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324,

WINSLOW LODGES WITH CORBITANT.

XX.

CHAP. respected the lives of our countrymen, and our own

after safety, he advised us to kill the men of Massa1 62 3. chuset, who were the authors of this intended mischief. Mar.

And whereas we were wont to say, we would not strike a stroke till they first began ; if, said he, upon this intelligence, they make that answer, tell them, when their countrymen at Wichaguscusset are killed, they being not able to defend themselves, that then it will be too late to recover their lives; nay, through the multitude of adversaries, they shall with great difficulty preserve their own; and therefore he counselled without delay to take away the principals, and then the plot would cease. With this he charged him thoroughly to acquaint me by the way, that I might inform the Governor thereof, at my first coming home. Being fitted for our return, we took our leave of him; who returned many thanks to our Governor, and also to ourselves for our labor and love; the like did all that were about him. So we departed.

That night, through the earnest request of Conbatant, who till now remained at Sawaams,' or Puckanokick, we lodged with him at Mattapuyst. By the way I had much conference with him, so likewise at his house, he being a notable politician, yet full of merry jests and squibs, and never better pleased than when the like are returned again upon him. Amongst other things he asked me, if in case he were thus dangerously sick, as Massassowat had been, and should send word thereof to Patuxet for maskiet,” that is, physic, whether then Mr. Governor would send it; and if he would, whether I would come therewith to him. To

on page 208.

sic."

See note

Roger Williams's Key, in * " Maskit, give me some phy. R. I. Hist. Coll. i. 159.

HIS CONVERSATION WITH THE SACHEM.

325

XX.

Mar.

both which I answered, Yea; whereat he gave me CHAP. many joyful thanks. After that, being at his house, he demanded further, how we durst, being but two, 1623. come so far into the country. I answered, where was true love, there was no fear; and my heart was so upright towards them, that for mine own part I was fearless to come amongst them. But, said he, if your love be such, and it bring forth such fruits, how cometh it to pass, that when we come to Patuxet, you stand upon your guard, with the mouths of your pieces presented towards us ? Whereupon I answered, it was the most honorable and respective entertainment we could give them ; it being an order amongst us so to receive our best respected friends; and as it was used on the land, so the ships observed it also at sea, which Hobbamock knew and had seen observed. But shaking the head, he answered, that he liked not such salutations.

Further, observing us to crave a blessing on our meat before we did eat, and after to give thanks for the same, he asked us, what was the meaning of that ordinary custom. Hereupon I took occasion to tell them of God's works of creation and preservation, of his laws and ordinances, especially of the ten commandments; all which they hearkened unto with great attention, and liked well of; only the seventh commandment they excepted against, thinking there were many inconveniences in it, that a man should be tied to one woman; about which we reasoned a good time. Also I told them, that whatsoever good things we had, we received from God, as the author and giver thereof; and therefore craved his blessing upon that we had, and were about to eat, that it might nourish and

326

WINSLOW RETURNS TO PLYMOUTH.

XX.

Mar.

5th

CHAP. strengthen our bodies; and having eaten sufficient,

being satisfied therewith, we again returned thanks to 1623. the same our God, for that our refreshing, &c. This

all of them concluded to be very well; and said, they believed almost all the same things, and that the same power that we called God, they called Kiehtan.' Much profitable conference was occasioned hereby, which would be too tedious to relate, yet was no less delightful to them, than comfortable to us.

Here we remained only that night, but never had better entertainment amongst any of them.

The day following, in our journey, Hobbamock told day.

me of the private conference he had with Massassowat, and how he charged him perfectly to acquaint me therewith, as I showed before; which having done, he used many arguments himself to move us there

unto. That night we lodged at Namasket; and the 6th day following, about the mid-way between it and day.

home, we met two Indians, who told us, that Captain Standish was that day gone to the Massachusets. But contrary winds again drove him back; so that we found him at home; where the Indian of Paomet still was, being very importunate that the Captain should take the first opportunity of a fair wind to go with him. But their secret and villanous purposes being, through God's mercy, now made known, the Governor caused Captain Standish to send him away, without any distaste or manifestation of anger, that we might the better effect and bring to pass that which should be thought most necessary.

1 " Ketan is their good God, to cate for fair weather, for rain in whom they sacrifice after their time of drought, and for the recogainers be full with a good crop. very of their sick.” Wood's New Upon this God likewise they invo- England's Prospect, part ii. ch. 12.

CHAPTER XXI.

OF STANDISH'S EXPEDITION AGAINST THE INDIANS OF WESSA-
GUSSET, AND THE BREAKING UP OF WESTON'S COLONY

AT THAT PLACE.

XXI.

BEFORE this journey we heard many complaints, CHAP. both by the Indians, and some others of best desert amongst Master Weston's colony, how exceedingly 16 2 3. their company abased themselves by undirect means, to get victuals from the Indians, who dwelt not far from them, fetching them wood and water, &c. and all for a meal's meat; whereas, in the mean time, they might with diligence have gotten enough to have served them three or four times. Other by night brake the earth, and robbed the Indians' store ; for which they had been publicly stocked and whipped, and yet was there small amendment. This was about the end of February; at which time they had spent all Feb. their bread and corn, not leaving any for seed, neither would the Indians lend or sell them any more upon any terms. Hereupon they had thoughts to take it by violence; and to that spiked up every entrance into their town, being well impaled, save one, with a full resolution to proceed. But some more honestly minded advised John Sanders, their overseer, first to

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A MESSENGER FROM WESTON'S COLONY.

XXI.

Mar.

CHAP. write to Plymouth ; and if the Governor advised him

thereunto, he might the better do it. This course was 162 3. well liked, and an Indian was sent with all speed with

a letter to our Governor, the contents whereof were to this effect; that being in great want, and their people daily falling down, he intended to go to Munhiggen, where was a plantation of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, to buy bread from the ships that came thither a fishing, with the first opportunity of wind; but knew not how the colony would be preserved till his return. He had used all means both to buy and borrow of Indians, whom he knew to be stored, and he thought maliciously withheld it, and therefore was resolved to take it by violence, and only waited the return of the messenger, which he desired should be hastened, craving his advice therein, promising also to make restitution afterward. The Governor, upon the receipt hereof, asked the messenger what store of corn they had, as. if he had intended to buy of them ; who answered, very little more than that they reserved for seed, having already spared all they could.

Forthwith the Governor and his Assistant sont for many of us to advise with them herein ; who, after scrious consideration, no way approving of this intended course, the Governor answered his letter, and caused many of us to set our hands thereto; the contents whereof were to this purpose. We altogether disliked their intendment, as being against the law of God and nature, showing how it would cross the worthy ends and proceedings of the King's Majesty, and his honorable Council for this place, both in respect of the peaceable enlarging of his Majesty's dominions, and also of the propagation of the knowledge and law of God, and

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