CHIAP. About five o'clock in the morning we began to be IX.

stirring; and two or three, which doubted whether 16 20. their pieces would go off or no, made trial of them Dec. 8. and shot them off, but thought nothing at all. After

prayer we prepared ourselves for breakfast, and for a
journey; and it being now the twilight in the morning,
it was thought meet to carry the things down to the
shallop. Some said it was not best to carry the armor
down. Others said, they would be readier. Two or
three said, they would not carry theirs till they went
themselves, but mistrusting nothing at all. As it fell
out, the water not being high enough, they laid the
things down upon the shore, and came up to breakfast.
Anon, all upon a sudden, we heard a great and strange
cry, which we knew to be the same voices, though
they varied their notes. One of our company, being
abroad, came running in, and cried, “ They are men !
Indians! Indians !” and withal their arrows came fly-
ing amongst us. Our men ran out with all speed to
recover their arms; as by the good providence of God
they did. In the mean time, Captain Miles Standish,
having a snaphance : ready, made a shot; and after
beasts of the country came down were permitted to interfere with
to the sea-side, near to 48 persons their stated devotions.
of my company, who were laboring * See note : on page 134,
about their fish, howling and mak • A snaphance is a musket with
ing a noise.” Whitbourne's book a flint-lock. In 1643 the house-
was published by royal authority, holders at Plymouth were “ordered
and distributed throughout the se-

to be furnished with approved arms, veral parishes of the kingdom. A viz. muskets with snaphance, or contribution too was ordered by the matchlocks with match calivers, Privy Council to be taken in the and carbines, which are allowed, parish churches to defray the ex and also fowling-pieces.” At the pense of the printing, and time of Philip's war, in 1674, snap"some reward to him for his great hances were rare, yet a few of them charge, travails, and divers losses were used. See Mass. Hist. Coll.

xii. 183, and Haven's Centennial · This incidental remark shows Address at Dedham, p. 61. the religious character of the Pil Meyrick, in his Critical Inquiry grims. No dangers or hardships into Ancient Armour, iii. 88, points


at sea.






him another. After they two had shot, other two of CHAP. us were ready ; but he wished us not to shoot till we could tako aim, for we knew not what need we should 1620. have ; and there were four only of us which had their arms there ready, and stood before the open side of our barricado, which was first assaulted. They thought it best to defend it, lest the enemy should take it and our stuff; and so have the more vantage against us. Our care was no less for the shallop; but we hoped all the rest would defend it. We called unto them to know how it was with them ; and they answered “Well! Well !” every one, and “Be of good courage ! ” We heard three of their pieces go off, and the rest called for a firebrand to light their matches. One took a log out of the fire on his shoulder and went and carried it unto them, which was thought did not a little discourage our enemies. The cry of our enemies? was dreadful, especially when our men ran out to recover their arms. Their note was after this manner, “ Woach, woach, ha ha hach woach." Our men were no sooner come to their arms, but the enemy was ready to assault them.

There was a lusty man, and no whit less valiant, who was thought to be their captain, stood behind a tree within half a musket shot of us, and there let his arrows fly at us. He was seen to shoot three arrows, which were all avoided; for he at whom the first arrow was aimed, saw it, and stooped down, and it

out a difference between the fire- rate from its cover; whilst in the
lock and the snaphance, and quotes firelock the hammer is affixed to
a document which “prefers the the pan, supplying the place of its
firelock,” but “if they cannot be cover, and opening at the percus-
procured, snaphanccs will lo.” The sion of the cock.
difference seems to be that in the See note : on page 125.
snaphance a movable bammer was ? These were the Nauset Indians,
placed beyond the

appear hereafter.


and sepa

as will



CHAP. flew over him. The rest were avoided also. He IX.

stood three shots of a musket. At length, one took, 1620. as he said, full aim at him ; after which he gave an Dec. 8. extraordinary cry, and away they went all. We fol

lowed them about a quarter of a mile; but we left six to keep our shallop, for we were very careful of our business. Then we shouted all together two several times, and shot off a couple of muskets, and so returned. This we did that they might see we were not afraid of them, nor discouraged.

Thus it pleased God to vanquish our enemies and give us deliverance. By their noise we could not guess that they were less than thirty or forty, though some thought that they were many more. Yet, in the dark of the morning, we could not so well discern them among the trees, as they could see us by our fire-side. We took up eighteen of their arrows, which we have sent to England by Master Jones ; some whereof were headed with brass, others with harts' horn, and others with eagles' claws. Many more no doubt were shot, for these we found were almost covered with leaves; yet, by the especial providence of God, none of them either hit or hurt us, though many came close by us and on every side of us, and some coats which hung up in our barricado were shot through and through.

· Johnson, in his Wonder-work- statement. In the same chapter ing Providence, ch. 8, says that he says, “ Of Plymouth plantation

one Captain Miles Standish, hav- the author purposes not to speak ing his fowling-piece in readiness, particularly, being prevented by the presented full at them. His shot, honored Mr. Winslow, who was an being directed by the provident eye-wiiness of the work.” Edward hand of the most high God, struck Johnson lived at Woburn, in Masthe stoutest sachem among them sachusetts, and his book was printon the right arm, it being bent over ed in London in 1654. See Mass. his shoulder to reach an arrow forth Hist. Coll. xii. 49, 67. his quiver.” We know not what > On the return of the Mayflower authority Johnson had for this in April, 1621.





So after we had given God thanks for our deliver- CHAP. ance, we took our shallop and went on our journey, and called this place The First Encounter. From 16 20.

Dec. hence we intended to have sailed to the aforesaid Thievish Harbour, if we found no convenient harbour by the way.' Having the wind good, we sailed all that day along the coast about fifteen leagues ;' but saw neither river nor creek to put into. After we had sailed an hour or two, it began to snow and rain, and to be bad weather. About the midst of the asternoon the wind increased, and the seas began to be very rough ; and the hinges of the rudder broke, so that we could steer no longer with it, but two men, with much ado, were fain to serve with a couple of

The seas were grown so great that we were much troubled and in great danger; and night grew on. Anon, Master Coppin bade us be of good cheer; he saw the harbour. As we drew near, the gale being stiff, and we bearing great sail to get in, split our mast in three pieces, and were like to have cast away our shallop.' Yet, by God's mercy, recovering our


Gov. Bradford, in his History, ble that they would have entered as quoted by Prince, p. 166, says, and made their settlement there. “ They hasten on to a port which * Bradford says, in his History, Mr. Coppin, their pilot, assures “ The pilot, being deceived, cries them is a good one, which he had out, 'Lord be merciful! my eyes been in, and they might reach be never saw this place before !' And fore night.” Coppin might have he and the mate would have run been on the coast before, either her ashore in a cove full of breakwith Smith or Hunt, in 1614. ers, before the wind; but a steers

The distance along the coast man calling to the rowers, About from Eastham to the high bluff of with her, or we are cast away,' Manomet, in Plymouth, is about they get her about immediately, 45 miles or 15 leagues.

and Providence showing a fair 3 The snow-storm, which began sound before them, they get under “after they had sailed an hour or the lee of a small rise of land ; but two,” prevented their seeing San are divided about going ashore, dy Neck, and led them to over- lest they fall into the midst of shoot Barnstable harbour. Had it savages. Some, therefore, keep the not been for this, it is highly proba- boat, but others being so wet,




CHAP. selves, we had the flood with us, and struck into the

harbour. 162 0. Now he that thought that had been the place, was Dec. 8. deceived, it being a place where not any of us had

been before; and coming into the harbour, he that was our pilot did bear up northward, which if we had continued, we had been cast away. Yet still the Lord kept us, and we bare up for an island” before us; and recovering of that island, being compassed about with many rocks, and dark night growing upon us, it pleased the Divine Providence that we fell upon a place of sandy ground, where our shallop did ride safe and secure all that night; and coming upon a strange island, kept our watch all night in the rain upon that island."

p. 166.

cold, and feeble, cannot bear it, but unto the town of Plymouth, with venture ashore, and with great dif- the woods, thereupon." In 1690, ficulty kindle a fire; and after mid. Clark's island was sold to Samnight, the wind shifting to the uel Lucas, Elkanah Watson, and north west, and freezing hard, the George Morton. The Watson rest are glad to get to them, and family have been in possession of here stay the night.” See Prince, this island for half a century, and

one of them, Edward Watson, now ' The cove where they were in resides on it. See Mass. Hist. danger lies between the Gurnet Coll. xiii. 162, 181; Thacher's Head and Saquish Point, at the en- Plymouth, pp. 82, 153, 158, 330. trance of Plymouth harbour.

One of the oldest grave-stones · Clark's island just within the on the burial hill in Plymouth, is entrance of Plymouth harbour, and that of a Thomas Clark, who died 80 called after the mate of the March 24, 1697, aged 98. He Mayflower, who is said to have came in the Anne, in 1623. Some been the first to step ashore on it. have thought that this was the It is sheltered from the ocean by mate of the Mayflower. But it is Salt-house beach, contains about not known that his name eighty acres of fertile land, and is Thomas, nor is there any evidence called by Gov. Hutchinson, i. 360, that he ever returned to this coun

one of the best islands in New try. See Thacher's Plymouth, 168. England." It was neither sold 's Bradford adds, in his History, nor allotted in any of the early di. “In the morning they find the visions of the lands, but was re- place to be a small island, secure served for the benefit of the poor of from Indians. And this being the the town, to furnish them with last day of the week, they here wood, and with pasture for their dry their stuff, fix their pieces, rest caule. Previous to 1638 the “Court themselves, return God thanks for granted that Clark's island, the their many deliverances; and here Eel river beach, Saquish, and the the next day keep their Christian Gurnet's Nose, shall be and remain Sabbath.” Prince, p. 167.


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