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that this exhibition would not interfere with the arrangement of any Book II. Collection of Antiquities, with none of which could the coins and Chap. VII.
RECONmedals properly mix, although so nearly allied to them.
The corresponding part of the upper floor on the south-east corner, AND No. 44 and 45, is perfectly well adapted for the exhibition of prints and JECTORS. drawings. As to space for the arrangement and preservation of the prints and drawings, for the tranquil examination and study of them, for the studies of the officers, &c., your Committee will presently lay before you their views.
Your Committee have endeavoured to show how far a portion of the new accommodation to be gained by removing the Natural History and Ethnographical Collections, by alterations within the now existing EXHIBITION buildings, and by building on some remaining spots of unoccupied or PRINTS ground, may with propriety and advantage be applied to the Depart. ANI ments of Oriental, Mediæval, and Classical Antiquities, of the Coins and Medals, and of the Prints and Drawings; your Committee will now show what part of that accommodation might be made available for Printed Books and Manuscripts.
When the erection of the new Library and Reading Room was sug- PRINTED gested, it was stated that that Library would hold eight hundred
Books. thousand volumes; that is, the annual increase for forty years, calculating that increase at twenty thousand volumes. But the annual increase has been, during the last five years, at the rate of upwards of thirty thousand volumes, and during the last four years at the rate of about thirty-five thousand, which number, however, is ultimately reduced by the practice of binding two or more volumes of the same work in one; while, on the other hand, the new building will certainly contain two hundred thousand volumes more than it was originally estimated to hold ; so that if the present rate of increase continues, as it ought, the new Library will be full in about twenty-five years from this date. It was necessary to say thus much, as a notion seems prevalent that a great deal more was promised when that building was suggested, and that the number of books, which that new Library can hold, may reach an almost fabulous quantity, and the space be sufficient for an extravagant number of years.
The rooms on the basement floor of the north side, both marked 15 ROOMS IN on the plan of that floor, and now occupied by Geology, cannot be BASEMENT otherwise appropriated than to the Department of Printed Books; the same is to be said of the seven small rooms, marked 17, now used for PRINTED Geology, as well as of rooms 18 and 19 on the east side, now used for Books. Zoology; all these rooms are immediately under the Department of Printed Books, and naturally belong to it. The rooms marked 13, 14, and 16, from west to east, were formerly appropriated to the Department of Printed Books, to which they should now be restored. When
PART OF NORTH GALLERY IN
the first importation of Halicarnassian Antiquities took place, they were deposited temporarily in these rooms, as no other space whatever could be found in which to shelter and un pack them. In this space are now arranged the Inscriptions, which have had to be removed from under the colonnade to make room for the Marbles recently arrived from Cyrene. Appropriate space for the Inscriptions will be found without difficulty in the Department of Antiquities, enlarged according to the foregoing suggestions, or, at all events, in the basement, either now existing or to be built under the galleries for Antiquities on the west side of the Museum, where sufficient light may be procured for objects like, these, which are of no great interest to sight-seers, and therefore need not be publicly exhibited; enough that they be easily accessible to the small number of antiquarians and scholars who may wish to examine them.
The north galleries on the upper floor are divided lengthways, from east to west, into two portions; that now containing Zoological Collections (No. 22 to 26) can be advantageously appropriated to the Department of Printed Books when required. The volumes placed there can be easily lowered down and returned through a hoisting apparatus to be placed at either the south-east or south-west corner of No. 24, imme. diately above No. 41 on the ground floor—the nearest point of any in the main Library to the Reading Room. By these various alterations space would be provided for about two hundred and fifty thousand printed volumes, in addition to that which still remains available in that department, from which, however, space for about fifty thousand
volumes would have to be deducted, as will be presently shown. WANT OF Although there is now space remaining in the Department of ManuSPACE IN DE• scripts for the accommodation of twelve thousand volumes, and although PARTMENT
the annual average increase of manuscript volumes may be safely reckoned at less than six hundred and fifty, your Committee have, never. theless, felt that prospective increased accommodation should now be provided, not only for the Collection of Manuscripts, but still more for artists and readers who have occasion to refer to select manuscripts, as well as for assistants, of whom two, together with one attendant and eight readers, are pent up in a space of thirty feet by twenty-three, crowded with tables, chairs, &c., which scarcely allow room for moving from one place to another or for access to the officers' study on each side. The Head of the Department of Manuscripts has recently represented to the Trustees his want of six assistants; but he has, at the same time, been obliged to state that, if appointed, he should not know where to place them. The Trustees have complied with his request, to the extent of granting two new assistants; and he will experience great difficulty in placing the two who are to be appointed. Add to this, the interruption to which each of these persons is unavoidably liable from
NOI, Central Saloon.
New Gallery for Antiquities
2nd Egyptian Room
17 Staircase landing 22-26. Printed Books 27-33. Antiquities
34. J.E. Staircase 35_41. Antiquities. 42-43. ... Do or MSS. 44-45. Exhibition of Prints
46. Prints and Drawings
The Department of Antiquities -----............ Coins & A
each of the others in the performance of his duties and occupations, Book III, owing chiefly to the narrow space in which they are confined.
RECON On account of its locality, the Department of Manuscripts cannot derive any direct advantage from the removal of the Natural History and PROCollections; no space which will thus become vacant can be rendered JECTORS. available for the purpose of remedying the inconveniences here stated. As, however, the Department of Printed Books obtains the additional accommodation before mentioned, a portion of the space now occupied by Printed Books, very conveniently situated to supply the wants of the Department of Manuscripts, ought to be transferred to this department.
It is, therefore, proposed that the study, marked No. 57 on the ground. SPACE TO BE floor plan, be removed to the north end of No. 55, now occupied by TRANSPrinted Books, and that the site of No. 55 be attached to the Department of Manuscripts. In that gallery, one hundred and fifteen by eighteen, PRINTED excellent accommodation, with abundance of light, would be found for BOOKS TO twenty thousand manuscript volumes-for fifteen students at least (this number is ample if admission be strictly and bona fide limited to the class of persons for whom it is intended) at separate seats, each having a table space of two feet and a half in depth and four in length,-and for ten assistants or more, admirably placed for superintendence. The area of the eastern recess of No. 56 would then be quite clear, and avail. able for the exhibition of manuscripts, like the western recess in the same room. And when as large an exhibition of manuscripts as the space permits is accessible to the public (and still more accommodation for this exhibition might be found in the present Department of Manu. scripts), the same restrictions as have been suggested with respect to coins and to prints ought to be imposed on the handling of select manuscripts.
It now remains to find space wherein to provide proper accommodation for the binder, as well as for the Trustees' offices, for the Collection of Prints and for the Collection of Coins.
On the east side of the roadway parallel to the Department of Manu. BUILDINGS scripts, there is a piece of ground extending to Montague Street on the IN THE GAReast, to the house No. 30, in that same street towards the north, and to
DEN AT the Principal-Librarian's house on the south. On a portion of this PRINCIPAL ground stands an old building, now partly appropriated to the binder LIBRARIAN'S and partly used as a guard-house; the remainder forms the garden HOUSE. attached to the residence of the Principal-Librarian. It appears to your Committee that by substituting a new building for the one existing, and by building on the greater part of the garden, ample accommodation will be found for what is wanted. Your Committee cannot abstain from mentioning that this great sacrifice of personal convenience on the part of the Principal-Librarian was suggested and brought under their notice by that officer himself.