New ENGLAND, so called not only (to avoid novel- cuar. ties) because Captain Smith hath so entitled it in his Description, but because of the resemblance that is in 162 1. it of England, the native soil of Englishmen; it being muchwhat the same for heat and cold in summer and winter, it being champaign ground, but not high mountains; somewhat like the soil in Kent and Essex, full of dales and meadow ground, full of rivers and sweet springs, as England is. But principally, so far as we

1 In the course of Robert Cush Dr. Belknap remarks, that “ this man's short residence of a month at discourse may be considered as a Plymouth he delivered a discourse specimen of the prophesyings of the to the colonists on the Sin and brethren. The occasion was sinDanger of Self-Love, from 1 Cor. gular; the exhortations and rex. 24, “Let no man seek his own, proofs are not less so, but were but every man another's wealth ; adapted to the existing state of the which was printed at London in colony.' Judge Davis says that 1622, but without his name. In "the late Isaac Lothrop, of Plya tract printed at London in 1644, mouth, ofien mentioned an intimaentitled “A Brief Narration of tion, received from an aged relative, some Church Courses in New Eng- as to the spot where this sermon land," I find the following allusion was delivered. It was at the comto this discourse ; " There is a mon house of the Plantation, which book printed, called A Sermon is understood 10 have been erected preached at Plymouth, in New on the southerly side of the bank, , England, which, as I am certified, where the town brook meets the was made there by a comber of harbour. Mr. Lothrop died in 1808, wool."

aged seventy-three.

Not many





CHAP. can yet find, it is an island,' and near about the quantity

of England, being cut out from the main land in Ameri1621. ca, as England is from the main of Europe, by a great

arm of the sea, which entereth in forty degrees, and runneth up northwest an west, and goeth out either into the sth Sea, or else into the Bay of Canada. The rtainty whereof, and secrets of which, we have not yet so found as that, as eye-witnesses, we can mane narration thereof; but if God give time and means, we shall ere long discover both the extent of that river, together with the secrets thereof; and also try what territories, habitations, or commodities may be found, either in it, or about it.

It pertaineth not to my purpose to speak any thing either in praise or dispraise of the country. So it is, by God's providence, that a few of us are there planted to our content and have with great charge and difficulty attained quiet and competent dwellings there. And thus much I will say for the satisfaction of such as have any thought of going thither to inhabit ; that for men which have a large heart, and look after great riches, ease, pleasures, dainties, and jollity in this world, (except they will live by other men's sweat, or have great riches,) I would not advise them to come there, for as yet the country will afford no such mat

years before his death he had the England, together with all well-
satisfaction of being called to view Willers and well-wishers thereunto,
sundry tools and implements which grace and peace, &c." The Epistle
were dug up at that spot, and which is here printed entire, and all that
he carefully preserved.” See note is of any general or historical inter-
on page 173 ; Belknap's Am. Biog. est in the discourse.
ii. 274; and Morton's Memorial, " It will be seen hereafter that

Winslow 100, on the authority of
Prefixed to the discourse is an the natives, calls it an island.
“ Epistle Dedicatory, to his loving : Hudson's river.
friends, the adventurers for New

p. 74.





ters. But if there be any who are content to lay out CHAP. their estates, spend their time, labors and endeavours, for the benefit of them that shall come after, and in 162 1. desire to further the Gospel among those poor

heathens, quietly contentin.

Aihemselves with such hardship and difficulties, as., "God's providence shall fall upon them, being yet young, and in their strength, such men I would advise and encourage to go, for their ends cannot fail them.

And if it should please God to punish his people in the Christian countries of Europe, for their coldness, carnality, wanton abuse of the Gospel, contention, &c., either by Turkish slavery, or by popish tyranny, (which God forbid,) yet if the time be come, or shall comc (as who knoweth ?) when Satan shall be let loose to cast out his floods against them, here is a way Rev Ill. opened for such as have wings to fly into this wilderness; and as by the dispersion of the Jewish church through persecution, the Lord brought in the fulness Acer xil. of the Gentiles, so who knoweth, whether now by tyranny and affliction, which he suffereth to come upon them, he will not by little and little chase them even amongst the heathens, that so a light may rise up in Luko the dark, and the kingdom of heaven be taken from them which now have it, and given to a people that with shall bring forth the fruit of it? This I leave to the judgment of the godly wise, being neither prophet nor Amore son of a prophet. But considering God's dealing of old, and seeing the name of Christian to be very great, but the true nature thereof almost quite lost in all degrees and sects, I cannot think but that there is some judgment not far off, and that God will shortly, Matth. even of stones, raise up children unto Abraham.

20, 21.

11. 32.

xvil. 23





And whoso rightly considereth what manner of en

trance, abiding, and proceedings we have had among 1621. these poor heathens since we came hither, will easily

think that God hath some great work to do towards them.

They were wont to be the most cruel and treacherous people in all these parts, even like lions; but to us they have been like lambs, so kind, so submissive, and trusty, as a man may truly say, many Christians are not so kind nor sincere.

They were very much wasted of late, by reason of a great mortality' that fell amongst them three years since; which, together with their own civil dissensions and bloody wars, hath so wasted them, as I think the twentieth person is scarce left alive ; and those that are left, have their courage much abated, and their countenance is dejected, and they seem as a people affrighted. And though when we first came into the country, we were few, and many of us were sick, and many died by reason of the cold and wet, it being the depth of winter, and we having no houses nor shelter, yet when there was not six ablo persons among us, and that they came daily to us by hundreds, with their sachems or kings, and might in one hour lave made a dispatch of us, yet such a fear was upon them, as that they never offered us the least injury in word or deed. And by reason of one Tisquanto, that lives amongst us, that can speak English, we have daily commerce with their kings, and can know what is done or intended towards us among the savages; also we can acquaint them with our courses and purposes, both human and religious. And the greatest commander of

i See note

on page 183.

& See note

on page 190.

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