Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - 380 oldal

Using the same approach as the popular Milestones in Science and Technology and Milestones in Health and Medicine, this unique reference features more than 600 concise entries describing the most significant advances in the field of computer science and information technology. Arranged in a convenient A-to-Z format, entries explain topics in a wide variety of categories, including hardware, software, theory, mathematics, programming, languages, memory, architecture, applications, and graphics.

Each entry presents a history of the topic's milestones, describes its current status, and recommends a source for additional research. Entries link key developments and discoveries to notable researchers and companies, from the famous figures like Alan Turing and Bill Gates to lesser-known names like Gordon Moore and Zuse. More than 30 illustrations, helpful cross-references, four indexes, and selected sources for additional reading help users navigate this reference and supplement their research. Whether you're researching cutting-edge technologies such as MP3, data encryption, and Beowulf clusters, or historical topics like Fortran, Packard Bell, and the Alto computer, students from high school and college, scholars, and the general public can easily find the facts and dates surrounding the most significant developments in the history of computing.

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Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology

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In the preface of his latest endeavor, which sits somewhere between an encyclopedia and a dictionary, Reilly (computer science, emeritus, SUNY at Buffalo; Encyclopedia of Computer Science) states that ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása


Alphabetical Listing of Articles
Listing of Cited References
Listing of References of Interest
Classification of Articles
The Top Ten Consolidated Milestones
Personal Name Index
Chronological Index
Geographical Index
General Index

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168. oldal - Thereafter, at any time, when one of these items is in view, the other can be instantly recalled merely by tapping a button below the corresponding code space. Moreover, when numerous items have been thus joined together to form a trail, they can be reviewed in turn, rapidly or slowly, by deflecting a lever like that used for turning the pages of a book.
85. oldal - Computer), which was first demonstrated at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia Feb 14, 1946.
153. oldal - The universe (which others call the Library) is composed of an indefinite an3 perhaps infinite number of hexagonal galleries, with vast air shafts between, surrounded by very low railings.
100. oldal - A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. Firewalls can be implemented in both hardware and software, or a combination of both. Firewalls are frequently used to prevent unauthorized Internet users from accessing private networks connected to the Internet, especially intranets. All messages entering or leaving the intranet pass through the firewall, which examines each message and blocks those that do not meet the specified security criteria.
261. oldal - Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth but supreme beauty — a beauty cold and austere, like that of sculpture, without appeal to any part of our weaker nature, without the gorgeous trappings of painting or music, yet sublimely pure, and capable of a stern perfection such as only the greatest art can show.
168. oldal - A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.
168. oldal - When the user is building a trail, he names it, inserts the name in his code book, and taps it out on his keyboard. Before him are the two items to be joined, projected onto adjacent viewing positions. At the bottom of each there are a number of blank code spaces, and a pointer is set to indicate one of these on each item. The user taps a single key, and the items are permanently joined. In each code space appears the code word. Out of view, but also in the code space, is inserted a set of dots for...
24. oldal - V a self-moving machine, or one in which the principle of motion is contained within the mechanism itself.

A szerzőről (2003)

EDWIN D. REILLY is Associate Professor of Computer Science, Emeritus, SUNY-Albany. He is the coeditor ofEncyclopedia of Computer Science, 4th ed. (Nature Publ. Grp/Macmillan, 2000), and omputer Graphics Companion (Palgrave/St. Martins, 2000), and coauthor of Vax Assembly Language Programming (Macmillan, 1991) and Pascalgorithms (Houghton Mifflin, 1988).

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