Some of the Indians, spying a fit opportunity, stole CHAP. some beads also from him; which he no sooner perceived, having not above six men with him, drew them 1623. all from the boat, and set them on their guard about the sachim's house, where the most of the people were ; 'threatening to fall upon them without further delay, if they would not forthwith restore them; signifying to the sachim especially, and so to them all, that as he would not offer the least injury, so he would not receive any at their hands, which should escape without punishment or due satisfaction. Hereupon the sachim bestirred him to find out the party; which, when he had done, caused him to return them again to the shallop, and came to the Captain, desiring him to search whether they were not about the boat; who, suspecting their knavery, sent one, who found them lying openly upon the boats cuddy. Yet to appease his anger, they brought corn afresh to trade; insomuch as he laded his shallop, and so departed. This accident so daunted their courage, as they durst not attempt any thing against him. So that, through the good mercy and providence of God, they returned in safety. At this place the Indians get abundance of bass both summer and winter; for it being now February, they abounded with them.

In the beginning of March, having refreshed him- Mar. self, he took a shallop, and went to Manomet, to fetch home that which the Governor had formerly bought, hoping also to get more from them; but was deceived in his expectation, not finding that entertainment he found elsewhere, and the Governor had there received.

· It seems as if the Captain went up westward towards Manomet. into Scussett harbour, which goes Prince, p. 210.





CHAP. The reason whereof, and of the treachery intended in

the place before spoken of, was not then known unto 162 3. us, but afterwards ; wherein may be observed the

abundant mercies of God, working with his providence for our good. Captain Standish being now far from the boat, and not above two or three of our men with him, and as many with the shallop, was not long at Canacum, the sachim's house, but in came two of the Massachuset men. The chief of them was called Wituwamat, a notable insulting villain, one who had formerly imbrued his hands in the blood of English and French, and had oft boasted of his own valour, and derided their weakness, especially because, as he said, they died crying, making sour faces, more like children than men.

This villain took a dagger from about his neck, which he had gotten of Master Weston's people, and presented it to the sachim; and after made a long speech in an audacious manner, framing it in such sort, as the Captain, though he be the best linguist amongst us,' could not gather any thing from it. The end of it was afterwards discovered to be as followeth. The Massacheuseuks had formerly concluded to ruinate Master Weston's colony; and thought themselves, being about thirty or forty men, strong enough to execute the same.

Yet they durst not attempt it, till such time as they had gathered more strength to themselves, to make their party good against us at Plymouth; concluding, that if we remained, though they had no other arguments to use against us, yet we would never leave the death of our countrymen unrevenged ; and there

" In the Indian dialects.





fore their safety could not be without the overthrow of CHAP. both plantations. To this end they had formerly solicited this sachim, as also the other, called lanough,' 1623. at Mattachiest, and many others, to assist them, and now again came to prosecute the same ; and since there was so fair an opportunity offered by the Captain's presence, they thought best to make sure [of] him and his company.

After this his message was delivered, his entertainment much exceeded the Captain's ; insomuch as he scorned at their behaviour, and told them of it. After which they would have persuaded him, because the weather was cold, to have sent to the boat for the rest of his company; but he would not, desiring, according to promise, that the corn might be carried down, and he would content the women? for their labor; which they did. At the same time there was a lusty Indian of Paomet,' or Cape Cod, then present, who had ever demcaned himself well toward us, being in his general carriage very aflable, courteous, and loving, especially towards the Captain. This savage was now entered into confederacy with the rest; yet, to avoid suspicion, made many signs of his continued affections, and would needs bestow a kettle of some six or seven gallons on him, and would not accept of any thing in lieu thereof, saying he was rich and could afford to bestow such favors on his friends whom he loved. Also he would freely help to carry some of the corn, affirming he had never done the like in his life before ; and the wind being bad, would needs lodge with

' Or Iyanough. See note


3 Or Pamet, now called Truro. See pages 135 and 139.

page 215.

See note ? on page 305.





CHAP. him at their rendezvous, having indeed undertaken to

kill him before they parted; which done, they in16 2 3. tended to fall upon the rest.

The night proved exceeding cold ; insomuch as the Captain could not take any rest, but either walked, or turned himself to and fro at the fire. This the other observed, and asked wherefore he did not sleep as at other times; who answered, He knew not well, but had no desire at all to rest. So that he then missed his opportunity.

The wind serving on the next day, they returned home, accompanied with the other Indian ; who used many arguments to persuade them to go to Paomet, where himself had much corn, and many other, the most whereof he would procure for us, seeming to sorrow for our wants. Once the Captain put forth with him, and was forced back by contrary wind; which wind serving for the Massachuset, was fitted to go thither. But on a sudden it altered again.






During the time that the Captain was at Manomet, CHLAP. news came to Plymouth that Massassowat was like to die, and that at the same time there was a Dutch ship 162 3. driven so high on the shore by stress of weather, right before his dwelling, that till the tides increased, she could not be got off. Now it being a commendable manner of the Indians, when any, especially of note, are dangerously sick, for all that profess friendship to them to visit them in their extremity,' either in their persons, or else to send some acceptable persons to them; therefore it was thought meet, being a good and warrantable action, that as we had ever professed friendship, so we should now maintain the same, by observing this their laudable custom ; and the rather, because we desired to have some conference with the Dutch, not knowing when we should have so fit an opportunity. To that end, myself having formerly

I“ All their refreshing in their very solemn, unless it be in infecsickness is the visit of friends and tious diseases, and then all forsake neighbours, a poor empty visit and them and fly." Roger Williams, presence; and yet indeed this is in Mass. Hist. Coll. iii. 236.

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