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LANDING OF THE FATHERS AT PLYMOUTH.
And in the morning we marched about it, and found CHAP. no inhabitants at all; and here we made our rendezvous all that day, being Saturday, 10th of December. 1620. : On the Sabbath day we rested ; and on Monday we 9-11 sounded the harbour, and found it a very good harbour for our shipping. We marched also into the land,
"This is an error. Saturday was names are recorded in history durthe 9th ; for on page 163 the next ing the last 1700 years. A kind of Saturday is called the 16th, and by venerableness, arising from these Allestree's Almanac_for_1620, Í facts, attaches to this town, which find that the 9th of December fell may be termed a prejudice. Still, on a Saturday.
it has its foundation in the nature * This is the ever-memorable day of man, and will never be eradiof the Landing of the Fathers at cated either by philosophy or ridiPlymouth. The place of the cule. No New Englander, who is landing is satisfactorily ascertain- willing to indulge his native feelcd. Unquestionable tradition had ings, can stand upon the rock declared that it was on a large where our ancestors set the first rock at the foot of a cliff near the foot after their arrival on the Amertermination of the north street ican shore, without experiencing leading to the water. In the year emotions very different from those 1774 an attempt was made to re which are excited by any common move this rock (over which a wharf object_of the same nature. No had been built) to a more central New Englander could be willing situation. The rock was split in to have that rock buried and forthe operation. The upper part, gotten. Let him reason as much, weighing several tons, was as coldly, and as ingeniously as he moved, and now stands in front of pleases, he will still regard that the Pilgrim Hall, enclosed by a spot with emotions wholly different very appropriate iron railing, of an from those which are excited by elliptical form. It is regarded by other places of equal or even supethe inhabitants and by visiters as rior importance.!' Travels through a precious memorial of that inter- New England, ii. 110. esting event, the arrival of the first De Tocqueville, in the second planters of New England at their chapter of his work on America, place of settlement. The 22d of De- says, “ Ce rocher est devenu un cember, corresponding to the 11th, objet de vénération aux Etats Unis. old style, has long been observed J'en ai vu des fragmens conservés at Plymouth in commemoration of avec soin dans plusieurs villes de the landing of the Fathers. It has l'Union. Ceci ne montre-t-il pas there universally the familiar and bien clairement que la puissance endearing appellation of Forefath- et la grandeur de l'homme est tout ers' Day." See Morton's Memo- entière dans son ame? Voici une rial, p. 48, and Thacher's Ply- pierre que les pieds de quelques mouth, pp. 29, 199.
misérables touchent un instant, et President Dwight, of Yale Col- cette pierre devient célèbre ; elle lege, says,
Plymouth was the attire les regards d'un grand peufirst town built in New England ple; on en vénère les debris, on by civilized men; and those by s'en partage au loin la poussière. whom it was built were inferior in Qu'est devenu le seuil de tant de worth to no body of men whose palais ? Qui s'en inquiète ?"
THE SHALLOP RETURNS TO CAPE COD.
CHAP. and found divers cornfields, and little running brooks,
ca place very good for situation. So we returned to 1620. our ship again with good news to the rest of our 13. people, which did much comfort their hearts.
• This rock has become an object They left the Mayflower in
OF THEIR LANDING AND SETTLING AT NEW PLYMOUTH.
On the 15th day we weighed anchor to go to the CHAP. place we had discovered ; and coming within two leagues of the land, we could not fetch the harbour, but 1020. were fain to put round again towards Cape Cod, our course lying west, and the wind was at northwest. But it pleased God that the next day, being Saturday the 16th day, the wind came fair, and we put to sea 16. again, and came safely into a safe harbour; and within half an hour the wind changed, so as if we had been letted but a little, we had gone back to Cape Cod.
This harbour is a bay greater than Cape Cod, compassed with a goodly land ; and in the bay two fine islands," uninhabited, wherein are nothing but woods,
' In the original, roome; mani- 1635, two shallops going, laden festly an error of the press. with goods, to Connecticut, were
· Clark's island is now the only taken with an easterly storm, and island in Plymouth harbour. It cast away upon Brown's island, has sometimes been supposed that near the Gurnet's Nose, and the a shoal, called Brown's island, men all drowned.” Dr. Freeman, which lies near the entrance of the in his note on this place, considers harbour, about half a mile east by this passage as confirming the supnorth of Beach point, was above position. But Morton, in recordwater at the time the Pilgrims ar ing the same event in his Memorived. Gov. Winthrop, in his His- rial, p. 182, says, the night being tory of New England, i. 169, has dark and stormy, they ran upon the following record : October 6, a skirt of a flat that lieth near