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That animates and moulds the grosser frame; To lean for ever, cramps the vital parts,
'Tis the great art of life to manage well Meanwhile this heavenly particle pervades The restless mind. For ever on pursuit The mortal elements; in every nerve
of knowledge bent, it starves the grosser powers It thrills with pleasure, or grows mad with pain. Quite unemploy'd, against its own repose And, in its secret conclave, as it feels
It turns its fatal edge, and sharper pangs The body's woes and joys, this ruling power Than what the body knows imbitter life. Wields at its will the dull material world, Chiefly where solitude, sad nurse of care, And is the body's health or malady.
To sickly musing gives the pensive mind, By its own toil the gross corporeal frame There madness enters; and the dim-ey'd fiend, Fatigues, extenuates, or destroys itself.
Sour Melancholy, night and day provokes Nor less the labors of the mind corrode
Her own eternal wound. The Sun grows palo: The solid fabric: for by subtle parts
A mournful visionary light o'erspreads And viewless atoms, secret Nature moves
The cheerful face of Nature : Earth becomes The mighty wheels of this stupendous world. A dreary desert, and Heaven frowns above. By subtle fluids pour'd through subtle tubes, Then various shapes of curs'd illusion rise : The natural vital functions are perform'd.
Whate'er the wretched fears, creating fear By these the stubborn aliments are tam'd;
Forms out of nothing, and with monsters teems The toiling heart distributes life and strength; Unknown in Hell. The prostrate soul beneath These the still-crumbling frame rebuild ; and these A load of huge imagination heaves; Are lost in thinking, and dissolve in air.
And all the horrors that the murderer feels But 'tis not thought, (for still the soul's em- With anxious flutterings wake the guiltless breas! ploy'd)
Such phantoms pride in solitary scenes, 'Tis painful thinking that corrodes our clay. Or fear, or delicate self-love creates. All day the vacant eye without fatigue
From other cares absolv'd, the busy mind Strays o'er the Heaven and Earth; but long intent Finds in yourself a theme to pore upon; On microscopic arts, its vigor fails.
It finds you miserable, or makes you so. Just so the mind, with various thought amus'd, For while yourself you anxiously explore, Nor aches itself, nor gives the body pain.
Timorous self-love, with sick'ning fancy's aid, But anxious study, discontent, and care,
Presents the danger that you dread the most, Love without hope, and hate without revenge, And ever 'galls you in your tender part. And fear, and jealousy, fatigue the soul,
Hence some for love, and some for jealousy, Engross the subtle ministers of life,
For grim religion some, and some for pride, And spoil the lab’ring functions of their share. Have lost their reason: some for fear of want, Hence the lean gloom that melancholy wears ; Want all their lives; and others every day The lover's paleness; and the sallow hue
For fear of dying suffer worse than death. Of envy, jealousy; the meagre stare
Ah! from your bosoms banish if you can Of sore revenge: the canker'd body hence
Those fatal guests; and first the demon Fear, Betrays each fretful motion of the mind.
That trembles at impossible events ; The strong-built pedant, who both night and day Lest aged Atlas should resign his load, Feeds on the coarsest fare the schools bestow, And Heaven's eternal battlements rush down. And crudely fattens at gross Burman's stall; Is there an evil worse than fear itself? O'erwhelm'd with phlegm lies in a dropsy drown'd, And what avails it that indulgent Heaven Or sinks in lethargy before his time.
From mortal eyes has wrapt the woes to come, With useful studies you, and arts that please, If we, ingenious to torment ourselves, Employ your mind; amuse, but not fatigue. Grow pale at hideous fictions of our own? Peace to each drowsy metaphysic sage!
Enjoy the present: nor with needless cares, And ever may all heavy systems rest!
Of what may spring from blind misfortune's wome, Yet some there are, even of elastic parts,
Appal the surest hour that life bestows.
They first invade, the conscious body soon
These chronic passions, while from real woes To fable shift; from serious Antonine
They rise, and yet without the body's fault To Rabelais' ravings, and from prose to song. Infest the soul, admit one only cure;
While reading pleases, but no longer, read; Diversion, hurry, and a restless life. And read aloud resounding Homer's strain, Vain are the consolations of the wise ; And wield the thunder of Demosthenes.
In vain your friends would reason down your pai!!
That hurt the living, nought avail the dead.
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Your sad complaint. Go, seek the cheerful haunts How to live happiest ; how avoid the pains,
The precepts here of a divine old man
His manly sense, and energy of mind.
Virtuous and wise he was, but not severe; Beyond the Alps, beyond the Apennines.
He still remember'd that he once was young : Or more advent'rous, rush into the field
His easy presence check'd no decent joy. Where war grows hot; and, raging through the sky, Him even the dissolute admir'd; for he The lofty trumpet swells the madd'ning soul: A graceful looseness when he pleas'd put on, And in the hardy camp and toilsome march And laughing could instruct. Much had he read Forget all softer and less manly cares.
Much more had seen : he studied from the life, But most, too passive when the blood runs low, And in th' original perus'd mankind. Too weakly indolent to strive with pain,
Vers'd in the woes and vanities of life, And bravely by resisting conquer fate,
He pitied man: and much he pitied those Try Circe's arts; and in the tempting bowl Whom falsely-smiling fate has curs'd with means of poison'd nectar sweet oblivion swill.
To dissipate their days in quest of joy.
He said ; " 'tis the pursuit of all that live :
Seek this coy goddess; that from stage to stage The happiest you of all that e'er were mad, Invites us still, but shifts as we pursue. Or are, or shall be, could this folly last.
For, not to name the pains that pleasure brings But soon your Heaven is gone ; a heavier gloom | To counterpoise itself, relentless fate Shuts o'er your head : and as the thund'ring Forbids that we through gay voluptuous wilds stream,
Should ever roam: and were the fates more kind, Swoln o'er its banks with sudden mountain rain, Our narrow luxuries would soon grow stale : Sinks from its tumult to a silent brook ;
Were these exhaustless, nature would grow sick, So, when the frantic raptures in your breast And, cloy'd with pleasure, squeamishly complain Subside, you languish into mortal man ;
| That all is vanity, and life a dream. You sleep, and waking find yourself undone. Let nature rest : be busy for yourself, For, prodigal of life, in one rash night
And for your friend; be busy even in vain,
Grows keen, indulge ; but shun satiety.
" 'Tis not for mortals always to be blest. Unmans your soul, as madd’ning Pentheus felt, But him the least the dull or painful hours When, baited round Cythæron's cruel sides,
of life oppress, whom sober sense conducts,
Virtue and sense are one ; and, trust me, still Who dar'd to violate the virgin wine.
| A faithless heart betrays the head unsound. Or on the fugitive champaign you pour
Virtue (for mere good-nature is a fool) A thousand curses', for to leav'n it wrapt | Is sense and spirit with humanity : Your soul, to plunge you deeper in despair. 'Tis sometimes angry, and its frown confounds; Perhaps you rue even that diviner gist,
"Tis even vindictive, but in vengeance just. The gay, serene, good-natur'd Burgundy,
Knaves fain would laugh at it; some great ones dare, Or the fresh fragrant vintage of the Rhine: But at his heart the most undaunted son And wish that Heaven from mortals had withheld of fortune dreads its name and awful charms. The grape, and all intoxicating bowls.
To noblest uses this determines wealth ; Besides, it wounds you sore to recollect
This is the solid pomp of prosperous days; What follies in your loose unguarded hour
The peace and shelter of adversity. Escap'd. For one irrevocable word,
And if you pant for glory, build your fame Perhaps that meant no harm, you lose a friend. On this foundation, which the secret shock Or in the rage of wine your hasty hand
Defies of envy and all-sapping time. Performs a deed to haunt you to the grave. The gaudy gloss of fortune only strikes Add that your means, your health, your parts, decay; The vulgar eye; the suffrage of the wise, Your friends avoid you ; brutishly transform'd, The praise that's worth ambition, is attain a They hardly know you ; or if one remains By sense alone, and dignity of mind. To wishı you well, he wishes you in Heaven. " Virtue, the strength and beauty of the soul, Despis'd, unwept, you fall ; who might have left Is the best gift of Heaven: a happiness A sacred-cherish'd, sadly-pleasing name;
That even above the smiles and frowns of fate A name still to be ulter'd with a sigh.
Exalts great Nature's favorites; a wealth Your last ungrateful scene has quite effac'd That ne'er encumbers, nor can be transferr'd. All sense and memory of your former worth. Riches are oft by guilt and baseness earn'd;
Or dealt by chance to shield a lucky knave, In wanton and unmanly tenderness,
Adds bloom to health; o'er ev'ry virtue sheds But for one end, one much-neglected use,
A gay, humane, a sweet, and generous grace, Are riches worth your care ; (for Nature's wants And brightens all the ornaments of man. Are few, and without opulence supplied ;)
But fruitless, hopeless, disappointed, rack'd This noble end is, to produce the soul;
With jealousy, fatigu'd with hope and fear, To show the virtues in their fairest light;
Too serious, or too languishingly fond, To make humanity the minister
Unnerves the body and unmans the soul. or bounteous Providence; and teach the breast And some have died for love; and some run mad; That generous luxury the gods enjoy."
And some with desperate hands themselves have Thus, in his graver vein, the friendly sage
slain. Sometimes declaim'd. Or right and wrong he taught Some to extinguish, others to prevent, Truths as refin'd as ever Athens heard ;
A mad devotion to one dangerous fair, And (strange to tell!) he practis'd what he preach'd. Court all they meet; in hopes to dissipate Skill'd in the passions, how to check their sway, The cares of love amongst an hundred brides. He knew, as far as reason can control
Th' event is doubtful; for there are who find The lawless powers. But other cares are mine : A cure in this; there are who find it not. Form'd in the school of Paon, I relate
| 'Tis no relief, alas! it rather galls What passions hurt the body, what improve : The wound, to those who are sincerely sick. Avoid them, or invite them as you may.
For while from feverish and tumultuous joys Know then, whatever cheerful and serene The nerves grow languid, and the soul subsides, Supports the mind, supports the body too.
The tender fancy smarts with every sting,
Be temperate still: when Nature bids, obey; Sent down the kind delusion, through the paths Her wild impatient sallies bear no curb: of rugged life to lead us patient on;
But when the prurient habit of delight,
To Nature : Nature all compulsion hates.
To make what should be rapture a fatigue, Or while they please, torment. The stubborn A tedious task; nor in the wanton arms
or twining Lais melt your manhood down. The ill-tam'd russian, and pale usurer,
For from the colliquation of soft joys (If Love's omnipotence such hearts can mould,) How chang'd you rise! the ghost of what you was May safely mellow into love ; and grow
Languid, and melancholy, and gaunt, and wan; Refin'd, humane, and generous, if they can. Your veins exhausted, and your nerves unstrung. Love in such bosoms never to a fault
Spoil'd of its balm and sprightly zest, the blood Or pains or pleases. But ye finer souls,
Grows vapid phlegm; along the tender nerves Form'd to sost luxury, and prompt to thrill
(To each slight impulse tremblingly awake) With all the tumults, all the joys and pains, A subtle fiend that mimics all the plagues, That beauty gives; with caution and reserve Rapid and restless springs from part to part. Indulge the sweet destroyer of repose,
The blooming honors of your youth are fallen; Nor court too much the queen of charming cares. Your vigor pines; your vital powers decay ; For, while the cherish'd poison in your breast | Diseases haunt you; and untimely age Ferments and maddens; sick with jealousy, Creeps on ; unsocial, impotent, and lewd Absence, distrust, or even with anxious joy, Infatuate, impious epicure! to waste The wholesome appetites and powers of life The stores of pleasure, cheersulness, and health! Dissolve in languor. The coy stomach lothes Infatuate all who make delight their trade, The genial board: your cheerful days are gone; And coy perdition every hour pursue. The generous bloom that flush'd you" cheeks is fled. Who pines with love, or in lascivious flames To sighs devoted and to tender pains, '
Consumes, is with his own consent undone ; Pensive you sit, or solitary stray,
He chooses to be wretched, to be mad; And waste your youih in niusing. Musing first And warn'd, proceeds, and wilful to his fate. Toy'd into care your unsuspecting heart:
But there's a passion, whose tempestuous sway It found a liking there, a sportful fire,
Tears up each virtue planted in his breast, And that fomented into serious love ;
And shakes to ruins proud philosophy. Which musing daily strengthens and improves For pale and trembling anger rushes in, Through all the heights of fondness and romance: With falt'ring speech, and eyes that wildly stare ; And you 're undone, the fatal shast has sped, Fierce as the tiger, madder than the seas, If once you doubt whether you love or no. Desperate, and arm'd with more than human strength The body wastes away; th' infected mind, How soon the calm, humane, and polish'd man Dissolv'd in female tenderness, forgets
Forgets compunction, and starts up a fiend ! Each manly virtue, and grows dead to fame. Who pines in love, or wastes with silent cares, Sweet Heaven, from such intoxicating charms Envy, or ignominy, or tender grief, Defend all worthy breasts! not that I deem Slowly descends and ling'ring, to the shades: Love always dangerous, always to be shunn'd. But he whom anger stings, drops, if he dies, Love well repaid, and not too weakly sunk | At once, and rushes apoplectic down ;
Or a fierce fever hurries him to Hell.
Where reason proves too weak, or void of wiles For, as the body through unnumber'd strings |To cope with subtle or impetuous powers, Reverberates each vibration of the soul;
I would invoke new passions to your aid : As is the passion, such is still the pain
With indignation would extinguish fear; The body feels : or chronic, or acute.
With fear, or generous pity, vanquish rage; And oft a sudden storm at once o'erpowers
And love with pride; and force 10 force oppose. The life, or gives your reason to the winds.
There is a charm, a power, that sways the breast Such fates attend the rash alarm of fear,
Bids every passion revel or be still ; And sudden grief, and rage, and sudden joy. Inspires with rage, or all your cares dissolves ;
There are, meantime, to whom the boist'rous fit Can soothe distraction, and almost despair. Is health, and only fills the sails of life.
That power is music: far beyond the stretch For where the mind a torpid winter leads, of those unmeaning warblers on our stage; Wrapt in a body corpulent and cold,
Those clumsy heroes, those fat-headed gods, And each clogg'd function lazily moves on; Who move no passion justly but contempt: A generous sally spurns th' incumbent load, Who, like our dancers (light indeed and strong!) Unlocks the breast, and gives a cordial glow. Do wondrous feals, but never heard of grace. But if your wrathful blood is apt to boil,
The fault is ours; we bear those monstrous arts ; Or are your nerves too irritably strung,
Good Heaven! we praise them: we, with loudest Waive all dispute; be cautious, if you joke;
of idiot notes impertinently long.
Who, with bold rage or solemn pomp of sound, And makes the happy wretched in an hour, Inflames, exalts, and ravishes the soul; O'erwhelms you not with woes so horrible Now tender, plaintive, sweet almost to pain, As your own wrath, nor gives more sudden blows. In love dissolves you ; now in sprightly strains
While choler works, good friend, you may be wrong. Breathes a gay rapture through your thrilling breasts Distrust yourself, and sleep before you fight. Or melts the hearts with airs divinely sad; 'Tis not too late to-morrow to be brave;
Or wakes to horror the tremendous strings. If honor bids, to-morrow kill or die.
Such was the bard, whose heavenly strains of old But calm advice against a raging fit
Appeas'd the fiend of melancholy Saul. Avails too little ; and it braves the power
Such was, if old and heathen fame say true, of all that ever taught in prose or song,
The man who bade the Theban domes ascend, To tame the fiend, that sleeps a gentle lamb, And tam'd the savage nations with his song; And wakes a lion. Unprovok'd and calm, And such the Thracian, whose melodious lyre, You reason well; see as you ought to see,
Tun'd to soft woe, made all the mountains weep; And wonder at the madness of mankind :
Sooth'd even th' inexorable powers of Hell,
Music exalts each joy, allays each grief,
Expels diseases, softens every pain, Fierce and insidious, violent and slow :
Subdues the rage of poison and of plague, With all that urge or lure us on to fate :
And hence the wise of ancient days ador'd What resuge shall we seek ? what arms prepare ? One power of physic melody, and song
JOSEPH WartoN, D. D., born in 1722, was the Pope." Scarcely any work of the kind has afforded eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Warton, poetry-pro- more entertainment, from the vivacity of its refessor at Oxford, and Vicar of Basingstoke. He marks, the taste displayed in its criticisms, and the received his early education under his father, and at various anecdotes of which it became the vehicle ; the age of fourteen was admitted on the foundation though some of the last were of a freer cast than at Winchester school. He was afterwards entered perfectly became his character. This reason, perof Oriel College, Oxford, where he assiduously cul- haps, caused the second volume to be kept back till tivated his literary taste, and composed some pieces twenty-six years after. In 1766 he was advanced of poetry, which were afterwards printed. Having to the post of head-master of Winchester school, on taken the degree of B. D., he became curate to his which occasion he visited Oxford, and took the defather at Basingstoke ; and in 1746 removed to a grees of bachelor and doctor of divinity similar employment at Chelsea. In 1748 he was The remainder of his life was chiefly occupied by presented by the Duke of Bolton to the rectory schemes of publications, and by new preferments, of Winslade, soon after which he married. He ac- of the last of which he obtained a good share, though companied his patron in 1751 on a tour to the of moderate rank. In 1793 he closed his long lasouth of France; and after his return he completed bors at Winchester by a resignation of the masteran edition of Virgil, in Latin and English ; of ship, upon which he retired to his rectory of Wickwhich the Eclogues and Georgics were his own ham. Still fond of literary employment, he accomposition, the Eneid was the version of Pitt. cepted a proposal of the booksellers to superintend Warton also contributed notes on the whole, and an cdition of Pope's works, which was completed, added three preliminary essays, on pastoral, didac. in 1797, in nine vols. 8vo. Other engagements still tic, and epic poetry. When the Adventurer was pursued him, till his death, in his 78th year, Febundertaken by Dr. Hawkesworth, Warton, through ruary, 1800. The Wiccamists attested their regard the medium of Dr. Johnson, was invited to become to his memory, by erecting an elegant monument ? contributor, and his compliance with this request over his tomb in Winchester cathedral produced twenty-four papers, of which the greater Tbe poems of Dr. Warton consist of miscella. part were essays on critical topics.
neous and occasional pieces, displaying a cultivated In 1755 he was elected second master of Win- taste, and an exercised imagination, but without any chester school, with the accompanying advantage of claim to originality. His “Ode to Fancy," first a boarding-house. In the following year there ap- published in Dodsley's collection, is perhaps that peared, but without his name, the first volume, which has been the most admired. 8vo., of his " Essay on the Writings and Genius of