colossus at Abousimbul, now placed over a door in the northern vesti- Book ill, bule, hut which ought, in any re-arrangement, to be united with the ^.^'J11' other monuments of Rameses II, and which would finely terminate the


Project Of


vista, looking from the west. And Pro

IX. Seventh Egyptian Room.—Here would be the sculptures, both of ,ECTOasthe native dynasties posterior to the Nineteenth, and of the Ptolemaic Mr. and Roman periods, which at present occupy the southern Egyptian Gallery. In the recesses between the pilasters might be wall cases. Recon

X. Eighth Egyptian Boom.—This, and the two succeeding rooms, Struction would be appropriated to smaller Egyptian remains. The light on the (1858-1860>western side of these rooms falls so nearly vertically, from the overshadowing mass of building adjoining, that wall cases would have their contents completely thrown into shade by the shelves, or by the tops of Room. the cases. Objects in the middle of the room, on the other hand, would ElGHIH

be in uninterrupted light. It is, therefore, proposed to place against Egyptian the walls inscribed tablets, which are best seen under an acutely striking Room. light; painted plaster friezes, which, from their strong colours and coarse execution, do not require much light; and framed papyri, which are liable to injury from exposure to powerful light. Along the centre of the room would be arranged mummies, and mummy cases, in glass frames, with table cases for scarabffii, and other small objects, which are most conveniently exhibited on flat or sloping surfaces.

XI. Ninth Egyptian Boom.—The thoroughfare is here too great for Ninth objects to be conveniently arranged in the centre; but the walls might Egyptian be occupied as in the preceding room.

XII. Tenth Egyptian Boom.—To be arranged similarly to the ^ *TM Eighth. KooM.

Stjmmaet of the Accommodation provided in the plan for Egyptian Antiquities :—

1. The large sculptures would gain Rooms III, IV, and VI, in lieu of the northern vestibule.

2. The inscribed tablets, which at present occupy the recesses of Rooms VII, VIII, IX, containing four hundred and twenty-two linear feet of wall space, and the walls of the northern vestibule, containing about eighty feet, or altogether about five hundred and two feet, would share with the framed papyri and painted plaster friezes the walls of Rooms III, IV, V, VI, VIII, X, XI, XII, containing altogether about nine hundred and sixty feet.

3. The mummies, overcrowded in a room containing two thousand and fourteen square feet of available open space, and the coffins in the present 'Egyptian Ante-room,' would be arranged, with several table cases, in Rooms X and XII, containing altogether about four thousand and eighty square feet.

4. The small objects, now in wall cases extending to two hundred and

Summary Of AccommoDation For Egyptian AntiquiTies.

Book III, Chap. VII. ReconSteuctors And ProJectors.


Oldfield's Project or ReconStruction (1858-1860)— continued.







thirty-seven feet of linear measurement, and in three table cases, would be arranged in wall cases, extending to three hundred and eighty-three feet, and in several table cases, of which the exact extent cannot be fixed.

The additional space here provided for large Egyptian sculptures is not so much needed for the present as is the case in some other series; but the greater comparative difficulty of moving objects so bulky makes it advisable to secure, as far as possible, the permanence of any rearrangement, by leaving room for the probable incorporations of future years. The accommodation provided for smaller objects is little more than they already require for advantageous display.

XIII. First Assyrian or Nimroud Boom.—This room, on the site of the basement-room, would be formed by demolishing the small room, with the adjoining students' room and staircase; by extending over their site the glass roof of room; by throwing a floor, on a continuous level with those of the adjoining galleries, and supported upon iron pillars, over so much of room as is coloured brown in the plan; and by carrying up thin partitions from this floor to the glass roof, so as to inclose a new apartment. This apartment would, at the south end, extend across the whole breadth of room, but elsewhere it would be limited to a central space, nineteen feet wide, corresponding to the present central compartment of room, so as to leave open an area of ten feet wide on each side. The open areas would serve to light both the whole room below, of which the central portion would be partially obscured by the new structure, and also the rooms in the adjoining basements, which, though no longer used for exhibition, might be serviceable for other subordinate purposes. In one of the open areas might be a private staircase to the basement. Room XIII would be considerably loftier than the present ' Nimroud Side Gallery,' and it would contain two thousand nine hundred and seventy superficial feet, and three hundred and fourteen linear feet of wall-space, instead of two thousand one hundred and seventy-six superficial feet, and two hundred and seventyeight feet of wall-space. In this new room would be placed the earliest of the Assyrian monuments, those of Sardanapalus I; at the south end those found in the two small temples at Nimroud, including the colossal lion, the arched monolith and altar, and the mythological figures from a doorway; in the northern portion, the sculptures from the North-west Palace at Nimroud, including the small winged lion and bull, now in room.

XIV. Second Assyrian Room.—This would contain a continuation of the series from Nimroud. On the west side the colossal winged lions now in the western compartment of the Assyrian Transept, which would complete the monuments of Sardanapalus I; in other parts of the room, the few but important sculptures of Divanubara, Shammaz-Phal,

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and Pul, now somewhat scattered for want of the requisite accommoda- BooK ITI> tion in room, but for which there would here be ample space, and an Bjt^}1' advantageous light. Stbuctoes

XV. A proposed new room, to be entitled the Third Assyrian or AMD pe°Khorsabad Boom, the Assistant-Keeper's study being removed, and ,ECT0ES' accommodation being provided for him elsewhere. The room might be Jjjjj , forty-seven feet by forty, about the same height as XIV, and simi- pE0JECT op larly lighted by a central skylight; beneath it would be a basement Keconroom for the uses of the establishment. Room XV would contain, first, STM"C,TI°" the bas-reliefs of Tiglathpileser II from the South-west edifice of Nimroud; and secondly, the Khorsabad collection, or monuments of Sargina, which is next in chronological order to the Nimroud collection. The Assyeian two colossal bulls of Sargina are marked in the plan as facing each Room. other, an arrangement common at Khorsabad. Deducting space for

the bulls, upwards of eighty linear feet of wall-surface would remain in the room, which is considerably more than the bas-reliefs of Tiglathpileser and Sargina require. The new building would necessarily obscure some of the windows of the adjoining basement, but this is of minor importance; and the evil might be diminished on the western and southern side, by leaving open spaces in the floor behind each of the colossal bulls. Between the bulls would be a passage to

XVI. Fourth Assyrian or Sennacherib Boom.—Here would be the Foubth first part of the collection discovered at Koyunjik, the monuments of Assybiam Sennacherib, now inconveniently divided, and arranged partly in the RooM'

'Koyunjik Gallery,' and partly in the 'Assyrian Basement Room.' These monuments consist, almost entirely, of bas-reliefs, extending as at present arranged, to about three hundred and fifty-one feet (two hundred and eight on the ground floor, and one hundred and forty-three in the basement). In a lofty and wide room, however, such as XVI, an upper row of bas-reliefs might be introduced over many of the smaller slabs, now arranged in a single row only; by this means the sculptures of Sennacherib might all be included on the east, west, and north sides of the room, containing three hundred and seventeen linear feet of wall-space, leaving the south side, or twenty-seven feet, for sculptures of Sardanapalus III, the last monarch of the Assyrian series. In the centre of the room would be glass cases for the numerous tablets, cylinders, and other small objects of this collection, which it is most instructive to exhibit in connection with the sculptures. The only architectural alteration desirable in the room would be to open skylights in the lateral portion of the roof, and to close those in the central, in order to obtain a sharper light, upon the principle so successfully adopted in the present' Nimroud Side Gallery.'

XVII. Fifth Assyrian Boom.—Here would be the continuation Vins of the monuments of Sardanapalus III, which conclude the Assyrian

Book III, Chap. VII. ReconStructors And ProJectors.


Oldfield's Project or ReconStruction (1858-1860)— continued.


department; they are at present divided like those of Sennacherib, and part exhibited in the ' Koyunjik Gallery,' part in the basement room; altogether they now extend to three hundred and seventy-three feet; but as the greater part might, in Room XVII, be very well arranged in double rows, and some of those in single rows might, without injury, be, less widely spread, two hundred and twenty-five feet would suffice for their exhibition; of this space twenty-seven feet would be supplied by Room XVI, and the remainder by XVII. The centre of the room should be appropriated as the preceding, and the lighting similarly modified.

Summary Of The Accommodation Provided In The Plan
For Assyrian Antiquities.

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It thus appears that the wall-space provided in the plan, though one hundred and twenty-seven feet more than the wall-space in the existing rooms, falls short by one hundred and twenty-seven feet of the total linear extent of the bas-reliefs, as now arranged. In lieu, however, of placing slabs in the middle of a gallery, as is done in the basement room, and as it would likewise be possible to do in XVI or XVII, it is thought better, in these last rooms, to provide the additional space by simply carrying up the slabs to a greater height.

The space for central cases for small objects, which is at present four thousand and eighty square feet in rooms would be eight thousand one hundred and seventy square feet in Rooms XVI and XVII, an amount so abundant as to supersede the necessity for any wall-cases.

The accommodation here provided for Assyrian antiquities is little more in quantity, though much better in quality, than the present. JECTOES.

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But this is nearly the only branch of the archaeological collections to Boo« IH. which there seems little probability of future additions. If, contrary to'

expectation, any such should be made, a supplemental room might be Structors

built on the vacant space to the north of the Assyrian galleries. And Pro

XVIII. Persian Boom.—The sculptures to be here exhibited, which are all bas-reliefs, would probably not occupy more than half the wall- mkspace, which is forty-seven linear feet. They belong chiefly to the sixth century, B.C., and properly therefore succeed the Assyrian, which range Rbconfrom the tenth to the seventh century, B.C. Struction

XIX. Lucian Gallery.—It is intended to reserve this room for the (1858-1860)_

. , continued.

monuments peculiarly characteristic of Lycia, and to transfer to the Greek galleries those in which the Greek element is predominant; such as, particularly, the sculptures of the Ionic trophy monument or herovm from Xanthus, now scattered over the room, and, if necessary, the casts GALli,Ej from the rock tomb at Myra. This would leave abundant space for the purely Lycian remains. The harpy tomb, of which the bas-reliefs furnish a very important illustration of archaic Greek art, might best be placed in an isolated position near the entrance to the Greek galleries, where it would be favourably lighted and conspicuously seen. Its present place might be filled by the rude sarcophagus with sculptures of lions. The lighting of the Lycian room, which is very defective, should be improved by an alteration in the roof; but it is thought better not to enter into the details of such alteration in the present paper.

XX. First Greek or Inscription Boom.—The room beneath this being First supposed to be withdrawn from exhibition, the staircase at the west end Greek should be separated by a partition, and entered through a private door. All Greek inscriptions, except the sepulchral, and such as are engraved on architectural or sculptural monuments, would be here collected.

At this point the new buildings commence with—

XXI. Second Greek or Branchidce Boom, thirty feet by twenty-four.— The height both of this and the four succeeding rooms should be about Greek twenty feet. This would contain the earliest Greek sculptures, of which Room. the principal are those procured by Mr. Newton from Branchidaa. The ten seated statues would be arranged on each side, as in the ' Sacred Way' at that place, and the recumbent inscribed lion and the sphinx placed at the end of the room. Third

XXII. Third Greek Boom, twenty-four feet by seventeen.—This would Geeek contain other archaic works, including the casts from Selinus. Room.

XXHI. Fourth Greek or Mginetan Room, thirty-eight feet by twenty- Foerth four.—Here would be fixed, in two recesses, the restorations of the two gkeek pedimental groups from iEgina, which are exactly of the length of this RooM' room, and which might be placed at a more convenient level for examination than their present elevated position in room. f'"h

XXIV. Fifth Greek Boom, seventeen feet by twenty-four.—On a pedes- £TM*K



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