It seemed good to the company in general, that

though the Massachusets had often threatened us, (as 102 1. we were informed,) yet we should go amongst them,

partly to see the country, partly to make peace with them, and partly to procure their truck. For these ends the governors chose ten men, fit for the purpose, and sent Tisquantum and two other salvages to bring

us to speech with the people and interpret for us. Sept. We set out about midnight, the tide then serving for

We supposing it to be nearer than it is, thought to be there the next morning betimes; but it proved well near twenty leagues ’ from New Plymouth. We



"The territory and tribe probably was called so from the Blue Hills, took their name from the Blue a little island thereabout (in NarHills in Milton, which were origin- ragansett Bay); and Connonicus's ally called Massachusetts Mount. father and ancestors living in those Smith speaks of them as “the high southern parts, transferred and mountain of Massachusit.” Cot- brought their authority and name ton, in his Vocabulary of the Mas- into those northern parts." See sachusetts language, gives the fol- Mass. Hist. Coll. vii. 75, xix. 1; lowing definition : “ Massa-chusett xxvi. 120; R. I. Hist. Coll. iv. 208; - a hill in the form of an arrow's and Hutchinson's Mass. i. 460. head.” Roger Williams says, “ I • The distance froin Plymouth to had learnt that the Massachuscits Boston by water is about 40 miles.





came into the bottom of the bay;' but being late, we CHAP. anchored and lay in the shallop, not having seen any of the people. The next morning we put in for the 162 1.

Sept. shore. There we found many lobsters, that had been gathered together by the salvages, which we made ready under a cliff. The Captain set two sentinels behind the cliff, to the landward, to secure the shallop, and taking a guide with him and four of our company, went to scek the inhabitants ; where they met a woman coming for her lobsters. They told her of them, and contented her for them. She told them where the people were. Tisquantum went to them ; the rest returned, having direction which way to bring the shallop to them.

The sachim or governor of this place is called Obbatinewat ; and though he lives in the bottom of the Massachuset Bay,' yet he is under Massasoyt. He used us very kindly. He told us he durst not then remain in any settled place for fear of the Tarentincs.5 Also the squa sachim,' or Massachusets quecn, was an

enemy to him.

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' By the bay is meant Boston ton. Thus Gov. Winthrop speaks harbour. It extends from Nanias- of going from Salem 10 Massachuket to Boston, and spreads froin selis. See Savage's Winthrop, i. 27. Chelsea to Slingham, containing o The 'Tarrateens or Tarrenteens about 75 square miles. See Snow's resided on the Kennebec and the History of Boston, p. 113.

other rivers in Minine, and the Supposed to be Copp's hill, at country east of it. There was great the north end of Boston. At the enmity between them and the Infirst settlement of the town, in dians of Massachusetts Bay, who, 1630, this hill, rising to the height although they had formerly been of about filiy feet above the sea, a great people, yet were now so presented on its northwest brow an reduced that, upon alarins, they abrupt declivity, long after known would fly to the English houses as as Copp's hill steeps. See Snow's to asylums, where the Tarrenteens llistory of Boston, p. 105.

dursi not pursue them. Hutchin3 Siandish.

son's Mass. i. 28, 450. • By Massachusetts Bay was • I suppose the widow of Naneformerly understood only the inner pasliemet, mentioned on the next bay, from Nahant to Point Alder- page.




We told him of divers sachims that had acknowledged

themselves to be King James's men, and if he also 1621. would submit himself, we would be his safeguard from

his enemies; which he did, and went along with us to bring us to the squa sachim. Again we crossed the bay, which is very large, and hath at least fifty islands in it;? but the certain number is not known to the inhabitants. Night it was before we came to that side of the bay where this people were.

On shore the salvages went, but found nobody. That night also

we rid at anchor aboard the shallop. Sept.

On the morrow we went ashore, all but two men, and marched in arms up in the country. Having gone three miles we came to a place where corn had been newly gathered, a house pulled down, and the people gone. A mile from hence, Nancpashemct, their king, in his life-time had lived. Ilis house was not like others, but a scaffold was largely built, with poles and planks, some six foot from [the] ground, and the house upon that, being situated on the top of a hill."


"Of course he could not be, as many isles, all planted with corn, Prince supposcs, llic Obbalinnua groves, mulberries, and salvago who, with ciglit other suchems, on gardens.” Sco Mass. llist. Coll. the 13th of the same month, seven iii. 295, and xxvi, 118. days before, had signed a paper, They probably landed at Squanprofessing their submission to King tum, in" Quincy, which may have James; unless his name was affix- been so called by them at this time ed subsequently to that date. See after their interpreter Tisquantum, Morton's Memorial, p. 67, and who was one of the pariy. See Prince's Annals, p. 190.

note on page 191, and Mass. IIist. 2 The number of islands in Bos- Coll. ix. 104. ton harbour is not overstated, al 4 Perhaps Milton IIill, or some though several of them, such as one of the Blue Hills.

" At MaaBird Island and Nick's Mate, have sachusetts, near the mouth of been washed away since this Jour- Charles river, there used to be a nal was written. A list of them is general rendezvous of Indians. contained in Snow's Boston, p. 114. That circle, which now makes the Smith, in his Description of New harbours of Boston and CharlesEngland, says, “ The country of town, round by Malden, Chelsea, the Massachusets is the paradise Nantasket, lingham, Weymouth, of all those parts ; for here are Braintrco, and Dorchester, was the




Not far from hence, in a bottom, we came to a fort, CHAP. built by their deceased king; the manner thus. There were poles, some thirty or forty feet long, stuck in the 1621.

Sept. ground, as thick as they could be set one by another; 21. and with these they enclosed a ring some forty or fifty foot over;' a trench, breast high, was digged on each side ; one way there was to go into it with a bridge. In the midst of this palisado stood the frame of a house, wherein, being dead, he lay buried."

About a mile from hence, we came to such another, but seated on the top of a hill. Here Nanepashemet was killed, nono dwelling in it since the time of his death. At this place we stayed, and sent two salvages to look [for] the inhabitants, and to inform them of our ends in coming, that they might not be fearful of us. Within a mile of this place they found the women of the place together, with their corn on heaps, whither we supposed them to be fled for fear of us; and the more, because in divers places they had newly pulled down their houses, and for haste in one place had left some of their corn covered with a mat, and nobody with it.

With much fear they entertained us at first ; but seeing our gentle carriage towards them, they took heart and entertained us in the best manner they could,

capital of a great sachem, much Seo also Gookin, in Mass. Hist. reverenced by all the plantations of Coll.

i. 148. Indians round about, and to him · This corresponds exactly with belonged Naponset, (Milton,) Pun- the engraving of the Pequot Fort kapog, (Stoughton,) Wessagusset, in Underhill's Newes from Ameri(Weymouth,) and several places on ca, printed in London in 1638, and Charles river, where the natives reprinted in Mass. Hist. Coll. xxvi. were seated.

The tradition is, 23. that this sachem had his principal . See page 154. seat upon a small hill or rising Nanepashemet is supposed to uplaud, in the midst of a body of have been killed in 1619, and his salt marsh in the township of Dor- widow, the squa sachim, continued chester, near to a place called Squan- in the government. See Lewis's

Hutchinson's Mass. i. 460. Hist. of Lynn, p. 16.







CHAP. boiling cod and such other things as they had for us.

At length, with much sending for, came one of their 1621. men, shaking and trembling for fear. But when he Sept.

saw we intended them no hurt, but came to truck, he promised us his skins also. Of him we inquired for their queen; but it seemed she was far from thence;' at least we could not see her.

Here Tisquantum would have had us rifle the salvage women, and taken their skins and all such things as might be serviceable for us; for, said he, they are a bad people, and have oft threatened you. But our answer was, Were they never so bad, we would not wrong them, or give them any just occasion against us. For their words, we little weighed them ; but if they once attempted any thing against us, then we would deal far worse than he desired.

Having well spent the day, we returned to the shallop, almost all the women accompanying us to truck, who sold their coats from their backs, and tied boughs about them, but with great shamefacedness, for indeed they are more modest than some of our English women are. We promised them to come again to them, and they us to keep their skins.

Within this bay the salvages say there are two rivers ; 2 the one whereof we saw, having a fair entrance, but we had no time to discover it. Better harbours for shipping cannot be than here are. At the entrance of the bay are many rocks ;) and in all likelihood good

1 The residence of the squa sa

Shattuck's Hist, of Concord, p. 2, chim of Massachusetts is variously and Drake's Book of the Indians, b. conjectured to have been at Con- ii. p. 40. cord, and in the neighbourhood of The Mystic and the Charles, the Wachusett mountain. There the former of which they saw. seems, however, no sufficient rea 3 The Graves and the Brewsters son for placing it so remote. Seo are the principal rocks at the en

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