and displease him, than such as would haughtily and CHAP: proudly carry and lift up themselves, being risen from nothing, and having little else in them but a few fine clothes or a little riches more than others.

In teaching, he was very stirring, and moving the affections; also very plain and distinct in what he taught; by which means he became the more profitable to the hearers. He had a singular good gift in prayer, both public and private, in ripping up the heart and conscience before God, in the humble confession of sin, and begging the mercies of God in Christ for the pardon thereof. He always thought it were better for ministers to pray oftener, and divide their prayers, than to be long and tedious in the same; except upon solemn and special occasions, as on days of Humiliation and the like. His reason was that the heart and spirits of all, especially the weak, could hardly continue and stand bent (as it were,) so long towards God, as they ought to do in that duty, without flagging and falling off.

For the government of the church, which was most proper to his office, he was careful to preserve good order in the same, and to preserve purity both in the doctrine and communion of the same, and to suppress any crror or contention that might begin to arise amongst them; and accordingly God gave good success to his endeavours herein all his days, and he saw the fruit of his labors in that behalf. But I must break off, having thus touched a few heads of things.'

· William BREWSTER, the ruling probably the oldest of thic Pilgrims, elder of John Robinson's churchi, being 60 wlien he arrived ai Plyand whose name stands fourth mouth. On account of his age and among the signers of the Compact, oflice lie probably was not much was born in 1564 ; but the place of employed in the civil aflairs of the his birth is not known. Ile was Colony, and consequently his name




CHAP. seldom occurs in the preceding His- latter part of his life he built a house XXVII. tory. The reason why he was not in Duxbury, near Captain's Hill,

chosen governor after the death of and resided there a short time. His Carver in 1621, is stated in note sons Jonathan and Love settled in on page 197. It appears from this Duxbury. Love died there, and his Memoir that he had “many child- son William was deacon of the ren;

" but the exact number las church in that place. Jonathan, not been ascertained. lle brought with his family, removed to Conhis wife with him, and four other necticut after 1648.

There are individuals, who were probably his many descendants of the worthy children. The following are known elder in Plymouth, Duxbury, Kingsto have been his children - Jona- ton, Pembroke, and in Connecticut, than, Love, Wrestling, Patience, and elsewhere. A town on Cape and Fear. The last two came in the Cod was named after him in 1903, Anne in 1623; Patience married in and it is believed that the Brews1624 Thomas Prince, who was after- ters, in Boston harbour, were so wards governor, and Fear married called in compliment to him. See Isaac Allerton in 1626. It appears note on page 27 ; Belknap's Am. from page 173 that the venerable Biog. ii. 252 — 266 ; Ilutchinson's elder had a house lot assigned him Mass. ii. 460; Mitchell's Bridge. in 1621, in Plymouth, on ihe street water, p. 361; Mass. Hist. Coll. x. now called Leyden-street. In the 73, xx. 57 — 68.

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“That is the best History, which is collected out of Letters."


“Letters of affairs, from such as manage them, or are privy to them, are of all others the best instructions for history, and to a diligent reader the best histories in themselves."

Lord Bacon.



To the Church of God at Plymouth, in New England."

16 2 1.

Neither the distance of place, nor distinction of CHAP:

XXVIII. body, can at all either dissolve or weaken that bond of true Christian affection in which the Lord by his spirit hath tied us together. My continual prayers are to the Lord for you ; my most earnest desire is unto you;? from whom I will not longer keep (if God will) than means can be procured to bring with me the wives and children of divers of you and the rest of your brethren, whom I could not leave behind me without great injury both to you and them, and offence to God and all men. The death of so many our dear friends and brethren, oh! how grievous hath it been to you to bear, and to us to take knowledge of; which, if it

This and most of the following nately destroyed, having been put letters are taken from a fragment to the most ignoble uses. See of Gov. Bradford's Letter Book, Belknap's Am. Biog. ii. 246, and which was rescued about fifty years Mass. Hist. Coll. iii. 45. sinco from a grocer's shop in Iali ? Sce note on pago 153. fax, Nova Scotia. The earlier and


on page 198. more valuable part was unfortu

3 See note

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