resources on which the editor bas to draw step into retirement and give place to a sucbecomes increasingly apparent. His materials | cessor. May his remaining days be spent in are abundant, and he knows where to find them the peaceful enjoyment of those principles when they are wanted. Information so various which he has laboured to promulgate! What and comprehensive, illustrative of the diffusion may be the abilities or the achievements of the of scriptural light among the nations, could not man that is to come after him we know not, have been given at an earlier period of the and at present his name must not be mentionworld's history had it been attempted, and the ed; but of this we are persuaded, that the effort now being made will satisfy all reasonable readers of the Eclectic will never have to conexpectations. The portion before us includes gratulate themselves upon an editor of more the Celtic and Teutonic families, comprising benevolence, integrity, and directness of purthe Welsh, Gaelic, Irish, Anglo-Saxon, English, pose, than Thomas Price. He anticipates for Gothic, Danish, Dutch, Flemish, German, Ice it, however, a continuance in the same course landic, and Swedish versions, many specimens as he has pursued. “In relinquishing my of which are given, with much interesting in- post," says our friend, “it is some consolation formation respecting the circumstances in which to reflect, that the circulation of the . Eclectic' they have appeared, and the countries through is considerably greater than when the journal which they have circulated.

came into my hands, and that its future con

dact will maintain all its distinguishing prin- , Sunday schools is well known to their friends, ciples, theological, ecclesiastical, and political and we have pleasure in certifying that his pasTo its future editor I cordially invite the con toral experience and habits of observation have fidence and friendly support of my readers.” | led him to make suggestions on behalf of young

people who have ceased to attend in these The Appeal; a Magazine for the People. Vol. institutions, which may be turned to excellent

III. July to December, 1849. Leeds : account. 12mo., pp. 72. Price Fourpence-lialfpenny.

A New Sacred Ole for Christmas, Composed This little periodical is published expressly

with an Accompaniment for the Organ or for readers who do not make a profession of re

Piano Forte. By William Bird, Author ligion. The short pieces of which it consists

of " Original Psalmody," dc. &c. London: are evangelical, simple, and lively, adapted to

Cocks and Co. Sold by the Author, 64, attract the attention of persons who are not

White Lion Street, Pentonville. much accustomed to thinking, and to make a beneñeial impression on their hearts. We know

The author of this piece, who is also the of nothing better fitted for the purpose, or

cditor of “ The Beauties of Psalmody," has worthy of more cordial and unhesitating re long been known in some parts of the country commendation. We should be glad to know

and in the metropolis as a singer and composer that every church in the kingdom made syste of congregational tunes. This ode, and an matic exertions for its circulation. It is issued

anthem from the 133rd Psalm which is appendin two forms: a number is published on the

ed to it, partaking of the same spirit as his first day of every month, price one halfpenny; earlier productions, will call to the minds of and the numbers for the half year are sold to

his friends some of the pleasures of past days, gether, in stiff covers, a form very suitable for

and diversify agreeably their musical enjoylending,

ments. Memoirs of Eminent Sunday School Teachers.

With i'uo Essays: 1. On the Importance of Sunday Schools. II. On the Office of

RECENT PUBLICATIONS Sunday School Teaching. By the Rev.

Ipproved. Tuomas TIMPSON, Author of The Companion to the Bible," The Youth's Key to [It should be understood that insertion in this list is not a the Bible," " British Ecclesiastical History,” | mere announcement: it &c. Second Thousand, London: Snow,

enumerated,-not of course extending to every particular, but

an approbation of their general character and tendency.) Pp. 376. In our number for May last, we had the

The Sabbath School Teacher's Reward. Written

by J. S, FEATHERSTONE. Composed for Four pleasure of giving to the former edition of this

Voices, arranged with a Separate Accompaniment work a warm recommendation, which we now for the Organ or Piano Forte, and Dedicated to cordially renew.

Sabbath School Teachers. By JOHN KIng. Lon.

don. Price 28. pp. 6. Folio. Piants and Trees of Scripture. London: R.T.S. Monthly Series. Sixpence.

The Philosophy of Food and Nutrition in Plants

and Animals. By the Rey. EDWIN SIDNEY, MA., The design of this work is to furnish a da

Author of “Electricity,” and “Blights of the scription of the trees, shrubs, and other veget Wheat and their Remedies." London: R.T.S. able productions referred to in the sacred 16mo., pp. 192. volume, rectifying misapprehensions arising from the limited acquaintance with oriental The Sabbath a Day of Rejoicing. A Discourse, botany of the translators and interpreters of by the Rev. A. RENNISON, A.M., Minister of the former days. The style in which it is written Laigh Parish, Paisley. Price 61. is clear and neat; the author is evidently familiar with the best books on the subjects of which | The Church. Vol. III. 1849. Leels : John he treats, and he has furnished much valuable Heaton, 7, Briggate. illustration of scripture in a form sufficiently popular for general use.

The Appeal ; a Magazine for the People. Janu

ary, 1850. Leeds ; Heaton. British Fish and Fisheries. London: R.T.S. Monthly Series. Sixpence.

The Mother's Friend. A Monthly Magazine, to A descriptive account of the fish in our rivers Aid and Encourage those Mothers who have Little and around our coasts, the manner in which Time to Read and Little Money to Spend on Books. they are canght and the purposes to which | Edited by ANN JANE. Vol. II. London: B. L. they are applied.

Green. pp. 244. A Voice to the Churches on the Present Condi- The Teacher's Offering for 1849. London: Warul tion of those who have been Pupils in our and Co. pp. 280. Sunday Schools : with Suggestions to Pastors, Sunday School Teachers, and Committees, | A Volume for All. The Family Economist, conas to the methods best adapted to Prescrve or taining Original Articles by the Best Writers on Revive their Sympathies in the Sunday Domestic Economy, Education, Sanitary Reform, School Cause. By John MORISON, D.D.,

Cottage Gardening and Farming, also Social Sketches, LL.D. London. pp. 27. Price 3d.

Moral Tales, and Valuable Household Recipes.

Vol. II. 1849. Lonelon : Groombridge and Sons. The active zeal of the writer on behalf of PP. 236. VOL. XIII. - FOC'RTII SERIES,

INTELLIGENCE.

CANADA.

Teaching thus becomes too often the dernier

resort of the indolent and the worthless. THE STATE OF RELIGION IN CANADA. With mental powers undeveloped, and

habits of indolence in the exercise of the The Rev. F. Bosworth, M.A., whose ser

thoughts induced, it cannot be surprising that vices as Classical Tutor in the College at

even professors of religion must not, at least Montreal have often been mentioned, being in the

tioned, being in the country parts, be exempted from the on a visit to this country, we have requested | charge of ignorance. The Canadians are not him to furnish us with a bird's-eye view of

a reading people, nor are Canadian Christians the state of religion in Canada, and he has

in general deep and prayerful students of the favoured us with the following paragraphs:- bible. Their religion is one rather of feeling

than of intelligent assent; hence their attainMany causes concur in rendering the posi- ments are superficial, not profound. tion of Canada, in a religious point of view, ! Need it be wondered at then that the somewhat an anomalous one. The difficul. wildest notions to which an unrestrained and ties to be surmounted in the dissemination of excited imagination can give rise, find in the truth are either peculiar to the province, Canada a congenial soil ? The vast extent or more formidable than in any other coun- of frontier (and, in new countries at least, try, perhaps, where the English language is such districts are pre-eminently the abodes of spoken.

ignorance and fanaticism) renders the introTo the pressure of these difficulties is it duction and transmission of the crudest owing that the state of religion there must dogmas and the most licentious doctrines be pronounced to be anything but encourag peculiarly easy. Thus in some parts of the ing. A reference to some of the most power eastern townships the “ Millerite” delusion ful of these hindrances will, doubtless, serve reached its height some few years since in acts best to exhibit the present posture of affairs of extravagance almost surpassing belief. In in Canada.

almost every corner of the province universWithin the province ignorance and fanati alists are found insidiously and zealously cism abound to a most alarming extent. In propagating their fearful doctrines, and freno country in the world, perhaps, where the quently, with honesty at least, practically facilities for acquiring information areas great, exhibiting their belief in the salvation of the is there so slight an acquaintance with the vilest, irrespective of faith in Christ. One of standard literature of the age and so great a their preachers once affirmed to a missionary, distaste for mental effort. The country is that were the parricide to terminate at once deluged with the cheap, trashy publications his career and his crimes by taking his own which daily issue from the presses of the life he would immediately be "received up United States. Every week's express brings into glory.” Then there are the Campbelllarge quantities of novels to the exclusion, ites, Christians, Mormons, and sceptics of almost, of any works of lasting interest and every shade, from the deist to the infidel, unvalue. They are to be found in the hotels settling the minds of men too little fortified, and on the steamers in all parts of the pro alas, by solid information of any kind. vince, silently yet surely producing their per This craving after excitement rather than nicious effects, unrestrained by any taste for instruction manifests itself in the fondness higher literature, or by that safeguard against which is frequently exhibited for religious the morbid excitement of the imagination services of a more exciting nature than those which a thorough course of mental training of a stated ministry, and for a style of preachsupplies. Indeed, so great is the demand for ing abounding in anecdotes and in harrowing these publications that the booksellers hesitate appeals to the feelings, in a word, for sound not to regard this branch of their business as rather than sense. necessary to their success.

The sad want of liberality in the maintenNor is this all. The schools throughoutance of stated worship is another hindrance the country, with some pleasing exceptions, to the progress of the truth. The emigrant are wretchedly inefficient. In many sections part of the population having left their native the choice of a schoolmaster does not depend land to better their circumstances, too often on the possession of sufficient information for slight the public services of religion, and with the discharge of his responsible duties and on reluctance contribute to their maintenance. an aptitude to teach, but on the smallness of Whereas the natives and old settlers knowing the sum for which his labours can be ensured. well the scarcity of money in the province are careful to keep it. These remarks apply exclusion of all the British members from a too often, alas! to the professors of religion. church in the province. Another was rent Besides this, it must be borne in mind that asunder because while the American memnumbers of the founders of churches in the bers insisted on females and males sitting in country were farmers, whose ministrations separate parts of the house of worship, the were entirely gratuitous—that very many old-country members indignantly opposed the such preachers are now zealously and disin measure. It is often the case where Scotch terestedly labouring in various parts-and members predominate in a church, no ministhat several religious bodies foster, not inten ter is regarded with much favour whose birth tionally perhaps, this spirit of illiberality by has not taken place north of the Tweed. fully sustaining their ministers or missionaries. Should, on the other hand, Americans outIn Canada generally preaching must be cheap number, a minister from the States must be in order to be enjoyed. Of course there are procured. very many pleasing exceptions, but this is A still greater evil arising from such a the prevailing sentiment. A few instances mixed, disunited population is the great of the want of Christian liberality will not diversity of religious belief and practice, be improper. An excellent missionary with Few see alike, few act alike. Hence relideep gratitude wrote home to his society gious bodies are very numerous and very informing them that his people had engaged small. In Montreal, for instance, there are to raise him £70. Years have passed away upwards of twenty protestant places of since then, but thirty of the seventy only worship to perhaps fifteen thousand proteshave been received. A laborious pastor once tants. Guelph, with a population of two or confessed that all the money he had received three thousand, has nine separate churches. during the year was £2. Another, as the In Paris, whose inhabitants are scarcely pecuniary result of a year's labour--during more than fifteen hundred, there are which six or seven services were held weekly five resident ministers and six churches, when -obtained a horse and forty dollars. As two might amply discharge all the duties their pastor had been ill some of his church required. And what is worse still, not only engaged to pay the doctor's bill, and how ? are denominations numerous, but even these The grain with which payment was are subdivided. Thus in a town of three to be made was so utterly worthless that thousand persons there are three presbyrespect alone for the minister prevented the terian ministers, two methodist, and two medical man from throwing it into the road. independent. Under these circumstances The plan is to pay the pastor, not in money, united efforts for the common cause but in pork, butter, apples, firewood, hay, are scarcely to be looked for. Petty quarrels &c. And frequently is it the case that and jealousies exhaust the energies required the articles sent are not only very bad, but for far more important objects. And still the prices exorbitant. Any conduct, nay, further, in churches thus necessarily small, eren trickery, seems to be allowable, by the varieties of belief, manners, &c., are so which the pastor's claims can be most easily met. great, that but little unanimity is enjoyed,

Under these circumstances the duty of the and if peace prevails the elements of disorder missionary becomes very trying, and want is are at hand. Of course in the country, and often severely felt. If he does not complain especially in the back townships, this superhis people will half starve him. If remon abundance of preaching is not enjoyed. On strance be made offence is taken, for there is the contrary, a lamentable deficiency is felt. nothing respecting which men's minds, Many of these evils time will cure. throughout the province, are more susceptible National antipathies will soon subside, and than that which relates to the pocket. If with the increase of population, churches will full support be obtained elsewhere the evil is, | become more harmonious and numerous. and ever will be, unredressed. The only Yet it must not be concealed that the present plausible plan is parlially to support an in- | is a period of momentous import to Canada, defatigable ministry whose chief aim shall be The youthful energies of a rising nation must to engage the affections of the young, and now be directed. The characteristics of a make them the objects of his prayerful solici- great people will now be formed. To no tude and untiring efforts. In the young is higher or holier mission can the energies of the hope of Canada.

the pious be turned. In no field of labour, The third and the greatest hindrance to the perhaps, may success, with self-denial and progress of the truth in Canada, to which hard labour indeed, be expected with greater Teference will now be made, arises from its probability. The yearnings of a Briton's mixed population,

heart cannot, must not, but be felt towards There are to be found the natives of various the adopted country of Britain's sons-a climes not as yet amalgamated. The names country which, with others, is destined to American, English, Scotch, and Irish, are not perpetuate the name of our fatherland, and yet merged into that of Canadian. National to exert a powerful influence in the civilization antipathies and manners are very strong. A and evangelizing of the world when we are no dispute arising from such a source led to the / more.

NOVA SCOTIA, &c.

accomplish this, the collegiate department is A deputation from the friends of religione now separated from the academical, and in and secular education in the lower provinces

future will be sustained for about £500 of British North America, viz., Nova Scotia,

sterling per annum, to meet which there is a New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. yearly income from subscriptions and other now in this country, have requested the in

sources, of £450, leaving a small balance

which will be made up by extra efforts. The sertion of the following statement. “In the year 1828, a few persons, deeply

academical department, it is expected, will in deploring the lamentable destitution of their

future be self-sustaining. country, in regard to the means of mental

“It may be here stated that, independently culture, commenced, under many disadvan

of hundreds who have received the advantages tages, a seminary of learning, designed for the

of instruction at the collegiate academy, 89 masses of the people, alike open to all, with

students have graduated; 11 of whom are now out reference to sect or party. This institu

successful preachers of the gospel, 11 others, tion, situated in a new country, has had to

of pious character, are designed for the same contend with many obstacles, but, notwith

elevated calling, 30 are devoted to the imstanding, it has gradually expanded into a

portant business of instructing the youth of college, of an enlarged and most useful

the country, and the remainder of the number character, designated, Acadia College,

are engaged in various professional and other having for its object the preparation of young

vocations in life. During the present year, men to take charge of the primary schools of

28 students have attended the college classes, the country, the mental improvement in the

nt in the and about 75 the academical department. higher branches of science of such as design

nThe population of the three provinces, viz, to enter upon the learned professions, and

Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and P. E. theological training to candidates for the

Island, is not far short of 500,000, at least Christian ministry; all of which has been

| one fifth of which number is deeply interested done to an extent highly creditable to the in the prosperity of this Institution. In fact, institution, and exceedingly beneficial to the

the civil and religious well-being of that large people. In pursuit of these objects, the

section of British North America, is identigovernors of the college have been sustained |

fied to a great extent with its success. by voluntary contributions from the old as

“To finish the college buildings, now in well as from the new world.

progress, and to render it efficient in all its “In order to show the present financial

departments, £1,500 are required; which, position of the institution, it may be necessary

added to the amount of debt above stated, to make the following statement of account,

£2,619, makes £4,119 sterling. viz. :

“To raise this amount, efforts are being

made in Great Britain, the United States,

£ 3. d. Cost of college and academy, buildings,

and the British Provinces in North America. land, &c., from the commencement

The deputation to Great Britain is now here, in 1828, to the present period, 21

for the purpose of making an appeal; in supyears

.............. 5,000 0 o
5,000 o 0 port of which, in addition to what lias

port Expenditure during that period for maintaining the institution............ 14,123 00 already been stated, they may observe,

that among many disadvantages to which

£19,123 00 The total receipts during that period,

the colonies are subjected, none have more for liquidation of cost of buildings,

materially retarded their improvement than and to meet the annual expenditure,

their inadequate and defective means of including £800 collected by the Rev.

education. Affected by this consideration, John Pryor, in Great Britain, in 1844-5, have been ....

| aged ministers of the gospel, themselves .......... 16,504 0 0

without the benefit of a scholastic education, Leaving a balance now owing by the

but who, in the infancy of these colonies, had institution of ....

...... 2619 0 0

| been the honoured instruments of spreading And which shows an average annual expendituro of £909, and income of £786.

the gospel through the wilderness, about

twenty years ago aroused their brethren to The deficiency of income here exhibited the duty of meeting the necessities of an has gradually accumulated, and is easily advancing state of society, by placing the explained, the main catise being the failure means of education within the reach of their of the crops of the country for a number of youth. Hence arose the institution, whose years, impoverishing the ability, but by no claims are now presented to the friends in means the interest, of its supporters. The Great Britain. No country was ever in governors and friends of the college have circumstances that more imperatively depainfully witnessed this increase, and while manded for its advancement the means of since its commencement the most rigid | extended education, than the British North economy has been observed, it is intended in | American Provinces, and the great object of future to practise still further that frugality | those who have engaged in the cause has of expenditure which it is hoped will place | been, to offer the benefits of instruction to the same on a level with its income. To the body of the people throughout the

Tohn 1800 colile dal expendit, 88,

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