ELECTORS AND THEIR DUTIES. [As long ago as the 14th of August the following letter was written. It does not appear to have been so successful as it ought, in eliciting in England, feelings congenial to the views of the writer of it.]

“BANCHORY House, by ABERDEEN, 14th August, 1845. “SIR,On two different occasions lately, several gentlemen, landed proprietors and others, met in Edinburgh to consult together as to what could be done in the present crisis to defend the interests of Protestantism.

“The gentlemen present represented almost every political party in the State, and they agreed unanimously that the time was now come when as Protestants, firmly persuaded that Protestantism is the truth and the only foundation of civil liberty and social happiness, they were bound to give up all minor differences of opinion, whether political or ecclesiastical, and employ the rights and privileges with which God has intrusted them as citizens, in defence of those principles which are their hope of happiness for time and for eternity.

“ The two great parties in the State seem now to be combined together to foster and cherish Popery, that monstrous system of error which has ever proved itself as hostile to the civil as to the religious interests and liberties of men, and which is now, after a season of seeming torpor, arising in renewed vigour not only in our own land, but in every corner of the earth.

“On former occasions of anxious struggle in our country, men could generally look to one or other of the existing parties in the State as maintaining their opinions, and ready and willing to lead them on to their successful establishment, but in the present crisis Protestants can look to neither of the great parties—both have repudiated those Reformation principles which we trusted were so firmly interwoven into the frame-work of our Constitution, that no State party could ever think of attempting to dissever them from it.

Surely at this moment, it is the duty of all Protestants to lay aside those opinions which are felt and known not to be vital, and yet are a ground of disunion, and while each retains his own conscientious opinions, unite with fellow-Protestants in defence of those vital principles on which they are agreed. Were such a course pursued by Protestants generally, might we not hope that the Spirit of all Truth would, ere long, make clear to all, those points on which at present they take different views, so that in future they may be able in all things to walk together in unity.

“It cannot be that in Protestant England, and still more Protestant Scotland, the cause of truth shall want defenders ; there must be enough of sound religious Protestantism in our land, if only brought into action, to constrain our political leaders to pause in the course they are pursuing.

“That course is calculated to foster error on the one hand, and to repress and discourage the progress of truth on the other,-and it endangers the very foundations of Protestantism, on which, as a sure basis, the throne of our beloved Sovereign is established.

“Devotion to God, loyalty to the Queen, and love to their fellowcountrymen, seem alike to call on all true Protestants to unite together, and exert themselves as the crisis demands--in the hope, that, by the Divine blessing, we may yet be delivered from the guilt and the danger of being, as a nation, the allies and supporters of Popery.

“ At the meetings to which I have referred, I was requested to correspond with those in different parts of the country who were understood, from their opposition to the Maynooth Grant, or otherwise, to be decided Protestants, to ascertain from them their views on the sabject; particularly as to the duty of supporting none but DECIDEDLY Protestant candidates at the next election of Members of Parliament.

“ Believing that such are your opinions and principles, I take the liberty of addressing you; and I shall feel much obliged by your favouring me with your views on the whole matter, and any practical suggestions which may occur to you, and also by your giving me the names and addresses of parties known to you, who hold sentiments similar to your own, in any part of Scotland to whom you think I ought to address myself.

“ There is every reason to hope, that by taking trouble, and making previous arrangements, the Protestants of Scotland may be able to return many Members, truly to represent their opinions in the House of Commons.

“ The cause is one for which no amount of exertion can be counted too great, by any one who rightly appreciates the value of Protestant truth, when viewed in contrast with Popish error. Hoping for an early and favourable reply,

“ I have the honour to be, Sir,
“ Your very obedient servant,

“ Alex. THOMPSON."


(To the Editor of the Protestent Magazine.) I cannot but think it highly desirable that the Protestant principles, on which the British Constitution was established at the Glorious Revolution of 1688, should be brought more prominently forward at this period. If, as Christians, we acknowledge these principles to be scriptural, and of Divine obligation, are we not equally bound to maintain and defend them whenever they are violated or brought into danger? They were most glaringly violated by those two Antichristian measures, the Endowment of Socinianism, in the Dissenters' Chapel Bill, and the Endowment of Popery in the National Grant to Maynooth. There is too great a disposition in the present day to lose sight of the religious character of our Constitution, in which consists the glory of our land, and the source and secret of all our strength and all our blessings. In order to revive in the minds of the people the recollection of this great constitutional doctrine, I would beg leave to recommend that public lectures should be delivered, exhibiting the superior excellence of the British Constitution, which has withstood the shock of ages, over the frail and perishable systems of modern revolutionists, built on the sandy foundations of Scepticism

and infidelity. I should think that the funds and agency of the Protestant Association would be well bestowed in promoting such lectures.

I would further beg to recommend the Repeal of the Act for the Endowment of Maynooth, as an object to be steadily kept in view, and that for this purpose, Petitions should be poured into Parliament as soon as it is assembled.

I also venture to suggest, that the formation of Operative Associations, as widely as possible throughout the land, would be of essential benefit to the Protestant cause. And

may I be allowed to propose the subject of the establishment of a Protestant newspaper in every county in the kingdom, for the joint consideration of the Protestant Association and the Reformation Society ?



( To the Editor of the Protestant Magazine.) SIR,- It appears highly desirable that petitions should be sent in as soon as Parliament assembles, one for the Repeal of the Maynooth Endowment Act, and the discontinuance of all grants to the Church of Rome, the other against the Irish scheme of National Education. With regard to the first, it is clearly a Christian duty not to consent without protest to be annually taxed for teaching a false religion. For the latter, we ought not, on similar principles, tacitly to acquiesce in an annual grant of £70,000 for maintaining schools, in which the Scriptures are taught in a mutilated form. I observe that this system of education forms one of the topics of complaint in the appeal from the Irish Protestants, signed by the Earl of Roden. It is surely no time to go to sleep, now that the enemy is at our gates, if not already within the fortress. I am not one of those who think that - petitions are of no use. The history of our country proves the contrary.


THE JESUITS IN NEW ZEALAND. The Journal des Débats of Dec. 3, devotes a lengthened article to the Popish Mission under M. Pampalier, “ Catholic Bishop and Vicar Apostolic of Western Oceania.” On serious hostilities breaking out between the British settlers and the natives under John Heki, M. Pampalier addressed an elaborate letter to Heki (dated Jan. 31, 1845), setting forth his desire for the preservation of peace, and his anxious care for the temporal and eternal welfare of the New Zealanders, whether those inclined to “the blindness of Protestantism,” or those who have not yet embraced any religion.

A second letter of M. Pampalier (dated April 1), is in reply to a communication from Captain Howe, warning him to provide for his safety, as a strict blockade of the island is about to be established

These letters of the bishop had, of course, some other object in view than the enlightenment of Heki, or the information of Captain Howe. They are published prominently by the Débats, which congratulates the Catholics on having such faithful, zealous, and able ministers as M. Pampalier to uphold and spread the true faith.

People must form their own judgment whether the labours of M. Pampalier and his priests are really likely to assist in the pacification of the island. His reference to the English as strangers, to the darkness of their faith and understanding, and to the rights of native sovereignty, may, perhaps, create an impression the reverse of favourable to British domination; and the elaborate contrast drawn by the bishop between the people who have come to New Zealand for secular purposes, and to seize the government, with the pious mission which only cares for the soul's health of the natives, and would freely leave them in the possession of peace, prosperity, and native sovereignty, is too marked for its intention to be misunderstood.

From an intelligent volume just published by Dr. Martin, lately a member of the Legislative Council of New Zealand, we have some instructive details respecting Bishop Pampalier's mission. Here they are :

“ The Church missionaries have a very powerful rival in a French Roman Catholic bishop recently settled at Kororarika. He is fast recommending himself and his doctrines to both Europeans and natives. He has public worship morning and evening at his house, which is attended by almost all the natives at Kororarika. It is worthy of remark, that these natives have hitherto withstood every effort of the Church missionaries, and were, indeed, abandoned as hopeless. The success of the bishop is therefore more likely to be owing to liberal presents of blankets than to any impression made by his preaching or doctrine. The Europeans say that the natives will abandon him whenever the presents cease. I suspect, however, that the forms and ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church are much more likely to affect the minds of uncivilized and naturally highly sua perstitious men, than the more simple service of the Protestant churches. As Missionaries, the JESUITS, to which order Bishop Pampalier belongs, have been, generally speaking, eminently successful. Nearly every native at Kororarika wears an emblem of the Church of Rome, either in the shape of a cross around his neck, or a small figure of the Virgin fastened with a piece of tape to his ear."

This at least shows the activity of the Jesuits, and their success in inducing the natives to adopt the emblems of superstition. In other respects, their exertions do not seem to have been of great value; for in the next page we read an account of a mourning in the midst of the settlement, at which a great number of the natives attended, doubtless with their emblems of the Romish faith still about them. After hideous howling, they gashed themselves in the most frightful manner with pieces of broken glass—their mode of penance. The Doctor writes : “ It was the most hideous sight I ever witnessed ; the exhibition was altogether more like that of fiends than of human beings."

Dr. Martin's account was written in 1839. We are not acquainted with the progress since made by Bishop Pampalier's mission, but it is

a singular coincidence that the immediate theatre of his labours, the Bay of Islands,--should have been the locality in which the natives first displayed open resistance to the British rule, and commenced the war by the destruction of the whole settlement, excepting only the Jesuit mission-house. In the eyes of devout Roman Catholics, this fact will be regarded as a heavenly dispensation. The Protestants will be inclined to refer it to a more natural source.-Britannia.



LETTER OF The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of CHESTER. The Bible and the Bible alone is the religion of Protestants.”—CHILLINGWORTH.

A statement having appeared in the Record as to the extraordinary sale of the Scriptures in Manchester, and an editorial note being appended to the same, stating a desire to be fully informed upon the subject, we at once wrote down to a well-known, intelligent, pious, discriminating, and long-tried friend at Manchester, to ascertain the truth of the fact mentioned. Our inquiry has been attended with results the most satisfactory. Our friend writes as follows:

Manchester, December 16, 1845. My dear Sir,-Your “Record” only came to hand this morning. The statement you have marked is literally correct, as you will perceive on reading the enclosed letters, which I obtained at our Bible Depository here, and the agent of which, on whose veracity I can rely, assures me of the correctness of the statement therein. This wonderful movement is still going on. Yesterday, the sales at the Depository amounted to 1,300 Bibles and Testaments. Let us, my dear Sir, thank God and take courage. It appears to me that the people are thus led to arm themselves in the most effectual way—even with the blessed Word of the living God. Cannot our Protestant Association help in the blessed work? Will they not, by those means, accomplish best the great end they have in view ? And what efficient distributors would our operatives prove in spreading far and wide the Scriptures ? Turn them, I would say, into as many colporteurs, and what a work would be effected! Here in our Sunday-schools, our factories, our workshops, our police establishments, the pleasing and delightful scene is presented of a demand for the Word of God. In our Sunday-school alone, several hundreds of copies have been sold within the last few weeks-spontaneously called for by the children, and the demand goes on. Yesterday I met a valued friend, whose heart is in the movement. He told me that meeting a policeman on his round the other day, he asked him, “ Would you not like to have a Testament?” (similar to one my friend produced to him.) “Yes," was the reply : “ what is the price ?” “ Only tourpence," replied my friend. Policeman: “But I have not the money." “Oh, I can trust you," replied my friend (delivering it to him), “you can bring the money to my house" (giving him the number). The result of this simple incident has been that the man, on bringing the money, wanted more Testaments and Bibles for other men in the police; and the superintendent has since sent for more. I look on the work with wonder and delight, and am delighted to find that you are embarking in the work. Depend upon it, this is the best armour against Popery; with the Word of God in their hands our people will be best prepared to meet the Jesuit on the one hand and the Infidel on the other.

What is the Protestant Association doing just now, or contemplating? It has often occurred to me, that our best policy would be, whilst defending our

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