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1759, HEBREW LIBRARY (Printed and Manuscript) of lunonucDA COSTA. “°"'

Collected by Solomon Da, Costa, formerly of Amsterdam, and chiefly between the years 1720 and 1727 ; Given by the Collector, in 1759, to the Trustees of the British Museum ‘for inspection and service of the Public, as a small token of my esteem, reverence, love, and gratitude to this magnanimous Nation, and as a thanksgiving ofl'ering . . . . for numberless blessings which I have enjoyed under it.’ (From DA Cos'rA’s Letter to the Trustees.)

A collection, small in extent, but of great intrinsic worth; and very memorable, both as the generous gift of a good man; and as instancing the co-operation (at the very outset) of the love of learning in a foreigner—and a Jew—with a like love in Britons, for a common object; national, indeed, but also much more than national.


1762. The THOMASON COLLECTION of ENGLISH Booxs and TRACTS, Printed and Manuscript.

Collected by George Thomason (Died 1666); Purchased by King George the Third, in 1762,

for presentation to the British Museum.

This Collection—the interest of which is specially but by no means exclusively political and historical— was formed between the years 1641 and 1663 inclusive, and it contains everything printed in England during the whole of that period which a man of great

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enterprise and energy could bring together by daily watchfulness and large outlay. It also contains many publications, and many private impressions, from printing-presses in Scotland, Ireland, and the Continent of Europe, relating to or illustrating the affairs of the United Kingdom and of the Commonwealth. In his lifetime, the Collector refused £4000 for his library, as insufficient to reimburse his costs, charges, and labour. His heirs and their assigns kept it for a century and then sold it to King George III for £300. It includes many political MSS., which no printer dared to put to press.

(1") 1766. The SOLANDER FossILs.

Collected by Daniel Charles Solander (Died 16 May, 1782); Purchased by Gustavus Brander and by him presented to the Museum (of which he was one

of the first Trustees) in 1766.

The ‘ Solander Fossils ’—so called from the name of the eminent naturalist who found and described them—formed the primary Collection on which by gradual accessions the present magnificent collection of fossils has been built up.

(V) 1766. The BIRCH LIBRARY of PRINTED Booxs and Manuscmr'rs.

Collected by Thomas Birch, D.D., a Trustee of the British Museum (Died 1766), and bequeathed by the Collector.


Collected by Sir William Hamilton (Died 6 April, 1803) ; Purchased by Parliament from the Collector in 1772 for £8400.

[See B001; II, Chapter 2.]


1790-1799. The Muscaava LIBRARY.

Collected by Sir William Musgrave, a Trustee (Died 1799); Acquired, partly by gift in 1790; partly by bequest in 17 99.

[See Boox II, Chapter 1.]

(vm) 1799, The Cnxcnsnonu LIBRARY and MUSEUM. Collected by the Reverend Clayton Mordaunt Gracherode, a Trustee of the British Museum (Died 1799), and bequeathed by the Collector. [See Boon II, Chapter 3.]

(IX) 1799, The HATCHET'I‘ MINER/its. Collected by Charles Hatchett, and purchased for £700. (X) 1802. The ALEXANDRIAN COLLECTION of EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES.

Collected by the French Institute of Egypt in 1800; Transferred to the Crown of England by the

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terms of the Capitulation of Alexandria in 1801 ; Given to

the Museum in 1802 by King George the Third. [See BOOK II, Chapter 2.]

1802. The TrsSEN ANGLO-SAXON Corns.

Collected by Samuel Tyssen; Pure/[axed by the Trustees (for £620).

(XII) 1805-1814. The TOWNLEY MARBLES, Corns, and DRAWINGS.

Collected by the Townley Family, and chiefly by Charles Townley, of Townley in Lancashire ; and acquired by Parliament, by successive pure/loses, in the years 1805 and 1814, for the aggregate sum of £28,200.

[See BOOK II, Chapter 2.]

1807. The Lausnowus Manuscmrrs.

Collected by William Petty Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (Died 1805), who incorporated in it from time to time parts of the Libraries and Manuscript Collections of William Cecil, Lord Burghley (Died 1598); of Sir Julius Caesar (Died 1636); of White Kennet, Bishop of Peterborough (Died 1728) ; of John Strype (Died 1737); of Philip Carteret Webb (Died 1770); and of James West (Died 17 72). Pure/mead by Parliament for the sum Of £4925.

[See BOOK II, Chapter 3.]


Collected by Charles Greville. Parliament for the sum of £1 3,7 27.

[See BOOK 11, Chapter 2.]

Purchased by

(XV) 1810. The Romans ENGLISH Corns.

Collected by Edward, Roberts, of the Exchequer; Purchased by Parliament for the sum of £4200.

This Collection extended from the Norman Conquest to the reign of George the Third. It was purchased for the Collector’s heir.

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1811. The Dr. BOSSE'I‘ GREEK Cows.
Collected by Colonel De Bosset. Purchased by

the Trustees for the sum of £800. (XVI!) 1813. The HARGRAVE LIBRARY.

Collcclcd by Francis Hargrave. Purchased by Parliament for the sum of £8000.

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1815. The PHIGALEIAN Marianas.
Discovered, in 1812, amongst the ruins of Ictinus’

Temple of Apollo ‘the Delivercr’ at Phigaleia, in Arcadia, I built about no. 430. Purchased in 1815, for the sum of

[See BOOK 11, Chapter 2.]

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