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Collecled by the Baron V011 M011 (Died . . . ). Purchased (at Munich) for the sum of £4768 (including the contingent expenses), out of the Fund bequeathed by Mad or Edwards.
The Library of Baron VON MOLL comprised nearly 20,000 volumes, and a considerable Collection of Portraits and other Prints. His Museum consisted of an extensive Herbarium and a Collection of Minerals. The purchase was completed in 1816.
Acquired by purchase; and the only considerable acquisition, made in this department, between BRANDER’s gift of Fossils (gathered from the London Clay) in 1766, and the purchase of HAWKINs’ fine Collection, in 1835.
1816. The ELGIN MARBLES. Collected, under firman of the Ottoman Porte, between the years 1801 and 1810—and chiefly in the years 1802
and 1803—by Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin (Died 14 October, 1841). Pure/laced by Parliament in 1816 for the sum of £35,000.
[See Boox II, Chapter 2.]
(xxu) 1816. The MONTAGU ZOOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS. Collected by Colonel George Montagu (Died
20 June, 1815), and arranged, as a Museum Of British Zoology—and especially of Ornithology—at Knowle, in Devonshire. Purchased at a cost of £1100.
(xxnr) 1818. The BURNEY LIBRARY.
Collected by Dr. Charles Burney (Died 28 December, 1817). Purchased by a Parliamentary vote for the sum of £13,500.
[See BOOK II, Chapter 3.]
Collected by Mrs. S. S. Banks, and by Lady Banks; comprising a valuable series of coins, medals, prints, &c., and presented to the Museum by the Survivor.
(xxv) 1823—1825. The KING’S LIBRARY.
Collected by King George the Third (Died 1820) ; inherited by King George the Fourth, and by him transferred, on terms, to the British Museum.
~[See BOOK 11, Chapter 4.]
Collected by Richard Payne Knight (Died 24 April, 1824), a Trustee; comprising Marbles, Bronzes, Vases, Prints, Drawings, Coins, Medals, and Books. Bequeathed by the Collector.
[See BOOK II, Chapter 3.]
Claudius Rich was British Consul at Bagdad (Died 5 Oct, 1821). He made an extensive gathering of Persian, Turkish, Syriac, and Arabic MSS., and of Coins, 850. These were purchased by a Parliamentary vote.
(XXIX) 1825, SIR RICHARD COLT HOARE’s ITALIAN LIBRARY.
Given, by the Collector, in 1825, and subsequently in-
Collected by Sir Joseph Banks, P-R-S- (Died 19 June, 1820), and a Trustee. Begueathed by the Collector, with a prior life interest, to Robert Brown (Died 1858) ; and by him transferred to the British Museum in 1827.
Sir Joseph’s botanical Collections included the Herbaria, severally, of Clifl'ort; of Clayton (the basis of the ‘Flora Virginica’); of John Baptist Fusée d’Aublet (Died 6 May, 1728); of Nicholas Joseph J acquin, author of the ‘F/orie Austriaca" (Died October, 1817); and of Philip Miller, author of ‘ The Gardener’s Dic
LIBRARY, H ERBA am, and
lionary’ (Died 18 December, 1771) ; with portions of the Collections of Tournefort, Hermann, and Loureiro. (xxxr) 1829, The HARM-MOUNTAINS MINERALS.
Collected at various periods and by several mineralogists. This fine Cabinet was for a considerable period preserved at Richmond. Presented by King George the Fourth.
1829, The EGERTON hIANUSCRlPTS.
Collected by Francis Henry Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater (Died 11 February, 1829). Bequeat/zed by the Collector; together with a sum of £12,000, to be invested, and the yearly income to be applied for further purchases of MSS. from time to time; and with other provision towards the salary of an ‘ Egerton Librarian.’
[See BOOK II, Chapter 5.]
(xxxm) 1831. The ARUNDELIAN Manuscnirrs.
Collected, between the years 1606 and 1646, by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, &c. (Died 4 Oct., 1646) ; Given in 1681 by his eventual heir, Henry Howard, Esquire (afterwards XIIth Duke of Norfolk —Died in 170]), andat the request of John Evelyn, to the Royal Society; Transferred by the Council of that Society, in 1831,-—partly by purchase, and partly by exchange—to the Trustees of the British Museum. The Collection includes the bulk of the Library of Bilibald Pirckheimer, purchased at Nuremberg, by Loan ARUNDEL, in 1636.
[See BOOK 1, Chapter 4.]
Z.?.°,‘,.‘: COLLECTIONS 0F PICTURES BELONGING T0 ifJST’““°' THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM, BUT DEPOSITED IN THE NATIONAL GALLERY. (xxxw) 1823. The BEAUMONT GALLERY.
Collected by Sir George Howland Beaumont (Died 7 February, 1827) ; Given by the Collector in 1823 to the British Museum, on condition of its usufructuary retention, during his lifetime. Deposited in the National Gallery, under terms of arrangement, after the Collector’s death.
Collected by the Reverend William Holwell Carr (Died 24 December, 1830), and by the Collector bequeathed to the British Museum. Deposited under arrangements similar to those adopted for the Beaumont Pictures in the National Gallery.
These are the primary Accession-Collections that came to the British Museum, during the first seventy years which elapsed after its public opening (January, 1759). They form a noble monument alike of the liberality and public spirit of individual Englishmen, and of the fidelity of the Trustees to the charge committed to them as a body. And the reader will hardly have failed to notice how remarkable a proportion of the most munificent of the