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enduring value to its labours, and shed the of a nature which never could do anything by light of a satisfying hope around its close. halves, with all the fervour of an enthusiasm How empty had all these bygone years been of which had at length found an object worthy of God! True, he had not been wholly forget-its whole energies at their highest pitch of ful; many an adoring thought of the Almighty, effort, he gave himself to the great work of as the great Creator, Upholder, Governor of setting himself right with God. The comthe universe, had filled his mind, and many | mencement of such an enterprise marks a grateful feelings towards his heavenly Bene- | great and signal epoch in his spiritual history. factor had visited his heart. But that, he now It sprung out of his profound sense of human felt, was not enough. The clear unchallenge mortality; his vivid realizing of the life that able right belonged to God over the full affec- now is in its connexion with the life that is to tion of the heart, the unremitting obedience of come; his recognition of the supremacy which the life ; but no such affection had been enter. God and the high interests of eternity should tained; and it had been but seldom that a | wield over the heart and life of man. It did distinct regard to the will of God bad given its not originate in any change in his speculative birth or its direction to any movement of his belief, induced by his studies either of the conpast history. In name acknowledged, but in tents or credentials of the bible. In the course their true nature and extent misunderstood, he of that memorable transition-period which felt that his Creator's claims over him had been elapsed from the bsginning of November, 1809, practically disallowed and dishonoured during till the close of December, 1810, important his whole career. The meagre and superficial | modifications in his doctrinal views were faith of former years could no longer satisfy undoubtedly effected. His partial discovery of him. It could not stand the scrutiny of the the pervading and defiling element of ungodlisick-room ; it could not bear to be confronted ness, gave him other notions of human deprawith death; it gave way under the application vity than those he had previously entertained, of its own chosen test ; for surely, even reason and prepared him not only to acquiesce in, but taught that if man have a God to love and to appropriate to himself representations from serve, and an eternity beyond death to provide which a year before he would have turned arsy for, towards that God a supreme and abiding with disgust. And with he altered view of sense of obligation should be cherished, and to human sinfulness, theme came also an altered the providing for that eternity the whole efforts view of the atouement. He was prepared now of a lifetime should be consecrated. Con- to go fartner than he had gone before in recogvinced of the fatal error upon which the wholi i nizing the death of Christ as a true and proper scheme of his former life had been con-trucier, sacrifice for sin. Still, however, while looking Mr. Chalmers resolved upon a clan ye. He to that death for the removal of past guilt, he would no longer live here as if here bet to believed that it lay wholly with himself after live for ever. Henceforth end i sit sily he he had been forgiven, to approve himself to would recognize his immortalit ir! remem- God, to win the Divine favour, to work out the bering that this Lecting pigrim" was a scene title to the heavenly inheritance. The full and of trial, a place of spiritual probation, he would precise effect of Christ's obedience unto death dedietat imself to the rules of God, and live was not as yet discerned. Over that central come high aim and parpose of one who was doctrine of Christianity which tells of the
training for eternity. It was a kind of life sinner's free justification before God through which had already been realized by countless the merits of his Son, there hung an obscuring thousands of his fellow men, and why not by mist; there was a flaw in the motive which him? It had been realized by Pascal in mak- prompted the struggle in which Mr. Chalmers ing the sublime transition from the highest so devotedly engaged ; there was a misconcepwalks of science to the still higher walk of tion of the object which it was possible by such faith. It had been realized by those early a struggle to realize. More than a year of Christians whose lives and testimonies he was fruitless toil had to be described, ere the true now engaged in studying. Surrounded with ground of a sinner's acceptance with God was ench a cloud of witnesses, a new ambition, reached and the true principleof all acceptable obestronger and more absorbing than that which dience was implanted in his heart.” pp.153-155. bad thirsted so eagerly for literary fame, fired Mr. Chalmers' breast. Every thought of his
il Some years afterwards, reviewing beart, every word of his lip, every action of this part of his life, Dr. Chalmers exhis life, he would henceforth strive to regulate pressed himself thus, in a letter to a under a high presiding sense of his responsibili
friend : ty to God; his whole life he would turn into a preparation for eternity. With all the ardour «•I stated to you that the effect of a very long confinement, about ten years ago, upon your bible,' All too little, John, all too myself, was to inspire me with a set of very little,' was tủe significant reply." p. 262. strenuous resolutions, under which I wrote a Journal, and made many a laborious effort to
Of course the change affected his elevate my practice to the standard of the Divine requirements. During this course,
preaching, and his intercourse with his however, I got little satisfaction, and felt no flock. Previously, his ministry had repose. I remember that somewhere about the | been unpopular, his church was poorly year 1811, I had Wilberforce's View put into | attended, and his exertions were in. my hands, and, as I got on in reading it, felt myself on the eve of a great revolution in all
effective; but afterwards he set himself my opinions about Christianity. I am now earnestly to his work, and could no most thoroughly of opinion, and it is an opinion longer be content with perfunctory founded on experience, that on the system services. of-Do this and live, no peace, and even no true and worthy obedience, can ever be
“The opening months of 1811, as they attained. It is, Believe in the Lord Jesus
brought tranquillity and establishment to his Christ, and thou shalt be saved. When this belief enters the beart, joy and confidence enter
own heart, so they gave a new character to his along with it. The righteousness which we
sabbath ministrations. It was not, however, try to work out for ourselves eludes our impo
till the close of that year that the complete tent grasp, and never can a soul arrive at true
re-establishment of his health, and the fulfilor permanent rest in the pursuit of this object.
ment of his engagements with Dr. Brewster,
enabled him to give full time and strength to The righteousness which, by faith, we put on, secures our acceptance with God, and secures
his compositions for the pulpit. The result
was a series of discourses, a goodly number of our interest in his promises, and gives us a part in those sanctifying influences by which we are
which, delivered almost verbally as originally w ww to do with aid from on high, what we
written, were listened to in after years by connever car lo #babout it. We look to God in
gregated thousands in Glasgow, and Edinburgh,
and London, with wondering and entranced a new light -- We se him as a reconciled
admiration. I have been able to trace to this Father; that love to him wich terror scares
period so many of the sermons afterwards away, re-enters the heart, and, witi a new
selected by their author for publication, and principle and a new power, we become nepo
have found so few alterations made on the creatures in Jesus Christ our Lord.'*. pp.
cri inal ma . scripts in preparing them for the 185, 186.
press, m. w isatisfied that the three final External indications of the moment- years oi' nis ministry at Kilmany supplied as
urses, ous change which had taken place
as any other thr- year. 'n the whole course of within were speedily perceptible.
his ministry. It was not the stimulus of “ His regular and earnest study of the bible cultivated audiences, and an int liectual sphere was one of the first and most noticeable effects -it was not the effort to win or to sustain a of Mr. Chalmers' conversion. His nearest wide-spread popularity-it was not the stronneighbour and most frequent visitor was old ing after originality of thought or splendous John Bonthron, who, having once seen better of illustration, which gave to these discourses days, was admitted to an easy and privileged their peculiar form and character. They were, familiarity, in the exercise of which one day to a great extent, the spontaneous products of before the memorable illness, he said to Mr. that new love and zeal which Divine grace had Chalmers— I find you aye busy, sir, with one planted in his soul; the shape and texture of thing or another, but come when I may, I their eloquence springing from the combined never find you at your studies for the sabbath.' operation of all his energies — intellectual,
Oh, an hour or two on the Saturday evening moral, and emotional-whose native movements is quite enough for that,' was the minister's were now stimulated into a more glowing answer. But now the change had come, and intensity of action by that controlling motive John, on entering the manse, often found Mr. which concentrated them all upon one single Chalmers poring eagerly over the pages of the and sublime accompaniment—the salvation of bible. The difference was too striking to immortal souls.” Pp. 417, 418. escape notice, and with the freedom given him, “The discovery that pardon and full reconwhich he was ready enough to use, he said, ciliation with God are offered gratuitously to never come in now, sir, but I find you aye at all men in Christ, had been the turning point
in Mr. Chalmers' own spiritual history; and, of Dundee could generally count a dozen or the most marked characteristic of his pulpit two of his fellow townsmen around him, while ministrations after his conversion was the fre- ministers from Edinburgh or Glasgow were quency and feryour with which he held out to occasionally detected among the crowd. sinners Christ and his salvation as God's free "All this told distinctly enough of the gift, which it was their privilege and their duty popularity of the preacher; but within the at once and most gratefully to accept. Most parish, and as the effect of such a ministry as earnest entreaties that every sinner he spoke to has been now described, what were the spiritual should come to Christ just as he was, and results ?-Too delicate a question this for any .bury all his fears in the sufficiency of the great full or satisfactory reply ; but of one sabbath's atonement,' were reiterated on each succeeding service we shall tell the fruits. It was in the sabbath, presented in all possible forms, and spring of 1812, and the preacher's text was delivered in all different kinds of tones and of John iii. 16,- God so loved the world, that he attitudes. He would desert for a minute or gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever two his manuscript, that with greater direct- believeth in him should not perish, but have Dess and familiarity of phrase, greater pointed everlasting life.' Two young men heard this ness and personality of application, he might sermon, the one the son of a farmer in the urge upon their acceptance the gospel invita parish, the other the son of one of the villagers. tion. “He would bend over the pulpit,' said They met as the congregation dispersed, one of his old hearers, and press us to take Did you feel anything particularly in church the gift, as if he held it that moment in his to-day ?' Alexander Paterson said to his achand, and would not be satisfied till every one quaintance, Robert Edie, as they found themof us had got possession of it. And often selves alone upon the road. 'I never," he when the sermon was over, and the psalm was continued, "felt myself to be a lost sinner till sung, and he rose to pronounce the blessing, he to-day, when I was listening to that sermon.' would break out afresh with some new entreaty, * It is very strange,' said his companion, 'it was unwilling to let us go until he had made one just the same with me. They were near a more effort to persuade us to accept of it.'” plantation, into which they wandered, as the Pp. 417–420.
conversation proceeded. Hidden at last from
all human sight, it was proposed that they And what was the result of this, in
should join in prayer. Screened by the opening regard to the hearers ?
foliage, they knelt on the fresh green sod, and
poured out in turn their earnest petitions to " It was not long till the whole aspect of the the hearer and answerer of prayer. Both dated sabbath congregations in Kilmany church was their conversion from that day. Alexander cbanged. The stupid wonder which used to Paterson went shortly afterwards to reside in sit on the countenances of the few villagers or the neighbouring parish of Dairsie, but attended farm-servants who attended divine service, was regularly on the sabbath at Kilmany church. turned into a fixed, intelligent, and devout His friend, Robert Edie, generally convoyed attention. It was not easy for the dullest to him part of the way home. About one hun. remain uninformed; for, if the preacher some- dred yards from the road along which they times soared too bigh for the best trained of travelled, in the thickly-screened seclusion of bis people to follow him, at other times, and a close plantation, and under the shade of a much oftener, he put the matter of his message branching fir-tree, the two friends found a quiet so as to force for it an entrance into the most retreat, where, each returning sabbath evening, sluggish understanding. Nor was it easy for the eye that seeth in secret looked down upon the most indifferent to remain unmoved, as the these two youthful disciples of the Saviour on first fervours of a new-born faith and love their knees, and for an hour their ardent prayers found such thrilling strains in which to vent alternately ascended to the throne of grace. themselves. The church became crowded. The practice was continued for years, till a The feeling grew with the numbers who shared private footpath of their own had been opened in it. The fame of those wonderful discourses to the trysting-tree, and when, a few years which were now emanating from the burning ago, after long absence on the part of both, Lips of this new evangelist spread throughout they met at Kilmany, at Mr. Edie's suggestion the neighbourhood, till at last there was not an they re-visited the spot, and renewing the adjacent parish which did not send its weekly sacred exercise, offered up their joint thankscontribution to his ministry. Persons from givings to that God who had kept them by his extreme distances in the county found them- grace, and in their separate spheres had selves side by side in the same crowded pew. honoured each of them with usefulness in the Looking over the congregation, the inhabitant churcb. Mr. Paterson has now laboured for twenty-two years as a missionary in the Canon- and the evil speaker his censoriousness, and the gate of Edinburgh, not without many pleasing liar his deviations from truth, I should have felt evidences that his labours have been blessed; all the repose of one who had gotten his ultiand I have reason to believe that by his efforts mate object. It never occurred to me, that all in behalf of bible and missionary societies, this might have been done, and yet the soul of through means of sabbath schools and prayer- every hearer have remained in full alienation meetings, and by the light of a guiding and from God, and that even could I have estaconsistent example, Mr. Edie's life, while one blished in the bosom of one who stole, such a of active industry, had also been one of devoted principle of abhorrence at the meanness of disChristian usefulness.” pp. 427-430.
honesty that he was prevailed upon to steal no more, he might still have retained a heart as
completely unturned to God, and as totally unThe surrounding clergy, however,
possessed by a principle of love to Him as proclaimed that he was mad; and this before. In a word, though I might have made was believed and reported, even after he him a more upright and honourable man, I had entered upon another scene of la might have left him as destitute of the essence bour.
of religious principle as ever. But the interesting fact is, that during the whole of that
period in which I made no attempt against the “A gentleman and his wife, one sabbath,
natural enmity of the mind to God, while I going to church in Glasgow, met a friend who
was inattentive to the way in which this enmity spoke to them, and inquired where they were is dissolved; even by the free offer on the one going. They said, “To hear Dr. Chalmers.'
hand, and the believing acceptance on the other, He said, "What! to hear that madman ?
an?' of the gospel salvation ; while Christ through They said, if he would agree to go with them, whose blood the sinner, who by nature stands and hear Dr. Chalmers for once, and if after
afar off, is brought near to the heavenly lawthat he persisted in talking in such a manner giver whom he has offended, was scarcely ever of him, they would never dispute the matter
spoken of, or spoken of in such a way as stripwith him again. He accompanied them; and,
ped him of all the importance of his character singular to relate, it happened that, when Dr.
and his offices, even at this time I certainly did Chalmers entered the pulpit that day, he gave
press the reformations of honour, and truth, and out as his text, “I am not mad, most noble
integrity, among my people; but I never once Festus, but speak forth the words of truth and
heard of any such reformations having been soberness ;' and the gentleman, who I rather
effected amongst them. If there was anything think was a medical man, became from that
at all brought about in this way, it was more day a changed man,-a convert to evangelical
than ever I got any account of. I am not Christianity.” pp. 504, 505.
sensible that all the vehemence with which I
urged the virtues and the proprieties of social A few sentences descriptive of the
life, had the weight of a feather on the moral
habits of my parishioners. And it was not till effects of his ministry in the two
I got impressed by the nitter alienation of the different periods into which it was heart in all its desires and affections from God. divided, as given by himself in his it was not till reconciliation to him became the Farewell Sermon at Kilmany, deserves
distinct and the prominent object of my ministo be read again and again, especially in
terial exertions; it was not till I took the
scriptural way of laying the method of recona time of religious languor.
ciliation before them; it was not till the free
offer of forgiveness through the blood of Christ “And here I cannot but record the effect of an was urged upon their acceptance, and the Holy actual though undesigned experiment which I Spirit given through the channel of Christ's prosecuted for upwards of twelve years among mediatorship to all who ask him was set before you. For the greater part of that time I could them as the unceasing object of their dependexpatiate on the meanness of dishonesty, on the ence and their prayers ; in one word, it was not villany of falsehood, on the despicable arts of till the contemplations of my people were turned calumny; in a word, upon all those deformities to these great and essential elements in the of character which awaken the natural indigna- business of a soul providing for its interest with tion of the human heart against the pests and God and the concerns of its eternity, that I the disturbers of human society. Now could J, ever heard of any of those subordinate reformaupon the strength of these warm expostula- tions wbich 1 aforetime made the earnest and tions, have got the thief to give up his stealing, I the zealous, but I am afraid at the same time, the ultimate object of my earlier ministrations. this honoured servant of the Redeemer, Ye servants,whose scrupulous fidelity has now at
as subsequent portions of the memoir tracted the notice, and drawn forth in my hearing a delightful testimony from your masters,
appear. Of the successive volumes of what mischief you would have done, had your
his Posthumous Works we have spoken zeal for doctrines and sacraments been accom- repeatedly, and were we now to add panied by the sloth and the remissness, and
anything it would be to renew our corwhat, in the prevailing tone of moral relaxa
dial recommendation of that which tion, is counted the allowable purloining of your earlier days! But a sense of your heavenly
seems likely to be the most permanently master's eye has brought another influence to useful of all his publications—the Instibear upon you; and while you are thus striving tutes of Theology. Our attachment to to adorn the doctrine of God your Saviour in works of this class is not strong, and all things, you may, poor as you are, reclaim the great ones of the land to the acknowledg
our expectations from these two volumes ment of the faith. You have at least taught were not sanguine; but we have found me that to preach Christ is the only effective in them such an avoidance of the evils way of preaching morality in all its branches ; with which systematic theology is and out of your humble cottages have I gathered
generally combined, so much humility a lesson, which I pray God I may be enabled to carry with all its simplicity into a wider theatre,
connected with spiritual discernment, and to bring with all the power of its subduing and such warm effusions from a heart efficacy upon the vices of a more crowded steeped in New Testament influences, population. pp. 430–432.
that we should be sorry to neglect a
fair opportunity of mentioning them to We hope to have other opportunities any fellow Christians who value our of directing attention to the career of opinion.
New Polyglott Bible. The Holy Bible: con- y personal knowledge, caused young eyes to
taining the Old and New Testaments, accord- glisten. We have seen the effect produced and ing to the Authorized Version. With Mar- can fully account for it, there being an obvious ginal Readings, and upwards of Fifty convenience, as the purveyors for the young Thousand Verified References to Parallel | people of other denominations have found, in and Nlustrative Passages. The Historical having in one pair of covers, all the chapters, Connection of the Old and New Testaments, hymns, and psalms, that are needed at the place to achich is added a series of Useful Tables, of worship to which we are attached. The type, intended to illustrate the Sacred Text, even for the bible, which is smaller than that Glasgow: W. R. M'Phun. 1849.
used for the hymns, is sufficiently clear for the The Psalms of David, imitated in New Testa purpose; though for much continuous reading,
Rent Language, together with Hymns and a larger would be preferred by seniors whose Spiritual Songs. In three Books. By the sight has begun to decay. A few maps are inRev. Isaac WATTS, D.D. London: Printed serted, on thin paper, which, like the tabnlar and Sold by J. Haddon, Castle Street, matter, add to the usefulness of the volume Finsbnry. 1849.
without making any perceptible addition to its A Selection of Hymns for the use of Baptist bulk.
Coagregations : intended as a Supplement to
son. Author of the Pocket Commentary,
Biblical Dictionary, &c. &c. Edinburgh : These three books bound together so as to Printed and Published by James Brydone, make a handsome and yet portable volume, as South Hanover Street, 1848. Dow kept for sale by Mr. Haddon, have, to our! This is a highly respectable work, though