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country, not to forget that the most effectual mode of warfare is to carry the war into the enemy's camp. Could not some means be adopted to diffuse the Word of God in the heart of Rome itself? Once establish a footing in the Papal States, and our victory is pretty certain. And what country is there more likely to retain the truth, if once received, more tenaciously than the one which has so long and stubbornly persisted in the error ?*
The following are the letters referred to. We insert them on account of their deeply interesting nature:From Mr. C. S. Dudley to the Rev. A. Brandram.
Manchester, Nov. 22, 1845. It is scarcely possible, especially under present circumstances, to lay hold of the first link in the chain of events which have led to what may well be called, adopting the language of the present day, the Manchester Movement. Let me, however, first state the simple facts of the case.
1. The Manchester and Salford Auxiliary was one of the earliest of our affiliated Institutions, having been instituted in the year 1810. The population of that period did not much exceed 100,000: it is now estimated at more than 300,000, and is rapidly increasing. The distribution of Bibles and Testaments in the five years ending with 1815 were considerable, averaging about 7,000 annually. During the ensuing six years the sales gradually declined to about 2,500; but were again materially and rapidly increased by the establishment of the Ladies' Branch Society, and its connected Associations, by whose instrumentality the annual sales were raised to about 8,000. They speedily, however, again declined, until they reached their former level of about 2,500. In the year 1838, the present Depository was established, and its beneficial effects soon became perceptible. The sales in 1839 advanced to 4,837, and, with the exception of one year of severe privation and distress, have steadily and progressively increased, until, in 1844, they reached 12,577. The total issues of the Society during thirty-four years, ending Sept. 30, 1844, amounted to 194,335, being an average annual issue of 5,712.
2. Such was the state of this Auxiliary at the end of its thirty-fourth year. To the casual or unreflecting observer this, when viewed in connexion with other means of supply, might have appeared an adequate provision for the population. The fallacy of such an opinion will, however, at once appear, when it is stated that, in the year ending Sept. 30, 1845, the sales exceeded 15,000, being nearly threefold that of the average of preceding years. And yet this was but the first indication of that extraordinary demand for the Holy Scriptures which has manifested itself among the working-classes, and is progressively and rapidly increasing. In the month of October the sales at the Depository amounted to 9,618; and so rapid has been the increase of demand, that, in the first eighteen days of the present month, 11,713 copies have been issued, the sales during the ten days averaging more than 1,000 a-day; a fact unprecedented in the history of any similar Institution. But even this extensive circulation seems only to have stimulated the inquiry and demand; for on Monday last the orders received amounted to 2,600, and on Tuesday and Wednesday respectively they reached 4,000, thus making the number required within three days more than 10,000! The orders transmitted to Earl-street since the 1st of October amount to more than 38,000 copies.
3. It is not improbable that, in the contemplation of this vast distribution of the Holy Scriptures within the limits of a single Auxiliary, a suspicion may be awakened that the demand was prompted, in degree at least, by interested
* We have to remind our Correspondent that a Society was some time since formed at New York, for the purpose of carrying war into the enemy's camp, by the circulation of Divine truth, as contained in the Holy Scriptures, amongst the inhabitants of the Italian and Papal States. The Pope has specially denounced this ; but various Protestants we know are deeply interested in the movement, and will, we trust, be more stirred up by such suggestions as those which have led to this note. ED. P. M.
motives, and that a portion of these purchases have been made with a view to a re-sale at advanced prices. Nor was my own mind free from this impression, when first witnessing the extraordinary scene at the Depository. All my inquiries, however--and they have neither been few in number, nor limited in extent-have failed to discover a single instance in which Bibles or Testaments have been purchased for pecuniary gain. 4. The agency by which this work has been accomplished, and still
proceeding, is not the least remarkable feature of the case. The impulse to offer, and the desire to purchase, seem to have been alike spontaneous and simultaneous. Teachers and senior children in Sunday-schools-clerks in warehouses and factories—serious young persons employed in the numerous and extensive cotton-mills—and others, in various ranks of life, who had been graciously taught the value of the Holy Scriptures as a revelation of infinite love and mercy-appeared to be animated by one spirit. After imploring a blessing from on high on their undertaking, they provided themselves with specimens of different editions of Bibles and. Testaments, which they exhibited in the schools and factories, where they appear to have met with open doors and willing minds in every quarter. Thus two young women, employed in one factory, disposed of 300 Bibles and Testaments within a few days. A youth of sixteen years of age, the junior clerk in another cotton-mill, sold 460 within a similar time; and, in a note now before me, writes—"Our mill has been in a commotion to-day with the people coming to order books." Two young ladies, collectors of a Bible Association, who had considered their districts supplied, furnished themselves with baskets of Bibles and Testaments; and going forth among the inhabitants of the same district, have, for several weeks, disposed of from twenty to twenty-five copies daily. Passing over many other interesting illustrations of the subject, I will only add, that the superintendent, teachers, and senior children of the Sunday-schools attached to one place of worship, have not only sold, within a fortnight, 600 Bibles and Testaments to the scholars, but have actually disposed of 4,000 copies in the various factories in which these children are employed. In almost every instance the sales have been in single copies; the few exceptions being those made to individuals for other members of their respective families.
Such, my dear Friend, is a hasty and very imperfect sketch of this mighty moral movement-a scene surpassing any I have ever yet witnessed, or hoped to witness. I will not, at present, attempt to trace it in its origin and history; nor will I incur the risk of grieving one valued friend, who, with the members of his family, has taken a prominent part in these proceedings, by mentioning his name; but I do not hesitate for a moment in expressing the deep and solemn conviction, that this extraordinary manifestation is to be ascribed to the especial blessing of Almighty God. It is true, we shall find many co-operating accessories in helping forward this movement; and, among others, may be instanced the present commercial and manufacturing prosperity; the general employment of the labouring classes; the unprecedented low prices, and attractive appearance of the books; the scriptural instruction of more than 40,000 children in the Sunday-schools; the patient and persevering labours of the agents of the Town Mission; the re-action on, or rather the revulsion of, the public mind from the absurdities and degrading influence of miscalled “Socialism;" and last, though by no means least, the example and public and private instructions of numerous and faithful ministers of the Gospel of Salvation ;-all these have prepared the way and accelerated the advance, but the impulse has come from above. It is, I firmly believe, an answer to the prayers of faith—faith in the Word of God—in the promises of God--and in the atonement, merits, and intercession of that adorable Redeemer whom that Word reveals, and in whom these promises centre.
'I have still much to say on this truly interesting subject, and hope to find an opportunity for resuming it next week. But you now know sufficient of the facts of the case not to wonder at my continuance in the North. At the close of by far the most arduous year of my life, both mind and body do indeed require a season of rest in the bosom of my family; but I dare not yet leave a post so unexpectedly visited, and which every hour proves to be the post of duty.
From the Same.
Manchester, Nov. 29, 1845. I have just returned from the Depository, and find that the issues, from the 1st of November to this day, have been 20,525 Bibles and Testaments.
From the Same.
Manchester, Dec. 3, 1845. How often has our want of faith been rebuked by the renewed mercies of our God!
I have this morning received a letter, of which the following is a copy, from the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Chester.
Chester, Dec. 2, 1845. My dear Sir,--I enclose an order for 5001. to be entered as follows :
“ An Octogenarian Friend,
“by the Bishop of Chester,
" to the Manchester Bible Society, 500l." This is intended to support the Society in its present important doings, and is one proof of the light in which the crisis is viewed by observers.
How thankful I am to belong to a Society so honoured! How thankful to have such confidence in the Divine Word, that I can look upon the present movement with unmixed and unfeigned gratification !
faithfully yours, To C. S. Dudley, Esq.
J. B. CHESTER. I do indeed feel thankful for such a close of such a month.
MEMORIAL OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE PROTESTANT ASSO
CIATION TO THE ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF THE UNITED CHURCH OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND, ON THE RECENT SECESSIONS FROM THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND TO
THE CHURCH OF ROME. To the Most Reverend the Archbishops and the Right Reverend the
Bishops of the United Church of England and Ireland. We, the Committee of the Protestant Association, beg leave most respectfully to represent to your Lordships that having associated for the defence of our Protestant Institutions, both in Church and State, we have, for some years, watched with some anxiety and alarm the progress and operations of a Romanizing party in the Church of England, who have not scrupled to declare that they “must recede more and more from the principles of the English Reformation,” and whose conduct has been in but too strict accordance with that fearful and shameless declaration.
More recently we have beheld with deep feelings of grief and indignation the consummation of an apostacy from the scriptural truth maintained in the Articles, Homilies, and Liturgy of the United Church of England and Ireland in the open and avowed secession of some of the chief leaders of that party, with many of their deluded followers, to the Church of Rome; an event which plainly proclaims to all the world the true nature of their previous movements, which leaves no room for doubt as to the character of those pernicious principles upon
which they had from the first been acting, and which fully justifies the worst apprehensions that were entertained by those who lifted up the voice of warning against their un-Protestant course.
We took occasion to express to your Lordships two years ago, our “deep conviction of the imperative necessity of the exertion of all due authority, in all prudence, but with all energy, for the suppression of this fearful and rapidly extending evil.” We must now express our deep lamentation that no effectual measures have been adopted to check its progress; that the evil has been suffered to go on unchecked in too many instances, to its natural and fearful consummation ; that it is still permitted to work in many directions unrestrained, and especially to infect both our Universities, and thus to poison those fountains out of which the blessings of “sound learning and religious education ” should flow to the replenishing of our Church with a body of faithful Protestant clergymen, who (according to their ordination vows) should " be ready, with all faithful diligence, to banish and drive away all erroneous and ange doctrine contrary to God's Word.”
This Committee cannot but consider, that the signing of the Articles of the Church of England in a confessedly “non-natural sense,” which has been unblushingly avowed by some, and there is too much reason to fear) unscrupulously done by many more of the clergy, is a practice which strikes at the very foundation of all honour and honesty among men, and that it cannot be too strongly condemned or reprobated in those who, by their office, ought, both by precept and example, to teach the principles of pure religion and sound scriptural morality, but, by such a practice, are inculcating principles of immorality and Jesuitism, which ought to be held up to the public abhorrence of all true Christians.
The Articles of our Church were agreed upon and set forth, " for avoiding of diversities of opinions, and for the establishing of consent touching true religion.” The clergy are therefore called upon to sign them ex animo, “ in the literal and grammatical sense,” in the "plain and full meaning thereof;" and as Thomas Rogers,* an old and valuable expounder of those Articles, well observes, “The purpose of our Church is best known by the doctrine which she doth profess, the doctrine by the Thirty-nine Articles established by Act of Parliament, the Articles by the words whereby they are expressed ; and other purpose than the public doctrine doth minister; and other doctrine than in the said Articles is contained, our Church neither hath nor holdeth ; and other sense they cannot yield than their words do import; their true sense is known by their very words. This is the language of common sense and common honesty. No other view of the question can be reconciled with either. And most desirable it is for the best interest of the Church, that the whole influence of your Lordships' character and authority should be exercised to impress upon the minds of the clergy and of all who are preparing for the sacred office of the ministry, what common sense and common honesty require in this matter.
We feel ourselves called upon, by the principles on which the Protestant Association was founded, húmbly yet openly to submit to your
* Thomas Rogers was Chaplain to Archbishop Bancroft. Vol. VIII.-January, 1846.
New Series, No. 1.
Lordships this expression of our earnest desire, that the bishops and pastors of our Church “should perseveringly exert themselves to maintain and diffuse among every portion of the clergy a high and holy standard of conscientiousness, integrity, and faithfulness, both in taking upon themselves and in fulfilling their ordination vows and engagements, and to hold up to general detestation all Jesuitical reservation and evasion, in regard to an office so sacred and pledges so solemn and important.” And we beg to assure your Lordships of our readiness to afford any assistance in the power of this Association to the fathers of our Church in their efforts to banish and drive away " those " erroneous and strange doctrines to which we have referred, and we look to your Lordships“ both privately and openly, to call upon and encourage others to do the same.”
“And we devoutly pray, that the Spirit of the Lord may rest upon your Lordships, and direct and bless your pious endeavours for the purification and protection of our Church.
Signed, on behalf of the Committee,
John P. PLUMPTRE, Vice-President.
CHURCH PATRONAGE. It is high time that our bishops should do something to put down those Anti-Protestant doctrines and practices, by which the Church of England is so much distracted at present, and by which the minds of the simple are so grievously unsettled.
The question is, Why are they doing nothing? Why have they not long ago done something, and something energetic and effectual, to stop the progress of those who make no secret of their desire and purpose to unprotestantize the Church of England ? Here are those who have solemnly subscribed the Articles of our Church ; who hold the position of accredited ministers of our Church ; who, in virtue of that subscription and as its accredited ministers, are receiving the emoluments of our Church ; and, enabled by the position which they hold in our Church, to carry on their designs with a power and effect which they could not otherwise pretend to command ; and, in the face of their subscriptions, in direct violation of their ordination vows and engagements, in contravention of the rules of common honour and honesty, they have been for ten years carrying on a conspiracy against the vital doctrines of that Church of which they are professed and accredited ministers! and thus endeavouring to overthrow “the Protestant Reformed Religion by law established in these realms !” By secret conspiracy first, and then by open and unblushingly avowed hostility, they have been, and are, undermining and assailing the best interests of that Church, whose bread they are eating, and whose doctrines, by the most solemn engagements, they are bound to preach and maintain! These things have been going on, and are still going on, and our bishops are doing nothing !—that is to say, nothing energetic or effectual to counteract these monstrous evils ;-the direct