CHAP. their abilities; which, although it were not much

amongst so many people as were at the Plantation, 1622. yet through the provident and discreet care of the

governors, recovered and preserved strength till our own crop on the ground was ready.

Having dispatched there, I returned home with all speed convenient, where I found the state of the Colony much weaker than when I left it; for till now we were never without some bread, the want whereof much abated the strength and flesh of some, and swelled others. But here it may be said, if the country abound with fish and fowl in such measure as is reported, how could men undergo such measure of hardness, except through their own negligence? I answer, every thing must be expected in its proper season. No man, as one saith, will go into an orchard in the winter to gather cherries ; so he that looks for fowl there in the summer, will be deceived in his expectation. The time they continue in plenty with us, is from the beginning of October to the end of March ; but these extremities befell us in May and June. I confess, that as the fowl decrease, so fish increase. And indeed their exceeding abundance was a great cause of increasing our wants. For though our bay and creeks were full of bass and other fish, yet for want of fit and strong seines and other netting, they for the most part brake through, and carried all away before them. And though the sea were full of cod, yet we had neither tackling nor hawsers for our shallops. And indeed had we not been in a place, where divers sort of shell-fish are, that may be taken with the hand, we must have

See note ? on page 171.





perished, unless God had raised some unknown or CHAP. extraordinary means for our preservation.

In the time of these straits, indeed before my going 1622. to Munhiggen, the Indians began again to cast forth many insulting speeches, glorying in our weakness, and giving out how easy it would be ere long to cut us off. Now also Massassowat scemcd to frown on us, and neither came or sent to us as formerly. These things occasioned further thoughts of fortification. And whereas we have a hill called the Mount, enclosed within our pale, under which our town is scated, we resolved to erect a fort thereon ; from whence a few might easily secure the town from any assault the Indians can make, whilst the rest might be employed as occasion served. This work was begun with great eagerness, and with the approbation of all men, hoping that this being once finished, and a continual guard there kept, it would utterly discourage the savages from having any hopes or thoughts of rising agninst us. And though it took the greatest part of our strength from dressing our corn, yet, lise being continued, we hoped God would raise some means in stead thereof for our further preservation.

· The burying-hill. See page in Plymouth. After the fort was 168. The intelligence of the mas used as a place of worship, it is sacre in Virginia reached Plymouth probable they began to bury their in May, and was the immediate dead around it. Before that time incitement to the erection of this the burial-place was on the bank, fort. See page 279.

above the rock on which the land“ Some traces of the fort are still ing was made." Judge Davis's visible on the eminence called the note in Morton's Memorial, p. 82. burying-hill, directly above the See note ? on page 169, and page meeting-house of the first church 169 previous.




CHAP. In the end of June, or beginning of July, came into XIX.

our harbour two ships of Master Weston's aforesaid ; 1622. the one called the Charity,' the other the Swan; lavJuly.

ing in them some filty or sixty men, sent over at his own charge to plant for him. These we received into our town, affording them whatsoever courtesy our mean condition could afford. There the Charity, being the bigger ship, left them, having many passengers which she was to land in Virginia. In the mean time the body of them refreshed themselves at Plymouth, whilst some most fit sought out a place for

* By Mr. Weston's ship comes will hardly deal so well with the a letter from Mr. John Pierce, in savages as they should. whose name the Plymouth patent you therefore signify to Squanto is taken, signifying that whom the that they are a distinct body from governor admits into the associa- us, and we have nothing to do with tion, he will approve." Bradford, them, nor must be blamed for their in Prince, p. 201.

faults, much less can warrant their • They came upon no religious fidelity." And Mr. John Pierce in design, as did the planters of Ply- another writes, “ As for Mr. Wesmouth ; so they were far from be- ton's company they are so base in ing Puritans. Mr. Weston in a condition for the most part, as in letter owns that many of them are all appearance not fit for an honest rude and profane fellows. Mr. man's company. I wish they prove Cushman in another writes, “They otherwise." Bradford, in Prince, are no men for us, and I fear they p. 203.

I pray




them. That little store of corn we had was exceeding- CHAP. ly wasted by the unjust and dishonest walking of these strangers; who, though they would sometimes seem 1622.

July. to help us in our labor about our corn, yet spared not day and night to steal the same, it being then eatable and pleasant to taste, though green and unprofitable ; and though they received much kindness, set light both by it and us, not sparing to requite the love we showed them, with secret backbitings, revilings, &c., the chief of them being forestalled and made against us before they came, as after appeared. Nevertheless, for their master's sake, who formerly had deserved well from us, we continued to do them whatsoever good or furtherance we could, attributing these things to the want of conscience and discretion, expecting each day when God in his providence would disburden us of them, sorrowing that their overseers were not of more ability and fitness for their places, and much fearing what would be the issue of such raw and unconscionable beginnings.

At length their coasters returned, having found in their judgment a place fit for plantation, within the bay of the Massachusets? at a place called by the Indians Wichaguscusset. To which place the body of them went with all convenient speed, leaving still with us such as were sick and lame, by the Governor's permission, though on their parts undeserved; whom our surgeon,' by the help of God, recovered gratis for them, and they fetched home, as occasion served.

They had not been long from us, ere the Indians

I See note 'on page 78.

Boston harbour. See notes and on page 225.

3 Or Wessagusset, now called Weymouth.

• Dr. Fuller. See note ? on p. 222




for us.

CHAP. filled our ears with clamors against them, for stealing

their corn, and other abuses conceived by them. At 1 622. which we grieved the more, because the same men,'

in mine own hearing, had been earnest in persuading Captain Standish, before their coming, to solicit our Governor to send some of his men to plant by them, alleging many reasons how it might be commodious

But we knew no means to redress those abuses, save reproof, and advising them to better

walking, as occasion served. Aug. In the end of August, came other two ships into our

harbour. The one, as I take it, was called the Discovery, Captain Jones” having the command thereof; the other was that ship of Mr. Weston's, called the Sparrow, which had now made her voyage of fish, and was consorted with the other, being both bound for Virginia. Of Captain Jones we furnished ourselves of such provisions as we most needed, and he could best spare ; who, as he used us kindly, so made us pay largely for the things we had. And had not the Almighty, in his all-ordering providence, directed him to us, it would have gone worse with us than ever it had been, or after was; for as we had now but small store of corn for the year following, so, for want of supply, we were worn out of all manner of trucking-stuff, not having any means left to help ourselves by trade ; but, through God's good mercy towards us, he had where


I That is, the same Indians. bound for Virginia ; and Brad

* This is supposed to be the same ford states that “ she was on her Jones who was captain of the May- way from Virginia homeward, beflower. See note on page 102, ing sent out by some merchanis to and note

discover the shoals about Cape Cod, • Prince says, p. 205, that “Mr. and harbours between this and Winslow

to mistake in Virginia.” thinking Captain Jones was

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on page 160.



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