who, either by pursc or person or both, are agents in the same. So I take leave, and rest

Thy friend,

G. Mourt.


· Who was G. Mourt? From his unfeigned well-willer and promoter Preface it is evident that he was a of the common good and growth of person in England interested in the the plantation of New Plymouth.” success of the Plymouth Colony,. Mourt may have been written deidentifying himself with it, as ap- signedly for Morton, from a disinpears from the expression, clination on his part to have his beyond our expectation," having name appear publicly in print, or it much desired” to embark with may have been a mistake of the the first colonists, and intending printer, the final letters, from some soon to go over and join them. It flourish of the pen or otherwise, is also evident that he had familiar not being distinctly legible. Sevand friendly relations with some of eral other typographical errors, more them, (" these Relations coming to important and palpable than this, my hand from my both known and occur in the Journal, It will be faithful friends,'') and that ho was scen hereafter that Carver's name one in whom they reposcd such was printed Lcaver, and Williams, entire confidence as to send to him by a sourish of the pen, was contheir first despatches of letters and verted into Williamson. journals.

Prince, p. 132, errs in saying The only individual answering that this Journal was published by to this description that I can ascer- Mourt; and his editor, p. 439, (ed. tain, is George Morton, who had 1826,) errs in stating that Prince married a sister of Gov. Bradford, had only Purchas's abridgment of and came over to Plymouth in July, it. He had the entire work, on the 1623, in the first ship that sailed for title-page of which it is stated that the Colony after this Journal was it was " printed for John Bellamy," printed. He is represented in the who continued for at least twentyMemorial, p. 101, as“ very faithful five years from that time (1622,) to in whatsoever public employment be the principal publisher of books he was betrusted withal, and an relating to New England.

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As we cannot but account it an extraordinary blessing of God in directing our course for these parts, after we came out of our native country, - for that we had the happiness to be possessed of the comforts we receive by the benefit of one of the most pleasant, most healthful, and most fruitful parts of the world, — so must we acknowledge the same blessing to be multiplied upon our whole company, for that we obtained the honor to receive allowance and approbation of our free possession and enjoying thereof, under the authority of those thrice honored persons, The President and Council for the Affairs of New England ; by whose bounty and grace,

in that behalf, all of us are tied to dedicate our best service unto them, as those, under his Majesty, that we owe it unto; whose noble endea

'These are probably the initials their behalf, to the President and of John Pierce, in whose name Council of New England, for a their second patent was taken. See grant of the territory on which they Prince, p. 204.

had unintentionally settled. This, ? The Pilgrims, by coming so it seems, was readily accorded. – far north, had got beyond the The President and Council put limits of the Virginia Company, forth in 1622, “ A Brief Relation and accordingly their patent was of the Discovery and Plantation of no value. On the return of of New England,” which is rethe Mayflower in May, 1621, the printed in the Mass. IIist. Coll. xix. merchant adventurers applied, in 1 - 25.



vours in these their actions the God of heaven and earth multiply to his glory and their own eternal comforts.

As for this poor Relation, I pray you to accept it as being writ by the several actors themselves,' after their plain and rude manner.

Therefore doubt nothing of the truth thereof. If it be defective in any thing, it is their ignorance, that are better acquainted with planting than writing. If it satisfy those that are well affected to the business, it is all I care for. Sure I am the place we are in, and the hopes that are apparent, cannot but suffice any that will not desire more than enough. Neither is there want of

! This constitutes its great value, aware that any of the other coloand confers on it the highest au nists were accustomed to writing ; thority. George Morton, in his at least none of their writings have Preface, alludes to the same fact. come down to us. Standish, though Edward Winslow, in a postscript to “ the best linguist among them,” his “Good News from New Eng- in the Indian dialects, was more land,” printed in 1624, states that expert with the sword than the this Relation was “ gathered by the pen; and Elder Brewsler, then fiftyinhabitants of this present planta- six years old, was prevented by his tion at Plymouth, in New Eng- office, if not by his age, from going land," and in the body of his work on any of the excursions, and was alludes to “ former letters written therefore not competent to write by myself and others, which came the journal of them. Carver had to the press against my will and the weight of government on his knowledge." The Journal, too, shoulders, which would leave little directly and by implication, repeat- time for writing; he died too in edly testifies to the same point. April, five months after their arriUnder Dec. 6, in mentioning their val at the Cape. Allerton, Fuller, third excursion, it says,

and Hopkins, are the only other rative of which discovery follows, persons likely to have had any penned by one of the company." hand in writing the Journal; and

I do not hesitate to ascribe this the part they contributed to it, if Journal to Bradford and Winslow, any, would probably be confined to chiefly to the former. They were furnishing the rough sketches of among the most active and effi- such expeditions as those to Naucient leaders of the Pilgrims ; and sct, Namaschet, and Massachusetts, one or the other of them went on in which Bradford and Winslow almost every expedition here re may not have been personally encorded, and were therefore cogni- gaged. The style, too, seems to zant of the facts as eye-witnesses. correspond, in its plainness and They were also the only practised directness, with that of Bradford, in writers among them. We are not his History.

" the nar




aught among us but company to enjoy the blessings
so plentifully bestowed upon the inhabitants that are
here. While I was a writing this, I had almost forgot
that I had but the recommendation of the Relation
itself to your further consideration, and therefore I
will end without saying more, save that I shall always
Yours, in the way of friendship,

R. G.
From Plymouth, in New England.


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'Who was R. G.? At the time Richard Greene, as is suggested in this Journal was sent over from Mass. Hist. Coll. xxvii. 298, 300 ; Plymouth, in Dec. 1621, the only since Greene did not arrive at Plyperson there whose initials were mouth vill July, 1622, and this ReR. G. was Richard Gardiner. He lation was sent to England in Dec. was one of the signers of the Com- 1621. See note

on page 236, pact on board the Mayflower, as and pages 296 and 299. will be seen hereasier. In that list R. G. (or R. C. as I think it it is apparent that the 41 names should be,) was Robert Cushman, are, for the most part, subscribed in their active and efficient agent, who the order of the reputed rank of being prevented from coming over the signers. The two last, Dotey in the Mayflower, came in Nov. and Leister, were servants; the 1621, in the Fortune, and returned two next preceding, Allerton and in her the next month. Cushman English, were seamen ; then comes brought the intelligence that a Richard Gardiner. Now it is very charter had been procured for them unlikely that such an obscure per- by the merchant adventurers from son as this, No. 37, of whom no. the President and Council of New thing is known, whoso namo docs England, “better than their fornot appear in the assignment of the mer, and with less limitation." It lands in 1023, nor in the division was very natural, under these cir. of the catile in 1627, and occurs no cumstances, that the leading colowhere subsequently in the records nists should request him to write a of the Colony, should be selected letter in their behalf, enclosing a and deputed by the leading men copy of their Journal, to Pierce, in in it to endorse “the recommen: whose name the charter had been dation" of their Journal. Such taken ; and it was no less natural, a person, even had he been chosen that in writing it, he should render a for this purpose, would not have deserved tribute of acknowledgment presumed to speak of his superiors to the Company, for their “bounty as having written their narrative and grace" in allowing them the " after their plain and rude man free possession and enjoyment of ner, " and apologize for “their ig- the land on which they had invonorance,” by saying they were luntarily settled. See Prince, p. “better acquainted with planting 198. than writing. Such language

This letter of Cushman is followwould be used only by one of their ed in the original by Robinson's compeers.

parting Letter of Advice, which has Nor could R. G. have been already been printed on page 91.

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