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We bear our shades about is: self-depriv'd
Hence the declivity is sharp and sport, Of other screen, the thin umbrella spread,
And such the re-escent; between cien eops And range an Indian wasfe without a tree.
liale naiad her impor'nshd an Thanks to Benevolus*-he spares me yet
All summer long, which winter Ella arnin. These chestnuts rangd in corresponding lines; The folded gates would bar my progress now, And, though himself so polish d, still reprieves Bat that the lordt of this inclos'd demesne, The obsolete prolixity of shade.
Communicative of the good he owns, Descending now (but cantious, lest too fast) Admits me to a share; the gultless eye A sudden steep apon a rustic bridge,
Commits no wrong, nor wastes what it enjoys. We pass a gulf, in which the willows dip
Refreshing change! where now the blazing Sun! Their pendent boughs, stooping as if to drink. By short transition we have lost hus glare, Hence, ancle-deep in moss and flow'ry thyme, And stepp'd at once into a cooler elime. We mount again, and feel at ev'ry step
Ye fallen avenues! once more I mourn Our foot half-sunk in hillocks green and soft, Yoar fate unmerited, once more rejoice Rais'd by the mole, the miner of the soil.
That yet a remnant of your race survives He, not unlike the great ones of mankind,
How airy and how light the graceful arch, Disfigures Earth ; and, plotting in the dark,
Yet awful as the consecrated roof Toils much to earn a monumental pile,
Reechoing pious anthems! while beneath That may record the mischiefs he has done. The chequer'd earth seems restless as a flood
The summit gain'd, behold the proud alcove Brush'd by the wind. So sportive is the light That crowns it! yet not all its pride secures Shot through the boughs, it dances as they dance The grand retreat from injuries impress'd
Shadow and sun shine interminglmg quick, By rural carvers, who with knives deface
And dark’ning and enlight'ning, as the leaves The panels, leaving an obscure, rude name, Play wanton, ev'ry moment, ev'ry spot. (cheerd In characters uncouth, and spelt amiss.
And now, with nerves new-brae'd and spirits So strong the real timmortalize himself
We tread the wilderness, whose well-roll"I walks, Beats in the breast of man, that ev'n a few, With curvature of slow and easy sweep. Few transient years, won from th' abyss abhorr'd Deception innocent-give ample space Of blank oblivion, seem a glorious prize,
To narrow bounds. The grove receives us next; And even to a clown. Now roves the eye;
Between the upright shafts of whose tall elms And, posted on his speculative height,
We may discern the thresher at his task. Exalts in its command. The sheep-fold here Thomp after thump resounds the constant fiail Pours out its fleecy tenants o'er the glebe.
That seems to swing uncertain, and vet falls At first progressive as a stream, they seek
Full on the destin'd ear. Wide flies the chafi, The middle field; but, scatter'd by degrees, The rustling straw sends up a frequent mist Each to his choice, soon whiten all the land. Of atoms, sparkling in the noon-day beam. There from the sun-burnt hay-field homeward creeps Come hither, ye that press your beds of down, The loaded wain; while, lighten'd of its charge, And sleep not; see him sweating o'er his read The wain that meets it passes swiftly by;
Before he eats it.— Tis the primal curse, The boorish driver leaning o'er his team
But soften'd into mercy; made the pledge Vocif"rous, and impatient of delay.
Of cheerful days, and nights without a groan. Nor legs attractive is the woodland scene,
By ceaseless action, all that is subsists. Diversified with trees of ev'ry growth,
Constant rotation of th' unwearied wheel, Alike, yet various. Here the grey smooth trunks That Nature rides upon, maintains her health, Of ash, or lime, or beech, distinctly shine,
Her beauty, her fertility. She dreads Within the twilight of their distant shades; An instant's pause, and lives but while she moves There, lost behind a rising ground, the wood Its own revolvency upholds the World. Seems sunk, and shorten'd to its topmost boughs. Winds from all quarters agitate the air, No tree in all the grove but has its charms,
And fit the limpid element for use, 'Though each its hue peculiar; paler some, Else noxious; oceans, rivers, lakes, and streams, And of a wannish gray; the willow such,
All feel the fresh'ning impulse, and are cleans'd And poplar, that with silver lines his leaf,
By restless undulation : ev'n the oak And ash, far-stretching his umbrageous arm; Thrives by the rude concussion of the storm: Of deeper green the elm; and deeper still, He seems indeed indignant, and to feel Lord of the woods, the long-surviving oak. Th' impression of the blast with proud disdain, Some glossy-leav'd, and shining in the sun, Frowning, as if in his unconscious arm The maple, and the beach of oily nuts
He held the thunder: but the monarch owes Prolific, and the lime at dewy eve
His firrn stability to what he scorns, Diffusing odors: nor unnoted pass
More fix'd below, the more disturb'd above. The sycamore, capricious in attire,
The law, by which all creatures else are bound, Now green, now tawny, and, ere Autumn yet Binds man, the lord of all. Himself derives Have chang'd the woods, in scarlet honors bright. No mean advantage from a kindred cause, O'er these, but far beyond (a spacious map
Fromn strenuous toil his hours of sweetest ease. Of hill and valley interpos'd between)
The sedentary stretch their lazy length The Ouse, dividing the well-water'd land,
When Custom bids, but no refreshment find, Now glitters in the sun, and now retires,
For none they need : the languid eye, the cheek As bashful, yet impatient to be seen.
Deserted of its bloom, the flaccid, shrunk,
And wither'd muscle, and the vapid soul, * John Courtney, Throckmorton, Esq. of Weston Underwood.
See the foregoing note
Reproach their owner with that love of rest, That palls and satiates, and makes languid life, To which he forfeits ev'n the rest he loves.
A pedlar's pack, that bows the bearer down. Not such the alert and active. Measure life Health suffers, and the spirits ebb, the heart By its true worth, the comforts it affords,
Recoils from its own choice-at the full feast And theirs alone seems worthy of the name. Is famish'd-finds no music in the song, Good health, and, its associate in the most,
No smartness in the jest; and wonders why. Good temper; spirits prompt to undertake,
Yet thousands still desire to journey on, And not soon spent, though in an arduous task; Though halt, and weary of the path they tread The pow'rs of fancy and strong thought are theirs; The paralytic, who can hold her cards, Ev'n age itself seems privileg'd in them
But cannot play them, borrows a friend's hand,
Her mingled suits and sequences; and sits,
Others are dragg'd into the crowded room
Through downright inability to rise, Who oft'nest sacrifice are favor'd least.
Till the stout bearers lift the corpse again. The love of Nature, and the scenes she draws, These speak a loud memento. Yet ev'n these Is Nature's dictate. Strange! there should be found, Themselves love life, and cling to it, as he, Who, self-imprison'd in their proud saloons, That overhangs a torrent, to a twig. Renounce the odors of the open field
They love it, and yet lothe it; fear to die, For the unscented fictions of the loom ;
Yet scorn the purposes for which they live. Who, satisfied with only pencil'd scenes,
Then wherefore not renounce them? No-the dread Prefer to the performance of a God
The slavish dread of solitude, that breeds Th' inferior wonders of an artist's hand!
Reflection and remorse, the fear of shame, Lovely indeed the mimic works of Art;
And their invet'rate habits, all forbid. But Nature's works far lovelier. I admire,
Whom call we gay? That honor has been long None more admires, the painter's magic skill, The boast of mere pretenders to the name. Who shows me that which I shall never see, The innocent are gay—the lark is gay, Conveys a distant country into mine,
That dries his feathers, saturate with dew, And throws Italian light on English walls : Beneath the rosy cloud, while yet the beams But imitative strokes can do no more
Of day-spring over-shoot his humble nest. Than please the eye-sweet Nature's, ev'ry sense. The peasant too, a witness of his song. The air salubrious of her lofty hills,
Himself a songster, is as gay as he. The cheering fragrance of her dewy vales,
But save me from the gaiety of those And music of her woods--no works of man Whose head-aches nail them to a noon-day bed; May rival these; these all bespeak a pow'r
And save me too from theirs, whose haggard eyes Peculiar, and exclusively her own.
Flash desperation, and betray their pangs Beneath the open sky she spreads the feast; For property stripp'd off by cruel chance; 'Tis free to all-'tis ev'ry day renew'd ;
From gaiety, that fills the bones with pain, Who scorns it starves deservedly at home.
The mouth with blasphemy, the heart with woe. He does not scorn it, who, imprison'd long
The Earth was made so various, that the mind In some unwholesome dungeon, and a prey Of desultory man, studious of change, To sallow sickness, which the vapors, dank
And pleas'd with novelty, might be indulg'd. And clammy, of his dark abode have bred, Prospects, however lovely, may be seen Escapes at last to liberty and light:
Till half their beauties fade; the weary sight, His cheek recovers soon its healthful hue;
Too well acquainted with their smile, slides off His eye relumines its extinguish'd fires;
Fastidious, seeking less familiar scenes.
Where frequent hedges intercept the eye,
Not senseless of its charms, what still we love, Nor yet the mariner, his blood inflarn'd
That such short absence may endear it more. With acrid salts; his very heart athirst,
Then forests, or the savage rock may please, To gaze at Nature in her green array,
That hides the seamew in his hollow clefts Upon the ship's tall side he stands, possess'd Above the reach of man. His hoary head, With visions prompted by intense desire :
Conspicuous many a league, the mariner, Fair fields appear below, such as he left
Bound homeward, and in hope already there, Far distant, such as he would die to find
Greets with three cheers exulting. At his waist He seeks them headlong, and is seen no more. A girdle of half-wither'd shrubs he shows,
The spleen is seldom felt where Flora reigns; And at his feet the baffled billows die. The low'ring eye, the petulance, the frown,
The common, overgrown with fern, and rough And sullen sadness, that o'ershade, distort, 1
With prickly gorse, that, shapeless and deform’d, And mar, the face of Beauty, when no cause And dang'rous to the touch, has yet its bloom, For such immeasurable woe appears,
And decks itself with ornaments of gold, These Flora banishes, and gives the fair
Yields no unpleasing ramble; there the turf Sweet smiles, and bloom less transient than her own. Smells fresh, and, rich in odorif'rous herbs It is the constant revolution, stale
And fungous fruits of earth, regales the sense And tasteless, of the same repeated joys,
With luxury of unexpected sweets.
There often wanders one, whom better days And terrible to sight, as when she springs Saw beiter clad, in cloak of satin trimm'd
|(If e'er she springs spontaneous) in remote With lace, and hat with splendid riband bound. And barb'rous climes, where violence prevails, A serving-maid was she, and fell in love
And strength is lord of all; but, gentle, kind, With one who left her, went to sea, and died. By culture tar'd, by liberty refresh'd, Her fancy follow'd him through foaming waves And all her fruits by radiant truth matur'd. To distant shores; and she would sit and weep War and the chase engross the savage whole ; At what a sailor suffers; fancy too,
War follow'd for revenge, or to supplant Delusive must where warmest wishes are,
The envied tenants of some happier spot : Would ofl anticipate bis glad return,
The chase for sustenance, precarious trust! And dreain of transports she was not to know. His hard condition with severe constraint She heard the doleful tidings of his death
Binds all his faculties, forbids all growth And never sinil'd again! and now she roams or wisdom, proves a school, in which he learns The dreary waste; there spends the livelong day, Sly circumvention, unrelenting hate, And there, unless when charity forbids,
Mean self-attachment, and scarce aught beside. The livelong night. A tatter'd apron bides,
Thus fare the shiv'ring natives of the north,
And thus the rangers of the western world,
Tow'rds the antarctic. Even the favor'd isles She begs an idle pin of all she meets,
So lately found, although the constant Sun And hoards them in her sleeve; but needful fond, Cheer all their seasons with a grateful smile, Though press'd with hunger oft, or comelier clothes, Can boast but little virtue ; and, inert Though pinch'd with cold, asks never.—Kate is Through plenty, lose in morals what they gain craz'd.
In manners-victims of luxurious ease. I see a column of slow-rising smoke
These therefore I can pity, plac'd remote O'ertop the lofty wood, that skirts the wild.
From all that science traces, art invents, A vagabond and useless tribe there eat
Or inspiration teaches ; and inclos'd Their miserable meal. A kettle, slung
In boundless oceans never to be pass'd Between two poles upon a stick transverse,
By navigators uninform'd as they, Receives the morsel-Aesh obscene of dog, Or plow'd perhaps by British bark again : Or vermin, or at best of cock purloin'd
But far beyond the rest, and with most cause, From his accustom'd perch. Hard-faring race! Thee, gentle savage !* whom no love of thee They pick their fuel out of ev'ry hedge,
Or thine, but curiosity perhaps, Which, kindled with dry leaves, just saves un- Or else vain-glory, prompted us to draw quench'd
Forth from thy native bow'rs, to show thee here The spark of life. The sportive wind blows wide With what superior skill we can abuse Their flutt'ring rags, and shows a tawny skin, The gifts of Providence, and squander life. The vellum of the pedigree they claim.
The dream is past; and thou hast found again Great skill have they in palmistry, and more Thy cocoas and bananas, palms and yams, To conjure clean away the gold they touch, And homestall thatch'd with leaves. But hast thou Conveying worthless dross into its place;
found Loud when they beg, dumb only when they steal. Their former charms? And, having seen our state, Strange! that a creature rational, and cast Our palaces, our ladies, and our pomp In human mould, should brutalize by choice Of equipage, our gardens, and our sports, His nature; and, though capable of arts,
And heard our music; are thy simple friends, By which the world might profit, and himself, Thy simple fare, and all thy plain delights, Self-banish'd from society, prefer
As dear to thee as once? And have thy joys
Lost nothing by comparison with ours?
I cannot think thee yet so dull of heart
Methinks I see thee straying on the beach, Beguile their woes, and make the woods-resound. And asking of the surge, that bathes thy foot, Such health and gaiety of heart enjoy
If ever it has wash'd our distant shore. The houseless rovers of the sylvan world ;
I see thee weep, and thine are honest tears, And, breathing wholesome air, and wand'ring much, A patriot's for his country: thou art sad Need other physic none to heal th' effects
At thought of her forlorn and abject state, Of lothesome diet, penury, and cold.
From which no pow'r of thine can raise her up. Blest he, though undistinguish'd from the crowd Thus Fancy paints thee, and, though apt to err, By wealth or dignity, who dwells secure,
Perhaps errs liule, when she paints thee thus. Where man, by nature fierce, has laid aside She tells me too, that duly ev'ry morn His fierceness, having learnt, though slow to learn, Thou climb'st the mountain-top, with eager eye The manners and the arts of civil life.
Exploring far and wide the wat'ry waste His wants indeed are many; but supply
For sight of ship from England. Ev'ry speck
Seen in the dim horizon turns thee pale
- - -- --- --But comes at last the dull and dusky eve,
Nor is it well, no.. ar. i, come o grud, And sends thee to thy cabin, well-prepar'd
That, through profane and infidel contempt To dream all night of what the day denied. Of Holy Writ, she has presum'd t'annul Alas! expect it not. We found no bait
And abrogate, as roundly as she may, To tempt us in thy country. Doing good,
The total ordinance and will of God; Disinterested good, is not our trade.
Advancing Fashion to the post of Truth, We travel far, 'uis true, but not for nought;
And cent'ring all authority in modes And must be brib'd to compass Earth again
And customs of her own, till sabbath-rites By other hopes and richer fruits than yours. Have dwindled into unrespected forms,
But though true worth and virtue in the mild And knees and hassocks are well-nigh divorc'd. And genial soil of cultivated life
God made the country, and man made the town. Thrive most, and may perhaps thrive only there, What wonder then that health and virtue, gifts Yet not in cities oft; in proud, and gay,
That can alone make sweet the bitter dranght And gain-devoted cities. Thither flow,
That life holds out to all, should most abound As to a common and most noisome sewer,
And least be threaten'd in the fields and groves? The dregs and feculence of ev'ry land.
Possess ye therefore, ye who, borne about In cities foul example on most minds
In chariots and sedans, know no fatigue Begets its likeness. Rank abundance breeds, But that of idleness, and taste no scenes In gross and pamper'd cities, sloth, and lust, But such as art contrives, possess ye still And wantonness, and gluttonous excess.
Your element; there only can ye shine; In cities, vice is hidden with most ease,
There only minds like yours can do no harm. Or seen with least reproach; and virtue, taught Our groves were planted to console at noon By frequent lapse, can hope no triumph there The pensive wand'rer in their shades. At eve, Beyond th' achievement of successful flight. The moonbeam, sliding softly in between I do confess them nurs'ries of the arts,
The sleeping leaves, is all the light they wish, in which they flourish most; where, in the beams Birds warbling all the music. We can spare Of warm encouragement, and in the eye
The splendor of your lamps; they but eclipse Of public note, they reach their perfect size. Our softer satellite. Your songs confound Such London is, by taste and wealth proclaim'd Our more harmonious notes ; the thrush departs The fairest capital of all the world,
Scar'd, and th' offended nightingale is mute. By riot and incontinence the worst.
There is a public mischief in your mirth; There, touch'd by Reynolds, a dull blank becomes It plagues your country. Folly such as yours, A lucid mirror, in which Nature sees
Grac'd with a sword, and worthier of a fan, All her reflected features. Bacon there
Has made what enemies could ne'er have done, Gives more than female beauty to a stone,
Our arch of empire, sted fast but for you,
A mutilated structure, soon to fall.
Reflections suggested by the conclusion of the forIn London. Where her implements exact,
mer book. Peace among the nations recommended With which she calculates, computes, and scans,
on the ground of their common fellowship in sorAll distance, motion, magnitude, and now
row. Prodigies enumerated. Sicilian earthquakes. Measures an atom, and now girds a world?
Man rendered obnoxious to these calamities by In London. Where has commerce such a mart,
sin. God the agent in them. The philosophy So rich, so throng'd, so drain'd, and so supplied,
that stops at secondary causes reproved. Our own As London-opulent, enlarg'd, and still
late miscarriages accounted for. Satirical notice Increasing, London? Babylon of old
taken of our trips to Fontaine-Bleau. But the Not more the glory of the Earth than she,
pulpit, not satire, the proper engine of reformaA more accomplish'd world's chief glory now.
tion. The reverend advertiser of engraved serShe has her praise. Now mark a spot or two,
mons. Petit-maitre parson. The good preacher. That so much beauty would do well to purge;
Picture of a theatrical clerical coxcomb. StoryAnd show this queen of cities, that so fair
tellers and jesters in the pulpit reproved. A posMay yet be foul; so witty, yet not wise.
trophe to popular applause. Retailers of ancient It is not seemly, nor of good report,
philosophy expostulated with. Sum of the whole That she is slack in discipline; more prompt
matter. Effects of sacerdotal mismanagement on
the laity. Their folly and extravagance. The T'avenge than to prevent the breach of law; That she is rigid in denouncing death
mischiefs of profusion. Profusion itself, with all On petty robbers, and indulges life
its consequent evils, ascribed, as to its principal And liberty, and oft-times honor too,
cause, to the want of discipline in the universities To peculators of the public gold; Thut thieves at home must hang; but he, that puts O FOR a lodge in some vast wilderness, Into his over-gorg'd and bloated purse
Some boundless contiguity of shade, The wealth of Indian provinces, escapes.
Where rumor of oppression and deceit,
or unsuccessful or successful war,
Still they are frowning signals, and bespeak Might never reach me more. My ear is paind, Displeasure in His breast, who smites the Earth My soul is sick, with ev'ry day's report
Or heals it, makes it languish or rejoice.
And stand expos'd by common peccancy
To what no few have felt, there should be peace, Of brotherhood is sever'd, as the flax
And brethren in calamity should love. That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
Alas for Sicily! rude fragments now
Lie scatter'd, where the shapely column stood.
Are silent. Revelry, and dance, and show
Suffer a syncope and solemn pause; Abhor each other. Mountains interpos'd
While God performs upon the trembling stage Make enemies of nations, who had else
Of his own works his dreadful part alone. Like kindred drops been mingled into one. How does the Earth receive him ?—with what sign Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys; Of gratulation and delight her king ? And, worse than all, and most to be deplor'd Pours she not all her choicest fruits abroad, As human nature's broadest, foulest blot,
Her sweetest flowers, her aromatic gums,
His wrath is busy, and his frown is felt.
And, charg'd with putrid verdure, breathe a gross Just estimation priz'd above all price,
And mortal nuisance into all the air.
What solid was, by transformation strange,
Sucks down its prey insatiable. Immense
Alighting in far-distant fields, finds out
Ocean has caught the frenzy, and, upwrought Sure there is need of social intercourse, To an enormous and o'erbearing height, Benevolence, and peace, and mutual aid,
Not by a mighty wind, but by that voice Between the nations, in a world that seems Which winds and waves obey, invades the short To toll the death-bell of its own decease,
Resistless. Never such a sudden food, And by the voice of all its elements
Upridg'd so high, and sent on such a charge, To preach the gen'ral doom.* When were the winds Possess'd an inland scene. Where now the throng Let slip with such a warrant to destroy?
That press'd the beach, and, hasty to depart, When did the waves so haughtily o'erleap Look'd to the sea for safety? They are gone, Their ancient barriers, deluging the dry ?
Gone with the refluent wave into the deep, Fires from beneath, and meteorst from above, A prince with half his people! Ancient tow'rs, Portentous, unexampled, unexplain'd,
And roofs embattled high, the gloomy scenes, Have kindled beacons in the skies; and th' old Where beauty oft and letterd worth consume And crazy Earth has had her shaking fits
Life in the unproductive shades of death, More frequent, and foregone her usual rest. Fall prone: the pale inhabitants come forth, Is it a time to wrangle, when the props
And, happy in their unforeseen release And pillars of our planet seem to fail,
From all the rigors of restraint, enjoy And Naturet with a dim and sickly eye
The terrors of the day, that sets them free. To wait the close of all ? But grant her end
Who then, that has thee, would not hold thee, More distant, and that prophecy demands
Freedom! whom they that lose thee so regret, A longer respite, unaccomplish'd yet;
That ev'n a judgment, making way for thee,
Seems in their eyes a mercy for thy sake? * Alluding to the calamities in Jamaira.
Such evil Sin hath wrought; and such a flame † August 18, 1783.
Kindled in Heav'n, that it burns down to Earth, | Alluding to the fog, that covered both Europe and And in the furious inquest, that it makes Asia during the whole summer of 1783.
On God's behalf, lays waste his fairest works.