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Lo, some are vellum, and the rest as good
For all his lordship knows, but they are wood.

TO MR. ADDISON.
For Locke or Milton, 'tis in vain to look,
These shelves admit not any modern book.

Epistle V.
And now the chapel's silver bell you hear,
That summons you to all the pride of prayer:

OCCASIONED BY HIS DIALOGUES ON MEDALS. Light quirks of music, broken and uneven,

This was originally written in the year 1715, when Make the soul dance upon a jig to Heaven.

Mr. Addison intended to publish his book of On painted ceilings you devoutly stare,

medals: it was some time before he was secre. Where sprawl the saints of Verrio or Laguerre, tary of state ; but not published till Mr. Tickell's Or gilded clouds in fair expansion lie,

edition of his works; at which time his verses on And bring all Paradise before your eye.

Mr. Craggs, which conclude the poem, were To rest, the cushion and soft dean invite,

added, viz. in 1720. Who never mentions Hell to ears polite.

As the third Epistle treated of the extremes of But hark! the chiming clocks to dinner call;

avarice and profusion; and the fourth took up A hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall :

one particular branch of the latter, namely, the The rich buffet well-color'd serpents grace,

vanity of expense in people of wealth and qualiAnd gaping Tritons spew to wash your face. ty, and was, therefore, a corollary to the third ; Is this a dinner? this a genial room?

so this treats of one circumstance of that vanity, No, 'tis a temple, and a hecatomb.

as it appears in the common collectors of old A solemn sacrifice perform'd in state,

coins; and is, therefore, a corollary to the You drink by measure, and to minutes eat.

fourth.
So quick retires each flying course, you'd swear
Sancho's dread doctor and his wand were there. See the wild waste of all-devouring years ;
Between each act the trembling salvers ring, How Rome her own sad sepulchre appears,
From soup to sweet-wine, and God bless the With nodding arches, broken temples spread!
King.

The very tombs now vanish'd like their dead! In plenty starving, tantaliz'd in state,

Imperial wonders rais'd on nations spoil'd, (toil'd : And complaisantly help'd to all I hate,

Where, mix'd with slaves, the groaning martyr Treated, caress'd, and tir'd, I take my leave, Huge theatres, that now unpeopled woods, Sick of his civil pride from morn to eve;

Now drain'd a distant country of her floods : I curse such lavish cost, and little skill,

Fanes, which admiring gods with pride survey; And swear no day was ever pass'd so ill.

Statues of men, scarce less alive than they! Yet hence the poor are cloth'd, the hungry fed ; Some felt the silent stroke of mouldering age, Health to himself, and to his infants bread, Some hostile fury, some religious rage. The laborer bears: What his hard heart denies, Barbarian blindness, christian zeal conspire, His charitable vanity supplies.

And papal piety, and gothic fire. Another age shall see the golden ear

Perhaps, by its own ruins say'd from flame, Imbrown the slope, and nod on the parterre, Some buried marble half preserves a name; Deep harvest bury all his pride has plann'd, That name the learn'd with fierce disputes pursue, And laughing Ceres reassume the land.

And give to Titus old Vespasian's due. Who then shall grace, or who improve the soil ? Ambition sigh'd : she found it vain to trust Who plants like Bathurst, or who builds like The faithless column and the crumbling bust : Boyle?

Huge moles, whose shadows stretch'd from shore to 'Tis use alone that sanctifies expense,

shore, And splendor borrows all her rays from sense. Their ruins perish'd, and their place no more! His father's acres who enjoys in peace,

Convinc'd, she now contracts her vast design, Or makes his neighbors glad, if he increase : And all her triumphs shrink into a coin. Whose cheerful tenants bless their yearly toil, A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps, Yet to their lord owe more than to the soil ; Beneath her palm here sad Judea weeps; Whose ample lawns are not asham'd to feed Now scantier limits the proud arch confine, The milky heifer and deserving steed;

And scarce are seen the prostrate Nile or Rhine; Whose rising forests, not for pride or show, A small Euphrates through the piece is rollid, But future buildings, future navies, grow:

And little eagles wave their wings in gold. Let his plantations stretch from down to down, The medal, faithful to its charge of fame, First shade a country, and then raise a town. Through climes and ages bears each form and name

You too proceed ! make falling arts your care, In one short view subjected to our eye Erect new wonders, and the old repair;

Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie. Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,

With sharpen'd sight pale antiquaries pore, And be whate'er Vitruvius was before :

Th'inscription value, but the rust adore. Till kings call forth the ideas of your mind, This the blue varnish, that the green endears, (Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,) The sacred rust of twice ten hundred years ! Bid harbors open, public ways extend,

To gain Pescenius one employs his schemes, Bid temples worthier of the God ascend;

One grasps a Cecrops in ecstatic dreams. Bid the broad arch the dangerous flood contain, Poor Vadius, long with learned spleen devour'd, The mole projected break the roaring main; Can taste no pleasure since his shield was scour'd Back to his bounds their subject sea command, And Curio, restless by the fair-one's side, And roll obedient rivers through the land ; Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride. These honors, Peace to happy Britain brings; Theirs is the vanity, the learning thine These are imperial works, and worthy kings. Touch'd by thy hand, again Rome's glories shine : Her gods and godlike heroes rise to view,

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I sit with sad civility ; I read And all her faded garlands bloom anew.

With honest anguish, and an aching head; Nor blush, these studies thy regard engage: And drop at last, but in unwilling ears, These pleas'd the fathers of poetic rage :

This saving counsel,“ Keep your piece nine years.": The verse and sculpture bore an equal part, “Nine years !" cries he, who high in Drury-lane, And art reflected images to art.

Lullid by soft zephyrs through the broken pane, Oh! when shall Britain, conscious of her claim, Rhymes ere he wakes, and prints before term ends, Stand emulous of Greek and Roman fame? Oblig'd by hunger and request of friends : In living medals see her wars enrollid,

“The piece, you think, is incorrect? why take it; And vanquish'd realms supply recording gold ? I'm all submission; what you'd have it, make it.' Here, rising bold, the patriot's honest face;

Three things another's modest wishes bound, There, warriors frowning in historic brass? My friendship, and a prologue, and ten pound. Then future ages with delight shall see

Pitholeon sends to me: "You know his grace : How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's looks agree; I want a patron; ask him for a place." Or in fair series laurel'd bards be shown,

Pitholeon libellid me" but here's a letter A Virgil there, and here an Addison :

Informs you, sir, 'twas when he knew no better. Then shall thy Craggs (and let me call him mine) Dare you refuse him? Curll invites to dine, On the cast ore, another Pollio, shine:

He'll write a journal, or he'll turn divine."
With aspect open shall erect his head,

Bless me! a packet.-" "Tis a stranger sues,
And round the orb in lasting notes be read, A Virgin Tragedy, an Orphan Muse."
"* Statesman, best friend to truth! of soul sincere, If I dislike it, “Furies, death, and rage !"
In action faithful, and in honor clear;

If I approve, “Commend it to the stage."
Who broke no promise, serv'd no private end, There (thank my stars) my whole commission ends,
Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend; The players and I are, luckily, no friends.
Ennobled by himself, by all approv'd,

Fir'd that the house reject him,“ 'Sdeath! I'll print it, And prais'd, unenvied, by the Muse he lov'd." And shame the fools-your interest, sir, with

Lintot."
Lintot, dull rogue! will think your price too much :

"Not, sir, if you revise it, and retouch.”
EPISTLE TO DR. ARBUTHNOT:

All my demurs but double his attacks :

At last he whispers, “Do; and we go snacks." BEING THE PROLOGUE TO THE SATIRES. Glad of a quarrel, straight I clap the door,

“Sir, let me see your works and you no more." P. SHut, shut the door, good John! fatigu'd, I said, 'Tis sung, when Midas' ears began to spring, Tie up the knocker, say I'm sick, I'm dead. (Midas, a sacred person and a king,) The Dog-star rages ! nay, 'tis past a doubt, His very minister, who spied them first, All Bedlam, or Parnassus, is let out:

(Some say his qneen) was forc'd to speak, or burst Fire in each eye, and papers in each hand,

And is not mine, my friend, a sorer case, They rave, recite, and madden round the land.

When every coxcomb perks them in my face? What walls can guard me, or what shades can A. Good friend, forbear! you deal in dangerous hide ?

things, They pierce my thickets, through my grot they glide. I'd never name queens, ministers, or kings; By land, by water, they renew the charge ;

Keep close to ears, and those let asses prick, They stop the chariot, and they board the barge. "Tis nothing-P. Nothing ? if they bite and kick? No place is sacred, not the church is free,

Out with it, Dunciad! let the secret pass, Ev'n Sunday shines no sabbath-day to me;

That secret to each fool, that he's an ass : Then from the mint walks forth the man of rhyme, The truth once told (and wherefore should we lie?) Happy to catch me, just at dinner-time.

The queen of Midas slept, and so may I. Is there a parson, much bemus:d in beer,

You think this cruel ? Take it for a rule, A maudlin poetess, a rhyming peer.

No creature smarts so little as a fool. A clerk, foredoom'd his father's soul to cross, Let peals of laughter, Codrus, round thee break, Who pens a stanza, when he should engross! Thou unconcern'd canst hear the mighty crack: Is there, who, lock'd from ink and paper, scrawls Pit, box, and gallery, in convulsions hurl'd, With desperate charcoal round his darken'd walls? Thou stand'st unshook amidst a bursting world. All fly to Twit'nam, and, in humble strain, Who shames a scribbler? Break one cobweb Apply to me, to keep them mad or vain.

through, Arthur, whose giddy son neglects the laws, He spins the slight, self-pleasing thread anew: Imputes to me and my damn'd works the cause : Destroy his fib or sophistry, in vain, Poor Cornus sees his frantic wife elope,

The creature's at his dirty work again, And curses wit, and poetry, and Pope.

Thron'd on the centre of his thin designs, Friend to my life! (which did you not prolong, Proud of a vast extent of flimsy lines ! The world had wanted many an idle song.) Whom have I hurt? has poet yet, or peer, What drop of nostrum can this plague remove ? Lost the arch'd eyebrow, or Parnassian sneer! Or which must end me, a fool's wrath or love? And has not Colly still his lord, and whore ! A dire dilemma! either way I'm sped ;

His butchers Henley, his free-masons Moor! If foes, they write, if friends, they read me dead. Does not one table Bavius still admit! Seiz'd and tied down to judge, how wretched I! Still to one bishop Philip seems a wit? Who can't be silent, and who will not lie: Still Sappho—A. Hold! for God's sake-you'll To laugh, were want of goodness and of grace;

offend; And to be grave, exceeds all power of face. No names-be calm-learn prudence of a friend :

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To some a dry rehearsal was assign'd,

Whose buzz the witty and the fair annoys, And others (harder still) he paid in kind.

Yet wit ne'er tastes, and beauty ne'er enjoys : Dryden alone (what wonder ?) came not nigh, So well-bred spaniels civilly delight Dryden alone escap'd this judging eye:

|In mumbling of the game they dare not bite. But still the great have kindness in reserve, Eternal smiles his emptiness betray, He help'd to bury whom he help'd 10 starve. As shallow streams run dimpling all the way. May some choice patron bless each grey goose- Whether in florid impotence he speaks.

And, as the prompter breathes, the puppet squeaks May every Bavius have his Bufo still!

Or at the ear of Eve, familiar toad, So when a statesman wants a day's defence, Half froth, half venom, spits himself abroad, Or envy holds a whole week's war with sense, In puns, or politics, or tales, or lies, Or simple pride for flattery makes demands, Or spite, or smut, or rhymes, or blasphemies. May dunce by dunce be whistled off my hands! His wit all see-saw, between that and this, Blest be the great! for those they take away, Now high, now low, now master up, now miss, And those they left me ; for they left me Gay : And he himself one vile Antithesis. Left me to see neglected genius bloom,

Amphibious thing! that, acting either part, Neglected die, and tell it on his tomb:

The trifling head! or the corrupted heart, Of all thy blameless life the sole return

Fop at the toilet, flatterer at the board, My verse, and Queensberry weeping o'er thy urn! Now trips a lady, and now struts a lord. Oh let me live my own, and die so too!

Eve's tempter thus the Rabbins have exprest, To live and die is all I have to do :)

A cherub's face, a reptile all the rest. Maintain a poet's dignity and ease,

Beauty that shocks you, parts that none will trust, And see what friends, and read what books I please: Wit that can creep, and pride that licks the dust. Above a patron, though I condescend

Not Fortune's worshipper, nor Fashion's fool, Sometimes to call a minister my friend.

Not Lucre's madman, nor Ambition's tool, I was not born for courts or great affairs :

Not proud, nor servile ; be one poet's praise, I pay my debts, believe, and say my prayers; That, if he pleas'd, he pleas'd by manly ways: Can sleep without a poem in my head,

That flattery, ev'n to kings, he held a shame, Nor know, if Dennis be alive or dead.

And thought a lie in verse or prose the same; Why am I ask'd what next shall see the light? That not in Fancy's maze he wander'd long, Heavens! was I born for nothing but to write ? But stoop'd 10 Truth, and moraliz'd his song: Has life no joys for me? or (to be grave)

That not for fame, but Virtue's better end, Have I no friend to serve, no soul to save ? He stood the furious foe, the timid friend, “I found him close with Swift-Indeed ? no doubt The damning critic, half-approving wit, Cries prating Balbus) something will come out." The coxcomb hit, or searing to be hit; "Tis all in vain, deny it as I will,

Laugh'd at the loss of friends he never had, "No, such a genius never can lie still;".

The dull, the proud, the wicked, and the mad; And then for mine obligingly mistakes

The distant threats of vengeance on his head, The first lampoon Sir Will or Bubo makes.

The blow unfelt, the tear he never shed ; Poor, guiltless I! and can I choose but smile, The tale reviv'd, the lie so oft o'erthrown,' When every coxcomb knows me by my style ? Th'imputed trash, and dullness not his own;

Curst be the verse. how well soe'er it flow. The morals blacken'd when the writings 'scape, That tends to make one worthy man my foe,

The libell'd person and the pictur'd shape : Give virtue scandal, innocence a fear,

Abuse, on all he lov'd, or lov'd him, spread, Or from the soft-ey'd virgin steal a tear!

A friend in exile, or a father dead; But he who hurts a harmless neighbor's peace, The whisper, that, to greatness still too near, Insults fall’n worth, or beauty in distress,

Perhaps, yet vibrates on his sovereign's earWho loves a lie, lame slander helps about, Welcome for thee, fair Virtue! all the past : Who writes a libel, or who copies out:

For thee, fair Virtue! welcome ev'n the last! That fop, whose pride affects a patron's name, A. But why insult the poor, affront the great ? Yet absent, wounds an author's honest fame : P. A knave's a knave, to me, in every state: Who can your merit selfishly approve,

Alike my scorn, if he succeed or fail, And show the sense of it without the love; Sporus at court, or Japhet in a gaol ; Who has the vanity to call you friend,

A hireling scribbler, or a hireling peer,
Yet wants the honor, injur'd, to defend ;

Knight of the post corrupt, or of the shire ;
Who tells whate'er you think, whate'er you say, If on a pillory, or near a throne,
And, if he lie not, must at least betray:

He gain his prince's ear, or lose his own.
Who to the dean and silver bell can swear,

Yet soft by nature, more a dupe than wit, And sees at Cannons what was never there; Sappho can tell you how this man was bit: Who reads but with a lust to misapply,

This dreaded sat'rist Dennis will confess Make satire a lampoon, and fiction lie;

Foe to his pride but friend to his distress : A lash like mine no honest man shall dread, So humble, he has knock'd at Tibbald's door. But all such babbling blockheads in his stead. Has drunk with Cibber, nay, has rhym'd for Moor

Let Sporus tremble-A. What? that thing of silk, Full ten years slander'd, did he once reply? Sporus, that mere white curd of ass's milk? Three thousand suns went down on Welsted's lie Satire of sense, alas! can Sporus feel ?

To please his mistress one aspers'd his life; Who breaks a butterfly upon a wheel?

He lash'd him not, but let her be his wife: P. Yet let me flap this bug with gilded wings, Let Budgell charge low Grub-street on his quill, This painted child of dirt, that stinks and stings; And write whate'er he pleas'd, except his will;

Let the two Curlls of town and court, abuse See, Nature hastes her earliest wreaths to bring, His father, mother, body, soul, and Muse.

With all the incense of the breathing spring : Yet why! that father held it for a rule,

See lofty Lebanon his head advance, It was a sin to call our neighbor fool :

See nodding forests on the mountains dance: That harmless mother thought no wife a whore: See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise, Hear this, and spare his family, James Moore ; And Carmel's flowery top perfumes the skies! Unspotted names, and memorable long;

Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert cheers: If there be force in virtue, or in song.

Prepare the way! a God, a God appears! Of gentle blood (part shed in Honor's cause, A God, a God! the vocal hills reply, While yet in Britain Honor had applause) The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity. Each parent sprung.-A. What fortune, pray - Lo, Earth receives him from the bending skies! P. Their own,

Sink down, ye mountains! and ye valleys, rise! And better got, than Bestia's from the throne. With heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay! Born to no pride, inheriting no strife,

Be smooth, ye rocks! ye rapid floods, give way! Nor marrying discord in a noble wife,

The Savior comes! by ancient bards foretold : Stranger to civil and religious rage,

Hear him, ye deaf! and all ye blind, behold! The good man walk'd innoxious through his age. He from thick films shall purge the visual ray, No courts he saw, no suits would ever try, And on the sightless eyeball pour the day : Nor dar'd an oath, nor hazarded a lie.

"Tis he th' obstructed paths of sound shall clear Unlearn'd, he knew no schoolman's subtle art, And bid new music charm th' unfolding ear: No language, but the language of the heart. The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego, By nature honest, by experience wise ;

And leap exulting like the bounding roe. Healthy by temperance, and by exercise;

No sigh, no murmur, the wide world shall hear. His life, though long, to sickness past unknown, From every face he wipes off every tear. His death was instant, and without a groan. In adamantine chains shall Death be bound, O grant me thus to live, and thus to die!

And Hell's grim tyrant feel th'eternal wound. Who sprung from kings shall know less joy than I. As the good shepherd tends his fleecy care,

O friend! may each domestic bliss be thine! Seeks freshest pasture, and the purest air, Be no unpleasing melancholy mine :

Explores the lost, the wandering sheep directs, Me, let the tender office long engage,

By day o'ersees them, and by night protects ; To rock the cradle of reposing age,

The tender lambs he raises in his arms,
With lenient arts extend a mother's breath, Feeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms:
Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of death, Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage.
Explore the thought, explain the asking eye, The promis'd father of the future age.
And keep awhile one parent from the sky! No more shall nation against nation rise,
On cares like these if length of days attend, Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes,
May Heaven, to bless those days, preserve my friend, Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er,
Preserve him social, cheerful, and serene,

The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more ;
And just as rich as when he serv'd a queen! But useless lances into scythes shall bend,
A. Whether that blessings be denied or given, And the broad falchion in a plowshare end.
Thus far was right, the rest belongs to Heaven. Then palaces shall rise; the joyful son

Shall finish what his short-liv'd sire begun;
Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield,

And the same hand that sow'd, shall reap the field
MESSIAH.

The swain in barren deserts with surprise

Sees lilies spring, and sudden verdure rise; A SACRED ECLOGUE, IN IMITATION OF VIRGIL'S POLLIO.

And starts, amidst the thirsty wilds, to hear

New falls of water murmuring in his ear. Ye nymphs of Solyma! begin the song:

On rifted rocks, the dragon's late abodes, To heavenly themes sublimer strains belong. The green reed trembles, and the bulrush nods. The mossy fountains and the sylvan shades, Waste sandy valleys, once perplex'd with thorn, The dreams of Pindus and th' Aonian maids, The spiry fir and shapely box adorn: Delight no more thou my voice inspire

To leafless shrubs the flowery palms succeed, Who touch'd Isaiah's hallow'd lips with fire! And odorous myrtle to the noisome weed.

Rapt into future times, the bard begun: The lambs with wolves shall graze the verdant mead A Virgin shall conceive, a Virgin bear a Son! And boys in flowery bands the tiger lead : From Jesse's root behold a branch arise,

The steer and lion at one crib shall meet, Whose sacred flower with fragrance fills the skies : And harmless serpents lick the pilgrim's feet. Th' ethereal spirit o'er its leaves shall move, The smiling infant in his hand shall take And on its top descends the mystic Dove.

The crested basilisk and speckled snake,
Ye Heavens! from high the dewy nectar pour, Pleas'd, the green lustre of the scales survey,
And in soft silence shed the kindly shower! And with their forky tongue shall innocently play
The sick and weak the healing plant shall aid, Rise, crownd with light, imperial Salem, rise !
From storm a shelter, and from heat a shade. Exalt thy towery head, and lift thy eyes!
All crimes shall cease, and ancient frauds shall fail; See a long race thy spacious courts adorn;
Returning Justice lift aloft her scale;

See future sons, and daughters yet unborn,
Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend, In crowding ranks on every side arise,
And white-rob'd Innocence from Heaven descend. Demanding life, impatient for the skies !
Swift fly the years, and rise th' expected morn! See barbarous nations at thy gates attend,
Oh spring to light, auspicious Babe, be born! Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend!

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