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ity we may be left to our idols, and but that we may be charmed to imifalling away from our profession be a tation. Again, when we read, “ They bye-word and a mark for the scorner; that feared the Lord spake often one to or, retaining our profession, be as life- another,” and turn to the apostolic inless and as useless as an Egyptian junction, “Speaking to yourselves in mummy, too many of which may psalms, and hymns, and spiritual already be seen in the museum of the songs,” we feel that our ordinary meetchurch. For as one has said, “God ings in the house of God, or at the looks not at the oratory of your prayers, table of the Lord, do not realize the how eloquent they are; nor at their close and spiritual intercourse indicated geometry, how long they are; nor at in these and kindred passages of holy their arithmetic, how many they are; writ. It is quite true that the enernor at their logic, how methodical they gies required in all the pursuits of proare; but he looks at their sincerity, how fessional and industrial life, in the spiritual they are.”
present age, may render it difficult to We need not amplify to show how multiply religious meetings. But could much we need a new unction with re- not a Christian church be classed out gard to all the other and varied exer- into convenient numbers and localities, cises of piety, because if we get holy and meet once a month, as Christians and oil to the wheels of our prayers, then fellow members ? each one contributing our reading, hearing, giving, and holy a “psalm or hymn,” a portion of scripliving, will all be so sublimated that we ture, or some remark or inquiry of an shall exclaim, “Or ever I was aware experimental kind, which would elicit my soul made me like the chariots of observations and friendly conversation; Amminadib.” Failing this, the end of that would awaken mutual sympathy, the year will not leave us where it and “provoke one another to love and found us. Our coldness will be increas- good works." It cannot be denied ing with every month, and as Foster that in many large churches, if not in somewhere expresses it, “We shall be smaller ones, there is a want of recireceding, degree after degree, from the procity and almost of recognition among warm and hopeful zone; till at last we those who have professedly united shall enter the arctic circle, and become themselves in a bond of holy fraternity, fixed in relentless and eternal ice,” which should be the type of a world
May it not also be affirmed, that where "all the air is love.” Now, just members of churches want more spiri- to the extent to which this defection tual mutual intercourse ?
exists, church fellowship must be conAnd if the suggestion at the com- fessed to be a shadow, a fiction, a delumencement of a new year should sion. Nor can it be said to realize the awaken attention to this desideratum, inspired illustration of its oneness, or and lead to any practical measures for its sympathy—“For the body is one, its observance, it is believed the result and hath many members, and all the would be beneficial. It surely must be members of that one body, being many, acknowledged that we are below thestan- are one body." Therefore, “The memdard of scriptural requirement in this bers should have the same care one for matter. When we read, “How good and another, and if one member suffer, all how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell the members suffer with it; or if one together in unity !” and are directed member be honoured, all the members to “behold " it, it is not merely that rejoice with it,” i Cor. xii. we may gaze upon it with admiration, If, therefore, these remarks are just,
VOL. XIII.-FOURTH SERIES.
and more spiritual fellowship is admitted | missionary associations, Christian into be among the wants of the church, struction and sick societies, &c., &c., to let us seek to supply it, by the appoint- furnish work for all hearts and hands. ment of such meetings of the members, We live in an earnest age, and the as, under the divine blessing, may pro- church must not be behind the world. mote so desirable an object. And the But it will be so, if its members conend of the year will justify the chang-tent themselves with saying or thinking ing of our tone from that of reluctant the church must be in earnest, instead complaint to grateful acknowledgment. of saying, “ I must be in earnest, for I
The other want to which we may am a part of the church.” It is, doubt. briefly advert, is, a universal recognition less, one of Satan's devices to turn our of the importance of individual effort. mental eyes away from our individual
It really would be of no small service selves, and fix them upon the church; for many old members of our churches that so, both with regard to our sins to learn again their nursery rhymes, and our duties, we may lose ourselves which sang of “the little busy bee" in the crowd. Henceforth, let each of to remind them that a church of Christ us, for ourselves, say, Christ has reshould be like the active hive, in which deemed me; he, therefore, claims my no drones are permitted to nestle. The heart, my life, my all. anatomy of the human body shows that "O Christ ! I freely have from thee every member and every organ has Thyself and all that's thine, some important function to perform,
And justly thou requir'st of me,
Myself and all that's mine," and that a paralysis of any one of these will derange and impede the healthful "For if these things be in us, and operation of the whole. In an active abound, we shall neither be barren nor church the drones must be without unfruitful in the knowledge of our excuse, and our pastors should be care- Lord Jesus Christ;" and we may then ful, by promoting sabbath, and day, and expect to enjoy, in the highest and best ragged schools, bible classes, tract dis- sense of the words, A HAPPY NEW YEAR. tribution, village preaching, juvenile Bury St. Edmunds.
THE POWER OF THANKSGIVING.
BY MR. JOHN FREEMAN.
The power of prayer, as a means of earth at the same period, their presence grace, is readily acknowledged by every in a land would have done much to true Christian. But as the precept, avert divine judgments from thousands "pray without ceasing,” is immediately around them. In short, it would have followed by the injunction, “in every- been an extreme case in which they thing give thanks,” a few words on the would not have been a blessing to their power of thanksgiving may not be nation; and, in that extreme case, their amiss at the beginning of a year which, blessing would have returned into their for aught we know, may be no less own bosom. Thus in Ezek. xiv. 14, eventful than that just closed.
| God says, “Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were men of Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in that prayer; and, had they lived on the land, they should deliver but their own
souls by their righteousness." Yet it , habitual thankfulness for our recent appears that the thanksgivings of these preservation, when the arrows of death men were no less powerful than their flew thick in every direction. Yea, as prayers. Thus, numerous and fervent repentance has an essential connexion as Noah's prayers were, no one of them with "fruits meet for repentance,” so brought down from heaven a promise let our thankfulness to God be acted of seed-time and harvest till time itself out in suitable works of faith and shall cease. But when Noah virtually | labours of love. said, “What shall I render to the Lord for In some cases, too, thanksgiving may all his benefits?" and, in a grateful spirit, be more powerful than prayer. Thus multiplied such authorized burnt-offer in Luke xvii. 13, we have recorded such ings as typified Christ's giving himself a a prayer of ten lepers as issued in a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling sa- temporal salvation, while one out of the vour, we behold an unprecedented result. ten, adding thanksgiving, is addressed For in Gen. viii. 20, 21, it is said, “Noah by the Saviour as an heir of eternal salbuilded an altar unto the Lord, and vation. For though the Saviour's words took of every clean beast, and of every in Luke xvii. 19, are rendered, “Thy clean fowl, and offered burnt-offerings faith hath made thee whole,” the very on the altar. And the Lord smelled a same words in Luke vii. 50, are transweet savour; and the Lord said in his slated, “Thy faith hath saved thee." heart, I will not again curse the ground In fact, if cleansing from the leprosy any more for man's sake.”
had been all the Saviour intended when A thinking man may learn from every addressing him who added thanksgiving circumstance; and a fact lately report to prayer, the meaning would have ed to the writer may set us thinking been, “Thy faith hath made thee as about the cause of some apparent the other nine." But the language of mysteries in God's providence. A gen- Jesus was, “Were there not ten cleansed, tleman some time ago, when passing but where are the nine ? There are through one of the wards in St. Luke's, none found that returned to give glory had his attention directed to one of the to God except this alien.” And he said inmates of that lunatic asylum, who unto him, “Arise, go thy way; thy startled him with this question :-“Sir, faith hath saved thee.” did you ever bless God for your rea- In thanksgiving, therefore, we act son ?" The visitor, astounded at the wisely for the future, and bring down question, said, “No, I never did.” “Nor upon the earth the days of heaven, did I," said the afflicted inmate," and where the redeemed cast their crowns God took it from me."
before the throne, blessing Him whose Let us then believe that thanksgiving mercy endureth for ever, and singing, will preserve some mercies and add “Worthy the Lamb.” others. Thus let us bless God for all our mercies, and especially cherish Maryland Point, Stratford, Essex.
TRANSFERRED WORDS IN THE COMMON ENGLISH TESTAMENT.
NO. 1.-DEACON. The word DIAKONOS occurs in the instances rendered servant, in twenty Greek Testament thirty times. In the minister, and in the remaining three common English version, it is in seven it is merely Anglicised in form and written deacon. It is used in reference between a DIAKONOS and a DOULOSS to the persons who drew the water thus :—“In the proper and primitive which our Lord turned into wine; in sense of õlakovos (DIAKONOS), it is a reference to a civil magistrate, when it servant who attends his master, waits is said, “he is the minister of God to on him at table, and is always near his thee for good;" in reference to our Lord person to obey his orders, which was himself, when he is called “a minister accounted a more creditable kind of of the circumcision ;” in reference to service. By the word doulos (DOULOS), Paul, Apollos, Tychicus, Timothy, Phæbe, is not only meant a servant in general and others, who were engaged in the (whatever kind of work he be employed service of Christ and his churches. All in), but also a slave. It is solely from these are, for some cause or other, de the scope and connexion that we must scribed as “ deacons."
judge, when it should be rendered in The cognate word DIAKONIA is in like the one way, and when in the other. manner rendered, in different passages In the passage before us”—[Matthew of the English Testament, by the words, xx. 26, 27, which this eminent critic seryice, serving, ministry, ministration, renders, “Whosoever would become ministering, administration, relief, office. great amongst you, let him be your
The verb DIAKONEO is rendered serve, servant; and whosoever would be chief minister unto, administer, and in two amongst you, let him be your slave," } instances (1 Tim. iii. 10 and 15) “use " the view in both verses is to signify the office of a deacon;" where, if the that the true dignity of the Christian version had been as literal as in many will arise more from the service he does other passages, it would have been, to others, than the power he possesses "then let them serve, being found over them. We are to judge, therefore, blameless,” “they that have served well of the value of the words from the impurchase to themselves a good degree.” port of those they are contrasted with.
Whatever ecclesiastical associations And as desiring to be great is a more may be connected with the meaning moderate ambition than desiring to be of the word DIAKONOS, in the minds of chief, we naturally conclude, that as modern readers it is evident that its the word opposed to the former should use was not confined originally to church be expressive of some of the inferior officers, or religious persons. The epi- stations in life, that opposed to the thet was applied by the Greeks to those latter must be expressive of the lowest. who waited on them at table. The When this sufficiently suits the ordinary deacons of Satan are mentioned by signification of the words, there can Paul in contrast with the deacons of hardly remain any doubt. As this is righteousness. In the parable of the manifestly the case here, I did not know wedding garment, the king is repre- any words in our language by which I sented as commanding his deacons to could better express a difference of debind the offending guest, and carry him gree, 80 clearly intended, than the away. Peter's wife's mother arose words servant and slave. The word after her cure, and used the office of a minister is now appropriated to the deacon to our Lord, and to those who servants, not of private masters, but of were with him; and Martha complained the public. It is from the distinctions of Mary that she had left her to use in private life, well known at the time, the office of a deacon alone. A deacon, that our Lord's illustrations are borin truth, is one who serves.
rowed." Dr. George Campbell distinguishes. The following is a list of the instances in which the word DIAKONOS occurs in 2 Cor. xi. 15 ...... If his ministers also be trangthe Greek Testament :
15 ......As the ministers of righteMatt, xx. 26 ...... Let him be your minister.
ousness. xxü. 13. ... Then said the king to the
23 ......Are they ministers of Christ? servants,
Gal. ü, 17 ......... Is, therefore, Christ the xxii, 11....Greatest among you shall be
minister of sin ? your servant.
Eph. ii. 7 ......... Whereof I was made a minMark ix, 35. ......Last of all, and servant of all.
ister, x. 43......... Shall be your minister.
vi. 21......... And faithful minister in the John ïj, 5. .........His mother saith unto the
Phil. i. 1............ With the bishops and deacons. : 9. ........ The servants which drew the Col. i. 7 ............ A faithful minister of Christ. water knew.
23 ......... Whereof, I Paul, am made a xii, 26. ...... There shall also myservantbe.
minister, Rom. xii. 4. ...... For he is the minister of God 25 .........Church whereof I am made to thee.
& minister. 4. ...... The minister of God, a re iv, 7........... A faithful minister and fellow venger.
servant. xv. 8......... Aminister of the circumcision. 1 Thess, iii, 2......Our brother and minister of xvi. I. ......Phæbe . . . which is a ser
God. vant of the church. 1 Tim, iii. 8 ...... Likewise must the deacons I Cor. ii. 5......... Ministers by whom ye be
be grave. lieved.
12 ...... Let the deacons be the hug. 2 Cor. ii. 6......... Able ministers of the New
bands of one wife. Testament.
iv. 6 .....,A good minister of Jesus vi. 4......... Approving ourselves as the
Christ, ministers of God.
POPERY, AS IT IS IN LONDON. It has long been the policy of Romish him, that from him alone can any teachers to present their dogmas and blessing possibly come, that he is the practices to the inhabitants of this sole fountain of salvation and grace, country in so mild and attenuated a and all spiritual or even earthly gifts,– form as to cause them to appear but and that no one created being can have little different from opinions and modes any power, energy, or influence, of its of worship with which the auditors | own, in carrying into effect our wishes were familiar. This has been so far or desires.” Such is the language of successful that to multitudes of our the controvertist; but how awfully are intelligent countrymen it seems uncan- the authorized services of his church did to describe the services performed adapted to draw away the heart from as idolatrous, or to maintain that popery the fountain of all goodness, and fix the as it now exists is ruinous to the souls hope, the confidence, the attachment, of men. Dr. Wiseman represents it as on frail creatures, who themselves the universally received doctrine of his needed a Saviour, and who possessed no church “that it is sinful to pay the real excellence but that which they same homage or worship to the saints, derived from Emmanuel's fulness. It or to the greatest of the saints, or the may be useful then to give a specimen highest of the angels in heaven, which of idolatrous worship as now practised we pay to God : that supreme honour openly by adherents of the church of and worship are reserved exclusively to Rome in the metropolis of England.