New Tools for Environmental Protection: Education, Information, and Voluntary Measures

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Many people believe that environmental regulation has passed a point of diminishing returns: the quick fixes have been achieved and the main sources of pollution are shifting from large "point sources" to more diffuse sources that are more difficult and expensive to regulate. The political climate has also changed in the United States since the 1970s in ways that provide impetus to seek alternatives to regulation.

This book examines the potential of some of these "new tools" that emphasize education, information, and voluntary measures. Contributors summarize what we know about the effectiveness of these tools, both individually and in combination with regulatory and economic policy instruments. They also extract practical lessons from this knowledge and consider what is needed to make these tools more effective.

The book will be of interest to environmental policy practitioners and to researchers and students concerned with applying social and behavioral sciences knowledge to improve environmental quality.

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Tartalomjegyzék

2 Changes in Pollution and the Implications for Policy
17
The Message and the Reality
49
Examining the KnowledgeDeficit Model of Behavior Change
67
5 Promoting Green Consumer Behavior with EcoLabels
83
6 The Public Health Perspective for Communicating Environmental Issues
105
7 Understanding Individual and Social Characteristics in the Promotion of Household Disaster Preparedness
125
8 Lessons from Analogous Public Education Campaigns
141
9 Perspectives on Environmental Education in the United States
147
An Initial Survey
219
Emergence and Evolution
235
Environmental Right to Know as a Driver of Sound Environmental Policy
253
16 Challenges in Evaluating Voluntary Environmental Programs
263
A Theoretical Framework
283
18 Factors in Firms and Industries Affecting the Outcomes of Voluntary Measures
303
19 The Policy Context for Flexible Negotiated and Voluntary Measures
311
20 Understanding Voluntary Measures
319

10 A Model of CommunityBased Environmental Education
161
11 Community Environmental Policy Capacity and Effective Environmental Protection
183
What Have We Learned?
201
What We Know and Need to Know
337
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS
349
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