BRYMBO COAL (on the Admiralty list) is considered to be the largest and finest that can be obtained in Great Britain. It is shipped with despatch from BirkenHead, on the River Mersey (where the largest-sized ships - lie afloat), and at Saltney, near Chester, at very moderate prices.

Fire Clay and Bricks, of a very superior quality,

also on sale.

BRYMBO COLLIERY, Wrexham, North Wales.

OJJioe in Liverpool, 2, Sweeting-street, near the Exchange, [i 199

HORSES' FEET.—CHERRY'S {Her Majesty's principal Veterinary Surgeon) Elastic Stoppings for Horses* Feet have stood the test of 25 years' experience, and their usefulness in supporting and preserving the Feet of Horses has led to imitations that are deficient in the most essential properties. The original efficacious Stoppings have the Inventor's name branded on them, and are made only by Wahd, Saddler, Queett-strectjC/teapside, Manufacturer of every description of Saddlery, Harness, &c. &c, at the lowest possible prices. [i 248

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Hamburgh, Antwerp, Bremen, Kampen, Yarmouth, Goolc, and Gainsbro'. Also to London thrice a-week, at Tcduced fores; and to Copenhagen and St. Petersburg during the season. Inquiries by post, addressed to Brownlom-, Pearson, and Co., General Forwarding Agents, Hull, will have prompt attention. [i 6

BELFAST and the NORTH OF IRELAND via FLEETWOOD.—The Royal Mail Steamers " Prince or Wales" and " Princess Alice" leave Fleetwood for Belfast every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday Evenings, after the arrival of the 10 A.m. Train from London. See Bradsliaw's Guide, p. 120; or apply to

KEMP & Co., Fleetwood. [i 206


OF ANY KIND, and of very Superior Workmanship, supplied by W. T. II EN LEY, Telegraph Engineer, Magnet Manufacturer, and Mechanician, and Patentee of the Magneto-Electric Telegraph, 46, St. John's-streetRovd, Clerkenwf.i.l, London.

W. T. H. undertakes to erect Telegraph Works, in this country or abroad, at a very reduced charge, ami, if required, keep them in order; or when Railway Companies or others wish to erect their own Wires, he will supply them with Instruments of first-rate quality, as he has lately done (on Cook and Wheatstone's principle) to the South-Eastern Railway Company, for the Reading, Reigate, and Guildford •and Hastings and Ashford Lines—the Telegraph Company -being paid for a Licence for using the Patent. W. 1. .henley also calls attention to his Magneto-Electric Telegraph, the Patents for which he has assigned to the MagnetoElectric Telegraph Company. This Instrument requires no battery, and is the only Telegraph not aflected by wet weather or bad insulation of any kind.

AV. T. H. also manufactures Magnets, Magnetic, MagnetoElectric, or other apparatus, of any dimensions; also all descriptious of Clock-work Trains and other Machinery.

Wire, covered with Silk, Cotton, Gutta Percha, or Indiarubber, of any size or in any length. [i 260





HAS always on hand a laree Assortment of ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH INSTRUMENTS, in various designs, for giving signals and sounding alarums.

Also an extensive stock of materials for erecting POLE and SUBTERRANEAN TELEGRAPHS, consisting of Wire coated with Zinc, Gutta Percha prepared in various forms, Insulators of the most approved kind in Earthenware, Glass, Gutta Percha, &c.

Patent prepared Wire, for Submarine and other Telegraphs.

W. R., having been engaged in making Instruments and erecting Telegraphs for the last 13 years, is prepared to furnish tenders for the cost of Lines, and erect Telegraphs to any extent with the greatest possible despatch. [i 121


KANSOMES & MAY, Ironf'ounders, Engineers, i and Manufacturers of Agricultural Implements, Jp«wich, and No. 3, Great George-street, Westminster: where may be had particulars respecting Barlow's Patent Wroughtiron Railway Turntables and Cast-iron Sleepers; Wild's Patent Turntables and Switches; R. & M.'s own Registered AVater-Crane; R, & M.'s Patent Compressed Treenails and Keys, &c, for Railways; Leggctt's Queen Printing Press, with self-acting Inking Apparatus.

For Agricultural Implements, and for Turntables, &c. &c, see Official Illustrated Catalogue.

Also their Illustrated Catalogue of Implements and Machines, on application to their London Office as above, or post-free by enclosing Six Postage Stamps. R. & M. call particular attention to their Patent Trussed Beam Iron Plough, marked Y'. F. L., price as a swing 21. 10s.; and to their new Broad-share, Scarifying, and Subsoil Plough; and their new Seed-dropper, Agricultural Steam-engines, and Thrashing Machines. R. & M. continue to undertake the construction of Railway Bridges, and to supply Castiron Girders, Columns, &c. &c.; also the building of Cattle and Goods Trucks. Ipswich is about 69 miles from .London by Railway,


RANSOMES ct MAY, Ingenieun, Fondeurs en Fer, et Fabricants des Instruments d'Agriculture, "a Ipswich, AnoleTEKitE. Avis au public:—On peut obtenir un Catalogue Illustre des Machines et des Instruments d'Agriculture a Aro. 3, Great George-street, Westminster, ou afiranchi a tous les Hepartcmcnts de la France, en envoyant une douzaine d'estampes dc poste. Ipswich est eloigne de Londres de 28 lieucs (environ), partant de Shoreditch, par le Chemin de Fer des Eastern Counties, et y arrivant en trois heures et demie. On peut y aller et revenir le meme jour sans se goner, ct on donnc des billets dc retour pour la journe'e a prix reduit. Us fabriquent aussi des

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HARRISON, AINSLIE, & CO., Newland FurNace, Ulverston, exhibit a Case containing Hematite Ikon Ore, from Lindal-Moor Mines, in Furness; analysed by Dr. Sheridan Muspratt, F.R.S.E., and by him certified to contain—

Sesqnioxide of iron, t Metallic iron . GG 47 per cent,
94'97 per cent. |0*ygen. , 88-ao ,,

Silica 3'43,,

Lime ...... 0*71 ,,

Moisture ..... 0*24 ,,

Loss 0'61—100-00

Charcoal Pig-iron and Furnace-cinder, from Newland Buchbarrow, Uuddon, and Lorn Furnaces—the only Charcoal Furnaces in Britain. [i 201

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I t '* of the aVrst iniportaswe to a astfioo that iu requirements should be thoroughly understood; and every stride Made toward* better governoteat is effected brtaew ray of light baring penetrated the darkness which originally i-mrrwi the fan; of the whole earth. The more civilized a nation becomes, the more diversified are its l»jr)*l*tire wants; and that which ma/ with safety be left to adjust itself m the infancy of society, becomes, at a more advanced period, a paramount consideration. This is precisely the case with Needlework at the present day; it is impossible to overrate its importance. Even the boon of a thoroughly satisfactory poor-law must dwindle into comparative insignificance beside an arrangement whereby tens of thousands of paupers would be •nabled to maintain themselves without taking one shilling out of the pockets of the public. Class legislation is • word of retort in the months of all parties; but when one class seizes upon the labour of its inferior, and, through the overpowering agency of capital, buys up an extensive branch of native remunerative industry, turning tent of thousands of able-bodied ami highly artistical producers into poverty-stricken | "supers,—when the anonopolised trade, far from flourishing under the talismanic influence of capital, yearly deteriorates through the waning energies of the producers,—when the public is robbed by the substitution of an inferior article on demand, •fid victimised in the shape of poor's-ratos to make up for the inadequate wages given to the producers,—when this gigantic evil has entrenched itself, like the wolf in the story of Red Riding Hood, in the very inmost chambers of the houses of tint liritish public,—and whilst the wires and daughters of the land are gathering the fluwers that bedeck the pathway of life, the monster is lying carefully concealed under the mantles of fashion upon the beds of indolence, ready to «|iriiig forth at an unexpected time and devour the luxurious triflers. Surely it is well to warn the public against the dangerous pet they are fostering in their dwellings; and, however timid the legislature tnuy l»e of encountering the insidious foe, every one may hunt it out of their own houses. I believe that the most pressing necessity of this country at the present crisis lies in a satisfactory solution of the problem, How we are to provide work that will afford wholesome food, clothing, and shelter for our increasing population, and yet enable us to compete in the market with our less scrupulous—because less enlightened— neighbours of the world, who are favoured with a better climate? I believe that that which we are advocating for I'lalu Needlework, viz.. the shaking off of unnecessary clogs in the form of investment of capital, or the undue interference of (lie capital in gold with the capital in time and sinews, lies at the root of the whole matter: but in trade* where the assistance of capital is essential, to prevent its present despotism without prostrating its energies Is one of the gravest subjects a nation ever had to deal with ; yet it must be handled sooner or later. Justice to the capitalist,—Justice to tho producer,—and justice to the consumer, can alone sweep away from our entire trade the disgrace of the slop system, and banish the cry of starvation from the land. Are our capitalists so honest that not one law needs to ctiuilier the statute-book, providing for the fair remuneration of time? We have laws against usury; mid can no usury in labour be wrung from the starving operative? When we hear of a great West or Kust End House retiring from business with its £100,000 cleared in a few years, it would look well if we heard of some fifty out of the thousand producers of that wealth who were also retiring with a modest competency; but I believe that, could wo trace them, wo should of'tener learn that hundreds of the producers iil'lliut wealth have died, or are dying, in the workhouse. Happily for Plain Needlework it has no need of the alii of capital, and It depends on the will of the public to emancipate it from its bondage without legislative Interference.

To accomplish this end A Plan for Registration Offices for Needlewomen is submitted, the Intention of which is to improve their condition and prevent their pauperism by securing to them the profits of their own work. The plan promises tho consumer a superior article for his money, and to enable men, without any previous knowlcdgo of the trado, to procure their garments as easily, and with as much economy, as experienced females can do. It also proposes to afford every facility to families in finding suitable needlewomen, either to work by tho day or by the niece, and securing them against loss by damaged work or noolinitii; garments. The ex|ieiiscs of Registration to be defrayed for the first year by subscription. After the public has placed confulvnco in the Society it will require no pecuniary aid.

The Registration-Book.

To contain the names of Needlewomen alphabetically arranged—their ages, residence, and characters, as attested by the |«>lict> and others—their qualifications, and whether they are cutters or not. Thus:—


Book of Patterns and Prices.

Whetvin every houj* in town is invited to enter their patterns of materials, with prices and widths affixed.

Book of Fashions and Price of Work.

Showintr tho tsvost apprrerpd cuts of csrownts in general i: and those, being
distinct K* nil cutter* to roTow without duBculty. To each'
■atkutg the garment.

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Book of Calculation.

Referring by numbers to the preceding book; thus:—

Shirt pattern No. 5, of linen; height, 5 ft. 10 in.; 2| yards
J yard of cambric for the front

It is evident that, knowing the quantity of material, the price per yard, and the cost of making, any one with common sense can arrive at the correct estimate of the just price of their garment, without any previous knowledge of the trade.

Estimate of the Expenses of a Registration Office.

Rent of premises, fuel, and cleaning ....
Salary of Clerks

Salary of Matron .
Incidental expenses

Cutters would have no salaries, but be entitled to a fixed drawback from the price of the work.

When a lady wants a needlewoman, she can suit herself with one from the office without trouble, whether she desires her to cut out the garment or merely to make it,—whether she wishes her to purchase materials or to make them up. She can get a fine needlewoman at four shillings per shirt, or one to do coarse work at one shilling. She can get a trustworthy character; or, if she is willing to run the risk for a hitherto more unsteady fellow-creature, she can give her fewer things at a time and make the Christian experiment. But gentlemen want shirts, and they don't know what stuff they should be made of; they know that the one they have on—a cotton shirt, linen necks and wrists, cambric fronts—-cost ten shillings and sixpence at a fashionable shop. The clerk hands the book of [>attems; the matron matches the fabric—asks the gentleman's height—says, "Sir, I see by the Calculation-book, to which you can refer yourself (the clerk hands it), your shirt ought to cost so and so, because it takes so and so; have you any preference for a particular needlewoman?" Yes.—No. "Miss Bodkin will do them well; she is unemployed." A stamp tends Miss Bodkin notice; she repays it on being paid for the work. Along with the shirts, when finished, Miss Bodkin must hand the shopbill (paid) and her own. The gentleman, when he gives the order, deposits the money for the materials. When he gets home his shirts he pays Miss Bodkin, who signs a discharge. The gentleman may fairly be said, on the transaction, to save twenty per cent. If ho bought shirts formerly of a fashionable shop at 10s. 6d., he will now certainly get a superior article for 84. 6rf., and, withal, have the satisfaction of improving the condition of the fiftieth part of our population. Supposing the books do not exhibit a trustworthy Miss Bodkin unemployed, Miss Scissors (the cutter up stairs) takes the job in hand, buys the cloth, cuts out the shirts, and subtracts what the Calculation-book allows her for her time from Polly Flighty's pay who does the work.

If the shirts do not fit, the matron passes her opinion upon the alterations required, and the needlewoman must do them. Some work may even bo returned altogether for gross mistakes. This must be submitted to the Committee, who decide to what extent the mistake is to lower the recommendations of the worker; but in no case can more than one penny per shilling be subtracted from future wages for a fault of this nature. The Society must in all cases instantly remunerate the loser; but if needlework is lost or burnt, the culprit must refund it. Supposing gentlemen do not choose to come to the office to try on their shirts, a man will be sent to see them on in the mornings or evenings; but the gentleman must pay his time extra—only, he docs not pay for the alteration. If a person wants six dozen shirts for an outfit, and he cannot wait more than a certain number of days, the clerk and matron must divide the shirts amongst all the hands for that class of work; and if these prove too few, the better hands whose work in hand is not pushed for must take them, whether they like it or not, to keep up the credit of the establishment. In all such cases the clerk and matron must be cautious of forcing work, and it must be reported to the Committee, and entered in the books. It is obvious the establishment is meant only to suit cash payments, and cannot speculate; but it may undertake export orders, the cloth or price being deposited, if the payment suits the Calculation-book. It is impossible, in the limited space which a page of a Catalogue affords, to enlarge upon the benefits of this system. The aim of introducing the subject here is to give it as much publicity as possible, and, by directing general attention to a plain and practicable scheme, to endeavour to secure the blessing of independence for those who live by their Needle, and who form the most numerous Producing Class in every Civilised Nation. [i 250



JEWELLERY, Buhl Enamel Goods, Desks, WorkBoxes, Writing Cases, Smelling Bottles, Knives, Scissors, Baskets, Chessmen, Fans, Souvenirs, Purses, Stationery, Papier Macho Goods; Morocco, Walnut, and Ebony Envelope Cases and Blotters; Ladies'Companions and Necessaires, Gold and Silver Pencil Cases, Jet Bracelets, Brooches, &c. Also an extensive Assortment of

Superior English and Foreign Toys,

Including Rocking Horses, Baby Houses, Wax Model Dolls,
Mechanical Toys, Games, Dissected Puzzles, Children's
Books, Water Colours, &c. &c. At

32, Lowndes-street, Belgrave-square,

Within ten minutes' walk of Tnt Exhibition, [i 46

J. DENT & Co.,

Cabinet-makers, Carpel Sc Bedding Manufacturers, Decorators,
and General Furnishing Warehousemen, 30, 81, 32, and 99,

CRAWFORD-STREET, Brtanstone-square, Marvleboxe.

SUBSTANTIAL NEW AND SECONDHAND FURNITUR E.—Every one in search of really good and cheap Furniture would do well, before purchasing elsewhere, to visit the unequalled spacious Great Western Furniture Warehouses, by very far the most extensive in the Metropolis (the smallest of which being upwards of 300 feet in length). The proprietors, relying upon a reputation acquired during a period of 25 years, confidently invite the attention of the public to their immense Superior Stock of Cabinet Furniture, Carpets, Upholstery, and Bedding, the whole of which is manufactured of the best seasoned materials, by first-rate workmen, and at one-third the prices usually charged at the west end of the town. Every article is warranted, the price marked in plain figures, and will be exchanged or money returned if not approved of. [i 288





Formerly 114, REGENT-STREter.'

LADIES'BOOTS and SHOES, su|>erior ELASTIC and RIDING BOOTS, and a variety of FANCY SLIPPERS; French Silk St >ckings, Plain and Embroidered Cambric Handkerchiefs, Fans, Reticules, and Purses of Crochet and other work, and a most varied selection of Imitation Gold, Diamond, and Pearl Bijouterie, and other Parisian novelties.

CHEILLE'S unequalled Paris Kid Gloves kepf exclusively. India and Wedding orders executed on the shortest notice. The high-standing reputation of Melnotte's house (established 35 years in London) .renders all encomiums superfluous. Specimens to be seen in the French division at the Great Exhibition. Melnotte's, 23, Old Bond-street, London. See Catalogue. [i 26

PEAL'S WATERPROOF BOOTS.—CAUTION! ■—Gentlemen nre requested to observe tliat BOOTS of PEAL'S WATERPROOF LEATHER can only beobtoined of the Manufacturer, NATHANIEL PEAL, 11, Duke-Btreet, Grosvenor-square; and that this leather is not, under any circumstances, supplied to the trade. [i 58


By special appointment to the Queen.

WILLIAM MORTLOCK heps most respectfully to call the attention of the Nobility and Gentry to his extensive assortment of China, Glass, and Earthenware, comprising every description, both decorative and useful, and particularly adapted for foreipn as well as home trade. 18, Kegent-streti, near Piccadilly. [l 13

F you desire really well polished Boots, use Brown's ROYAL MELTONIAN BLACKING. It renders them beautifully soft, durable, and waterproof, while its lustre equals the most brilliant patent-leather. Price the same as common Blacking. Made only by E. Brown, the inventor and sole manufacturer of the De Guiche Parisian Polish for Dress Boots and Shoes, and Waterproof Varnish for Hunting Boots. Manufactory, 25, Broad-street, Golden-square, Jjrmdon. Patronized by the Court and Nobility, and to be had of all the principal Bootmakers throughout the kingdom, [i 17


THE PUBLIC ATTENTION is particularly directed to this manufacture. The Carpeting combines beauty of design, durability, imperviousness to dust, and economy in price—costing half that of Brussels. It has now been in general use many years, and become well established with the trade and the public, and can be purchased at all respectable Carpet-houses in London, and in nearly every town of the United Kingdom. The PATENT WOOLLEN CLOTH COMPANY, 8, Love-lane, Aldermanbury, also manufacture Printed and Embossed Tablecovers, in the newest designs, Window Curtains, Cloths for .Upholsterers, Thick Felt for Polishing, &c. &c.—Manufactories at Leeds, and Borough-road, London. [i 71

THE PATENT DESICCATING COMPANY invite the attention of the Public to their Drying and Seasoning Process. By it, wood of the finest description can in the course of a few days be more thoroughly seasoned, and rendered less liable to subsequent shrinkage, than if dried or seasoned by the ordinary method of exposure to the atmosphere for six or seven years. The floor of the new Coal Exchange, which is composed of 4000 specimens of twelve different kinds of wood, some of which were growing, and all of which were seasoned, within three weeks of their being used, is adduced in proof of the above statement. The Company's process is very extensively used in Manchester and other manufacturing districts, where clean, uniform, expeditious, ond certain drying is required; and it is equally fitted for the finest as for the coarsest kind of goods, and ensures a controllable temperature of any required degree of heat.—Certificates of the successful application of this invention to the drying of Wood, Flax, Paper, Printed Paper, Cotton, Grain, Coffee, Calico, Starch, ool, Yarns, Fabrics, AS"adding, Manure, &c, can be obtained by applying either personally or by letter to the Secretary,

41, Gracechijkch-stkeet, London. [i 156


O RHEINSTRASSE; LONDON, 1, SALTERS'-HALLC'OURT (by 82, Cannon-street. Ctty); recommends his newly-exhibited EXTRAIT D'EAU DE COLOGNE. If. per Box of six Bottles (duty paid).—Stock In Bond Fob Exportation

Extrait d'Eau de Cologne . . . 24/. per doz.
Double ditto ... 9/. „

Single ditto ... 5/6 „

Eau de Lavande (first quality) . . a/. „
Ditto (second ditto) . . 5/6 „

Orders will be promptly executed to all parts. [i 144

BURY'S ROYAL POMPADOUR POWDER, for daily use, to remove that redness and irritation remaining on the skin after washing, or from any other cause; possessing the most cooling and softening qualities, and imparting au exquisite clearness to the complexion. U. and 2s. Gd. per packet; by post for 16 or 38 stamps uncut.

Alfred Bury. Perfumer, Exeter 'Change. London ; and sold by perfumers and chemists throughout the kingdom, [i 19

MAC KAY'S PERSIAN OIL surpasses all other Preparations in Cleansing, Restoring, Preserving, and Beautifying the Hair. It is agreeable, economical, and effectual. \ lb. bottles, 1». 6rf.; ^ lb. bottles, 2*. 6d. each. Prepared and sold by John Mackay, Chemist, 121, Georgestreet, Edinburgh. Wholesale Agent, W. S. Rumsey, 3, Queen-street-place, London. [i 120

HITCHCOCK & CO., CHYM1STS, of TAUNTON, beg to inform their Friends and the Public generally that the increasing demand for their delicious and permanent perfume" The Italian Bouquet" has rendered it necessary to establish a depot for its sale in London • it will therefore be always on sale at GIFFORD and LINDER'S, 104, Strand, where also all H. and Co's., valuable preparations may be obtained.

To those who never used the Italian Bouquet, H. k Co. will only say it really is fully entitled to the name given it by those who have patronized it, as being the " ne plus ultra" of perfumes.-Dated, North-street, Taunton, March 1851. [i 177

METCALFE AND CO.'S NEW PATTERN TOOTH-BRUSH, Penetrating Hair Brushes, and Smyrna Sponges.—The Tooth-Brush searches thoroughly between the divisions of the Teeth, and cleans them in the most efficient manner, the Hairs never coming loose.—■ Penetrating Hair Brushes, with the durable unbleached Russia bristles, and every description of Brush and Comb for the Toilet, only at Metcalfe, Bingley, and Co.'s, Brushmakers, by special appointment, to H.R.H. Prince Albert, 130n, Oxford-street.—Beware of the word "from" (Metcalfe's) adopted by some Houses.— Metcalfe's Alkaline Tooth Powder, 2s. per box. [i 110

A CABINET with SECRETARY and SECRET DRAWERS of BURNT BRITISH WOODS, so disposed as to show the different grades of colour, either for new or old work.—This beautiful and much-admired product has been manufactured at the Wood-carving premises, Ranelagu-road, Thames-bank, Pimlico, where the art has been brought to perfection at an outlay exceeding 40,000/. in France and England. The present Proprietor of the Factory, Mr. THOMAS HARRISSON, owned the patent and f)lant in France, which is now joined to the plant in Engand, with great additions; and is well worthy the attention of a responsible, competent person to take an interest and the management of the concern. There is a show-room on the premises, under the management of Mr. Thomas ThompSon, who designed and produced the above cabinet.

Spe page in Catalogue for drawing and description. [l 123

THE WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE, prepared by Lea & Peruins, from the recipe of a Nobleman in the country, imparts the most exquisite relish to steaks, chops, and all roast meat, gravies, fish, game, soup, curries, and salad; and by its tonic and invigorating properties enables the stomach to perfectly digest the food. The daily use of this condiment has proved most conducive to health, and established its fame throughout the world. Sold wholesale by the proprietors, Lea & Perrins, 6, Vere-srreet, CavendishBquare; Crosse & Blackwell, Soho-square; and other merchants, London; and retail by the principal dealers in sauces. [i 8





W PRTFST Iws to invite the attention of the numerous visitors to this country and its public in general to his or the Cottage.

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so highly recommended by the most eminent physicians, as an article pre-eminently calculated for underclothing, whether in cold countries, or in the uncertain climate of Great Britain.

Original Inventors of LADIES' DRESSES and WAISTCOATS; also of GENTLEMEN'S PANTALOONS and DRAWERS, shaped from the frame.

Manufacturers of every article of Ladies' and Gentlemen's Under-clothing, whether in Fleecy, Segovia, W orsted, Lamb's-wool, Cotton, &c. &c, adapted for wear in every climate.

N.B.—Articles of the above manufacture sold by the principal Wholesale Houses in the City only; and retailed by all respectable Hosiers in all parts. L1 w

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