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Reproach their owner with that love of rest, That palls and satiates, and makes languid life,
Recoils from its own choice-at the full feast
No smartness in the jest; and wonders why.
Yet thousands still desire to journey on,
But cannot play them, borrows a friend's hand,
Her mingled suits and sequences; and sits,
Others are dragg'd into the crowded room
Through downright inability to rise,
Till the stout bearers lift the corpse again.
They love it, and yet lothe it; fear 10 die,
Yet scorn the purposes for which they live.
Then wherefore not renounce them? No-the dread
The slavish dread of solitude, that breeds
Reflection and remorse, the fear of shame,
And their invet'rate habits, all forbid.
Whom call we gay? That honor has been long
That dries his feathers, saturate with dew,
of day-spring over-shoot his humble nest.
Himself a songster, is as gay as he.
And save me too from theirs, whose haggard eyes
Flash desperation, and betray their pangs
From gaiety, that fills the bones with pain,
The Earth was made so various, that the mind
Till half their beauties fade; the weary sight,
Fastidious, seeking less familiar scenes.
Where frequent hedges intercept the eye,
Not senseless of its charms, what still we love,
That such short absence may endear it more. With acrid salts; his very heart athirst,
Then forests, or the savage rock may please,
That hides the seamew in his hollow clefts
Conspicuous many a league, the mariner,
Bound homeward, and in hope already there,
Greets with three cheers exulting. At his waist He seeks them headlong, and is seen no more. A girdle of half-wither'd shrubs he shows,
The spleen is seldom felt where Flora reigns; And at his feet the baffled billows die. The low'ring eye, the petulance, the frown, The common, overgrown with fern, and rough And sullen sadness, that o'ershade, distort,
With prickly gorse, that, shapeless and deform'd, And mar, the face of Beauty, when no cause And dang'rous to the touch, has yet its bloom, For such immeasurable woe appears,
And decks itself with ornaments of gold, These Flora banishes, and gives the fair
Yields no unpleasing ramble; there the turf Sweet smiles, and bloom less transient than her own. Smells fresh, and, rich in oxlorif'rous herbs It is the constant revolution, stale
And fungous fruits of earth, regales the sense And tasteless, of the same repeated joys,
With luxury of unexpected sweets.
There often wanders one, whom better days And terrible to sight, as when she springs Saw better clad, in cloak of satin trimm'd
(If e'er she springs spontaneous) in remote With lace, and hat with splendid riband bound. And barb'rous climes, where violence prevails, A serving-maid was she, and fell in love
And strength is lord of all; but, gentle, kind, With one who left her, went to sea, and died. By culture tam'd, by liberty refresh'd, Her fancy follow'd him through foaming waves And all her fruits by radiant truth matur'd. To distant shores; and she would sit and weep War and the chase engross the savage whole ; At what a sailor suffers; fancy too,
War follow'd for revenge, or to supplant Delusive most where warmest wishes are,
The envied tenants of some happier spot : Would oft anticipate his glad return,
The chase for sustenance, precarious trust! And dream of transports she was not to know. His hard condition with severe constraint She heard the doleful tidings of his death
Binds all his faculties, forbids all growth And never smild again! and now she roams of wisdom, proves a school, in which he learns The dreary waste ; there spends the livelong day, Sly circumvention, unrelenting hate, And there, unless when charity forbids,
Mean self-attachment, and scarce aught beside. The livelong night. A tatter'd apron hides, Thus fare the shiv'ring natives of the north, Worn as a cloak, and hardly hides, a gown And thus the rangers of the western world, More tatter'd still; and both but ill conceal Where it advances far into the deep, A bosom heav'd with never-ceasing sighs.
Tow'rds the antarctic. Even the favor'd isles She begs an idle pin of all she meets,
So lately found, although the constant Sun And hoards them in her sleeve ; but needful food, Cheer all their seasons with a grateful smile, Though press'd with hunger oft, or comelier clothes, Can boast but liule virtue ; and, inert Though pinch'd with cold, asks never.-Kate is Through plenty, lose in morals what they gain craz'd.
In manners-victims of luxurious ease. I see a column of slow-rising smoke
These therefore I can pity, plac'd remote O'ertop the lofty wood, that skirts the wild. From all that science traces, art invents, A vagabond and useless tribe there eat
Or inspiration teaches ; and inclos'd Their miserable meal. A kettle, slung
In boundless oceans never to be passid Between two poles upon a stick transverse, By navigators uninform'd as they, Receives the morsel-Aesh obscene of dog, Or plow'd perhaps by British bark again : Or vermin, or at best of cock purloin'd
But far beyond the rest, and with most cause, From his accustom'd perch. Hard-faring race! Thee, gentle savage !* whom no love of thee They pick their fuel out of ev'ry hedge,
Or thine, but curiosity perhaps, Which, kindled with dry leaves, just saves un- Or else vain-glory, prompted us to draw quench'd
Forth from thy native bow'rs, to show thee here The spark of life. The sportive wind blows wide with what superior skill we can abuse Their flutı'ring rags, and shows a tawny skin, The gifts of Providence, and squander life. The vellum of the pedigree they claim.
The dream is past; and thou hast found again Great skill have they in palmistry, and more Thy cocoas and bananas, palms and yams, To conjure clean away the gold they touch, And homestall thatch'd with leaves. But hast thou Conveying worthless dross into its place;
found Loud when they beg, dumb only when they steal. Their former charms ? And, having seen our state, Strange! that a creature rational, and cast Our palaces, our ladies, and our pomp In human mould, should brutalize by choice Of equipage, our gardens, and our sports. His nature ; apd, though capable of arts,
And heard our music; are thy simple friends, By which the world might profit, and himself, Thy simple fare, and all thy plain delights, Self-banish'd from society, prefer
As dear to thee as once? And have thy joys
Lost nothing by comparison with ours ?
I cannot think thee yet so dull of heart
Methinks I see thee straying on the beach, Beguile their woes, and make the woods resound. And asking of the surge, that bathes thy foot, Such health and gaiety of heart enjoy
If ever it has wash'd our distant shore.
At thought of her forlorn and abject state,
From which no pow'r of thine can raise her up. Blest he, though undistinguish'd from the crowd Thus Fancy paints thee, and, though apt to err, By wealth or dignity, who dwells secure,
Perhaps errs little, when she paints thee thus. Where man, by nature fierce, has laid aside She tells me too, that duly ev'ry morn His fierceness, having learnt, though slow to learn, Thou climb'st the mountain-top, with eager eye The manners and the arts of civil life.
Exploring far and wide the wat'ry waste His wants indeed are many; but supply
For sight of ship from England. Ev'ry speck 18 obvious, plac'd within the easy reach
Seen in the dim horizon turns thee pale
But comes at last the dull and dusky eve,
Nor is it well, nor can it come to good,
And abrogate, as roundly as she may,
The total ordinance and will of God; Disinterested good, is not our trade.
Advancing Fashion to the post of Truth, We travel far, 'tis true, but not for nought; And centring all authority in modes And must be brib'd to compass Earth again
And customs of her own, till sabbath-rites By oiher hopes and richer fruits than yours. Have dwindled into unrespected forms,
But though true worth and virtue in the mild And knees and hassocks are well-nigh divorc'd. And genial soil of cultivated life
God made the country, and man made the town. Thrive most, and may perhaps thrive only there, What wonder then that health and virtue, gifts Yet not in cities oft; in proud, and gay,
That can alone make sweet the bitter dranght And gain-devoted cities. Thither flow,
That life holds out to all, should most abound As to a common and most noisome sewer,
And least be threaten'd in the fields and groves? The dregs and feculence of ev'ry land.
Possess ye therefore, ye who, borne about In cities foul example on most minds
In chariots and sedans, know no fatigue Begets its likeness. Rank abundance breeds, But that of idleness, and taste no scenes In gross and pamper'd cities, sloth, and lust, But such as art contrives, possess ye still And wantonness, and gluttonous excess.
Your element; there only can ye shine ; In cities, vice is hidden with most ease,
There only minds like yours can do no harm. Or seen with least reproach ; and virtue, taught Our groves were planted to console at noon By frequent lapse, can hope no triumph there The pensive wand'rer in their shades. At eve, Beyond th' achievement of successful flight. The moonbeam, sliding sofily in between I do confess them nurs'ries of the arts,
The sleeping leaves, is all the light they wish, In which they flourish most; where, in the beams Birds warbling all the music. We can spare Of warm encouragement, and in the eye
The splendor of your lamps; they but eclipse Of public note, they reach their perfect size. Our softer satellite. Your songs confound Such London is, by taste and wealth proclaim'd Our more harmonious notes; the thrush departs The fairest capital of all the world,
Scar'd, and th' offended nightingale is mute. By riot and incontinence the worst.
There is a public mischief in your mirth ; There, touch'd by Reynolds, a dull blank becomes It plagues your country. Folly such as yours, A lucid mirror, in which Nature sees
Grac'd with a sword, and worthier of a fan, All her reflected features. Bacon there
Has made what enemies could ne'er have done,
A mutilated structure, soon to fall.
Reflections suggested by the conclusion of the for. In London. Where her implements exact,
mer book. Peace among the nations recommended With which she calculates, computes, and scans,
on the ground of their common fellowship in sorAll distance, motion, magnitude, and now
row. Prodigies enumerated. Sicilian earthquakes. Measures an atom, and now girds a world ?
Man rendered obnoxious to these calamities by In London. Where has commerce such a mart,
sin. God the agent in them. The philosophy So rich, so throng'd, so drain'd, and so supplied,
that stops at secondary causes reproved. Our own As London--opulent, enlarg’d, and still
late miscarriages accounted for. Satirical notice Increasing, London? Babylon of old
taken of our trips to Fontaine-Bleau. But the Not more the glory of the Earth than she,
pulpit, not satire, the proper engine of reformaA more accomplish'd world's chief glory now.
tion. The reverend advertiser of engraved ser. She has her praise. Now mark a spot or two,
mons. Petit-maître parson. The good preacher. That so much beauty would do well to purge;
Picture of a theatrical clerical coxcomb. Story. And show this queen of cities, that so fair
tellers and jesters in the pulpit reproved. A posMay yet be foul; so witty, yet not wise.
trophe to popular applause. Retailers of ancient It is not seemly, nor of good report,
philosophy expostulated with. Sum of the whole That she is slack in discipline; more prompt
matter. Effects of sacerdotal mismanagement on T'avenge than to prevent the breach of law;
the laity. Their folly and extravagance. The That she is rigid in denouncing death
mischiefs of profusion. Profusion itself, with all On petty robbers, and indulges lise
its consequent evils, ascribed, as to its principal And liberty, and oft-times honor too,
cause, to the want of discipline in the universities. To peculators of the public gold; That thieves at home must hang; but he, that puts O for a lodge in some vast wilderness, Into his over-gorg'd and bloated purse
Some boundless contiguity of shade, The wealth of Indian provinces, escapes.
Where rumor of oppression and deceit,
Of unsuccessful or successful war,
Still they are frowning signals, and bespeak Might never reach me more. My ear is pain'd, Displeasure in His breast, who smites the Earth My soul is sick, with ev'ry day's report
Or heals it, makes it languish or rejoice.
And stand expos'd by common peccancy
To what no few have felt, there should be
peace, of brotherhood is sever'd, as the flax
And brethren in calamity should love. That falls aaunder at the touch of fire.
Alas for Sicily! rude fragments now He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Lie scatter'd, where the shapely column stood. Not color'd like his own; and, having pow'r Her palaces are dust. In all her streets T' enforce the wrong, for such a worthy cause The voice of singing and the sprightly chord Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey. Are silent. Revelry, and dance, and show Lands intersected by a narrow frith
Suffer a syncope and solemn pause; Abhor each other. Mountains interpos'd
While God performs upon the trembling stage Make enemies of nations, who had else
Of his own works his dreadful part alone. Like kindred drops been mingled into one. How does the Earth receive him ?--with what signs Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys; of gratulation and delight her king ? And, worse than all, and most to be deplor'd Pours she not all her choicest fruits abroad, As human nature's broadest, foulest blot,
Her sweetest flowers, her aromatic gums, Chains him, and tasks him, and exacts his sweat Disclosing Paradise where'er he treads? With stripes, that Mercy with a bleeding heart She quakes at his approach. Her hollow womb, Weeps, when she sees inflicted on a beast. Conceiving thunders through a thousand deeps Then what is man? And what man, seeing this, And fiery caverns, roars beneath his foot. And having human feelings, does not blush, The hills move lightly, and the mountains smoke, And hang his head, to think himself a man?
For he has touch'd them. From th' extremest point I would not have a slave to till my ground, Of elevation down into the abyss, To carry me, to fan me while I sleep,
His wrath is busy, and his frown is felt. And tremble when I wake, for all the wealth The rocks fall headlong, and the valleys rise, That sinews bought and sold have ever earn'd. The rivers die into offensive pools, No: dear as freedom is, and in my heart's
And, charg'd with putrid verdure, breathe a gross Just estimation priz'd above all price,
And mortal nuisance into all the air.
What solid was, by transformation strange,
Sucks down its prey insatiable. Immense
The tumult and the overthrow, the pangs
And fugitive in vain. The sylvan scene
Alighting in far-distant fields, finds out
Ocean has caught the frenzy, and, upwrought Sure there is need of social intercourse, To an enormous and o'erbearing height, Benevolence, and peace, and mutual aid,
Not by a mighty wind, but by that voice Between the nations, in a world that seems
Which winds and waves obey, invades the shore To toll the death-bell of its own decease,
Resistless. Never such a sudden flood, And by the voice of all its elements
Upridg’d so high, and sent on such a charge, To preach the gen'ral doom. When were the winds Possess'd an inland scene. Where now the throng Let slip with such a warrant to destroy?
That press'd the beach, and, hasty to depart, When did the waves so haughtily o'erleap
Look'd to the sea for safety? They are gone, Their ancient barriers, deluging the dry ?
Gone with the refluent wave into the deep, Fires from beneath, and meteors † from above, A prince with half his people! Ancient tow'rs, Portentous, unexampled, unexplain'd,
And roofs embattled high, the gloomy scenes, Have kindled beacons in the skies; and th' old Where beauty oft and letter'd worth consume And crazy Earth has had her shaking fits
Life in the unproductive shades of death, More frequent, and foregone her usual rest. Fall prone : the pale inhabitants come forth, Is it a time to wrangle, when the props
And, happy in their unforeseen release And pillars of our planet seem to fail,
From all the rigors of restraint, enjoy And Nature ( with a dim and sickly eye
The terrors of the day, that sets them free. To wait the close of all ? But grant her end
Who then, that has thee, would not hold thee, More distant, and that prophecy demands
Freedom! whom they that lose thee so regret, A longer respite, unaccomplish'd yet;
That ev'n a judgment, making way for thee,
Seems in their eyes a mercy for thy sake? * Alluding to the calamities in Jamaica.
Such evil Sin hath wrought; and such a flame † August 18, 1783.
Kindled in Heav'n, that it burns down to Earth, 1 Alluding to the fog, that covered both Europe and And in the furious inquest, that it makes Asia during the whole summer of 1783.
On God's beholf, lays waste his fairest works.
The very elements, though each be meant
England, with all thy faults, I love thee still The minister of man, to serve his wants,
My country! and, while yet a nook is left, Conspire against him. With his breath he draws Where English minds and manners may be found, A plague into his blood ; and cannot use
Shall be constrain'd to love thee. Though thy clime Life's necessary means, but he must die.
Be fickle, and thy year most part deform'd
Of patriot eloquence to flash down fire
thund'rer there. And I can feel The sport of ev'ry wave? No: none are clear, Thy follies too, and with a just disdain And none than we more guilty. But, where all Frown at effeminates, whose very looks Stand chargeable with guilt, and to the shafts Reflect dishonor on the land I love. Of wrath obnoxious, God may choose his mark; How, in the name of soldiership and sense, May punish, if he please, the less, to warn Should England prosper, when such things, as smooth The more malignant. If he spar'd not them, And tender as a girl, all essenc'd o'er Tremble and be amaz'd at thine escape,
With odors, and as profligate as sweet; Far guiltier England, lest he spare not thee! Who sell their laurel for a myrtle wreath,
Happy the man, who sees a God employ'd And love when they should fight; when such as these In all the good and ill, that chequer life!
Presume to lay their hand upon the ark Resolving all events, with their effects
Of her magnificent and awful cause ? And manifold results, into the will
Time was when it was praise and boast enough And arbitration wise of the Supreme.
In ev'ry clime, and travel where we might, Did not his eye rule all things, and intend That we were born her children. Praise enough The least of our concerns (since from the least To fill th' ambition of a private man, The greatest oft originate); could chance
That Chatham's language was his mother's tongue Find place in his dominion, or dispose
And Wolfe's great name compatriot with his own. One lawless particle to thwart his plan;
Farewell those honors, and farewell with them Then God might be surpris'd, and unforeseen The hope of such hereafter; they have fall'n, Contingence might alarm him, and disturb Each in his field of glory; one in arms, The smooth and equal course of his affairs. And one in council-Wolfe upon the lap This truth Philosophy, though eagle-ey'd
Of smiling Victory that moment won, In nature's tendencies, ost overlooks;
And Chatham heart-sick of his country's shame! And, having found his instrument, forgets,
They made us many soldiers. Chatham, still
Consulting England's happiness at home,
If any wrong'd her. Wolfe, where'er he fought,
Those suns are set. O rise some other such !
With lavender, and sprinkle liquid sweets,
The nose of nice nobility! Breathe soft,
That winds and waters, lulld by magic sounds, Of action and reaction: he has found
May bear us smoothly to the Gallic shore ! The source of the disease that nature feels, True, we have lost an empire-let it pass. And bids the world take heart and banish fear. True; we may thank the perfidy of France, Thou fool! will thy discov'ry of the cause That pick'd the jewel out of England's crown, Suspend th' effect, or heal it? Has not God With all the cunning of an envious shrew. Still wrought by means since first he made the world? And let that pass—-'ıwas but a trick of state ! And did he not of old employ his means,
A brave man knows no malice, but at once To drown it? What is his creation less
Forgets in peace the injuries of war, Than a capacious reservoir of means,
And gives his direst foe a friend's embrace. Form'd for his use, and ready at his will ?
And, sham'd as we have been, to th' very beard Go, dress thine eyes with eye-salve; ask of him, Brav'd and defied, and in our own sea prov'd Or ask of whomsoever he has taught;
Too weak for those decisive blows, that once And learn, though late, the genuine cause of all. Insur'd us mast'ry there, we yet retain